ROAD POLLUTION

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PRESENTED BY:

PRESENTED BY SIDDHARTH CLASS-X SEC-H ROLL NO-40

POLLUTION ON ROAD:

POLLUTION ON ROAD ars , buses, trucks and other motorized vehicles are one of the largest sources of air pollution that have been clearly linked to negative health effects.  When engines burn fuel (gasoline or diesel), chemicals such as fine particulate matter, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are emitted.  In addition, some of the gasoline used by engines evaporates without having been burned, and this also creates pollution.  Overall, traffic related emissions are a key contributor to the formation of smog .

THE HEALTH EFFECTS OF AIR POLLUTION FROM ROAD POLLUTION :

THE HEALTH EFFECTS OF AIR POLLUTION FROM ROAD POLLUTION Air pollution from road traffic has been linked to a variety of negative health effects. Scientific studies in Canada, the United States, and Europe show that children living in areas with high road traffic volumes have more respiratory-related illness symptoms than other children.  More specifically, a significant number of studies conclude that exposure to traffic pollution can aggravate asthma in children.

MINIMIZING RISK :

MINIMIZING RISK You can help minimize the risk posed by pollution from road traffic by taking these steps: Take public transit instead of using a vehicle. If public transit is not available, car pool. Take fuel efficiency into account when buying a vehicle by consulting Natural Resources Canada's Fuel Consumption Guide . Turn off your car's engine when you stop for more than ten seconds, unless you are in traffic or at an intersection. Keep your vehicle well maintained - an efficient engine and proper tire inflation reduces fuel consumption and emissions and saves money. You can also take steps to minimize your risk of health effects from road traffic air

HEALTH IMPACT :

HEALTH IMPACT In a recent report, Government experts concluded that between 12,000 and 24,000 people might die prematurely every year as a result of short-term exposure to air pollution. The report added that a further 14,000 to 24,000 hospital admissions and readmissions may also be caused by this air pollution

Solutions: meeting health standards:

Solutions: meeting health standards he Government has set health standards for eight key pollutants 10 . For these pollutants it has also set policy targets to be reached by the end of 2005. Meeting these targets will need action locally, nationally and internationally.

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Traffic reduction: cutting the volume of traffic on the roads. Friends of the Earth was one of the organisations behind the Road Traffic Reduction Act 1997 and the Road Traffic Reduction (National Targets) Act 1998 (both of which are now law). The 1998 Act requires the Secretary of State to deal with the adverse effects of traffic.

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Greener cars: making sure that cars pollute as little as is possible. This is achieved through tightening engine technology and fuel quality standards. These standards are set at a European level. Friends of the Earth is calling for the toughest possible standards in the discussions currently taking place in Brussels.

What you can do:

What you can do You can play your part in cutting air pollution from traffic: C Cut your car use. Use alternatives such as public transport, cycling and walking; C We are trying to encourage the Government to adopt policies which will deliver traffic reduction by encouraging MPs to sign Early Day Motions on Company Car Tax, ‘home zones’ and CO emissions.

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THANK YOU

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