Orientation on the Field Manual - First Responder

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DIDM SIDD March 15, 2010 DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT ORIENTATION ON THE FIELD MANUAL ON INVESTIGATION OF CRIMES OF VIOLENCE AND OTHER TERMS

I. INTRODUCTION::

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT I. INTRODUCTION:

I. INTRODUCTION::

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT I. INTRODUCTION: Crimes of Violence – shall refer to crimes such as murder, homicide, kidnapping/abduction, bombings, sexual assault and other criminal incidents that put lives in danger all of which pose a major challenge to the PNP's investigative capability. Murder – whether committed by a single individual or by a syndicated crime group or by a terrorist group, is the most serious of all "violent crimes“. The reduction and detection of Murder is a major concern to both the police and the public. The actions by the “ First Responders ” attending the crime scene are critical to the investigation. Adhering to procedures to minimize contamination, hence, controlling access to the scene.

I. INTRODUCTION::

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT I. INTRODUCTION: One of the most important stages of an investigation is collecting vital forensic evidence and information which is oftentimes the most chaotic and prone to errors. The Investigator and the Commander of SITG or the case manager has to attend to the concerns of record-keeping , information management, staffing and resources and communications, if to successfully solve a murder case and ensure prosecution of suspects. MAIN PURPOSE OF THE FIELD MANUAL ? To provide the PNP First Responders, Investigators, the SOCO Teams and Case Managers with a checklist that will serve as a GUIDE and undertake all the basic procedures in investigation to minimize lapses and errors ....

THE FIELD MANUAL IS DIVIDED INTO FOUR PARTS:

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT THE FIELD MANUAL IS DIVIDED INTO FOUR PARTS Part I: Initial Response to the Crime Scene (" The Golden Hour ") PART II: Initial Investigation (" The Golden Hour ") Part III: Evidence Collection Part IV: Managing the Investigation

Part I: Initial Response to the Crime Scene ("The Golden Hour"):

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT Part I: Initial Response to the Crime Scene ("The Golden Hour ") Part 1 deals with First Responder/s duties and responsibilities in the initial response to a crime scene and the initial investigation to be undertaken, including conduct of interviews and profiling. The field manual contains a checklist of actions for the FR to ensure integrity of the crime scene and that records of all activities and information gathered are maintained .

Part II: Initial Investigation ("The Golden Hour") :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT Part II: Initial Investigation ("The Golden Hour") Part II deals with PNP Field Investigators (Investigator-on-Case) of investigative units duties and responsibilities especially the first 72 hours ("Golden Hour") of a murder or kidnapping/abduction investigation (crimes of violence investigation). The field manual provides a guide and checklist of questions that must be answered in the inquiries/investigation . It also includes post mortem changes, investigative interviewing and profiling . It also provides a checklist for the investigation of other crimes such as fatal road accidents, robberies, suicide, sexual offenses, fires, explosions and drug-related crimes.

Part III: Evidence Collection :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT Part III: Evidence Collection Part III deals with the proper handling and preserving physical evidence which the credibility and integrity must be upheld from its initial observance until its presentation in court. The Field Manual provides the standard procedures for crime scene processing in terms of collecting , handling and preserving evidence including its transport to Crime Laboratory. It also includes procedures on the submission by field forensic investigator of physical evidence for examination by the PNP CL if no Scene of Crime Operation (SOCO) was conducted. It provides the IOC a handy reference in reminding or overseeing the SOCO team does not overlook the collection of vital evidence otherwise, to conduct evidence-gathering by themselves in the absence of SOCO team.

Part IV: Managing the Investigation:

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT Part IV: Managing the Investigation Part IV deals with Case Management . Whenever a crime of violence or a major case occurs, a Special Investigation Task Group (SITG) shall immediately be created to conduct an aggressive, concerted and substantial program of action such as strengthening coordination system among the PNP, DOJ & other law enforcement agencies. Part IV includes the organizational structure and functions of the SITG and investigation management tools such as investigation planning, coordination mechanism, crime matrix analysis, surveillance and case review .

