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The key must be introduced and polarities of A, V, source, must be shown. While solving problems data must be converted in SI system and unit of answer must be written. Just note that your next step must be based on previous step. Points to remember : Points to remember Show polarity of cells Arrow on wire indicating direction of current Be care full about hot and cold junctions and direction of the current. Remember to show variable resistance (rheostat), key,Galvanometer,resistance box, source of e.m.f. with polarity ( take proper care when used in potentiometer) While doing problems of meter bridge or Whetstone's network better have figure. Points to remember : Points to remember Add figure even if not asked when question expects “explain” When ac is applied direction of current is not to be showed Remember to indicate transformer, primary, secondary, load resistance, “e” input ac voltage, Vo output voltage, symbol of heating coil, if full wave rectifier then center tap, direction of current in load resistance connected to output. Wave theory of Light : Wave theory of Light Total marks 3/5 Possible questions are of 1,2, 3 or 4 marks Wave theory of Light : Wave theory of Light 2 marks question State demerits of wave theory of light Define wave front and wave normal Draw neat labeled ray diagram of reflection of light from plane mirror using wave theory Draw neat labeled ray diagram of refraction of light from plane mirror using wave theory Define plane polarized light. State meaning of polarizer and analyzer. Define polarizing angle. State relation between polarizing angle and refractive index. Explain the role of Canada balsam in Nicole prism. State uses of Polaroid. Wave theory of Light : Wave theory of Light 3 marks question Give brief account of Huygen’s theory of light State Brewster’s law and show that at tan of polarizing angle equals refractive index. 4 marks question State Huygen’s principle and explain construction of spherical wave front State Huygen’s principle and explain construction of plane wave front Prove the law of reflection on the basis of wave theory of light Prove the law of refraction on the basis of wave theory of light Explain construction and working of Nicole Prism Formulae needed with standard notations : Formulae needed with standard notations Interference and Diffraction : Interference and Diffraction Total marks 5/7 Possible questions are of 1,2,3 or 4 marks Interference and Diffraction : Interference and Diffraction 2 marks questions: State the conditions to get constructive and destructive interference of light State conditions for obtaining a steady interference pattern. Explain two classes of diffraction Explain why the sources must be narrow and very close to each other Explain need of coherent sources for interference Interference and Diffraction : Interference and Diffraction 2 marks questions: Draw neat diagrams of biprism experiment Draw neat diagrams of conjugate positions to obtain distance between sources. Distinguish between double slit and biprism experiment Distinguish between interference and diffraction. State resolving power of microscope explain terms used in expression State resolving power of telescope explain terms used in expression Slide 12: 3 marks questions: What is interference of light and state four conditions for steady interference pattern State the principle of superposition and four conditions for steady interference pattern Using analytical method obtain expression for path difference Assuming the expression of path difference obtain the expression of band width. Explain the concept of interference and state conditions for constructive and destructive interference. State Rayleigh criteria for resolution. State expression for resolving power of microscope and explain how to increase resolving power of microscope. State the conditions for maxima and minima of diffraction pattern. Slide 13: 4 marks questions: Describe Young’s experiment Derive expression for optical path difference hence obtain the expression of band width Describe the biprism experiment to find wavelength of light. Derive the formula for determination of distance between virtual images, in Fresnel’s method. Derive formula for nth dark and bright band by diffraction. Explain diffraction by single slite and prove that width of central maxima is double that of others. Important formulae : Important formulae Electrostatics : Electrostatics Total marks 5/6 Possible questions are of 1,2, 3 or 4 marks Electrostatics : Electrostatics 2 marks questions: Define electric line of force & two properties Define line of induction and state two of its properties. Define tube of force & tube of induction State expression for mechanical energy ans explain terms used. Define capacity of capacitor & its SI unit Give four properties of electric lines State types of capacitors and draw their schematic diagrams. Slide 17: Obtain Resultant capacitance of parallel combination of capacitors Obtain Resultant capacitance of