Lecture 4- Contemporary Architecture- B.V.Doshi

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This Presentation discusses the life, career and works of B.V. Doshi

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LECTURE-4 CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE:

LECTURE-4 CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE BALKRISHNA V. DOSHI LIFE, CAREER & WORKS

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BALKRISHNA VITTHALDAS DOSHI (B.V. DOSHI)

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CONTENTS PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia LIFE OF B.V. DOSHI ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES PHILOSOPHIES IMPORTANT BUILDINGS HUSSAIN- DOSHI GUFA IIM- BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF INDOLOGY- AHMEDABAD

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CONTENTS PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia LIFE OF B.V. DOSHI ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES PHILOSOPHIES IMPORTANT BUILDINGS HUSSAIN- DOSHI GUFA IIM- BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF INDOLOGY- AHMEDABAD

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LIFE OF B.V. DOSHI PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia Born in Pune, India in 1927 Bachelors from J.J. School of Art, Bombay in 1950 Worked for 4 years with Le Corbusier at the time of Post- Modernist Architecture in India, as a senior designer In 1956 he established his practice under the name of Vastu-Shilpa , Ahmedabad and in 1962 he established the Vastu-Shilpa Foundation for Environmental Design Founded the School of Architecture & Planning in Ahmedabad, now famously known as the CEPT university.

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LIFE OF B.V. DOSHI PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia Worked closely with maestro architects like Louis khan and Anant Raje , during the designing of the campus of the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad. In 1958 he was a fellow at the Graham Foundation for Advanced Studies in the Fine Arts In 1995, Doshi was presented with the prestigious Aga Khan Award for Architecture, for the Aranya Community Housing in Indore Doshi's architecture provides one of the most important models for modern Indian architecture

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CONTENTS PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia LIFE OF B.V. DOSHI ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES PHILOSOPHIES IMPORTANT BUILDINGS HUSSAIN- DOSHI GUFA IIM- BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF INDOLOGY- AHMEDABAD

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES Doshi categorized 8 principles in traditional architecture which he believes would greatly enrich contemporary practice Mythical Sense Vastu - Purusha Mandala Transformation of Energy Human Institutions Symbolism Flexible approach Amorphous forms Timelessness

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES Doshi categorized 8 principles in traditional architecture which he believes would greatly enrich contemporary practice Mythical Sense: Doshi believed in the mythical sense of space. According to him space can be modified according to the desire of the perceiver and is never static

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES Doshi categorized 8 principles in traditional architecture which he believes would greatly enrich contemporary practice Vastu-Purusha Mandala: To ensure minimum standards of health and hygiene in each project Vaastu ’ (environment), ‘ Purusha ’ (energy) and ‘Mandala’ ( astrology) to assist builders in determining proper orientation .

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES Doshi categorized 8 principles in traditional architecture which he believes would greatly enrich contemporary practice Transformation of Energy: Energy between the building and people using the space The natural energy produced through sun radiations or natural elements, surroundings, species around it etc Doshi used this by providing openness in buildings through colonnades, pergolas, porticos, sky lights etc

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES Doshi categorized 8 principles in traditional architecture which he believes would greatly enrich contemporary practice Human Institutions: This belief, is amplified by his own deep cultural experience and popular evolution of new institutions The name of his office itself, the Vaastu-Shilpa foundation, is a ringing affirmation of Doshi’s faith in the dialogue between people and architecture of which he speaks

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES Doshi categorized 8 principles in traditional architecture which he believes would greatly enrich contemporary practice Flexible Approach: He believed in following the ‘flexible rather than rigid approach to the structure ’. He said that this was how transformation of space from the mere static container ; to a place where people actually feel a psychic interchange is best achieved

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES Doshi categorized 8 principles in traditional architecture which he believes would greatly enrich contemporary practice Symbolism: His idea of flexibility lead him to the principle of symbolism. He believes that it can only be accommodated by mixture of structural systems

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES Doshi categorized 8 principles in traditional architecture which he believes would greatly enrich contemporary practice Amorphous forms: He advocates “amorphous rather than finite forms”, used with multiple structural systems to let a meandering experience Eg : Aranya Low Cost Housing, Indore

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES Doshi categorized 8 principles in traditional architecture which he believes would greatly enrich contemporary practice Timelessness: Doshi seeks “Timelessness” in his architecture much as Louis khan did when describing his quality in historical precedents as' open endedness

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CONTENTS PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia LIFE OF B.V. DOSHI ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES PHILOSOPHIES IMPORTANT BUILDINGS HUSSAIN- DOSHI GUFA IIM- BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF INDOLOGY- AHMEDABAD

