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Hajj & Umra Presentation - Part 1

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1 H A J J

Hajj & Umra Presentation:

Hajj & Umra Presentation A new edition of this presentation is released every year. Get the latest version from: http://www.iseb.org/hajj.shtml This presentation can be used by: Brothers and sisters going for Hajj this year or planning to go for Hajj in the future Presenters, Hajj agencies and Hajj organizations to provide proper training for Hajj groups This document uses pictures collected from the Internet. Many thanks to all people who made those pictures available. Special thanks to all those who sent review comments and provided additional information and pictures. Please respect the copyright notice below. It's an Amanah (trust). The presentation should be viewed in full screen mode (press F5). 2 © Copyright : Permission is hereby granted, to any person or organization obtaining a copy of this document, to use, copy and distribute it, subject to the following conditions: 1. No fee should be imposed 2. The document must not be altered in any way 3. This copyright and permission notice shall be included in all copies of the document. Contact : omar.bellal@gmail.com Edition : 2012

Part 1 / 5 Introductions:

Part 1 / 5 Introductions Note : This presentation consists of 5 parts in 5 separate files. Part 1 is essential to understanding the Hajj and Umra and should be viewed first. Part 1 : Introductions Part 2 : Umra Step by Step Part 3 : Hajj Step by Step Part 4 : Visiting al- Madinah Part 5 : Miscellaneous 3

Contents of Part 1 - (1) Introductions:

Contents of Part 1 - (1) Introductions Excellence of Hajj and al-Hajj al- Mabrur (الحج المبرور) Preparation for Hajj Aspects of Preparation Debts What to Take Hajj Packages Dates & Time of Hajj Hajj Packages: Makkah First vs. Madinah First Geography of Hajj & Umra Mawaqeet Haram of Makkah 4

Contents of Part 1 - (2) Introductions:

Contents of Part 1 - (2) Introductions Hajj & Umra Related Definitions Kinds of Hajj Hajj & Umra for Women (general principle) The Journey Day of Departure Arrival in Jeddah 5

Contents of Part 2 Umra Step by Step:

Contents of Part 2 Umra Step by Step Umra S tep by Step Ihram & Talbiyah الإحرام والتلبية - Tawaf الطواف - Sa’y between Safa and Marwa - السعي بين الصفا والمروة Halq or Taqseer (Shaving or Hair Cutting) - الحلق أو التقصير Stay in Makkah An opportunity for good deeds On repeating the Umra 6

Contents of Part 3 Hajj Step by Step:

Contents of Part 3 Hajj Step by Step Hajj Step by Step Ihram - الإحرام Mina (8 Dhul-Hijjah ) - منى Arafah (9 Dhul-Hijjah ) - عرفة Muzdalifah (9 Dhul-Hijjah – night) - مزدلفة Mina (10 Dhul-Hijjah ): Ramy ( Jamrat Al-’ Aqabah ) - الرمي NaHr (sacrifice) - النحر Halq (shave hair of the head) - الحلق أو التقصير Makkah (10 Dhul-Hijjah ): Tawaf Al- IfaDah - طواف الإفاضة Sa’y between Safa and Marwa - السعي بين الصفا والمروة Mina (11, 12 and 13 Dhul-Hijjah ): Ramy (throw pebbles at the 3 Jamarat ) - الرمي Makkah (last day) Tawaf Al-Wada’ (Farewell Tawaf ) - طواف الوداع 7

Contents of Part 4 Visiting al-Madinah:

Contents of Part 4 Visiting al- Madinah Visiting al- Madinah Haram of Madinah Merits of Madinah Visiting the Prophet’s Masjid Visiting Masjid Quba Visiting al- Baqee ’ graveyard 8

Contents of Part 5 Miscellaneous:

Contents of Part 5 Miscellaneous Makkah Mina Madinah Expansion Projects The Haramain Railway The Masha’ir Train Hajj Statistics Glossary of Hajj and Umra 9

References (1):

References (1) “ Getting The Best out of Hajj ” (by Abu Muneer Ismail Davids) – 474 pages A comprehensive guide with sound and verified Fiqh rulings based on Qur’an and Sunnah as well as a wealth of practical information based on a long experience of the author. One of the best guides on Hajj out there. “ Hajj, Umra & Ziyarah ” (by Sheikh AbdulAziz Bin Baz) – 95 pages Matters of Hajj and Umra explained and verified in the light of the Qur’an and Sunnah. No illustrations. 10

References (2):

