Professional Training & Development Centre presents: Professional Training andamp; Development Centre presents OVERVIEW OF ISO 9000:2000 History of ISO 9000: History of ISO 9000 ISO 9000 is a series of quality management systems standards created by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), a federation of 132 national standards bodies.
The ISO 9000 quality management systems (QMS) Standards are not specific to products or services, but apply to the processes that create them.
The Standards are generic in nature so that they can be used by both manufacturing and service industries. First released in 1987 and revised in a limited manner in 1994, they underwent a major revision in 2000.
The approval Standard, ISO 9001:2000, uses a simple process-based structure, which fits easily the process management structure of most businesses. Evolution of ISO 9000: Evolution of ISO 9000 ISO 9000 has evolved into a Standard designed to assist organizations in achieving 'quality' whilst helping to assure customers that quality will be achieved.
Whatever definition you choose to use for quality, and there are many, it is essential that your customers are happy with the product/service being supplied.
ISO 9000 is intended to assist that aim by helping to ensure that the product/service is right - for both the organization itself and its customers.
The poor implementation of the 1994 series resulted in many people claiming that the Standards did not prevent organizations producing sub-standard product.
The 2000 edition clearly requires organizations to satisfy their customers and undertake continual improvement of their quality management systems therefore compliance with ISO 9001:2000 should result in significant benefits for organizations and their customers. ISO 9000:2000 series: ISO 9000:2000 series The ISO 9000:2000 series consists of :
ISO 9000:2005 - Fundamentals and vocabulary
ISO 9001:2000 - Requirements
ISO 9004:2000 - Guidelines for performance improvement
ISO 9000 is an introduction to the philosophy of quality management and also contains the definitions used in ISO 9001 and ISO 9004. 8 Management Principles: 8 Management Principles ISO 9000 also contains the 8 management principles which provide the foundation for the ISO 9000 series of Standards. These are:
The involvement of people
System approach to management
A factual approach to decision making
Mutually beneficial supplier relationships
These principles are NOT elements against which the organization can be directly assessed but their influence can be seen throughout the Standard.
They should be considered by any organization wishing to comply with the spirit, as well as the text of ISO 9001. ISO 9001:2000 Requirements: ISO 9001:2000 Requirements ISO 9001 is the only part of the ISO 9000 family against which an organization can become certified.
ISO 9002 and ISO 9003 became obsolete in December 2000.
ISO 9001:2000 contains all of the requirements which an organization must address within their Quality Management System (QMS) if they wish to be certified against the Standard.
The majority of these requirements would be identified by many organizations as 'common sense' topics which they would want to address in order to run their business well e.g. sales, design, purchasing, training, calibration of test equipment, control of records.
ISO 9001 is written by a committee (TC 176) and is designed for use in any type of organization. This inevitably means that there are compromises in the wording of the Standard and some interpretation is often needed. 8 sections of ISO 9001:2000: 8 sections of ISO 9001:2000 There are 8 sections in ISO 9001:
1. Scope 2. References 3 .Terms and definitions 4. Quality management system 5. Management responsibility 6. Resource management 7. Product realization 8. Measurement, analysis and improvement
It is sections 4, 5, 6, 7 andamp; 8 which contain the Requirements themselves and organizations wishing to be certified against ISO 9001:2000 will need to demonstrate that they have addressed all of these requirements. Main Requirements of ISO 9001: Main Requirements of ISO 9001 There are over 250 individual requirements in ISO 9001 that can be condensed into five key statements.
The organization shall:
Determine the needs and expectations of customers
Establish policies, objectives and a work environment necessary to motivate people to satisfy these needs
Design, resource and manage a system of inter-related processes to implement the policy and attain the objectives
Measure and analyse the effectiveness of each process in fulfilling its objectives and
Pursue the continual improvement of the system from an objective evaluation of its performance. ISO 9001:2000 Certification: ISO 9001:2000 Certification ISO 9001:2000 registration (certification) gives the organization the benefit of an objectively evaluated and enforced quality management system.
It is a tangible expression of a firm’s commitment to quality that is internationally understood and accepted.
ISO 9001:2000 registration is carried out by certification bodies (registrars), accredited organizations that review the organization’s quality manual and working practices to ensure that they meet the Standard. Using ISO 9001:2000 : Using ISO 9001:2000
It is important that when an organization is certified to ISO 9001, it is clear which aspects of the organization are covered by the certificate. This is addressed through the Scope of Registration, and this must clearly identify what is included so as not to mislead.
It is a requirement that all elements of ISO 9001 must be addressed by the organization. However, there are specific circumstances under which certain requirements of the Standard can be excluded, yet compliance with ISO 9001:2000 still be claimed:
any excluded requirements do not affect the ability of the organization to meet customer and regulatory requirements
any excluded requirements do not affect the ability of the organization to provide conforming products or services
any excluded requirements must only come from section 7 (Product realization) of ISO 9001. An example may be customer property. Clearly if a company never deals with such property then the requirement would not be applicable
The company's quality manual must also clearly identify why specific requirements of ISO 9001 have been excluded and the justification for that exclusion. What ISO 9001:2000 is not: What ISO 9001:2000 is not ISO 9001 is NOT a product Standard - it contains no product requirements.
It is a series of generic requirements for quality management systems.
Approval to ISO 9001 demonstrates that you meet the minimum requirements of quality management. ISO 9004:2000 Guidelines for performance improvement: ISO 9004:2000 Guidelines for performance improvement ISO 9004 is not a guide on how to implement ISO 9001, rather a guide on how to improve on the basic requirements that ISO 9001 specifies.
The requirements statements in ISO 9001 may be seen sometimes as a little brief and it rarely, if ever, tells the user 'how' to achieve compliance with it.
ISO 9004 takes the basic requirement and expands on it. It gives options for the organization to consider if they wish to progress beyond basic compliance and into excellence.
Given that 'Continual Improvement' is a requirement of ISO 9001:2000, it is strongly recommended that one consider using ISO 9004 as a way forward in the journey of continual improvement. Benefits of ISO 9001:2000: Benefits of ISO 9001:2000 Improved consistency of service and product performance
Higher customer satisfaction levels
Improved customer perception
Improved productivity and efficiency
Improved communications, morale and job satisfaction
Competitive advantage and increased marketing and sales opportunities Dun and Bradstreet findings : Dun and Bradstreet findings
85% of registered firms report external benefits like :
Higher perceived quality
Greater customer demand
95% report internal benefits like:
Greater employee awareness
Increased operational efficiency
Case Studies show that ISO Registration resulted in:
30% Reduction in customer claims
95% improvement in delivery time
Reduced defects from 3% to 0.5%
40% reduction in product cycle time
20% increase in on-time delivery
International acceptance and recognition
Facilitated trade in international markets
Promoting of safety, reliability and quality in food products. About Professional Training & Development Centre: About Professional Training andamp; Development Centre Professional Training andamp; Development Centre (PTADC) provides expert online e-learning e-courses in :
Six Sigma Green Belt
ISO 9001 foundation course
ISO 9001 Internal Auditor Training
5S for continual improvement course
PTADC focuses on simplifying complex processes and subjects and creating experts at distant places leading to significant improvements in contemporary measures of performance at their work place.
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http://moodle.accelicim.com/~onlinept/moodle/ THANK YOU: THANK YOU