Part IV: Managing the Investigation:

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT Part IV: Managing the Investigation Part IV provides a guide and list of management procedures including the preparation of the evidence matrix and resource matrix for the SITG Commander/Case Manager to help him effectively and efficiently organize and manage the investigation. Using the checklists provided, the SITG Commander/Case Manager can audit the FRs , the IOCS and even the SOCO teams within the "Golden Hour" (72 hours) of the investigation. This short orientation / seminar aims to make the participants familiar with their role in the investigation of a major case or crimes of violence. The Field Manual intends to provide the user with a ready reference in investigation.

II. LEARNING OBJECTIVE: :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT II. LEARNING OBJECTIVE:

II. LEARNING OBJECTIVE: :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT II. LEARNING OBJECTIVE: At the end of the lecture/orientation seminar it is expected that the participants will be able to: Learn to use the Field Manual and understood the concept in the investigation of crimes of violence. Recognize the meaning of Crime Scene Investigation (CSI) as differentiated from SOCO and its importance in the investigation. Understand the functions of First Responders (FR), Investigator-on-Case (IOC), SOCO Team and the SITG. Realize the need to be thorough and detailed in the execution of procedures in investigation in order that justice may ultimately be given to victims of crime .

III. CAUTION STATEMENT::

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT III. CAUTION STATEMENT:

III. CAUTION STATEMENT::

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT III. CAUTION STATEMENT: “T he Field Manual should serve as an AID or GUIDE only ” . “Not all criminal cases are ALIKE but the Field Manual will ensure that FR, IOCs, and SOCO Teams perform the procedures in the gathering of evidence that could spell the difference in solving a case .“ “All criminal incidents must be investigated. The significant and additional procedures are intended to address major crime incidents that would necessitate the use of other resources through the SITGs." “The checklists are only meant as a GUIDE and not as a substitute for critical thinking .”

IV-A. DEFINITION OF TERMS :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-A. DEFINITION OF TERMS

IV-A. DEFINITION OF TERMS :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-A. DEFINITION OF TERMS After SOCO Report – a report rendered and prepared by the Team Leader of the SOCO that conducted the technical and forensic examination upon request by the Investigator-on-Case (IOC) through the Operations Center. B. Crime Scene – A venue or place where the alleged crime/incident/event has been committed/taken place. C. Criminal Investigator – A Police Officer who is tasked to conduct the investigation of all criminal cases embodied under the Revised Penal Code/Criminal Laws and Special Laws. He or she is well-trained, disciplined and experienced professional in the field of criminal investigation.

IV-A. DEFINITION OF TERMS :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-A. DEFINITION OF TERMS D . Crime Scene Investigation (CSI) – It is a long and tedious processing of crime scene that involves proper documentation of the conditions at the scene which involves the collection of physical evidence. E. Evidence – The means sanctioned by the Rules of Court, of ascertaining in a judicial proceeding the truth respecting a matter of fact. These include but are not limited to documentary, testimonial, electronic and object evidence, gathered in the course of the investigation. F. First Responders – Are Police Officers who have jurisdiction of the area where the incident or crime scene has taken place and who are expected to be the first to respond to calls for assistance in cases of incidents .

IV-A. DEFINITION OF TERMS :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-A. DEFINITION OF TERMS G . Forensic Evidence – A form of legal evidence that can be used in a court of law to convict a person of a crime and as a category of public presentation. H . Jurisdiction – used in the Constitution and statutes means jurisdiction over the subject matter only, unless an exception arises by reasons of its employment in a broader sense.

IV-A. DEFINITION OF TERMS :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-A. DEFINITION OF TERMS Physical Evidence – Evidence addressed to the senses of the court that are capable of being exhibited, examined, or viewed by the court. This includes but not limited to fingerprints, body fluids, explosives, hazardous chemicals, soil/burned debris, bombs, electronic parts used in the commission of the crime. K. Scene of the Crime Operation (SOCO) – A forensic procedure performed by trained personnel of the PNP Crime Laboratory through scientific methods of investigation for the purpose of preserving the crime scene, gathering information, documentation, collection, and examination of all physical evidence.