References (2) “ Hajj & Umra From A to Z ” (by Mamdouh N. Mohamed) – 90 pages Easy-to-navigate guide to Hajj. Includes glossary, descriptions of rituals, and many illustrations. “ Handbook for Hajj and ‘Umrah ” (by Sarwar Alam Raz) – 94 pages A practical and helpful guide that covers a complex subject in a straightforward, concise, and comprehensive manner. “ A Manual of Hajj and Umrah ” (by Riaz Ahmed Akhtar) – 196 pages An Illustrated Step-by-Step Practical Guide including Health Care and Womens' Concerns. 11

Excellence of Hajj…:

Excellence of Hajj… 12

Excellence of Hajj (1):

Excellence of Hajj (1) 13 The Prophet ( صلى الله عليه وسلم ) said: Umra is an expiation for the sins committed between it and the previous Umra ; and the reward of Hajj Mabrur (i.e., one accepted) is nothing but Jannah . [ Bukhari and Muslim] عن ‏ ‏أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه ‏أن رسول الله ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: ‏‏ العمرة إلى العمرة كفارة لما بينهما والحج المبرور ليس له جزاء إلا الجنة . ( البخاري ومسلم ) Narrated Abu Huraira : The Prophet ( صلى الله عليه وسلم ) said: Whoever performs hajj and does not commit any obscenity nor commit any evil, will return as sinless as a new-born child . [ Bukhari and Muslim] ‏عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال: سمعت النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول: من حجّ فلم يرفث ولم يفسق رجع كيوم ولدته أمه . ( لفظ البخاري ) ولفظ مسلم: من أتى هذا البيت فلم يرفث ولم يفسق رجع كيوم ولدته أمه.

Excellence of Hajj (2):

Excellence of Hajj (2) 14 The Prophet ( صلى الله عليه وسلم ) was asked: Which deed is the best? He ( صلى الله عليه وسلم ) replied: Faith in Allah and His Messenger . Then he was asked: What is next? He replied: Jihad (fighting) in the Cause of Allah . Then he was asked: What is after that? He replied: Hajj Mabrur . [ Bukhari and Muslim] عن ‏ ‏أبي هريرة ‏رضي الله عنه ‏ ‏قال:‏ ‏سئل النبي ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم : ‏أي الأعمال أفضل ؟ قال: ‏ ‏إيمان بالله ورسوله ، قيل : ثم ماذا ؟ قال : جهاد في سبيل الله ، قيل : ثم ماذا ؟ قال : حج ‏‏ مبرور . ( البخاري ومسلم ) Ai sha ( رضي الله عنها ) reported that she said: O Messenger of Allah! We consider jihad as the best deed. Should we not fight in Allah's Cause? He ( صلى الله عليه وسلم ) replied: For you (women) the best jihad: Hajj Mabrur . [ Bukhari ] عن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت: قلت يا رسول الله نرى الجهاد أفضل الأعمال، أفلا نجاهد؟ فقال: ل َ ك ُ ن َّ أفضل الجهاد ، حج مبرور . ( البخاري )

Excellence of Hajj (3):

Excellence of Hajj (3) 15 Aisha ( رضي الله عنها ) reported, Allah's Messenger ( صلى الله عليه وسلم ) said: There is no day when Allah sets free more servants from Hell Fire than the Day of Arafah . He draws near, then praises them to the angels, saying: What do these seek ? [Muslim] عن ‏عائشة رضي الله عنها ‏ ‏أن رسول الله ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏قال: ‏ ‏ ما من يوم أكثر من أن يعتق الله فيه عبدا من النار من يوم ‏‏ عرفة . ‏ ‏وإنه ‏ ‏ليدنو ثم ‏ ‏يباهي بهم الملائكة فيقول : ما أراد هؤلاء . ( مسلم ) Abdullah ( رضي الله عنه ) reported that the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه وسلم ) said: Alternate between Hajj and Umrah , for these two remove poverty and obliterate sins just as the blacksmith's bellows removes all impurities from metals like iron, gold and silver. The reward for Hajj Mabrur is nothing short of Paradise . [ Nasaee and Tirmidhee ] ‏عَنْ ‏ ‏عَبْدِ اللهِ رضي الله عنه ‏قَالَ:‏ ‏قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ‏ ‏صَلى اللهُ عَليْهِ وَسَلمَ: ‏ ‏تَابِعُوا بَيْنَ الْحَجِّ وَالْعُمْرَةِ فَإِنهُمَا يَنفِيَان الفقرَ وَالذنوبَ كمَا يَنفِي ‏ ‏الْكِيرُ ‏ ‏خَبَثَ ‏ ‏الحَدِيدِ وَالذهَبِ وَالفِضَّةِ وَليْسَ لِلْحَجِّ المَبْرُور ثَوَابٌ دُونَ الْجَنةِ . ( النسائي والترمذي )

The Goal: Hajj Mabrur:

The Goal: Hajj Mabrur Hajj Mabrur (an accepted Hajj) is : A Hajj performed with the intention of seeking Allah's pleasure only (complete sincerity) A Hajj free of sin; i.e. conducted with full obedience to Allah ( سبحانه وتعالى ) A Hajj performed in accordance to the Sunnah of the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه وسلم ) A Hajj that is not followed by disobedience 16

Another dimension to Hajj Mabrur:

Another dimension to Hajj Mabrur 17 Jabir ( رضي الله عنه ) narrated that the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه وسلم ) said: The Hajj Mabrur has no reward except Jannah . He was asked: What makes Hajj Mabrur ? He said: Providing food (to people) and spreading good word . [Ahmad, Tabarani ( hasan ), Ibn Khuzayma (in his Sahih ), al- Bayhaqi , al-Hakim ( Sahih )] عن جابر رضي الله عنه عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: الحج المبرور ليس له جزاء إلا الجنة ، قيل: وما بره؟ قال: إطعام الطعام وطيب الكلام . ( رواه أحمد والطبراني في الأوسط بإسناد حسن وابن خزيمة في صحيحه والبيهقي والحاكم وقال صحيح الإسناد )

Preparation for Hajj…:

Preparation for Hajj… 18 Aspects of Preparation Debts What to Take

Preparation for Hajj (1):

Preparation for Hajj (1) Sincerity Repentance from all past sins Resolve outstanding differences and seek forgiveness from others Pay/record all debts Write/update your will Make sure the wealth to be used for Hajj is from Halal sources Choose the company of the righteous Learn as much as possible about Hajj and Umra Fiqh and “how to” Meanings , spiritual and historical aspects 19

Preparation for Hajj (2):

Preparation for Hajj (2) Memorize some Du’a from Quran and Sunnah Learn how to pray Salat al- Janaazah (funeral prayer) Learn the etiquette of visiting the graves Learn the rulings of Salat as-Safar (traveler’s prayer), and wiping over socks in Wudu Mental and physical preparation Medical checkup 20

Debts:

Debts Being debt free is not a precondition for performing Hajj. But debt is a very serious matter that should not be taken lightly, especially when leaving for Hajj. Narrated Salama bin Al- Akwa : A dead person was brought to the Prophet ( pbuh ) so that he might lead the funeral prayer for him. He asked, " Is he in debt ?" When the people replied in the negative, he led the funeral prayer. Another dead person was brought and he asked, " Is he in debt ?" They said, "Yes." He (refused to lead the prayer and) said, " Lead the prayer of your friend ." Abu Qatada said, "O Allah's Apostle! I undertake to pay his debt." Allah's Apostle then led his funeral prayer.  [Al- Bukhari , Book #37, Hadith #492] Pay all your debts before going for Hajj, if possible. If you are not able to, make arrangements for their payment during your absence, or in the event of your death. Ensure that family members are aware of any outstanding debts. Write an Islamic Will and make sure all your debts are recorded therein. 21

Makkah Climate:

Makkah Climate 22 Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Avg. Temperature ( F ) 75 76 80 87 94 96 96 96 95 89 83 78 Avg. Max Temperature 87 89 93 101 108 110 109 108 109 103 95 89 Avg. Min Temperature 66 66 68 75 82 83 84 85 84 78 73 68 Avg. Rain Days 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Avg. Temperature ( C ) 23 24 26 30 34 35 35 35 35 31 28 25 Avg. Max Temperature 30 31 33 38 42 43 42 42 42 39 35 31 Avg. Min Temperature 18 18 20 23 27 28 28 29 28 25 22 20 Avg. Rain Days 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 Because of its relatively low-lying location, Makkah sees seasonal flash floods despite the low amount of annual precipitation. There are less than 5 inches (130 mm) of rainfall during the year, mainly in the winter months. Temperatures are high throughout the year and in summer may reach 113 °F (45 °C).

Madinah Climate:

Madinah Climate 23 Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Avg. Temperature ( F ) 65 68 73 84 91 97 97 99 96 86 75 68 Avg . Max Temperature 76 80 85 96 103 109 108 111 108 99 86 79 Avg . Min Temperature 53 56 61 70 78 82 83 86 82 73 63 57 Avg . Rain Days 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Avg. Temperature ( C ) 18 20 22 28 32 36 36 37 35 30 23 20 Avg . Max Temperature 24 26 29 35 39 42 42 43 42 37 30 26 Avg . Min Temperature 11 13 16 21 25 27 28 30 27 22 17 13 Avg . Rain Days 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 In general, Madinah’s climate is continental; hot and dry in summer and cold to moderate in winter. Temperatures fall between 40-47 degrees Celsius and sometimes fall below zero in winter. Relative humidity is about 35% throughout the year. Rain is rare and often falls between November and May. Wind movement is relatively calm in winter, while a Northerly, dusty wind is probable in summer.

