Lecture 7- Contemporary Architecture- Charles Correa

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This Presentation discusses the life, career and works of Charles Correa

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LECTURE-7 CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE:

LECTURE-7 CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE CHARLES CORREA LIFE, CAREER & WORKS

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CHARLES CORREA (1930-PRESENT) PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia A stanza from the essay by Kenneth Frampton in the Book on Charles Correa, published by The Perennial Press : “Over the last three decades India has seen the emergence of a contemporary architectural culture of exceptional calibre, one that bears comparison with the finest work being produced elsewhere. However, outside the subcontinent much of this architecture remains unknown and the names of its practitioners unfamiliar. Perhaps the most significant exception to this is the work of Architect Charles Correa.

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CONTENTS PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia LIFE OF CHARLES CORREA EDUCATION AND CAREER ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES PHILOSOPHIES DEVELOPMENT AS AN ARCHITECT ACHIEVEMENTS IMPORTANT BUILDINGS KANCHENJUNGA APARTMENTS, MUMBAI RAMAKRISHNA HOUSE, AHMEDABAD MRF HEADQUARTERS, CHENNAI

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CONTENTS PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia LIFE OF CHARLES CORREA EDUCATION AND CAREER ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES PHILOSOPHIES DEVELOPMENT AS AN ARCHITECT ACHIEVEMENTS IMPORTANT BUILDINGS KANCHENJUNGA APARTMENTS, MUMBAI RAMAKRISHNA HOUSE, AHMEDABAD MRF HEADQUARTERS, CHENNAI

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LIFE OF CHARLES CORREA PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia Born in Secunderabad on the 1 st September 1930 to a middle class catholic family Became fascinated with the principles of design as a child Studied at the University of Michigan and Massachusetts Institute of Technology Established a private practice in Bombay in 1958 He is today a major figure in contemporary architecture around the world

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LIFE OF CHARLES CORREA PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia He is today a noted Indian Architect, Urban Planner and Activist Noted for his sensitivity to the needs of the urban poor and for his use of traditional methods and materials Over the last four decades, Correa has done pioneering work on urban issues and low-cost shelter in the Third World

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CONTENTS PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia LIFE OF CHARLES CORREA EDUCATION AND CAREER ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES PHILOSOPHIES DEVELOPMENT AS AN ARCHITECT ACHIEVEMENTS IMPORTANT BUILDINGS KANCHENJUNGA APARTMENTS, MUMBAI RAMAKRISHNA HOUSE, AHMEDABAD MRF HEADQUARTERS, CHENNAI

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia EDUCATION AND CAREER Education 1946-1948 Inter-science . St. Xavier's college, university of Bombay 1949-1953 B.Arch.,University of Michigan 1953-1955 M.Arch ., Massachusetts institute of technology Professional Experience 1955-1958 Partner with G.M. BHUTA associates 1964-1965 Prepared master plan proposing twin city across the harbor from Bombay. 1971-1975 Chief architect to CIDCO 1975-1976 Consultant to UN secretory-general for HABITAT 1975-1983 Chairman Housing Urban Renewal & Ecology Board 1985 Chairman Dharavi planning commission

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CONTENTS PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia LIFE OF CHARLES CORREA EDUCATION AND CAREER ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES PHILOSOPHIES DEVELOPMENT AS AN ARCHITECT ACHIEVEMENTS IMPORTANT BUILDINGS KANCHENJUNGA APARTMENTS, MUMBAI RAMAKRISHNA HOUSE, AHMEDABAD MRF HEADQUARTERS, CHENNAI

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES Mostly attempted to explore a vernacular within a modern environment Emphasis on prevailing resources, energy and climate as major determinants in ordering of space ‘Open-to-sky-space’ pervasive theme in his architecture Few cardinal principles in his vast body of work- Incrementality Identity Pluralism Income generation Equity Open-to-sky-space Disaggregation.

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CONTENTS PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia LIFE OF CHARLES CORREA EDUCATION AND CAREER ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES PHILOSOPHIES DEVELOPMENT AS AN ARCHITECT ACHIEVEMENTS IMPORTANT BUILDINGS KANCHENJUNGA APARTMENTS, MUMBAI RAMAKRISHNA HOUSE, AHMEDABAD MRF HEADQUARTERS, CHENNAI

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia PHILOSOPHIES Correa as an architect had a very simple philosophy: "Unless you believe in what you do, it becomes … boring," Drawing on a unique philosophy rooted in the rich traditions of people and climate, Correa’s work is informed both by a world view and intimate understanding of place His building design include pure structural expressions , cubic volumes, expressions, climatic sensitivity, Geometry and a deep connection with the human in general.