series combination of capacitors State principle of Van De Graaff’s generator Using Gauss theorem obtain expression for electric intensity just outside the charged body / sphere / cylinder Using expression for mechanical force per unit area obtain expression for energy density Explain concept of condenser Slide 18: 3 marks questions Obtain expression for mechanical force per unit area of closed charged condenser and the total mechanical force acting on conductor Show that mechanical force per unit area of closed charged condenser is directly proportional to 2 Show that mechanical force per unit area of closed charged condenser is directly proportional to E2 Obtain expression for energy stored in parallel plate condenser Slide 19: 3 marks questions Obtain expression for energy per unit volume of (dielectric medium) closed charged condenser placed in a medium. What is condenser and explain its different types. 4 marks questions State and prove Gauss theorem Obtain expression of mechanical force per unit area and energy per unit volume. Obtain expression for capacity of parallel plate capacity and ways to increase the capacity Explain working and construction of Van-De-graaff generator. Important expressions with standard symbols : Important expressions with standard symbols Flux density = E cos ds Important expressions with standard symbols : Important expressions with standard symbols C1 Q1V1 C2 Q2V2 Charge will flow from higher potential to lower potential till potential becomes V - ve if & +ve if series Current electricity : Current electricity Total marks 4/6 Possible questions are 1,2,3 or 4 marks Current electricity : Current electricity 2 mark questions State and explain ohm’s law Define specific resistance, its unit and expression State Kirchhoff’s laws Explain principle of potentiometer Precautions while performing experiment with potentiometer Explain terms thermoelectricity and thermo emf. Define (1) Seebeck effect (2) Thomson effect Define Seebeck effect (2) Peltier effect Explain the terms temperature of inversion and neutral temperature. Give uses of thermo couple Slide 24: 2 mark questions Distinguish between potentiometer and voltmeter Define Seabeck effect Define inversion and neutral temperatures Define Thomson’s coefficient Define Peltier’s coefficient. 3 marks questions Explain the errors and ways to minimize them in Whetstone meter bridge Explain method to determine internal resistance of a cell. Explain Kelvin's Method to determine resistance of a galvanometer. What is potentiometer Slide 25: 4 marks questions Explain working and construction of Whetstone's network Explain construction of Whetstone's meter bridge and how it can be used to determine unknown resistance Describe Kelvin's method to determine resistance of galvanometer. State principle of potentiometer and explain the method to compare emf’s of two cells when used separately State principle of potentiometer and explain the method to compare emf’s of two cells by sum and difference method How to use potentiometer for determination of internal resistance of a cell Compare Seebeck, Peltier and Thomson’s effect. Formulae needed for current electricity : Formulae needed for current electricity Magnetic effect of electric current : Magnetic effect of electric current Total marks 4/6 Questions may be of 1,2,3 or 4 marks Magnetic effect of electric current : Magnetic effect of electric current 2 marks Explain the need of cylindrical concave pole pieces of magnet for MCG State Ampere's law Define Solenoid and Torroide Explain why soft iron core is needed for MCG Define sensitivity of MCG and state factors affecting sensitivity. Why ammeter must have low resistance Why voltmeter must have high resistance Slide 29: Define accuracy of MCG and how to increase accuracy Define sensitivity of MMG and state factors affecting sensitivity. Define accuracy of MMG and state factors affecting accuracy How maximum accuracy can be obtained in tangent galvanometer in terms of deflection How to convert MCG into an ammeter How to convert MCG into voltmeter Distinguish between ammeter and voltmeter. Draw labeled diagram of suspended type of galvanometer. Slide 30: 3 marks Describe the construction of a tangent galvanometer Distinguish between MCG and MMG What is necessity of radial field in MCG and explain how MCG can be converted into an ammeter Derive an expression for deflecting torque acting on current caring coil and write the conditions for maximum and minimum torque. Slide 31: 4 marks State the principle of MCG and describe its construction with neat diagram State the principle of MCG and show that deflection produced in it is directly proportional to current passing through it Describe the construction and working of tangent galvanometer and derive the necessary formula Important formulae MEEC : Important formulae MEEC Important formulae MEEC : Important formulae MEEC Important formulae MEEC : Important formulae MEEC Magnetism : Magnetism Total marks 3/4 Possible questions are 1,2,3 or 4 marks Magnetism : Magnetism 2 marks