What to Take (1):

What to Take (1) When packing things for Hajj, keep in mind: Stay light. Extra items you don't need will just increase the weight you will have to carry around. Take necessary items like your prescription medication. Choose compact and light items. The camping section is a good place to look in. Do not take valuables. You run the risk of loosing them, and it just adds to your worries. Most items are available in Makkah, Madinah and Jeddah, and usually more affordable. The advantage is that you will buy only things that you really need. 24

What to Take (2):

What to Take (2) All necessary documents. Prepare travel documents (passport, etc.) well in advance. Make 2 sets of photocopies. Leave one at home and keep one with someone traveling in your group. Medication; especially prescription medication. Money (bills of $100 get you a better exchange rate). One credit card for emergencies (don’t keep it with the money). Check its expiration date. A small book of authentic Du’a . Hajj guide & checklists. Travel size toiletries, nail clipper, small scissors, comb, band-aids, baby wipes. Backpack, pocket knife. 25

What to Take (3) Clothing:

What to Take (3) Clothing Comfortable and modest clothes like Indo-Pak shalwar-qamees as well as the Saudi thoub (a one-piece head-to-toe garment) are ideal and are recommended for men. Women wear their normal comfortable clothes. Avoid nylon clothing as it tends to be uncomfortable in hot weather. Warm jacket, especially for Madinah at Fajr time during cold months. Slipper socks or rubber soled slippers: useful for Tawaf and Sa’y , except Tawaf al- Qudoom (arrival) and its Sa’y (for men) when you will be in a state of Ihram. Slippers/sandals/comfortable shoes. 26 Rubber soled slippers for Tawaf

What to Take (4) for Ihram (for men):

What to Take (4) for Ihram (for men) 27 Safety Pins to secure Ihram towels Unscented Petroleum Jelly. Apply between the thighs to prevent skin rash while in Ihram These are OK for Ihram Ihram Towels Or Hajj Belt Travel Belt

What to Take (5) for sleeping:

What to Take (5) for sleeping 28 Mainly for the night of Muzdalifah foam camping mat fleece blanket / sleeping bag Inflatable camping or travel pillow 2-person tent (for cold months only)

What to Take (6) Misc. (1):

What to Take (6) Misc. (1) 29 Earplugs Face masks (When not in Ihram) Eye shades Colored packing tapes Small MP3 Player preloaded with Quran recitation and your favorite lectures

What to Take (7) Misc. (2):

What to Take (7) Misc. (2) 30 Drawstring backpack to carry shoes/slippers and other items while inside the Masjid (in Makkah and Madinah ): quite useful Travel alarm clock Or use cell phone Compact flashlight Small drawstring bag for pebbles Tawaf / Sa'y bead counter

What to Take (8) for communication:

What to Take (8) for communication Cell phones can make communication much easier while in Makkah / Madinah /Mina, especially if traveling with relatives. Cell phone requirements: GSM SIM-Unlocked Multi-band (tri-band or quad-band) that includes the 900 MHz band. Currently, this is the only frequency working in Saudi Arabia. You buy SIM cards (Saudi Telecom, Mobily , Zain , Sawa ) from Saudi Arabia. Never buy anything from the airport workers though. Buy your SIM Card from either a mobile handset seller or from some pharmacies or money exchangers. 31 Make sure you turn your phone OFF in the Masjid !

What to Take (9) Essential:

What to Take (9) Essential And keep most of it towards the end. That's when you will need it most. Do not get angry. You will see a lot of irritating and misguided behavior. Try to change it with wisdom and nice words if you can control yourself; otherwise keep silent. Ask Allah ( سبحانه وتعالى ) to give you patience. Be positive. Hope for the best, but be prepared for the worst. Have only one concern: will Allah ( سبحانه وتعالى ) accept my Hajj? And focus on the prize: Paradise! 32 A LOT of PATIENCE!!!

Hajj Packages…:

Hajj Packages… 33 Time of Hajj Hajj Packages: Makkah First Hajj Packages: Madinah First

Months & Days of Hajj:

Months & Days of Hajj Months of Hajj Hijri Calendar: 1. Muharram 2. Safar 3. Rabi’ al- Awwal 4. Rabi’ al- Thani 5. Jumada al- Ula 6. Jumada al- Thaniya 7. Rajab 8. Shaban 9. Ramadan 10. Shawwal (شوال) 11. Dhul-Qe'dah (ذو القعدة) 12. Dhul-Hijjah (ذو الحجة) 34 Days of Hajj All in the 12 th month, Dhul-Hijjah : 8 th Dhul-Hijjah : day of Tarwiyah (يوم التروية) 9 th Dhul-Hijjah : day of Arafah (يوم عرفة) 10 th Dhul-Hijjah : day of NaHr (يوم النحر) ( Eid ) 11 th Dhul-Hijjah : 1 st day of tashreeq 12 th Dhul-Hijjah : 2 nd day of tashreeq 13 th Dhul-Hijjah : 3 rd day of tashreeq Months of Hajj Go to http://www.islamicfinder.org and determine the corresponding Gregorian dates. Days of Tashreeq (أيام التشريق)