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION REFERENCES Instruction of the C,PNP; Revised PNP Criminal Investigation Manual 2010; PNP Field Manual on Investigation of Crimes of Violence and other Crimes (2011); CLC-ADO-01 re Scene of the Crime Operation; Primer on Protocol for Explosives Related Incidents Investigation 2010; and European Union-Philippines Justice Support (EPJUST) Program/TF USIG Case Review Results.

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION PURPOSE To define and delineate the functions and responsibilities of the FRs. the IOC, and the SOCO Team in the conduct of crime scene investigation; To establish and harmonize the sequence of activities that shall be conducted at the crime scene and identify the accountabilities of each responsible PNP personnel/team; To set the standard forms that shall be required to be accomplished by the FR, the SOCO Team and the IOC, which shall henceforth become an integral part of the case folder ;

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION PURPOSE To minimize the most common mistakes committed by the investigators and ensure that potential physical evidence is not contaminated or destroyed and potential witnesses are not overlooked; To ensure that lives are saved and that the security and safety of the PNP CSI personnel (FR/IOC/SOCO) are enhanced; To ensure that the CSI procedures are conducted properly, efficiently and effectively to ensure the admissibility of collected evidence in court; and, To address and mitigate the investigation procedural weaknesses identified during the conduct of case reviews .

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION SCOPE OF APPLICATION This SOP applies to all crime scene investigation undertaken by the PNP and provides the procedures to be observed by the FRs, IOC, and SOCO Teams as well as the reports formats that they shall be required to prepare. This procedure shall likewise be observed by the Special Investigation Task Groups ( SITG).

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION DEFINITION OF TERMS The following terms are operationally defined as used for a better understanding of this SOP: Crime Scene - A venue or place where the alleged crime/incident/event has been committed; Crime Scene Investigation (CSI) - Is a comprehensive inquiry of a crime by conducting systematic procedure of various investigative methodologies which involves recovery of physical and testimonial evidence for the purpose of identifying the witnesses, and arrest of perpetrator(s) for prosecution. CSI shall technically commence upon the arrival of the FRs and conclude with the lifting of the security cordon and release of the crime scene by the IOC;

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION DEFINITION OF TERMS First Responder (FR) – Are members of the PNP or other law enforcement agencies who are mandated and expected to be the first to respond to calls for assistance in cases of incidents of crime. They generally refer to police officers who have jurisdiction of the area where the incident or crime has taken place and will proceed to the crime scene to render assistance to the victim and to protect and secure the incident scene; Criminal Investigator – A Police Officer who is tasked to conduct the investigation of all criminal cases as provided for and embodied under the Revised Penal Code/Criminal Laws and Special Laws. A well-trained, disciplined and experienced professional in the field of criminal investigation duties and responsibilities;

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION DEFINITION OF TERMS Investigator-on-Case (IOC)/ Duty Investigator – Shall refer to any PNP personnel who is duly designated or assigned to conduct the inquiry of the crime by following a systematic set of procedures and methodologies for the purpose of identifying witnesses, recovering evidence and arresting and prosecuting the perpetrators. The IOC shall assume full responsibility over the crime scene during the conduct of CSI; Scene of the Crime Operation (SOCO) – A forensic procedure performed by the trained personnel of the PNP Crime Laboratory SOCO Team through scientific methods of investigation for the purpose of preserving the crime scene, gathering information, documentation, collection, and examination of all physical and other forensic evidence;