questions Explain magnetic dipole, magnetic dipole moment Define magnetic dipole moment and state its unit State the expression for magnetic induction at axial point along with direction State the expression for magnetic induction at equatorial point along with direction State the expression for magnetic induction at any point hence deduce expression for induction at side on and broad side on position Slide 37: 2 marks questions State the expression for magnetic potential at any point. Distinguish between Diamagnetic and Paramagnetic substances Distinguish between Diamagnetic and Ferromagnetic substances State properties of diamagnetic substances State properties of paramagnetic substances State properties of ferromagnetic substances What is curie temperature? What is effect of curie temperature on ferromagnetic substance? Explain behavior of diamagnetic substance on the basis of induced current. Slide 38: 4 marks questions Derive the expression for magnetic potential at any point due to short magnetic dipole. Derive the expression for magnetic induction at any point due to short magnetic dipole. Explain ferromagnetism on the basis of domain theory Important formulae : Important formulae Electromagnetic induction : Electromagnetic induction Total marks 5/7 Questions may be of 2,3 or 4 marks Electromagnetic induction : Electromagnetic induction 2 marks State and explain Lenz’s law in EMI What are eddy currents? Give any two applications Explain concept of self inductance State and define SI unit of self inductance Explain the concept of mutual induction Slide 42: Define rms value of ac current.Give relation between peak value and rms value of ac current. State and explain Fleming’s right hand rule Discuss the flow of current when ac emf is applied to resistance Derive expression for power decapitated in an ac circuit containing resistance only Draw neat labeled diagram of Series and parallel resonant circuit Slide 43: 3 marks Explain the terms inductive reactance, capacitive reactance and power factor Explain application of ac to pure inductance Explain application of ac to pure conductance Explain resonant frequency in LCR circuit and the graph of current and frequency. Explain resonant frequency in LC parallel circuit and the graph of current and frequency. Under what condition the current in LCR circuit will be maximum, define resonant frequency Explain phenomenon of electromagnetic induction using coil and magnet Slide 44: 4 marks Give theoretical proof of Lenz’s law of electromagnetic induction Obtain expression for emf induced in a coil rotating with uniform angular velocity in uniform magnetic field Derive an expression for the instantaneous current in parallel LC circuit hence obtain expression for impedance Derive an expression for instantaneous e.m.f. in series LCR circuit using ac source obtain expression for its impedance Important formulae of EMI : Important formulae of EMI Important formulae of EMI : Important formulae of EMI In purely resistive circuit In purely inductive circuit Important formulae of EMI : Important formulae of EMI In purely capacitive circuit In L-R circuit Important formulae of EMI : Important formulae of EMI In C-R circuit In L-C circuit Important formulae of EMI : Important formulae of EMI In L-C-R circuit At Series Resonance At parallel Resonance Electron and photon : Electron and photon Total marks 3/4 Questions may be of 1, 2, 3 or 4 marks Electron and photon : Electron and photon 2 marks What is photoelectric effect? Define photoelectric work function Define photoelectric work function, threshold frequency State variation of photoelectric emission as intensity and frequency of incident light changes State Einstein’s photoelectric equation and explain significance of each term State the characteristics of photoelectric effect State principle of Milliken oil drop model Slide 52: What is photo electric cell and give two of its applications Explain construction of photoelectric cell and mention one of its application Draw a neat circuit diagram of experimental set up to study characteristics of photoelectric effect Using essential facts obtain v = E/B in Thompson's experiment Discuss effect of electric field on motion of cathode rays Discuss effect of magnetic field on motion of cathode rays Slide 53: 4 marks Describe J.J.Thompson’s experiment to determine the specific charge on electron Explain Einstein’s theory to explain photoelectric effect and discuss any two characteristics of photoelectric effect Compare between classical and quantum theory explaining the photoelectric effect Explain Milliken's Oil drop experiment. Give any four applications of photoelectric effect and explain any two of them. Important formulae related to Photoelectric effect : Important formulae related to Photoelectric effect Atom molecule and nuclei : Atom molecule and nuclei Total marks 4/6 Questions may be of 2,3,or 4 marks Atom molecule and nuclei : Atom molecule and nuclei 2marks State Bohr’s postulates for Hydrogen atom about electrostatic force,stationary orbit