Hajj 1433 H (2012) Dates & Times:

Hajj 1433 H (2012) Dates & Times On the night of Muzdalifah the middle of the night is at 11:27pm . 35 1433 H 2012 Shawwal 1 (10 th month) August 19 (Sunday) Dhul-Qe'dah 1 (11 th month) September 17 (Monday) Dhul-Hijjah 1 (12 th month) October 17 (Wednesday) Days of Hajj 1433 H 2012 Salat Times for Makkah Dhul-Hijjah Oct. Fajr Sunrise Dhuhr Asr Maghrib Isha Day of Tarwiyah 8 (Wed.) 24 5:04 6:20 12:05 3:23 5:50 7:20 Day of Arafah 9 (Thu.) 25 5:04 6:20 12:05 3:23 5:49 7:19 Day of NaHr (Eid) 10 (Fri.) 26 5:05 6:21 12:05 3:22 5:48 7:18 1 st Day of Tashreeq 11 (Sat.) 27 5:05 6:21 12:05 3:22 5:48 7:18 2 nd Day of Tashreeq 12 (Sun.) 28 5:05 6:21 12:05 3:22 5:48 7:18 3 rd Day of Tashreeq 13 (Mon.) 29 5:06 6:22 12:05 3:21 5:47 7:17 Months of Hajj Days of Hajj Makkah : Latitude: 21.42 Longitude: 39.83 Time zone: GMT +3.00 Altitude: 1017 feet (310 meters) above sea level. Juristic Method: Standard Calculation Method: Umm Al- Qura

Hajj Packages (1):

Hajj Packages (1) Most Hajj packages consist of 3 periods: Stay in Makkah Stay in Madinah Hajj days: 8 th – 13 th of Dhul-Hijjah Your Hajj package will be a combination of those 3 periods depending on the chronological order. Makkah gets very crowded the week before the Hajj days, i.e. 1 st to 7 th of Dhul-Hijjah , while Madinah gets less busy. Fasting, whether in Makkah or Madinah, during the first days of Dhul-Hijjah is recommended; but not during the days of Hajj, because of the physical effort required during those days. 36

Hajj Packages (2) Makkah First:

Hajj Packages (2) Makkah First If Makkah is your first stop then you assume Ihram for Umra before landing in Jeddah. Jeddah is beyond the Meeqat . Make the Niyah and say Talbiyah when Meeqat is announced during the flight, approximately 30-45 minutes before landing in Jeddah. You need to have a pair of Ihram towels with you for your Umra before travel. You can buy a second one for your Hajj from Makkah or Madinah, or wash and reuse the ones you used for Umra . Make sure you keep the Ihram towels in your handbag. Do not put them in your luggage. Put on Ihram towels in the airport at the last stop of your trip before boarding your flight to Jeddah. It’s extremely difficult to put on Ihram towels in the airplane. 37

Hajj Packages (3) Madinah First:

Hajj Packages (3) Madinah First If your first stop is Madinah then you do not need to assume Ihram on your way to Madinah. You can buy Ihram towels from Madinah. Your Meeqat for Umra is Dhul-Hulayfah ( Abyar 'Ali). If you leave Madinah on the 7 th or the 8 th of Dhul-Hijjah , then it may be difficult to do a Umra before Hajj. A few slides at the end of the Hajj procedure will explain how one can change his/her Niyah and show a number of possible scenarios… 38

Leaving Madinah on the 5th of Dhul-Hijjah:

Leaving Madinah on the 5 th of Dhul-Hijjah A newly enforced policy of the Ministry of Hajj would require all pilgrims to leave Madinah by the 5 th of Dhul-Hijjah . If Madinah was your first stop then you will assume Ihram for Umra that you perform upon arrival to Makkah . On the 8 th of Dhul-Hijjah you assume Ihram for Hajj from your place in Makkah (or Aziziyah ). If Makkah was your first stop and you already performed a Umra then you have the following options: Assume Ihram for Hajj from Dhul-Hulayfah . However, in this case you will be in a state of Ihram for a longer time, which may involve some hardship for some people. Alternatively,… Assume Ihram for a second Umra that you complete upon arrival to Makkah , and then assume Ihram for Hajj on the 8 th from your place. 39

