Lecture 13- Contemporary Architecture- Norman Foster

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This Presentation discusses the Life, Work & Career of Architect Norman Foster

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LECTURE-13 CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE:

LECTURE-13 CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE NORMAN FOSTER LIFE, CAREER & WORKS

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NORMAN FOSTER (1935-PRESENT) PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi “As an architect you design your present, with an awareness of the past, for a future which is essentially unknown.” -Sir Norman Foster

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CONTENTS LIFE OF NORMAN FOSTER EDUCATION AND CAREER ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES PHILOSOPHIES FEATURES OF HIS DESIGN IMPORTANT BUILDINGS HEARST TOWER 30 ST MARY AXE , LONDON PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi

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CONTENTS LIFE OF NORMAN FOSTER EDUCATION AND CAREER ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES PHILOSOPHIES FEATURES OF HIS DESIGN IMPORTANT BUILDINGS HEARST TOWER 30 ST MARY AXE , LONDON PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi

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LIFE OF NORMAN FOSTER Foster was born in Reddish, Stockport, England, into a working-class family. He was raised in Manchester. Foster was particularly interested in the works of Frank Lloyd Wright, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, and Le Corbusier. PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi

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CONTENTS LIFE OF NORMAN FOSTER EDUCATION AND CAREER ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES PHILOSOPHIES FEATURES OF HIS DESIGN IMPORTANT BUILDINGS HEARST TOWER 30 ST MARY AXE , LONDON PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi

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EDUCATION AND CAREER In 1956 Foster attended the University of Manchester's School of Architecture and City Planning. He graduated in 1961. Later, Foster won the Henry Fellowship to the Yale School of Architecture, where he earned his Master's degree Foster also met Richard Rogers at Yale. He set up an architectural practice as Team 4 with Rogers and the sisters Georgie and Wendy Cheesman. Team 4 quickly earned a reputation for high-tech industrial design. PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi

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After Team 4 broke up, in 1967 Foster and Wendy Cheesman started Foster Associates. From 1968, Foster worked with American architect Richard Buckminster Fuller until Fuller died in 1983. EDUCATION AND CAREER They worked on several projects that became important in the development of an environmentally sensitive approach to design. This included the Samuel Beckett Theatre project. PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi

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Won over 150 awards Numerous honorary degree from universities around the world 1990 Stirling Prize 1999 Pritzker Prize 2006/2008 Most admiring architect 2007 Aga Khan Award for Architecture PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi EDUCATION AND CAREER

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CONTENTS LIFE OF NORMAN FOSTER EDUCATION AND CAREER ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES PHILOSOPHIES FEATURES OF HIS DESIGN IMPORTANT BUILDINGS HEARST TOWER 30 ST MARY AXE , LONDON PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi

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ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES Elegant Modernism Social focus Sustainability PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi

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ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES Elegant Modernism Social focus Sustainability PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi

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ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES Elegant Modernism Strength of size Curved lines Open planned Use of natural light Wide range of building materials Attention to detail PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi

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ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES Elegant Modernism Social focus Sustainability PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi

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Social focus Flexible space Aims to create localized communities like transportation, workshops, shops, parks, recreation Sustainability Green power: wind and solar Energy saving measures Natural ventilation Improved indoor air quality Renewal building materials Water conservation ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi

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CONTENTS LIFE OF NORMAN FOSTER EDUCATION AND CAREER ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES PHILOSOPHIES FEATURES OF HIS DESIGN IMPORTANT BUILDINGS HEARST TOWER 30 ST MARY AXE , LONDON PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF RAJ REWAL by Ar. Nishita Kedia PHILOSOPHIES The key to foster's approach is that he seems always to be aspiring to an elsewhere, another world, partly that of a long-gone age - the world of industrial pioneers, the mystical and fascinating world of Jules Verne... a world too of contemporary futurism, space conquest, science fiction and cartoon strips, a world of superhuman places. foster's single minded individualism is exceptional, he refuses to be lumped in with the 'high-tech' style.