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION DEFINITION OF TERMS After SOCO Report – It is a report rendered and prepared by the Team Leader of the PNP Crime Laboratory SOCO Team which conducted the scene of the crime operations. Crime Scene Search – Is a systematic method employed by the SOCO Team, if the nature of the case is sensational or sensitive, and the IOC in the conduct of search in the crime scene and in the surrounding areas where the alleged crime/incident/event has taken place for the purpose of finding and recovering evidence. There are several methods of crime scene search which can be employed such as strip search, double strip search, spiral search, zone or quadrant search, wheel method, etc.;

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION DEFINITION OF TERMS Evidence – The means sanctioned by the Rules of Court, of ascertaining in a judicial proceeding the truth respecting a matter of fact. These include but are not limited to documentary, testimonial, electronic and object evidence, gathered in the course of the investigation; Physical Evidence - Evidence addressed to the senses of the court that are capable of being exhibited, examined, or viewed by the court. This includes but not limited to fingerprints, body fluids, explosives, hazardous chemicals, soil/burned debris, bombs, electronic parts used in the commission of the crime;

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION DEFINITION OF TERMS Forensic Evidence - A form of legal evidence that can be used in a court of law to convict a person of a crime and as a category of public presentation; and Jurisdiction – The word “jurisdiction” as used in the Constitution and statutes means jurisdiction over the subject matter only, unless an exception arises by reasons of its employment in a broader sense;

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION POLICIES AND GUIDELINES General Policy: Crime Scene Investigation (CSI) shall refer to the post-incident police operational procedures undertaken at the crime scene. It presupposes that the crime has been consummated and therefore investigation is to be commenced with the securing and processing of the place of occurrence. The CSI start with the arrival of the PNP First Responders (FRs) to the arrival of the Duty Investigator/IOC and the SOCO Team until the lifting of the security cordon and release of the crime scene.

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION POLICIES AND GUIDELINES Specific Functions, Responsibilities and Procedures: The following are the functions and responsibilities of the different players during the crime scene investigation as well as procedures to be observed: First Responder : The first Police Officers to arrive at the crime scene are the FRs who were dispatched by the local police station/unit concerned after receipt of incident/flash/alarm report ;

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION POLICIES AND GUIDELINES First Responder: Immediately , the FR shall conduct a preliminary evaluation of the crime scene. This evaluation should include the scope of the incident, emergency services required, scene safety concerns, administration of life saving measures, and establishment of security and control of the scene ; The FR is mandated to save and preserve life by giving the necessary first aid measures to the injured and their medical evacuation as necessary. The FR shall likewise secure and preserve the crime scene by cordoning the area and prevent unauthorized entry of persons ;

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION POLICIES AND GUIDELINES First Responder: The FR shall take the dying declaration of severely injured person/s, if any. The FR shall make the initial assessment on whether a crime actually been committed and shall preliminary interview of witnesses to determine what and how crime was committed; If and when there is a suspect present in the area, the first responder shall arrest, detain and remove the suspect from the area;

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION POLICIES AND GUIDELINES First Responder: The FR, upon the arrival of the IOC, shall turn-over the crime scene to the duty investigator/IOC after the former has briefed the investigator of the situation. The FR shall prepare and submit the CSI Form “1” - First Responders Report to the IOC and be prepared to assist the IOC in the investigation;

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION POLICIES AND GUIDELINES Investigator-on-Case (IOC) /Duty Investigator: Upon arrival at the crime scene, the IOC shall request for a briefing from the FR and make a quick assessment of the crime; At this stage, the IOC shall assume full responsibility over the crime scene and shall conduct a thorough assessment of the scene and inquiry into incident. If necessary the IOC may conduct crime scene search outside the area where the incident happened employing any of the various search methods;

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION POLICIES AND GUIDELINES Investigator-on-Case (IOC) /Duty Investigator: Based on the assessment, if the IOC determines that a SOCO team is required, he shall the report the matter to his COP and request for a SOCO, otherwise, the IOC shall proceed with the CSI without the SOCO team and shall utilize CSI Form “4” – SOCO Report Forms in the conduct of the CSI; The IOC may by himself or with the assistance of a local PNP forensic personnel conduct the CSI if there is no available SOCO team in the area. The IOC must, however, ensure that the correct procedures in the collection of evidence is observed to ensure the admissibility of the evidence;

