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In 2008, with rapidly rising oil prices, industries such as the automotive industry, are experiencing a combination of pricing pressures from raw material costs and changes in consumer buying habits. The first practical automobile with a Petrol engine was built by Karl Benz in 1885 in Mannheim, Germany. WORLD MOTOR VEHICLE PRODUCTION : WORLD MOTOR VEHICLE PRODUCTION Top 20 motor vehicle producing countries of 2009. China produces 13,790,994 units. Japan produces 7,934,516 units united states produces 5,711,823 units Germany produces 5,209,857 units South Korea produces 3,512,916 units Brazil produces 3,182,617 units India produces 2,632,694 units Spain produces 2,170,078 units France produces 2,049,762 units Mexico produces 1,557,290 units Canada produces 1,489,651 units UK produces 1,090,139 units Czech rep. produces 974,569 units Thailand produces 968,305 units Poland produces 879,186 units TOP MOTOR VEHICLE MANUFACTURING COMPANIES : TOP MOTOR VEHICLE MANUFACTURING COMPANIES Some of top motor vehicle manufacturing companies are Toyota General motors Volkswagen Ford Honda Nissan PSA Hyundai Suzuki Fiat Renault Daimler BMW Mazda Mitsubishi Tata FAW Fuji Volvo Mahindra Proton Porsche Ashok Leyland Maruti & many more………… AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY IN INDIA : AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY IN INDIA The automobile industry in India is the ninth largest in the world with an annual production of over 2.3 million units in 2008. In 2009, India emerged as Asia's fourth largest exporter of automobiles, behind Japan, South Korea and Thailand. Following economic liberalization in India in 1991, the Indian automotive industry has demonstrated sustained growth as a result of increased competitiveness and relaxed restrictions. India has emerged as one of the world's largest manufacturers of small cars. According to New York Times, India's strong engineering base and expertise in the manufacturing of low-cost, fuel-efficient cars has resulted in the expansion of manufacturing facilities of several automobile companies like Hyundai Motors, Nissan, Toyota, Volkswagen and Suzuki. GROWTH IN AUTOMOBILE SECTOR IN INDIA : GROWTH IN AUTOMOBILE SECTOR IN INDIA The passenger cars & motorcycle segment in Indian auto industry is growing by 8-9 percent. The Indian automobile industry crossed a landmark with total vehicle production of 10 million units. India, sourcing base for global auto majors. Passenger car and motorcycle segment is set to grow by 8-9%.The two-wheeler segment will clock 11.5% rise by 2007.Commercial vehicle to grow by 5.2 per cent. Estimated component market size is US$ 6.7 bn. Honda, Suzuki, general motors and Hyundai, the global automakers had already launched their premium suvs in the market to broaden their portfolio and create product excitement in the segment estimated at about 10,000 units annually. The commercial vehicles are likely to grow at a CAGR of 5.2 per cent. Heavy commercial vehicles market would rise at 5.5 per cent and sales of light buses and trucks would achieve 4.7 per cent growth. For the tractors, the report predicts a growth at 4.6 per cent. Continued…………. : Continued…………. Riding on recovery in auto sales and retail health segments, the general insurance industry recorded 13.4 per cent growth in gross premium collected during the last financial year. The industry collected gross premium of Rs 34,627 crore in 2009-10 compared with Rs 30,528 crore in 2008-09. In 2009-10, the automobile industry recorded 26.41 per cent growth in sales, according to data from the Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers. Auto insurance contributes around 40-45 per cent of the total premium collected by the general insurance industry SCOPE OF AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY : SCOPE OF AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY The Indian automobile industry is going through a phase of rapid change and high growth. With new projects coming up on a regular basis, the industry is undergoing technological change. The major players are expanding their plants and focusing on mass customization, mass production, etc. Nearly every automobile company is investing at a higher rate than ever before to achieve a high growth trajectory. It is expected that by the end of 2010 Indian automobile sector will be investing a huge amount as Rs. 30,000 crores. Maruti Udyog has plans of investing Rs. 6,500 crores; the Tata Motors is coming up with more investment of Rs. 2,000 crores in its compact car project. Not only the Indian companies but also foreign players like Hyundai are coming up with the investment of more than Rs. 3,800 crores in India. The Indian automobile sector is experiencing changes in every arena. Changes in the looks of the vehicles are taking place; the vehicles are being made more user-friendly. Investment is leading to the employment growth in the sector. With the emergence of new projects and introduction of technological advancements, the focus is more on the skilled and experienced human resource. The companies are looking for skilled and hard working people who can give their best to the organization. The engineers in the automotive or electrical or mechanical field are in demand. CAREER IN AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY : CAREER IN AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY Many job opportunities are available for the candidates with degree courses and diploma courses. Some of the automobile companies require IT specializations. The technical education is offered by plenty of engineering and polytechnic colleges in India. The eligible candidates are selected by the companies and then trained properly. Considering the wide scope of Automobile sector, it is not surprising that more and more candidates are dreaming to develop a career in Automobile Industry. Now, with so many foreign automobile companies like Volkswagen, Audi, Renault etc. targeting India as a base for manufacturing cars, the scope for a career in Automobile Industry is rising rapidly. Some of the popular car-producing companies that offer jobs in the automobile industry are- Suzuki, Toyota, Tata, Fiat, Honda, Mahindra & Mahindra, Ford, Hyundai and Skoda. The candidates who have achieved bachelor's degree in mechanical, electrical or automobile engineering are eligible to get good jobs in these companies. SCOPE OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING IN AUTOMOBILE SECTOR : SCOPE OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING IN AUTOMOBILE SECTOR The scope of mechanical engineering in automobile sector is increasing rapidly worldwide. As the competition in automobile sector has increased and therefore, in future there will be more demand of mechanical engineers. Mechanical engineering skills are involved in many of the fields of the automobile industry. Calculation of the required power for a car, dimensioning of the mechanical parts (i.e. crank shaft, cylinder-s wall, etc.), calculation of the required cooling system, crash energy absorbing devices, ABS and brakes calculation, steering devices, hydraulics and pneumatics involved in the car design, energy saving and, recently, hybrid cars have brought electric motors and controls into the automotive field. An example of the calculations made by mechanical engineers, is the definition of the proper engine valve opening and closing and the related cam shaft shape, as well as the definition of the type and size of the fuel pump Slide 11: THANK YOU You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.