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CONTENTS PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia LIFE OF CHARLES CORREA EDUCATION AND CAREER ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES PHILOSOPHIES DEVELOPMENT AS AN ARCHITECT ACHIEVEMENTS IMPORTANT BUILDINGS KANCHENJUNGA APARTMENTS, MUMBAI RAMAKRISHNA HOUSE, AHMEDABAD MRF HEADQUARTERS, CHENNAI

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia DEVELOPMENT AS AN ARCHITECT CORREA AND CORBUSIER Like most architects of his generation, Correa was another one to have been influenced by Le Corbusier. On way back to Bombay in 1955 – he saw the Jaoul House (Le Corbusier) in Paris under construction. He said : “I was absolutely knocked out. It was a whole new world way beyond anything being taught in America at that time, then I saw Chandigarh and his buildings in Ahmedabad. They seemed the only way to build.”

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia DEVELOPMENT AS AN ARCHITECT CORREA AND MAHATMA GANDHI Gandhi's goal for an independent India had been a village model, non-industrial, its architecture simple and traditional In these early works, Correa demonstrates uncompromising execution of an idea as a powerful statement of form He rose to prominence with the Gandhi Smarak Sanghralaya , which he designed in 1958 in Ahmedabad.

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia DEVELOPMENT AS AN ARCHITECT " The India of those days was a different place," Correa recollects . " India was a brand-new country. There was so much hope. India stimulated me."

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CONTENTS PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia LIFE OF CHARLES CORREA EDUCATION AND CAREER ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES PHILOSOPHIES DEVELOPMENT AS AN ARCHITECT ACHIEVEMENTS IMPORTANT BUILDINGS KANCHENJUNGA APARTMENTS, MUMBAI RAMAKRISHNA HOUSE, AHMEDABAD MRF HEADQUARTERS, CHENNAI

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ACHIEVEMENTS PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia 1961 Prize for low-income housing 1972 Padma Shri by the President of India 1980 Awarded an Honorary Doctorate by the University of Michigan 1984 Gold Medal- Royal Institute of British Architects 1985 Prize for the Improvement in the Quality of Human Settlements from the International Union of Architects . 1986 Chicago Architecture Award. 1987 Gold Medal- Indian Institute of Architects 1990 Gold Medal (International Union of Architects) 1994 The Premium Imperial from Japan society of art. 1999 Aga khan award for V idhan Sabha , Bhopal

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CONTENTS PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia LIFE OF CHARLES CORREA EDUCATION AND CAREER ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES PHILOSOPHIES DEVELOPMENT AS AN ARCHITECT ACHIEVEMENTS IMPORTANT BUILDINGS KANCHENJUNGA APARTMENTS, MUMBAI RAMAKRISHNA HOUSE, AHMEDABAD MRF HEADQUARTERS, CHENNAI

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IMPORTANT BUILDINGS PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia SABARMATI ASHRAM AT AHMEDABAD (1958-1963 ) KANCHENJUNGA APARTMENTS, MUMBAI (1970) JAWAHAR KALA KENDRA, JAIPUR (1986-1992) STATE ASSEMBLY, MADHYA PRADESH (1967) BHARAT BHAVAN, BHOPAL (1982) MRF HEADQUARTERS, CHENNAI RAMAKRISHNA HOUSE, AHMEDABAD BELAPUR HOUSING, BELAPUR NATIONAL CRAFTS MUSEUM,NEW DELHI (1975–1990 ) CHAMPALIMAUD CENTRE FOR THE UNKNOWN, LISBON, PORTUGAL (2007-2010)

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CONTENTS PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia LIFE OF CHARLES CORREA EDUCATION AND CAREER ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES PHILOSOPHIES DEVELOPMENT AS AN ARCHITECT ACHIEVEMENTS IMPORTANT BUILDINGS KANCHENJUNGA APARTMENTS, MUMBAI RAMAKRISHNA HOUSE, AHMEDABAD MRF HEADQUARTERS, CHENNAI

