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Internet History and Growth:

Internet History and Growth William F. Slater, III Chicago Chapter of the Internet Society September 2002


Agenda Internet History Internet Evolution Internet Pioneers Internet Growth – Sept. 1969 – Sept. 2002 Conclusion

What Was the “Victorian Internet”?:

What Was the “Victorian Internet”?

What Was the “Victorian Internet”:

What Was the “Victorian Internet” The Telegraph Invented in the 1840s. Signals sent over wires that were established over vast distances Used extensively by the U.S. Government during the American Civil War, 1861 - 1865 Morse Code was dots and dashes, or short signals and long signals The electronic signal standard of +/- 15 v. is still used in network interface cards today.

Famous Quote From Sir Isaac Newton:

Famous Quote From Sir Isaac Newton “ If I have been able to see farther than others, it was because I stood on the shoulders of giants.”

What Is the Internet?:

What Is the Internet? A network of networks, joining many government, university and private computers together and providing an infrastructure for the use of E-mail, bulletin boards, file archives, hypertext documents, databases and other computational resources The vast collection of computer networks which form and act as a single huge network for transport of data and messages across distances which can be anywhere from the same office to anywhere in the world. Written by William F. Slater, III 1996 President of the Chicago Chapter of the Internet Society Copyright 2002, William F. Slater, III, Chicago, IL, USA

What is the Internet?:

The largest network of networks in the world. Uses TCP/IP protocols and packet switching . Runs on any communications substrate. What is the Internet? From Dr. Vinton Cerf, Co-Creator of TCP/IP

Brief History of the Internet:

Brief History of the Internet 1968 - DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency) contracts with BBN (Bolt, Beranek & Newman) to create ARPAnet 1970 - First five nodes: UCLA Stanford UC Santa Barbara U of Utah, and BBN 1974 - TCP specification by Vint Cerf 1984 – On January 1, the Internet with its 1000 hosts converts en masse to using TCP/IP for its messaging

*** Internet History ***:

*** Internet History ***

A Brief Summary of the Evolution of the Internet:

A Brief Summary of the Evolution of the Internet 1945 1995 Memex Conceived 1945 WWW Created 1989 Mosaic Created 1993 A Mathematical Theory of Communication 1948 Packet Switching Invented 1964 Silicon Chip 1958 First Vast Computer Network Envisioned 1962 ARPANET 1969 TCP/IP Created 1972 Internet Named and Goes TCP/IP 1984 Hypertext Invented 1965 Age of eCommerce Begins 1995 Copyright 2002, William F. Slater, III, Chicago, IL, USA

From Simple, But Significant Ideas Bigger Ones Grow 1940s to 1969:

From Simple, But Significant Ideas Bigger Ones Grow 1940s to 1969 1945 1969 We can access information using electronic computers We do it reliably with “bits”, sending and receiving data We can do it cheaply by using Digital circuits etched in silicon. We can accomplish a lot by having a vast network of computers to use for accessing information and exchanging ideas We will prove that packet switching works over a WAN. Packet switching can be used to send digitized data though computer networks Hypertext can be used to allow rapid access to text data Copyright 2002, William F. Slater, III, Chicago, IL, USA

Vannevar Bush:

Vannevar Bush Summary : Vannevar Bush established the U.S. military / university research partnership that later developed the ARPANET . He also wrote the first visionary description of the potential use for information technology, inspiring many of the Internet's creators. President Roosevelt appointed Bush to Chairman of the National Defense Research Committee in 1940 to help with World War II. In 1941, Bush was appointed Director of the newly created "Office of Scientific Research and Development", established to coordinate weapons development research. The organization employed more than 6000 scientists by the end of the war, and supervised development of the atom bomb. From 1946 to 1947, Bush served as chairman of the Joint Research and Development Board. Out of this effort would later come DARPA, which would later do the ARPANET Project. Quote: “Consider a future device for individual use, which is a sort of mechanized private file and library. It needs a name, and to coin one at random, "memex" will do. A memex is a device in which an individual stores all his books, records, and communications, and which is mechanized so that it may be consulted with exceeding speed and flexibility. It is an enlarged intimate supplement to his memory. It consists of a desk, and while it can presumably be operated from a distance, it is primarily the piece of furniture at which he works. On the top are slanting translucent screens, on which material can be projected for convenient reading. There is a keyboard, and sets of buttons and levers. Otherwise it looks like an ordinary desk. Vannevar Bush; As We May Think ; Atlantic Monthly; July 1945 Source: Livinginternet.com

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