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION POLICIES AND GUIDELINES Investigator-on-Case (IOC) /Duty Investigator: The Police Station Operation Center , upon directive of the COP, shall make the request for the SOCO team through the Provincial/City Operations Center ; It shall be the responsibility of the Provincial/City Operations Center to facilitate the request for the SOCO Team ;

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION POLICIES AND GUIDELINES Investigator-on-Case (IOC) /Duty Investigator: Upon the arrival of the SOCO Team, the IOC shall accomplish the CSI Form “2” - Request for the Conduct of SOCO and submit the same to the SOCO Team Leader. The SOCO team shall not enter the crime scene unless the IOC makes the official written request wherein he assures the SOCO team of his presence and support; The IOC shall brief the SOCO Team upon their arrival at the crime scene and shall jointly conduct the preliminary crime scene survey ;

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION POLICIES AND GUIDELINES SOCO Team: The SOCO Team shall not join any operations conducted by the local police or accompany the FRs or the IOC in going to the crime scene. They will only respond upon request through the Operations Center and after the IOC has already made proper assessment of the crime scene; Upon receipt of the Request for Conduct of SOCO, the SOCO Team shall then conduct the scene of the crime operations which include among others the narrative description of the crime scene, photography, videography, crime scene search, crime scene sketch, crime scene location sketch, physical evidence recording and collection, and other procedures necessary ;

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION POLICIES AND GUIDELINES SOCO Team: In case the SOCO Team needs to temporarily suspend the processing, the Chief of Police shall be primarily responsible and accountable for securing the crime scene and ensuring its integrity until the re-entry of SOCO Team and the conclusion of the CSI; After the termination of the SOCO, the SOCO Team Leader shall brief the IOC on the initial results and thereafter conduct the final crime scene survey together with the IOC; The SOCO Team shall accomplish the CSI Form “4” - SOCO Report Forms and furnish the IOC of copies of the same before leaving the crime scene;

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION POLICIES AND GUIDELINES Release of the Crime Scene The IOC shall decide on the lifting of the security cordon and the release of the crime scene upon consultation with the SOCO Team Leader and he shall be responsible for all other pieces of potential evidence that were not collected by the SOCO Team; The IOC shall accomplish the CSI Form “6” – IOC/Investigator’s CSI Form before the cordon shall be lifted ; The IOC shall ensure that appropriate inventory has been provided by the SOCO Team and shall only lift the security cordon and release the crime scene only after completion of the documentation process;

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION POLICIES AND GUIDELINES Release of the Crime Scene The IOC or the COP shall turn-over the crime scene to the owner of the property or where the crime scene is a public place, to any local person in authority; The IOC as well as the SOCO Team shall completely fill-up the forms specified in this SOP. The IOC shall accomplish and submit the Investigator’s Report with all the required attachments to the COP within two (2) working days from the date of incidence. (See Annex H) The CSI Report shall be the first entry in the Case Folder for the investigation of the incident.

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION STANDARD CSI FORMS : CSI Form “1” – (First Responder’s Report Form) To be accomplished by the FR detailing among other things, his rank, name, initial information gathered and anything that was moved in the crime scene prior to the arrival of the investigator. Further, Form 1 should be signed by a witness. Form 1 should always be included as part of the FR’s kit .

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION CSI Form 1

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION CSI Form 1

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION CSI Form 1

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION STANDARD CSI FORMS : CSI Form “2”– (Request for the Conduct of SOCO) To be accomplished by the IOC and submitted to the SOCO Team Leader at the crime scene .

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION CSI Form 2

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION STANDARD CSI FORMS : CSI Form “3” – (Turn- over of Collected Evidence from IOC to SOCO Team) To be accomplished by the IOC certifying that the items/physical evidence found, collected and initially marked and inventoried by the investigator at the crime scene were properly turned-over to SOCO Team Evidence Custodian .