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia KANCHENJUNGA APARTMENT (MUMBAI)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia Designer: Charles Correa Location: Mumbai Year: 1970 Building: Residential Construction System: Concrete Architectural Style: Modern KANCHENJUNGA APARTMENT (MUMBAI)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia Kanchenjunga Apartments, known as “the Vertical Bungalow Living” in Mumbai, proved to be an awakening solution to high rise apartments One of the most successful attempts by Correa to implement traditional bungalow planning strategies into a multi-storey residential apartment situated in Mumbai Harmonius relationship between Kanchanjunga and its immediate context is realised as a result of its inherit local vernacular KANCHENJUNGA APARTMENT (MUMBAI)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia KANCHENJUNGA APARTMENT (MUMBAI)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia KANCHENJUNGA APARTMENT (MUMBAI)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia In Mumbai buildings are oriented east west to catch prevailing winds and also to get the best views (sea facing ) The flip side of the coin being the brunt of the hot sun, heavy monsoon rains The solution was simply using verandahs all around the living spaces as a protection The design tries to apply this protection principles on a high rise building KANCHENJUNGA APARTMENT (MUMBAI)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia KANCHENJUNGA APARTMENT (MUMBAI)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia Kanchenjunga, an attempt to apply these principles to a building, is a condominium of 32 luxury apartments of four different types, varying from 3 to 6 bedrooms each The interlock of these variations are expressed externally by the shear end walls that hold up the cantilevers. The tower has a proportion of 1:4 (21m square and 84m high ). Minimalist surfaces cut away to open up double-height terrace gardens at the corners KANCHENJUNGA APARTMENT (MUMBAI)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia KANCHENJUNGA APARTMENT (MUMBAI)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia The two floor high loggias are created to keep out the sun and take in the cool sea- breezes KANCHENJUNGA APARTMENT (MUMBAI)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia Its minimalist unbroken surfaces are cut away to open up the double-height terrace gardens at the corners, thus revealing (through the interlocking form and colour) some hint of the complex' spatial organisation of living spaces that lie within. KANCHENJUNGA APARTMENT (MUMBAI)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia Exterior surface cut away to open up the double- height terrace gardens at the corners Each apartment provided with a deep, two-story-high garden terrace that is oriented away from the sun so as to afford protection from the elements KANCHENJUNGA APARTMENT (MUMBAI)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia STRUCTURE: Made of reinforced concrete . Central core houses lifts & other services . It also resists lateral loads . Central core was constructed before the main structure by ‘Slip Method of construction, which was used for the first time in India for a multi- storeyed building KANCHENJUNGA APARTMENT (MUMBAI)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia Unit Model showing the different spaces inside one of the typological units inside the Kanchanjunga Apartment KANCHENJUNGA APARTMENT (MUMBAI)

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CONTENTS PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia LIFE OF CHARLES CORREA EDUCATION AND CAREER ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES PHILOSOPHIES DEVELOPMENT AS AN ARCHITECT ACHIEVEMENTS IMPORTANT BUILDINGS KANCHENJUNGA APARTMENTS, MUMBAI RAMAKRISHNA HOUSE, AHMEDABAD MRF HEADQUARTERS, CHENNAI

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia RAMAKRISHNA HOUSE (AHMEDABAD)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia Designer: Charles Correa Location: Ahmedabad Year: 1964 Building: Residential Construction System: Exposed Concrete & Exposed Brick Architectural Style: Modern RAMAKRISHNA HOUSE (AHMEDABAD)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia This large residence was built for one of Ahmedabad's mill owners Is based on the spatial and climatic concepts developed in the Tube House and the Hindustan Lever Pavillion . The plan sets up a series of parallel bearing walls, punctuated by interior courts and "canon", climaxing in the living room which opens out onto the main garden to the south . The Ramakrishna House represents the combination of ideas explored in the early 1900’s. RAMAKRISHNA HOUSE (AHMEDABAD)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia RAMAKRISHNA HOUSE (AHMEDABAD)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia RAMAKRISHNA HOUSE (AHMEDABAD) The house is placed at the northern end of the site so as to maximize the size of this garden and to enhance the spatial sequence of getting there.

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia RAMAKRISHNA HOUSE (AHMEDABAD)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia RAMAKRISHNA HOUSE (AHMEDABAD)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia RAMAKRISHNA HOUSE (AHMEDABAD)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia RAMAKRISHNA HOUSE (AHMEDABAD)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF CHARLES CORREA by Ar. Nishita Kedia http://stapati.net/?p=1004 http://identityhousing.files.wordpress.com/2009/11 http:// www.behance.net/gallery/Analysis-of-a-case-study-Kanchanjunga-apartments/6544719 http :// issuu.com/eelkokroon/docs/kanchanjunga-apartments www. flickr.com Book on Charles Correa (With an essay by Kenneth Frampton) published by The Perennial Press. SOURCES….

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