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia PHILOSOPHIES Doshi conceived building as not a “ container of specific activities but as a place to be inhabited ” His work has consistently revolved around the interrelationship of indoor and outdoor space, an appropriate and honest approach to materials, proper climatic response and observance of hierarchy and order He brought in this so called “filter” between contemporary and traditional architecture He believed that the success of any project depends on effective construction, planning and co-ordination

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CONTENTS PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia LIFE OF B.V. DOSHI ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES PHILOSOPHIES IMPORTANT BUILDINGS HUSSAIN- DOSHI GUFA IIM- BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF INDOLOGY- AHMEDABAD

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IMPORTANT BUILDINGS PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia SANGATH- VASTU SHILPA FOUNDATION CEPT UNIVERSITY GANDHI LABOR INSTITUTE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FASHION TECHNOLOGY, NEW DELHI TAGORE HALL, AHMEDABAD ARANYA LOW COST HOUSING- INDORE IIM-UDAIPUR HUSSAIN- DOSHI GUFA IIM-BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF INDOLOGY- AHMEDABAD

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia SANGATH- VASTU SHILPA FOUNDATION CEPT UNIVERSITY GANDHI LABOR INSTITUTE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FASHION TECHNOLOGY, NEW DELHI TAGORE HALL, AHMEDABAD ARANYA LOW COST HOUSING- INDORE IIM-UDAIPUR HUSSAIN- DOSHI GUFA IIM-BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF INDOLOGY- AHMEDABAD IMPORTANT BUILDINGS

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CONTENTS PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia LIFE OF B.V. DOSHI ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES PHILOSOPHIES IMPORTANT BUILDINGS HUSSAIN- DOSHI GUFA IIM- BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF INDOLOGY- AHMEDABAD

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia HUSSAIN- DOSHI GUFA (AHMEDABAD)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia Designer: Ar. B.V. Doshi Location: Ahmedabad Year: 1995 Project Cost: 1.8 million Site Area: 1000 sq.mt. Building: Public- Museum Construction System: Shell Structure Architectural Style: Modern, Novelty, Blobitecture HUSSAIN- DOSHI GUFA (AHMEDABAD)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia An underground art gallery in Ahmedabad as a joint collaboration between M. F. Hussain & B.V. Doshi The building is a combination of high technology and traditional techniques It represents a unique juxtaposition of architecture & art This cave like underground structure has a roof made of multiple interconnected domes, covered with a mosaic of tiles On the inside, irregular tree-like columns support the domes HUSSAIN- DOSHI GUFA (AHMEDABAD)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia HUSSAIN- DOSHI GUFA (AHMEDABAD)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia HUSSAIN- DOSHI GUFA (AHMEDABAD)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia INSPIRATION: T he domes are inspired by the shells of tortoises and by soap bubbles. T he mosaic tiles on the roof are similar to those found on the roofs of the Jain temples at Girnar and the mosaic snake is from Hindu mythology. T he B uddhist caves of Ajanta and Ellora inspired D oshi to design the interior with circles and ellipses. HUSSAIN- DOSHI GUFA (AHMEDABAD)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia CONSTRUCTION: The structure is in form of skeletal skin & wire mesh sandwiched on each side by layers of cement over which is mosaic of pieces of broken china . White tiles reflects the sun rays, helps to keep the interior cool HUSSAIN- DOSHI GUFA (AHMEDABAD)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia CONSTRUCTION: The structure is specifically oriented to let in the maximum amount of heat & light to give the interior a golden glow . To enhance the cave like feeling of gallery, the contours of the site were retained, rather than being levelled. HUSSAIN- DOSHI GUFA (AHMEDABAD)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia CONSTRUCTION: The entrance is approached down a flight of steps in to the cave like interior . Some shells consists appeared snouts with apertures (hole), used to capture fresh air & light. HUSSAIN- DOSHI GUFA (AHMEDABAD)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia CONSTRUCTION: The central hall is supported by 2 rows of columns which divide the interior in to a wider centre aisle & 2 side aisle . The columns have octagonal shafts wider at base & tapered at capital. HUSSAIN- DOSHI GUFA (AHMEDABAD)

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CONTENTS PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia LIFE OF B.V. DOSHI ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES PHILOSOPHIES IMPORTANT BUILDINGS HUSSAIN- DOSHI GUFA IIM- BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF INDOLOGY- AHMEDABAD