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION CSI Form 3

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION STANDARD CSI FORMS : CSI Form “4” – (SOCO Report Forms 1-4) The initial findings of the SOCO Team shall be contained in the SOCO Report Forms 1 to 4 which shall be accomplished immediately after completion of the SOCO. A copy of the said reports shall be provided to the IOC within 24-hour after the release of the crime scene. The IOC may also use those forms in the absence of a SOCO Team.

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION CSI Form 4, SOCO Report Form 1

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION CSI Form 4, SOCO Report Form 2

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION CSI Form 4, SOCO Report Form 3

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION CSI Form 4, SOCO Report Form 4

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION STANDARD CSI FORMS : CSI Form “5” – (Release of Crime Scene Form) This shall be accomplished by the IOC or the COP and witnessed by the SOCO Team Leader and conformed by the owner of the property or representative of the local authority. A copy of the crime scene release form shall be provided to the owner .

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION CSI Form 5

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION STANDARD CSI FORMS : CSI Form “6” – (IOC/Investigator’s CSI Form) This shall be accomplished by the IOC at the OSCP prior to the lifting of the security cordon .

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION CSI Form 6

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION CSI Form 6

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION CSI Form 6

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION FLOW CHART FOR Crime Scene Investigation

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION CSI Report

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION PENAL CLAUSE: Any violation of this SOP shall be dealt with administratively. All Unit Commanders shall be investigated under the principle of command responsibility. If evidence further warrants, criminal complaints shall also be filed against those who may have committed acts or omissions in violation of the Revised Penal Code or any special law. REPEALING CLAUSE: Any issuance, memoranda, rules and regulations issued by the PNP inconsistent herewith are deemed repealed or amended accordingly .

IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION :

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT IV-B. SOP ON CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION EFFECTIVITY : This SOP shall take effect fifteen days (15) days from filing a copy thereof at the University of the Philippines Law Center in consonance with Sections 3 and 4, Chapter 2, Book VII of Executive Order No. 292, otherwise known as “The Revised Administrative Code of 1987 ”.

V. THE FIRST RESPONDER:

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT V. THE FIRST RESPONDER

V. THE FIRST RESPONDER:

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT V. THE FIRST RESPONDER The four main tasks of the first officer on the scene are: To give first aid; To apprehend the suspected offender; To protect and if necessary collect and preserve evidence; and To cordon off and protect the area. First Officer on The Scene Give first aid. Immediately request for assistance form medical experts. Decide whether a crime has been committed. Apprehend the suspected offender. Write down the names of all the persons at the crime scene and where they can be contacted in the next few hours. INITIAL RESPONSE TO THE CRIME SCENE (“THE GOLDEN HOUR”)

V. THE FIRST RESPONDER:

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT V. THE FIRST RESPONDER Do not let anyone enter the crime scene area. Exception: First aid measures. Inform the police officer for deciding (COP/PD) on who is to carry out the investigation and call in reinforcement to the scene . If shots has been fired, secure any evidence of primer particles (gunpowder residue) on the hands. If any person has been taken to hospital, see to it that a police officer is sent to the hospital to take the necessary measures. Cordon of a sufficiently large area around the crime scene while waiting for reinforcement. Protect the crime scene from alteration . INITIAL RESPONSE TO THE CRIME SCENE (“THE GOLDEN HOUR”)

V. THE FIRST RESPONDER:

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT V. THE FIRST RESPONDER Make a note of the measures that are taken, persons who entered the crime scene and the times of important events and observations. Photograph and if appropriate take video record of the crime scene and the adjacent area, including people hanging around the scene. The first responder shall be responsible for the control of the crime scene until the arrival of the designated investigator-on-case who shall thereafter assume responsibility of the crime scene INITIAL RESPONSE TO THE CRIME SCENE (“THE GOLDEN HOUR”)