Constituents of nucleus and relation with atomic number and atomic mass Draw labeled diagram of Energy level for hydrogen atom Davison Germer experiment Electron microscope Slide 57: 3 marks State Postulates of Bohr’s theory with mathematical equations Explain construction and working of electron microscope. Explain how to prepare LASER and give two properties of LASERs Compare between LASER and MESER Compare between matter waves and electromagnetic waves. Explain Davisson and Germer experiment. Obtain expression for total energy of an electron in a stationary orbit of Bohr Assuming formula of energy obtain expression for wavelength of spectral lines Draw energy diagram and explain Lyman and Balmer series Slide 58: Obtain expression for linear velocity of an electron of hydrogen atom Obtain expression for linear momentum of an electron of hydrogen atom Obtain expression for angular speed of an electron of hydrogen atom Obtain expression for frequency of an electron of hydrogen atom Obtain expression for KE of an electron of hydrogen atom Obtain expression for PE of an electron of hydrogen atom Obtain expression for TE of an electron of hydrogen atom (= -Rhc ) Slide 59: 4 marks State first postulate of Bohr’s theory and derive expression for radius of stable orbit Show that En1/n2 Explain origin of spectral lines for hydrogen atom Draw energy level diagram and explain different series Explain working and construction of an experiment which proves existance of matter waves. Explain working and construction of electron microscope. Important expressions in Atom molecule and nuclei : Important expressions in Atom molecule and nuclei Semiconductors : Semiconductors Total Marks 3/5 Possible questions 1,2,3 or 4 marks Semiconductors : Semiconductors 2 marks questions Define : Conduction band and valence band Forbidden energy gap and classification of elements in conductor, insulator and semiconductor on basis of FEG. Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors P-type and n-type semiconductors Acceptor impurity and donor impurity p-n junction diode and barrier potentials of Si and Ge diode. Reverse bias and forward bias of junction diode Zener diode and it’s symbolic representation. Semiconductors : Semiconductors 2 marks questions Define : Solar cell and LED Define NPN and PNP transistor Define and for transistors. Symbolically represent AND and NOT gate Symbolically represent NAND and NOR gate What are essential conditions for oscillator circuit. (A. =1) What do you mean by positive feedback and negative feedback. Write down Barkhausen criteria for oscillator circuit Semiconductors : Semiconductors 3 marks questions What do you mean by insulator, semiconductor and conductor. Explain on the basis of band theory by indicating figure. Explain in details the use of diode as half wave rectifier. Explain in details the use of diode as full wave rectifier. Explain how Zener diode can be used as voltage regulator. Explain working and construction of solar cell Define and of transistor and obtain relation between them. Represent graphically output characteristics of transistor in common emitter mode and define and indicate knee voltage. Explain working of common emitter amplifier draw input output curves. Semiconductors : Semiconductors 3 marks questions Represent AND gate symbolically Draw diode circuit for AND gate and provide its truth table. Represent NOT gate symbolically Draw diode circuit for NOT gate and provide its truth table. Represent NAND gate symbolically Draw diode circuit for NAND gate and provide its truth table. Represent NOR gate symbolically Draw diode circuit for NOR gate and provide its truth table. Represent OR gate symbolically Draw diode circuit for OR gate and provide its truth table. Semiconductors : Semiconductors 4 marks questions Explain in details the circuit to study CE characteristics and explain the input and output characteristics using proper graphs. How will you use diode as full wave rectifier. Explain working of full wave rectifier in detail. Communication : Communication Total Marks 2/4 Possible questions 1,2,3 or 4 marks Communication : Communication 2 mark questions Define ground wave propagation and state factors affecting it. Define sky wave propagation and state factors affecting it. Define space wave propagation and state factors affecting it. State principle of satellite communication Explain how global communication is possible by geo stationary satellite. Communication : Communication 3 mark questions Write the different mode of communication. Explain the terms passive and active satellites give two applications of remote sensing. What is optical communication and what are advantages over conventional communication system. Explain optical fiber and its working. Communication : Communication 4 mark questions Write a short note on sky wave communication with appropriate diagram. Write a short note on optical fiber. Explain different layers in atmosphere and there role in communication. You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.