Where is it located? - Geography of Hajj -:

Where is it located? - Geography of Hajj - 40 Mawaqeet Haram of Makkah

Mawaqeet (1):

Mawaqeet (1) Mawaqeet ( مواقيت ) is the plural of Meeqat ( ميقات ) : the geographical boundary that a person intending Hajj or Umra may not cross without assuming Ihram for Hajj or Umra , or both. A Muslim intending Hajj or Umra who crosses the Meeqat without Ihram must return to the Meeqat and make Ihram from there. If he/she does not return and make Ihram from the Meeqat , then he/she must offer an animal sacrifice as an expiation ( Fidya ). 41

Mawaqeet (2):

Mawaqeet (2) 42 Narrated Ibn Abbas : Allah's Apostle ( صلى الله عليه وسلم ) made Dhu -l Hulayfa as the Meeqat for the people of Madinah; Al- Juhfa for the people of Sham; Qarn al- Manazil for the people of Najd; and Yalamlam for the people of Yemen; and these Mawaqeet are for the people at those very places, and besides them for those who come through those places with the intention of performing Hajj and Umra ; and whoever is living within these boundaries can assume lhram from the place he starts, and the people of Makkah can assume Ihram from Makkah . [ Bukhari & Muslim] عن ‏ ‏ابن عباس رضي الله عنه ‏قال‏ : ‏ إن النبي ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏وقت ‏لأهل المدينة ‏ذا الحليفة ولأهل الشام الجحفة ولأهل نجد قرن المنازل ولأهل اليمن يلملم هن لهن ولمن أتى عليهن من غيرهن ممن أراد الحج والعمرة ومن كان دون ذلك فمن حيث أنشأ حتى أهل مكة من مكة . ( البخاري ومسلم ) ‏

Mawaqeet (3):

Mawaqeet (3) 43 Abu Zubair heard Jabir b. 'Abdullah ( رضي الله عنه ) as saying: I heard (and I think he carried it directly to the Messenger of Allah) him saying: For the people of Medina Dhu'l-Hulaifa is the place for entering upon the state of Ihram, and for (the people coming through the other way, i . e. Syria) it is Juhfa ; for the people of Iraq it is Dhatu ' Irq ; for the people of Najd it is Qarn (al- Manazil ) and for the people of Yemen it is Yalamlam . [Muslim] ‏ عن أبي الزبير عن جابر رضي الله عنه قال: سمعت ، أحسبه رفع الحديث إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ، قال: مهل أهل المدينة من ذي الحليفة، والطريق الآخر الجحفة، ومهل أهل العراق من ذات عرق ، ومهل أهل نجد من قرن، ومهل أهل اليمن من يلملم . ( مسلم ) Narrated Ibn ' Umar : When these two towns (Basra and Kufa ) were opened, the people went to ' Umar and said: O Chief of the faithful believers! The Prophet fixed Qarn as the Meeqat for the people of Najd, it is beyond our way and it is difficult for us to pass through it . He said: Take as your Meeqat a place situated opposite to Qarn on your usual way. So, he fixed Dhatu ' Irq (as their Meeqat ) . [ Bukhari ] ‏عن ابن عمر رضي الله عنهما قال : لما فتح هذان المصران أتوا عمر فقالوا: يا أمير المؤمنين إن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم حد َّ لأهل نجد قرنا وهو جور عن طريقنا وإنا إن أردنا قرنا شق علينا ، قال: فانظروا حذوها من طريقكم فحد َّ لهم ذات عرق ‏. ( البخاري )

PowerPoint Presentation:

44 Dhatu ‘ Irq ( ذات عرق) Coming from ‘Iraq Other names: Al Dhareeba 55 miles North East of Makkah Qarnu -l Manazil ( قرن المنازل) Coming from Najd ( Ryadh , …), UAE, … Other names: Qarn al- Manazil is a valley, the northern part is called As- Sayl al- Kabeer , and the southern part is called Wadi Mahram . The distance between the two is about 20 miles. 50 miles East of Makkah Yalamlam ( يلملم) Coming from Yemen Other names: As- Sa’diya 80 miles South of Makkah Dhu -l Hulayfah ( ذو الحُليفة) Coming from Madinah Other names: Abyar Ali ~255 miles North of Makkah Al Juhfah ( الجُحفة) Coming from North Africa, Syria, … 116 miles North West of Makkah Rabigh : 127 miles North West of Makkah

Mawaqeet Map:

45 Makkah Madinah Ta’if Jeddah Rabigh al- Juhfah Dhu -l Hulayfah Dhatu ‘ Irq as- Sayl al- Kabir Wadi Mahram Yalamlam Qarnu -l Manazil Red Sea Mawaqeet Map

Haram of Makkah حَرَمُ مكة :

