Slide 2: Corporate Social
Responsibility towards Slide 3: Workforce is generally used to describe those working for a single company or industry, but it can also apply to a geographic region like a city, country or state. It can also can all those that are available for work. The first labor laws were enacted as early as the turn of the century but the codification of those laws was done in 1974 per Presidential Order 442. : The first labor laws were enacted as early as the turn of the century but the codification of those laws was done in 1974 per Presidential Order 442. Rights of Workers:
Right to self-organization.
Right to collective bargaining.
Right to just and human’s condition of work
Right to security of tenance Labor Code of the Philippines Article 245 sec.6 “rights of employees in the public service” : Article 245 sec.6 “rights of employees in the public service” Employees of government corporations established under the corporation code shall have the right to organize and bargain collectively with their respective employees. All the other employees in the civil service shall have the right to form associations for purposes not contrary to law. Rights to collective bargaining : Rights to collective bargaining Organizations of workers
Registration with gov’t BLR of the DOLE
Recognition of Union by Management
Negotiation of the Collective Bargaining Agreement (CBA)
Administration of the CBA
Reorganization of the CBA Slide 7: Employee benefits and benefits in kind are various non-wage compensations provided to employees in addition to their normal wages or salaries. It is also all forms of considerations given by an entity in exchange for service rendered by employees. Its purpose is to increase the economic security of employees. Slide 8: Salary Sacrifice Arrangement
- Where an employee exchanges (cash) wages for some other form of benefits.
Fringe Benefits Employer-provided or employer paid housing
Disability income protection
Paid and nonpaid vacation
Funding of education
Other specialized benefit Slide 9: It is often used to refer to those benefits of a more discretionary nature. They are often given to employees who are doing notably well and/or have seniority.
Leisure activities on work time
Allowances for lunch Advantages of employee benefits : Advantages of employee benefits Employer:
Helps attract and retain better qualified employees
Provides high risk coverage at low costs easing the company’s financial burdens
Improves efficiency and productivity as employees are assured of security for themselves and for their families
Premiums are tax deductible as corp. Expense, which means saving with quality coverage Slide 11: Employees:
Peace of mind leading to better productivity as employees are assured of provisions for themselves and their families in any mishap.
Employees with personal life insurance enjoy additional protection.
Confidence in company’s EB schemes boosts staff morale and pride in company Slide 12: If these benefits are taxed at the individual’s normal tax rate such as in the case in UK, it can prove expensive if there is no financial advantage to the individual from the benefit. Disadvantage What is a : What is a A group of workers who form an organization to gain:
Respect on the job
Better wages and benefits
More flexibility for work and family needs
A counter balance to the unchecked power of employees
A voice in improving the quality of their products and services How to form a : How to form a When workers decide they want to come together to improve their jobs, they work with the union to help them form their own local chapter. Once a majority of workers shows they want a union, sometimes employers honour the workers choice. Often, the workers must ask the gov’t to hold an election. If the workers win their unions, they negotiate a contract with the employer that spells out each party’s rights and responsibilities in the workplace. Kinds of workers who forms : Kinds of workers who forms Doctors and nurses
Poultry workers and graduate employees
Home health care aids
Wireless communication workers
Auto parts workers
CPA’s and etc. What does a do? : What does a do? Secure a contract which spells out the wages, benefits and working conditions for employees
Provide a mutual aid for workers
Protect and advance the wages and working conditions of their members
Defend the jobs of workers against redundancy and retrenchment threats Slide 17: Responsible for obtaining social justice through improved wages and conditions for workers and their families
Assists members by providing advice on a number or workplace issues
Act as a pressure group to lobby the gov’t to create changes to legislations Slide 18: It is a work stoppage caused by the mass refusal of employees to perform work. It usually takes place in response to employee grievances. It became important during the industrial revolution, when mass labor became important in factories and mines. in most countries, it is made illegal. Slide 19: Strike Action
-also known as walkout, a work stoppage by a corporation or public institution.
-a strike action by a critical mass of the labor force in a city, region, or country.
-a strike taking place inside a prison. Kinds of Strike Slide 20: Student strike
-a mass refusal of students to go to class, in protest of school issues, or in sympathy with a strike action or general strike.
-refusal to produce or show art.
-voluntary refusal to eat as an act of protest.
-the withholding of rent to achieve certain goals. Methods used by employers to deal with strike : Methods used by employers to deal with strike Strike preparation
-Companies which produce products for sale will frequently increase inventories prior to a strike. Salaried employees maybe called upon to take the place of strikers, which may entail advance training. If the company has multiple locations, personnel maybe redeployed to meet the needs of reduced staff. Slide 22: Strike breaking
-Some companies negotiate with the union during a strike; other companies may see a strike as an opportunity to eliminate the union. This is sometimes accomplished by the importation of replacement workers or strike-breakers. Historically, strike breakings often coincided with union busting.