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Slide 1:

TENSES AND YOU Prepared by: DR.NOORSOHAIB DPT-6

What are tenses ?:

What are tenses ? Tenses describe an action along with it’s time.

TIME CAN BE OF THREE TYPES:

TIME CAN BE OF THREE TYPES PRESENT

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P A S T

FUTURE:

FUTURE

TENSES ARE OF 4 TYPES :

TENSES ARE OF 4 TYPES

Slide 7:

Tenses Simple Continuous Perfect Perfect continuous

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AND 3 X 4 = 12 SO THERE ARE 12 TYPES OF TENSES

SIMPLE PRESENT:

SIMPLE PRESENT This tense is used to describe actions which take place in the present. But no definite time is given. SUB + V1 (s/es) Examples : Suresh writes neatly. Mona plays football. uses

SIMPLE PAST:

SIMPLE PAST 1) Hi Rahul . Where were you yesterday? 3) Did you enjoy ? 2) I went to my village. 4) Oh ! I enjoyed so much that I didn’t want to return. Simple past tense describes an action that took place at a time in the past. SUB + V2 (see the underlined verbs) exercise on simple past

SIMPLE FUTURE:

SIMPLE FUTURE Simple future describes an action which will take place at a time in the future. : SUB + WILL/SHALL + V1 Eg. I shall play in the evening. (intention) Brazil will win the match. (prediction) Exercise on simple future Lets go to a hill station next week. Yes, all my friends will go out of town . It will be very cold. The snow is going to fall there . Are your friends also going somewhere?

PRESENT CONTINUOUS:

PRESENT CONTINUOUS This tense describes actions which continue or go on for some time in the present SUB + IS/AM/ARE + V1 + ING Examples : I am teaching grammar. We are studying tenses. Exercise on present continuous

PAST CONTINUOUS:

PAST CONTINUOUS This tense describes actions which continued or were going on for some time in the past. SUB + WAS / WERE + V1 + ING Examples : Children were playing in the park yesterday . I was sleeping when you called. ( extra ‘gyan’ ) Exercise on past continuous

FUTURE CONTINUOUS:

FUTURE CONTINUOUS This tense is used to describe actions which continue for some time in the future. SUB + WILL / SHALL + BE + V1 + ING Examples : I shall be packing for the journey later. Mridul will be coming home in the evening. Exercise on future continuous

PRESENT PERFECT:

PRESENT PERFECT This tense is used for actions which start and finish in the present time. SUB + HAS / HAVE + V3 It is used in the following circumstances: When an action is completed in the near present or just now. Click on example to understand . When an action started earlier and continued up till the moment of speaking. Click on example to understand . When an action happened earlier but its effect is there in the present. Click on example to understand . exercise on present perfect

Past perfect:

Past perfect This tense is used for actions that finished in the past ,but even before another action in past only. SUB + HAD + V3 Example : I had solved the sum when the class began. sum solved class began now _____|_________________|____________| 10 a.m. 10:30 a.m. 11 a.m. past in past past present < - time line - > USE (click to understand)

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FUTURE PERFECT This tense is used for actions which will finish by a certain time in future. SUB + WILL / SHALL +HAVE + V3 Example : I shall have finished the painting by Wednesday. Sunday Tuesday wednesday |---------------------|--------------------| Time of speaking painting finished < --------- time line ---------- > exercise

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PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS This tense is used for actions which started earlier and are going on in the present. (no information about when they will finish is given) SUB + HAS / HAVE + V1 + ING Example : I have been playing for two hours . Click here to understand better

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Past perfect continuous This tense is used to describe actions that started at a time in the past and continued for sometime in the past only. SUB + HAD + BEEN + V1 + ING I had been working for ten hours before leaving the office. Exercise on past perfect continuous

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Future perfect continuous This tense is used when before a particular time in the future, an action starts and continues after that time also . SUB + WILL / SHALL + HAVE + BEEN + V1 + ING Click here to understand end show

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YOUR ROUTINE You go to school by bus. You study till 1 p.m. You play in the evening. You sleep at 10 p.m.

LIKES / DISLIKES:

LIKES / DISLIKES PROVERBS All that glitters is not gold. HABITS I study at 4P.M. in the evening. UNVERSAL TRUTHS The Sun rises in the East. Back Exercise on simple present I LIKE RAINBOWS I ENJOY DANCING

USE OF PAST CONTINUOUS :

USE OF PAST CONTINUOUS Past continuous is also used to describe a time period within which an action took place. Example : Ramesh was studying when Rohan returned. Rohan returned --------------------|--------------------------------------- < ---time period for which Ramesh was studying---> back

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EXERCISE ON PAST CONTINUOUS This is a picture of the party you attended yesterday. Now describe to your friend what was going o n in the party. Eg. Uncle Tom was snoring in the middle of the party. back

Marvelous !:

Marvelous ! back

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WHY ? BACK

SUBJECT-VERB AGREMENT FOR SIMPLE PRESENT:

SUBJECT-VERB AGREMENT FOR SIMPLE PRESENT PERSON SINGULAR PLURAL 1 st person (the person speaking) Bare verb I play Bare verb We play 2 nd person (the person spoken to) Bare verb You play Bare verb You play 3 rd person (the person spoken to) Verb + s/es He/she/ it/ name plays Bare verb They play back

SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT FOR PRESENT CONTINUOUS:

SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT FOR PRESENT CONTINUOUS PERSON VERB 1 st person I / we Am + verb + ing Am painting 2 nd person You Are + verb + ing Are 3 rd person He/she/ it/ they/ name Is/are + verb +ing He/she/it/name is painting. They are painting. back

SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT FOR PAST CONTINUOUS:

SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT FOR PAST CONTINUOUS Person Singular Plural 1 st I was We were 2 nd You were You were 3 rd He/she/it/ name was They were back

SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT FOR PRESENT PERFECT:

SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT FOR PRESENT PERFECT PERSON SINGULAR PLURAL 1 ST I have We have 2 nd You have You have 3 rd He/she/it/ name has They have back

Slide 31:

Thank you !

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