Haram of Makkah حَرَم ُ مكة The Haram of Makkah is the sanctified area surrounding Makkah. It was delimited by Ibraheem ( عليه الصلاة والسلام ) under the guidance of Jibreel ( عليه السلام ). After FatH Makkah (the opening of Makkah), Prophet Muhammad ( صلى الله عليه وسلم ) sent Tameem Ibn Asd al- Khuza'ee to renew the boundaries of the Haram . Flags have been put on the mountains and hills to indicate the limits of the Haram . The number of flags reached 943 at some point, but most of them are ruined. Area of the Haram = 212 mi 2 (550 Km 2 ) Perimeter of the Haram = 79 mi (127 Km) 46

Haram of Makkah - map:

Haram of Makkah - map 47 Arafah Muzdalifah Mina Al- Masjid al- Haram N To Jeddah To Madinah City of Makkah

Limits of the Haram of Makkah:

Limits of the Haram of Makkah 48 Tan’eem ( التنعيم ) : 4.6 miles North Nakhlah ( نخلة ) : 8 miles N.E. Hudaybiyah ( الحديبية ) : 13.5 miles W. Adhah Libn ( أضاه لبن ) : 10 miles S. Arafah ( عرفة ) : 13.5 miles E. Ji’ranah ( الجِعْرانة ) : 13.5 miles N.E. N Hudaybiyah Arafah Tan'eem Ji'ranah Nakhlah Adhah Libn Makkah 4.6 mi 8 mi 13.5 mi 13.5 mi 10 mi 13.5 mi

Haram Boundary:

Haram Boundary 49 Haram Boundary

The Haram is sanctified:

The Haram is sanctified 50 " Surely (as for) those who disbelieve, and hinder (men) from Allah's way and from the Sacred Mosque which We have made equally for all men, (for) the dweller therein and (for) the visitor, and whoever shall incline therein to wrong unjustly, We will make him taste of a painful chastisement ." [ Surat al-Hajj, 25] إِنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا وَيَصُدُّونَ عَنْ سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَالْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ الَّذِي جَعَلْنَاهُ لِلنَّاسِ سَوَاءً الْعَاكِفُ فِيهِ وَالْبَادِي وَمَنْ يُرِدْ فِيهِ بِإِلْحَادٍ بِظُلْمٍ نُذِقْهُ مِنْ عَذَابٍ أَلِيمٍ ( الحج ، 25 )

Restrictions while in the Haram of Makkah:

Restrictions while in the Haram of Makkah Its plants must not be cut, Its game must not be frightened, Articles lost in it must not be picked up except by someone making announcement to find the owner, Nor is any man to bear arms for fighting in it. Note: the above is part of a Hadith of the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه وسلم ) These restrictions apply to the haram of Madinah as well. They apply to everyone whether in a state of Ihram or not, during any time of the year. 51

Mawaqeet & Haram of Makkah:

Dhu -l Hulayfah Al JuHfah Dhatu ‘Irq Qarnu-l Manazil Yalamlam ذو الحليفة ذات عرق قرن المنازل يلملم الجحفة Mawaqeet & Haram of Makkah 52 Note : for illustration purposes only, does not scale. N Hudaybiyah Arafah Tan'eem Ji'ranah Nakhla Adhah Libn Haram of Makkah Jeddah جدة Madinah المدينة Makkah مكة

Definitions Kinds of Hajj Hajj & Umra for Women:

Definitions Kinds of Hajj Hajj & Umra for Women 53

Some Definitions:

Some Definitions Pillar ( ركن ): a compulsory act of Hajj, such as the standing in Arafah , the lack of which invalidates the Hajj. Obligatory Act ( واجب ): an obligatory act of Hajj, such as stoning of the Jamarat , which if missed for any reason, then a Fidya (animal sacrifice) becomes incumbent for compensation. Sunnah : desirable act of Hajj other than a Pillar or an Obligatory Act. Manasik (مناسك) : plural of mansak (منسك) , a ritual of Hajj or Umra . Prohibitions of Ihram ( محظورات الإحرام ) : all acts a person in a state of Ihram is prohibited from doing. Fidya (فدية) : compensatory act for missing an obligatory act ( Wajib ) or violating a restriction of Ihram. Fidya is the fasting of three days, feeding of six needy people or an animal sacrifice. Missing a Wajib requires an animal sacrifice. Hady (هدي) : animal sacrifice for performing Tamattu ’ or Qiran . 54

Kinds of Hajj:

Kinds of Hajj Tamattu’ ( التمتع ) Umra then Hajj during the months of Hajj Pilgrim called Mutamatti’ ( متمتع ) Requires Hady (animal sacrifice) 55 Qiran ( القِران ) Combined Umra and Hajj during the months of Hajj Pilgrim called Qaarin ( قارن ) Requires Hady (animal sacrifice) The Prophet ( صلى الله عليه وسلم ) asked his companions to do Tamattu ’ , even though he did Qiran because he brought the Hady (animal for sacrifice) with him. Ifrad ( الإفراد ) Hajj only during the months of Hajj Pilgrim called Mufrid ( مفرد ) Does not require Hady Hajj Umra Hajj Umra Hajj

Hajj & Umra Rituals for Women:

Hajj & Umra Rituals for Women 56 Narrated Jabir : … 'Aisha accompanied him (i.e. the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم ) to Makkah while she got her menses. The Prophet ( صلى الله عليه وسلم ) commanded her to perform all the Manasik except Tawaf and Salat until she gets clean … [ Bukhari ] عن جابر بن عبد الله قال: ... وكانت عائشة ‏قدمت معه ‏مكة وهي حائض فأمرها النبي ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم أن تنسك المناسك كلها غير أنها لا تطوف ولا تصلي حتى تطهر ... ( البخاري ) General Rule

The Journey…:

The Journey… 57

Day of Departure:

Day of Departure Double check necessary items to take. Use a checklist. Passport. Put a distinctive mark (like a bright tape on the side) on your passport. Green Card (if applicable). Vaccination record. This is usually stapled to your passport. Bank drafts of the Hajj fees. This is usually stapled to your passport. Money / credit card. Phone numbers and addresses (of your Hajj operator, hotels in Makkah, Madinah, and Jeddah). Leave early for the airport as some airlines tend to overbook during the Hajj season. Pray two Rak'at at home before you leave. Recite Du'a for travel once you get in the car… 58

Du'a for Travel:

Du'a for Travel 59 Allah is the greatest, Allah is the greatest, Allah is the greatest, How perfect He is, The One Who has placed this (transport) at our service, and we ourselves would not have been capable of that, and to our Lord is our final destiny. O Allah, we ask You for birr and taqwaa in this journey of ours, and we ask You for deeds which please You. O Allah, facilitate our journey and let us cover its distance quickly. O Allah, You are The Companion on the journey and The Successor over the family, O Allah, I take refuge with You from the difficulties of travel, from having a change of hearts and being in a bad predicament, and I take refuge in You from an ill fated outcome with wealth and family . [Narrated by Imam Muslim] عن ابنِ عمر رَضِيَ اللَّه عنهما، أَنَّ رسولَ اللَّه صَلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وسَلَّم كانَ إِذا اسْتَوَى عَلَى بعِيرهِ خَارجاً إِلي سفَرٍ، كَبَّرَ ثلاثاً، ثُمَّ قالَ: « سبْحانَ الذي سخَّرَ لَنَا هذا وما كنَّا له مُقرنينَ، وَإِنَّا إِلى ربِّنَا لمُنقَلِبُونَ. اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّا نَسْأَلُكَ في سَفَرِنَا هذا البرَّ والتَّقوى، ومِنَ العَمَلِ ما تَرْضى. اللَّهُمَّ هَوِّنْ علَيْنا سفَرَنَا هذا وَاطْوِ عنَّا بُعْدَهُ، اللَّهُمَّ أَنتَ الصَّاحِبُ في السَّفَرِ وَالخَلِيفَةُ في الأهْلِ. اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ وعْثَاءِ السَّفَرِ، وكآبةِ المنظَرِ، وَسُوءِ المنْقلَبِ في المالِ والأهلِ وَالوَلدِ » وإِذا رجَعَ قَالهُنَّ وزاد فيِهنَّ: « آيِبونَ تَائِبونَ عَابِدُون لِرَبِّنَا حَامِدُونَ » ( رواه مسلم )

Arrive in Jeddah:

Arrive in Jeddah You will have assumed Ihram before arriving at Jeddah if Makkah is your destination. First you go through the Customs/Immigration, and then wait for a bus (of the Hajj Ministry Transportation Service) to take you to Makkah. Perform your Salat on time and with the Jama'ah . Jeddah will be a first test for your patience. The wait time in the Hajj Terminal can be 2 to 12 hours or even more. Show patience and be nice to the staff. This is a good opportunity to get to know some people in your group. 60

End of Part 1 Open Part 2… Send comments/suggestions to omar.bellal@gmail.com (Edition 2012) :

End of Part 1 Open Part 2… Send comments/suggestions to omar.bellal@gmail.com (Edition 2012) 61 © Copyright : Permission is hereby granted, to any person obtaining a copy of this document, to use, copy and distribute it, subject to the following conditions: 1. No fee should be imposed 2. The document must not be altered in any way 3. This copyright and permission notice shall be included in all copies of the document.

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