4-Mental Illness

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SIGNS & SYMPTOMS OF MENTAL ILLNESS:

-Dr. Ramesh Balaji SIGNS & SYMPTOMS OF MENTAL ILLNESS

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DISORDERS OF PERCEPTION: Perception is the process of becoming aware of what is presented through the sense organs. ILLUSIONS: These are the misperceptions of External Stimuli.

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HALLUCINATIONS: 1.Elementary 2. Complex 3. Visual 4. Auditory 5. Olfactory & Gustatory 6. Tactile

DISORDERS OF THINKING :

1. Delusions:- It is a false belief, inconsistent with the individuals culture and level of intelligence, which cannot be altered by argument or reasoning. DISORDERS OF THINKING

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A) Delusions of Persecution B) Delusions of Reference C) Delusions of guilt & worthlessness D) Hypochondriac Delusions. E) Religious Delusions. F) Delusions of Jealousy. G) Delusions of Control. H) Delusions of Grandeur .

2.Obsessions:- :

A) Obsessive Compulsive thoughts. B) Obsessive Compulsive Actions. 2.Obsessions:-

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3. Disorders of Stream of Thoughts:- Poverty B) Pressure C) Blocking 4. Disorders of Form of Thought:- Flight of Ideas B) Perseveration C) Loosening of Association. D) Neologism.

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5. Disorders of Emotions:- Anxiety b) Depression c) Elation d) Anger e) Apathy f) Blunted g) Flattened h) Labile 6. PHOBIAS:- Persistent Irrational Fear 7. Depersonalization & Derealization

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8. Motor Symptoms:- Tics, Mannerism, Posturing etc., 9. Disorders of Body Image:- Phantom Limb Distortions. 10. Disorders of Memory:- Amnesia

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Memory: Registration- Retention- Recall- Recognition 11) Disorders of Consciousness:- Awareness of self & environment Confusion b) Stupor c) Coma 12) Disorders of Insight:- Ability of knowing one’s own mental condition.

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