V. THE FIRST RESPONDER:

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT V. THE FIRST RESPONDER The checklists are only meant as a guide and not as a substitute for critical thinking. In some cases certain items can probably be left out, while others must be added. Life-saving measures Must be taken immediately if there are any signs of life on any of the victims and/or suspects. This must be done even if a crime is suspected and the measures lead to loss of evidence. INITIAL RESPONSE TO THE CRIME SCENE (“THE GOLDEN HOUR”)

V. THE FIRST RESPONDER:

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT V. THE FIRST RESPONDER Apprehend the suspected perpetrator In the case of a recent incident, measures must be taken to apprehend the perpetrator if possible. All the people at the crime scene should initially be asked for any information that may be of help. If information is forthcoming in the form of description, escape route etc. action should be taken accordingly and the information passed on to the local or regional operation centers . It should always be borne in mind that persons at the crime scene who claim to be witnesses may in fact be involved in the incident itself. INITIAL RESPONSE TO THE CRIME SCENE (“THE GOLDEN HOUR”)

V. THE FIRST RESPONDER:

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT V. THE FIRST RESPONDER Crime Scene Security and Preservation Protect and collect evidence The main duty of the first responder is, after giving first aid if necessary, to protect the scene. Protecting and collecting trace evidence involves a number of different measures that will vary from one scene to another. The first responder should primarily protect the crime scene and preserve evidence and, secondly, collect evidence that might otherwise be destroyed. One important measure when it comes to ensuring that evidence is not lost is to avoid contamination. INITIAL RESPONSE TO THE CRIME SCENE (“THE GOLDEN HOUR”)

V. THE FIRST RESPONDER:

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT V. THE FIRST RESPONDER Crime Scene Security and Preservation Avoid contamination When two objects come into contact there is always a risk of contamination, i.e. exchange of materials between them. The objects do not even have to be in contact, since materials such as fibers and hair may be suspended in the air . INITIAL RESPONSE TO THE CRIME SCENE (“THE GOLDEN HOUR”)

V. THE FIRST RESPONDER:

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT V. THE FIRST RESPONDER Crime Scene Security and Preservation Avoid contamination The best way of avoiding contamination at the initial stage is to leave the crime scene untouched. The persons involved, for example victim and suspect, must on no account be allowed to enter the crime scene and must always be kept apart. Such persons should be dealt with by different police officers and transported in different vehicles. If it is necessary to recover something at the crime scene, this must always be done by an officer who has not been in contact with the persons involved . INITIAL RESPONSE TO THE CRIME SCENE (“THE GOLDEN HOUR”)

V. THE FIRST RESPONDER:

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT V. THE FIRST RESPONDER Crime Scene Security and Preservation The following rules should be followed to avoid contamination : Never let suspects and victims be in the same room or be transported in the same car. Use protective clothing. Plan out the gathering of on-scene evidence such that each specific source is handled separately, if possible. Cars should preferably be examined on site . If a car must be moved, it should be towed. Avoid using the seats. If that is unavoidable, use protective clothing. If the car must be driven, the only person in it should be the driver, who should wear protective clothing . INITIAL RESPONSE TO THE CRIME SCENE (“THE GOLDEN HOUR”)

V. THE FIRST RESPONDER:

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT V. THE FIRST RESPONDER Cordons The purpose of cordons is to make sure that unauthorized persons do not enter the crime scene. Guarded cordons are always the best. The area should be cordoned off with tape or rope and warning signs should be put up. Make sure that the cordoned off area is sufficiently large. (It is better if the area is sufficiently large ). INITIAL RESPONSE TO THE CRIME SCENE (“THE GOLDEN HOUR”)

V. THE FIRST RESPONDER:

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT V. THE FIRST RESPONDER Witnesses Do not allow witnesses or suspects to return to or enter the crime scene. Persons at the scene who are to be questioned should be taken to separate premises in the vicinity and kept apart from each other, since they may, for example, have valuable information or evidence on their bodies that must be transmitted to other persons. INITIAL RESPONSE TO THE CRIME SCENE (“THE GOLDEN HOUR”)