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF RAJ REWAL by Ar. Nishita Kedia We use technology, but not just for its own sake. I believe that the best architecture comes from a synthesis of all of the elements that comprise a building: the structure that holds it up, the services that allow it to work, the ecology of the building - whether it is naturally ventilated, whether you can open a window, the quality of natural light, the materials used - their mass or their lightness, the character of the spaces, the symbolism of the form, the relationship of the building to the skyline or the streetscape, and the way in which the building signals its presence in the city or the countryside. I think that holds true whether you are creating a landmark or deferring to historical setting. successful architecture addresses all these things, and many more... PHILOSOPHIES

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF RAJ REWAL by Ar. Nishita Kedia PHILOSOPHIES The quest for quality embraces the physical performance of buildings. How do they endure in a world subject to volatile change? Do they survive or become obsolete? Does the quality of thinking that lies behind their design anticipate needs which could not even be defined when they were created?

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CONTENTS LIFE OF NORMAN FOSTER EDUCATION AND CAREER ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES PHILOSOPHIES FEATURES OF HIS DESIGN IMPORTANT BUILDINGS HEARST TOWER 30 ST MARY AXE , LONDON PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi

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CONTENTS LIFE OF NORMAN FOSTER EDUCATION AND CAREER ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES PHILOSOPHIES FEATURES OF HIS DESIGN IMPORTANT BUILDINGS HEARST TOWER 30 ST MARY AXE , LONDON PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi

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BUILDINGS DESIGNED BY ARCHITECT NORMAN FOSTER AND HIS OFFICE FOSTER + PARTNERS Hearst tower , New York 8 Canada Square , London Reichstag Building , Berlin Wembley Stadium , London 30 St Mary Axe , London Willis Headquater Chek Lap Kok ,Airport , Hongkong Hongkong and Shanghai Bank , Hongkong University of Cambridge PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi

HEARST TOWER:

HEARST TOWER PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi

8 CANADA SQUARE , LONDON:

8 CANADA SQUARE , LONDON PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi

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REICHSTAG BUILDING , BERLIN PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi

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WEMBLEY STADIUM , LONDON PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi

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30 ST MARY AXE , LONDON PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope , Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi WILLIS HEADQUATER

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope , Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi CHEK LAP KOK ,AIRPORT , HONGKONG

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HONGKONG AND SHANGHAI BANK , HONGKONG PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi

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UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi

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CONTENTS LIFE OF NORMAN FOSTER EDUCATION AND CAREER ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES PHILOSOPHIES FEATURES OF HIS DESIGN IMPORTANT BUILDINGS HEARST TOWER 30 ST MARY AXE , LONDON PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi HEARST TOWER , NEW YORK

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Designer: Ar. Norman Foster Location: New York Year: 2003 - 2004 Building: Office , Public , Auditorium Construction System: Steel Frame Construction Architectural Style: Suistainable - Development HEARST TOWER , NEW YORK PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi

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Height: 182m Capacity: 2200 Cost: $500 million Floor count: 46 Floor area: 80,000 square metres Client: Hearst corporation PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi HEARST TOWER , NEW YORK

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(LOCATION) PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi HEARST TOWER , NEW YORK

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(GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION) PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi 57 55 BBROADWAY BBROADWAY HEARST TOWER , NEW YORK

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi VISION OF RANDOLPH HEARST HEARST TOWER , NEW YORK Hearst Tower revives a dream from the 1920s, when publishing magnate William Randolph Hearst envisaged Columbus Circle in Manhattan. It is the world headquarters of the Hearst Corporation, bringing together for the first time their numerous publications under one roof.

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi HEARST TOWER , NEW YORK

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HEARST TOWER , NEW YORK PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi In 1928 ,Hearst commissioned a six-storey Art Deco block anticipating that it would eventually form the base for a tower. The building was completed in 1928 at a cost of $2 million and contained 40,000 square feet (3,700 m 2 ). The new tower addition was completed nearly eighty years later. The new tower rises above the old building to a height of forty-four- storeys with 80,000 square metres (860,000 sq ft) of office space. HEARST TOWER , NEW YORK

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HEARST TOWER , NEW YORK PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi ( FLOOR PLANS )

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HEARST TOWER , NEW YORK PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi ( LOBBY SECTION )

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HEARST TOWER , NEW YORK PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi ( VIEW OF LOBBY )

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HEARST TOWER , NEW YORK PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi SECTION AT Y-Y’ ELEVATION

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HEARST TOWER , NEW YORK PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi HEARST TOWER , NEW YORK

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HEARST TOWER , NEW YORK PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi

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The Tower incorporates the following units. Main elevator lobby The Hearst staff cafeteria The auditorium The mezzanine levels for meetings and special functions HEARST TOWER , NEW YORK PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi Structurally, the tower has a triangulated ' diagrid ' form - a highly efficient solution that uses 20 percent less steel than a conventionally framed structure.

