Overboard - Analysis of Amnesia

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Slide 1: 

Team Cheeze Whiz Jonathan Stout, Cameron Ford, Allison Lyerly, Stacey Holladay, Reid Brannan

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Did Overboard go verboard!? An Analysis of Amnesia: Fact or Fiction?

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Synopsis: Goldie Hawn is a spoiled, wealthy wife living the life of luxury on a yacht. While searching for her wedding ring, she falls off the yacht and suffers amnesia. Kurt Russell’s character deceives her into believing she is his wife and she begins her new life as a struggling mother of four. By the time she realizes her true identity she is a changed woman who refuses to return to her previous lifestyle. But…what does this have to do with cognitive psychology?

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Topics of Interest: Amnesia: Retrograde: loss of memory for events that happened before trauma Anterograde: loss of memory for events immediately following trauma loss of a large block of interrelated memories; complete or partial loss of memory caused by brain injury, shock, etc.

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Topics of Interest: Memory: the mental capacity or faculty of retaining and reviving facts, events, impressions, etc., or of recalling or recognizing previous experiences. Sort-Term Memory- information retained in the brain and retrievable from it over a brief span of time Long-Term Memory- information stored in the brain and retrievable over a long period of time, often over the entire life span of the individual

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Topics of Interest: Episodic Memory- memory for experiences in your own life (autobiographical) Semantic Memory- your memory for meanings and general (impersonal) facts Procedural Memory- the long-term memory of skills and procedures, or "how to" knowledge. It is considered a form of implicit memory.

Plunge to Memory Loss . . . : 

Plunge to Memory Loss . . . Goldie falls off Boat 07:00 – 08:24

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The Hollywood Diagnosis Vague, lacks credibility Told that she has “Total memory loss,” which is extremely rare Cold water is NOT a cause Take a Hit - Duration of Memory Loss = Extent of Trauma Movie Inaccuracies:

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Quaky Doc… or Manipulating Husband?? Kurt picks up Goldie from the Psych Ward -05:15 – 06:30

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Personality Makeover “Rich Bitch” “Caring Mother” Loss of Episodic Memory Don’t Mess with Memory Cannot recall events just prior to trauma as well as remote memories Uncharacteristic of typical Amnesia cases Kurt Russell attempts to falsify her memory Forcing Amnesia patients to remember can have devastating effects

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Quick Learner Typical Amnesia patients express ability to recall previously learned Procedural Memories --i.e., Driving or Walking Goldie Hawn is quickly able to learn new tasks that she is unfamiliar with --Cooking and Cleaning Similarly, patients express an inability to form new Procedural Memories Case Study: 10 y/o Girl with Amnesia Fell down stairs, resulted in worse head trauma than Goldie would have experienced in plunge into ocean Had poor recall for Episodic memory, but accurate Semantic memory --Episodic memory since the accident improved Goldie and the Girl both had similar symptoms of Retrograde Amnesia, but Goldie’s occurred in an unrealistic circumstance

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Suddenly, it All Makes Sense! Goldie remembers all - 03:50 – 05:42

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Somewhat accurate portrayal of a typical amnesia case: can’t remember name, who she is, can’t ever remember kid’s names Procedural Memory – can still speak in French despite having learned previous to the accident, also drive, clean, etc. Retrograde Amnesia patients typically show difficulty forming new memories: although it is not stated whether this is the exact type of amnesia she is suffering from, she can’t ever remember the names of the children. Amnesia patients usually recover their memory gradually in random order, much like the pieces coming together to form a jigsaw puzzle. Goldie reconstructs her memories in a similar fashion. Movie Accuracies

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Different traumatic experience that would more likely result in amnesia. Her memory would not have faded entirely; she would have lost memory for more recent events than remote ones. She would have a harder time adapting to a new lifestyle She would not have changed personality types so easily In the Director’s Chair

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Baxendale, S., Memories aren’t made of this: amnesia at the movies, British Medical Journal, 329:1480-1483, 2004. 2. Hitti, Miranda. Movie’s Portryal of Amnesia Misleading. (2004 December 17). Retrieved November 9, 2008. Web MD; http://www.webmd.com/mental-health/news/20041217/movies-portrayal-of-amnesia-misleading 3. Johnson, Dr. Glen. Understanding Memory and Injury-Related Memory Problems. Brain Injury Research Foundation. Retrieved November 9, 2008. http://www.birf.info/home/library/memory/mem-undermem.html 4. Neuroscience at the Movies. Retrieved September 29, 2008 from Neuroscience for Kids; http://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/moviemem.html 5. Perez-Pena, Richard. (2003 November 2). An Accurate Movie About Amnesia? Forget About It. The New York Times. 6. Teramoto, Satoshi et al. Department of Pediatrics and Radiology, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Chiba, Japan. A case of isolated retrograde amnesia following brain concussion. Pediatrics International. 2005. Volume 47; 469-472. Works Cited

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