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia INDIAN INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT (BANGALORE)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia Designer: Ar. B.V. Doshi Location: Bangalore Year: 1973 Site Area: 100 acres Building: Institutional Architectural Style: Modern INDIAN INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT (BANGALORE)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia INDIAN INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT (BANGALORE) One of the four institutions commissioned by the Government shortly after the Independence to train the future leaders of a new industrialized society Sloping topography of the site makes its architecture noteworthy The project has been described as a ‘critique’ of Kahn’s Ahmedabad Institute, as it deviates from some basic principles Building includes the external spaces and the link between the buildings

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia INDIAN INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT (BANGALORE) Functional  and  physical  attribute   of   the  design  are  related  to the   local  traditions  of  pavilion like spaces & courtyards . Ample  provision  for  plantation & Use of local material The forecourt and entrance are at the lower left of plan.

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia T he stone textures allows the climbing ivy or kalati (stone climber called in kannada ) to grow to hug the wall, which adds to the already infinite greenery and is very suitable for B angalore’s climate. INDIAN INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT (BANGALORE)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia INDIAN INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT (BANGALORE) Dormitories are arranged diagonally around an interlocking series of courtyards in upper part Design included long and unusually high “three storeyed corridors”, with innumerable vistas of focal point Corridors are sometimes open, or at times with pergolas and skylights

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia INDIAN INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT (BANGALORE) Varying direct and indirect sunlight was coupled with solid void combination To further enrich the spatial experience, the corridor width was altered in a lot of places with sitting areas for casual interaction, while moving from one destination to the other

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia INDIAN INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT (BANGALORE) Corridors of columns beneath concrete pergolas create a rhythm of light & shadow . Use of varying rhythm of solids and voids i.e. walls and openings .

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CONTENTS PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia LIFE OF B.V. DOSHI ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES PHILOSOPHIES IMPORTANT BUILDINGS HUSSAIN- DOSHI GUFA IIM- BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF INDOLOGY- AHMEDABAD

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia L.D. INSTITUTE OF INDOLOGY (AHMEDABAD)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia Designer: Ar. B.V. Doshi Location: Ahmedabad Year: 1952-62 Site Area: 3.7 hectare Building: Institutional & Public Architectural Style: Modern L.D. INSTITUTE OF INDOLOGY (AHMEDABAD)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia Outside of Le Corbusier's office, the Institue of Indology in Ahmedabad was one of Doshi's first public buildings as a solo architect For Doshi , this Institute was one of those buildings which highly considered the extreme climatic conditions After receiving this project, Doshi visited the archived facilities at Duke university, to observe how climate is controlled for the rare collections it held. L.D. INSTITUTE OF INDOLOGY (AHMEDABAD)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia The Institute is set on a large site with more breating room than a majority of urban sites in India The entry of the building is through a vast green lawn and garden. A bridge leads visitors above the moat which surrounds the building L.D. INSTITUTE OF INDOLOGY (AHMEDABAD)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia L.D. INSTITUTE OF INDOLOGY (AHMEDABAD) This moat allows the building to utilise water as a cooling mechanism as well as adding humidity to the lower portions of the building where manuscripts are stored

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia An addition to this building was added later facing the outdoor patio to hold additional office and exhibit space which is today famously known as L.D. Museum of Indolody This new buildings houses a no. of scriptures, sculptures and Manuscripts from times immemorial. L.D. INSTITUTE OF INDOLOGY (AHMEDABAD)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia The Institute is built in Reinforced Concrete which was a new technology at that time, but marked the step towards progress, technology and modernity. Doshi used Concrete for both the structure & cladding. The Institute is the first example of precast concrete members thus minimising the amount of labor needed L.D. INSTITUTE OF INDOLOGY (AHMEDABAD)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia With the methodology of precast concrete, the material acts more like members of wood than fluid concrete. T his allowed the detailing connections to act more like wood, a construction technique which is more commonly understood to Indian laborers L.D. INSTITUTE OF INDOLOGY (AHMEDABAD)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia The cross section of the building shows the dynamic form evolving from climatic needs of the building. The bottom floor cantilevers over the moats of either side of the building, making it appear as if it is floating. L.D. INSTITUTE OF INDOLOGY (AHMEDABAD)

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PRESENTATION ON LIFE & WORKS OF B.V. DOSHI by Ar. Nishita Kedia www.wikipedia.com www.flickr.com www.google.com http://architectrahil.wordpress.com/2014/02/26/l-d-institute-of-indology / http:// jacobginesprofessing.blogspot.in/2011/05/institute-of-indology-bv-doshi.html SOURCES….

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