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HEARST TOWER , NEW YORK PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi

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HEARST TOWER , NEW YORK PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi The building linked on the outside by a skirt of glazing that encourages an impression of the tower floating weightlessly above the base. At the base of the tower, the main spatial event is a lobby that occupies the entire floor plate of the old building and rises up through six floors

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HEARST TOWER , NEW YORK PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi The atrium features escalators which run through a 3-story water sculpture titled Icefall, a wide waterfall built with thousands of glass panels, which cools and humidifies the lobby air.

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CONTENTS LIFE OF NORMAN FOSTER EDUCATION AND CAREER ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES PHILOSOPHIES FEATURES OF HIS DESIGN IMPORTANT BUILDINGS HEARST TOWER 30 ST MARY AXE , LONDON PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi

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30 ST. MARY AXE , LONDON PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi

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30 ST. MARY AXE , LONDON PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi Client: Architect: Height: Category: Area: Floor count: Architectural Style: HQ Swiss Reinsurance Company Foster & Partners 180 meters High-rise 76,400 m² 41 storeys Eco-tech(Sustainable Architecture)

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30 ST. MARY AXE , LONDON PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi Connected to 10 Avenue ,near St Olive church of England. (LOCATION) DESIGN OF THE BUILDING DESIGN OF THE BUILDING

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30 ST. MARY AXE , LONDON PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi 30 St Mary Axe ( The Gherkin) opened back in march of 2004 as open office space. Instead of location ,The Gherkin is also nicknamed as Swiss Re. Designed by revolutionary architect Norman Foster. The building has a great natural lighting inside. With its unique oval shaped ,30 St Mary Axe building stands out compared to the other nearby buildings in London.

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30 ST. MARY AXE , LONDON PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi The 30 St Axe Mary is a 41 storyed with 46,000square feet floor area which consist mostly of office spaces ,an arcade of shops, cafes, club rooms and hotels. The building has made of completely recyclable material which make it one of the first ecological skyscraper in century.

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30 ST. MARY AXE , LONDON PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi DESIGN OF THE BUILDING: Generally by a circular plan ,with radial geometry, the building widens in profile as it rises and tapers towards the apex. The helical shape of the building , makes the forces of strong wind around it and diverting it up.

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30 ST. MARY AXE , LONDON PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi (FLOOR PLANS)

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30 ST. MARY AXE , LONDON PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi (FLOOR PLANS) Service Floor, Hotel Area, Club hall 3 2 1

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30 ST. MARY AXE , LONDON PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi (ELEVATION)

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30 ST. MARY AXE , LONDON PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi The exterior of the building consists of double facade of translucent glass, thus provide a air chamber to cool the building. The surface of exterior translucent glass ,favours the entry of natural light resulting in energy saving. Light level and movement sensors prevent unnecessary lighting, reducing energy consumption and cooling.

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30 ST. MARY AXE , LONDON PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi

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30 ST. MARY AXE , LONDON PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi The glass dome on top of the building provides a 360 degree view from the restaurant and gives the sight of the city.

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30 ST. MARY AXE , LONDON PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi It is designed in a way, that each concrete slab with a series of triangular section separating platform in various wing , which facilates the entry of natural light. In section or in plans we can see the triangular slabs cut from each floor ,to able to renew the air with the help pf green.

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30 ST. MARY AXE , LONDON PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi The radiating fingers which are linked vertically to form a series of informal breakout spaces that spiral up the building.

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30 ST. MARY AXE , LONDON PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi The profile of the building reduces wind deflection. Wind pressure differentials generated by the building aerodynamics forms natural ventilation and reduce the requirement for air conditioning.

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30 ST. MARY AXE , LONDON PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi

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SOURCES…. PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF NORMAN FOSTER by Partho Gope, Rishangi Bharadwaj & Eeshan Aditya Gogoi www.wikipedia.com www.flickr.com www.google.com http://www.suistainablearchitrectureinnovation,ECO ARCHITECTURE- Great Buildings Online.....

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