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INTRODUCTION Data interpretation is part of daily life for most people. Interpretation is the process of making sense of numerical data that has been collected, analyzed, and presented. A common method of assessing numerical data is known as statistical analysis , and the activity of analyzing and interpreting data in order to make predictions is known as inferential statistics .

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After collecting and analyzing the data, the researcher has to accomplish the task of drawing inferences followed by report writing. only through interpretation that the researcher can expose relations and processes that underlie his findings. All this analytical information and consequential inference(s) may well be communicated, preferably through research report, to the consult of research results who may be either an individual or a group of individuals or some public private organization.


MEANING OF INTERPRETATION Interpretation refers to the task of drawing inferences from the collected facts after an analytical and or experimental study. In fact, it is a search for broader meaning of research findings. The task of interpretation has two major aspects viz., the effort to establish continuity in research through linking the results of a given study with those of another, and the establishment of some explaflat concepts. “I n one sense, interpretation is concerned with relationships within the collected data, partially overlapping analysis. Interpretation also extends beyond the data of the study to inch the results of other research, theory and hypotheses . ”

Why Interpretation? :

Why Interpretation? It is through interpretation that the researcher can well under- stand the abstract principle that works beneath his findings. Interpretation leads to the establishment of explanatory concepts that can serve as a guide for future research studies; it opens new avenues of intellectual adventure and stimulates the quest for more knowledge. Researcher can better appreciate only through interpretation why his findings are what they are and can make others to under- stand the real significance of his research findings.

Technique of Interpretation :

Technique of Interpretation Interpretation often involves the following steps: ( i ) Researcher must give reasonable explanations of the relations which he has found and he must interpret the lines of relationship in terms of the underlying processes and must try to find out the thread of uniformity that lies under the surface layer of his diversified research findings . (ii) Extraneous information, if collected during the study, must be considered while interpreting the final results of research study, for it may prove to be a key factor in understanding the problem under consideration. (iii) consultation will result in correct interpretation and, thus, will enhance the utility of research results. (iv) Researcher must accomplish the task of interpretation only after considering all relevant factors affecting the problem to avoid false generalization.

Precautions in Interpretation :

Precautions in Interpretation Researcher must pay attention to the following points for correct interpretation: ( i ) (a ) the data are appropriate, trustworthy and adequate for drawing inferences; (b) the data reflect good homogeneity; and that (c) proper analysis has been done through statistical methods. (ii) The researcher must remain cautious about the errors that can possibly arise in the process of interpreting results. He should be well equipped with and must know the correct use of statistical measures for drawing inferences concerning his study.

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(iii) interpretation is intertwined with analysis and cannot be distinctly separated . (iv) He must never lose sight of the fact that his task is not only to make sensitive observations of relevant occurrences, but also to identify and disengage the factors that are initially hidden to the eye. This will enable him to do his job of interpretation on proper lines. Broad generalization should be avoided as most research is not amen- able to it because the coverage may be restricted to a particular time, a particular area and particular conditions. Such restrictions, if any, must invariably be specified and the results must be framed within their limits. ( v) The researcher must remember that “ideally in the course of a research study, there should be constant interaction between initial hypothesis, empirical observation and theoretical conceptions. It is exactly in this area of interaction between theoretical orientation and empirical observation that opportunities for originality and creativity lie.” He must pay special attention to this aspect while engaged in the task of interpretation.

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