V. THE FIRST RESPONDER:

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT V. THE FIRST RESPONDER Persons taken to hospital If any involve person (suspect or victim) has been taken to hospital, a police officer should go to the hospital immediately and take the following measures: Seize/retrieve the person’s clothes and put all pieces into separate paper bags properly marked as to time/date and place of retrieval, and description of contents . If clothes have been taken off, question the hospital staff on who took off the person’s clothes and what has been done with them . INITIAL RESPONSE TO THE CRIME SCENE (“THE GOLDEN HOUR”)

V. THE FIRST RESPONDER:

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT V. THE FIRST RESPONDER Make sure that all trace evidence on victim or suspect are collected and preserved. Make sure that suspects and victims are subjected for alcohol and drug test. If shots have been fired, request the PNP Crime Laboratory to conduct paraffin test in order to collect primer particles/gunpowder residue from the person’s hands. INITIAL RESPONSE TO THE CRIME SCENE (“THE GOLDEN HOUR”)

V. THE FIRST RESPONDER:

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT V. THE FIRST RESPONDER Checklist for Initial Action of First Responders INITIAL RESPONSE TO THE CRIME SCENE (“THE GOLDEN HOUR”) # ACTIVITY YES NO 1 Life-saving measures (Give First Aid) Check for any signs of life Check for certain signs of death

V. THE FIRST RESPONDER:

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT V. THE FIRST RESPONDER Checklist for Initial Action of First Responders Continuation… INITIAL RESPONSE TO THE CRIME SCENE (“THE GOLDEN HOUR”) # ACTIVITY YES NO 2 Apprehend the suspected perpetrator In incidents that occurred very recently, apprehend the perpetrator immediately Conduct initial interview with all the people in the crime scene Ask about the escape route of the suspect/s Pass on the information regarding the escape route of the suspect to the local, provincial and regional police office Interview the witnesses or the person/s involved in the incident

V. THE FIRST RESPONDER:

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT V. THE FIRST RESPONDER Checklist for Initial Action of First Responders Continuation… INITIAL RESPONSE TO THE CRIME SCENE (“THE GOLDEN HOUR”) # ACTIVITY YES NO 3 Protect evidence Cordon off the crime scene with police line tape or rope Guard the cordoned areas Put up warning signs in the cordoned areas Ensure that the cordoned off area is sufficiently large Prevent unauthorized person from entering the crime scene Victims and suspect, must not be allowed to enter the crime scene Leave crime scene untouched Preserve the evidence Victim/s and suspect/s must be kept apart

V. THE FIRST RESPONDER:

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT V. THE FIRST RESPONDER Checklist for Initial Action of First Responders Continuation… INITIAL RESPONSE TO THE CRIME SCENE (“THE GOLDEN HOUR”) # ACTIVITY YES NO 4 Collect the evidence (only if necessary as when evidence might otherwise be destroyed) Avoid contamination Avoid any two objects coming into contact Check for materials such as fibers and hair suspended in the air Use protective clothing (overall, caps, gloves and disposable shoe coverings) when entering a crime scene and collecting trace evidence One police officer should conduct the crime scene investigation Another police officer examine the suspect’s clothes, etc.

V. THE FIRST RESPONDER:

DIRECTORATE FOR INVESTIGATION AND DETECTIVE MANAGEMENT V. THE FIRST RESPONDER Checklist for Initial Action of First Responders Continuation… INITIAL RESPONSE TO THE CRIME SCENE (“THE GOLDEN HOUR”) # ACTIVITY YES NO 4 Other police officer accompany the victim Cars involved in the crime must be examined on site Cars must be towed if it should be moved to another place If these cars will be used avoid using the seats or if possible use protective clothing Keep a record of all activities and information

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DIRECTORATE FOR PERSONNEL AND RECORDS MANAGEMENT End of Presentation!!! Any Questions?