child labour

Category: Education

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The International Labor Organization (ILO) has estimated that 250 million children between the ages of five and fourteen work in developing countries—at least 120 million on a full time basis. Sixty-one percent of these are in Asia, 32 percent in Africa, and 7 percent in Latin America. Child Labour

Child labor ranges from four-year-olds tied to rug looms to keep them from running away, to seventeen-year-olds helping out on the family farm. In some cases, a child's work can be helpful to him or her and to the family; working and earning can be a positive experience in a child's growing up. It Depends

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Children who work long hours, often in dangerous and unhealthy conditions, are exposed to lasting physical and psychological harm. Working at rug looms, for example, has left children disabled with eye damage, lung disease, stunted growth, and a susceptibility to arthritis as they grow older. Children making silk thread in India dip their hands into boiling water that burns and blisters them, breath smoke and fumes from machinery, handle dead worms that cause infections, and guide twisting threads that cut their fingers. Children harvesting sugar cane in El Salvador use machetes to cut cane for up to nine hours a day in the hot sun; injuries to their hands and legs are common and medical care is often not available. The Results

Of nearly 250 million children engaged in child labor around the world, the vast majority—70 percent, or some 170 million—are working in agriculture. Child agricultural workers frequently work for long hours in scorching heat, haul heavy loads of produce, are exposed to toxic pesticides, and suffer high rates of injury from sharp knives and other dangerous tools. Their work is grueling and harsh, violating their rights to health, education, and protection from work that is hazardous or exploitative. Agriculture

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According to the ILO's new report on child labor, the number of children working in agriculture is nearly ten times that of children involved in factory work such as garment manufacturing, carpet-weaving, or soccer-ball stitching. Yet despite their numbers and the difficult nature of their work, children working in agriculture have received little attention compared to child labor in manufacturing for export. Agriculture

Nike has been accused of using child labor in the production of its soccer balls in Pakistan. This case study will examine the claims and describe the industry and its impact on laborers and their working conditions. While Pakistan has laws against child labor and slavery, the government has taken very little action to combat it. Only a boycott by the United States and other nations will have any impact on slavery and child-based industries. Nike

The AP was able to follow the work products of 50 children to more than two dozen companies including Campbell Soup Co., Chi-Chi's Mexican restaurants, ConAgra, Costco, H.J. Heinz, Newman's Own, J.C. Penney, Pillsbury, Sears and Wal-Mart. All the companies that responded condemned illegal child labor. Many launched investigations when told of suppliers employing underage children. Child Labor Companies

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Dangerous work. Child labor is very common in Bangladesh. Recently, a lot of western companies have forbidden child workers in their sewing factories. Instead the children are forced to do more dangerous work. These girls sort garbage in a slum area in Dhaka to make less than a dollar a day. Bangladesh

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The documentary was aired Friday night. It was broadcast in the same week that another Radio-Canada exposed the use of child labor manufacturers in Bangladesh. the broadcaster quotes several guards as saying that spying was the job they were hired to perform by Wal-Mart at Jonquiere in early 2005. One guard said he patrolled the store in civilian clothes, watching employees. Another said store surveillance cameras were used to follow certain workers. An investigative journalist, posing as an international buyer, visited factories in where garments are manufactured for Wal-Mart. The products included house brands such as Simply Basic, BUM, 725 and George, all sold in Canadian Wal-Mart stores. Wal-Mart Child Labor

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CAUSES OF CHILD LABOUR OVER POPULATION :- limited resources and more mouths to feed, children are employed in various forms of work. ILLITERACY:- illiterate parents do not realize the need for a proper physical, emotional and cognitive development of a child. POVERTY:- many a time poverty forces parents to send their children to hazardous job.

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ORPHANS:- children born out of wedlock , children with no parents and relatives, often do not find anyone to support them .Thus they are forced to work for their own living. UNEMPLOYMENT OF ELDERS:-elders often find difficult to get job .The industrialists and factory owners find it profitable to employ children. They will also create union problem.


PREVENTING CHILD LABOUR Primary education should be free, compulsory, well-resourced, relevant and nearby.. Regulate global trade The World Trade Organisation (WTO) is the international body charged with overseeing and enforcing the rules of world trade as drawn up during the four decades of GATT negotiations . trengthen unions Trade unions also play a crucial role in preventing and eliminating child labour. Adult workers who have the right to organise, negotiate and bargain for a living wage do not have to send their children to work Ban the worst forms of child labour. Demand the government support the ILO Convention 182 banning the worst forms of child labour such as bonded labour, work in heavy industry or with dangerous substances and commercial sexual exploitation.

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