JYOTIRAO PHULE BY NISHANTH VENKATRAMAN

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jyotirao phule

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History project ON Jyotirao phule BY:NISHANTH.VENKATRAMAN 8B

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Introduction Jyotirao Govindrao Phule Other names Mahatma Phule Born April 11, 1827 Katgun, Satara , Maharashtra , India . Died November 28, 1890 (aged 63) Pune , Maharashtra , India Era 19th century philosophy Region India School Indian philosophy Main interests Ethics , religion , humanism Website http://www.mahatmaphule.com/

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Jotirao Govindrao Phule was born in Satara district of Maharastra in a family belonging to Mali ( Fulmali ) caste, caste perceived to be inferior caste by certain sections of the society. His father, Govindrao, was a vegetable vendor. Originally Jotirao's family, known as Gorhays , came from Katgun , a village in Taluka - Khatav , District- Satara . His grandfather Shetiba Gorhay settled down in Poona. Since Jotirao's father and two uncles served as florists under the last of the Peshwas , they came to be known as ' Phules '. (Reference- P.G. Patil , Collected Works of Mahatma Jotirao Phule, Vol -II, published by Education department, Govt. of Maharashtra). His mother died when he was 9 months old. After completing his primary education Jotirao had to leave school and help his father by working on the family's farm. He was married at the age of 12. His intelligence was recognised by a Muslim and a Christian neighbor, who persuaded his father to allow Jotirao to attend the local Scottish Mission's High School, which he completed in 1847. The turning point in Jotiba's life was in year 1848, when he was insulted by family members of his Brahmin friend, a bridegroom for his participation in the marriage procession, an auspicious occasion. Jotiba was suddenly facing the divide created by the caste system. [2] Influenced by Thomas Paine books Rights of Man (1791), Phule developed a keen sense of social justice, becoming passionate of the Indian Tea system . He argued that education of women and the lower castes was a vital priority in addressing social inequalities. EARLY LIFE

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Connection with women activists Some of India's first modern feminists were closely associated with Phule, including his wife Savitribai Phule ; Pandita Ramabai , a Brahmin woman. Panditia Ramabai who was leading advocate for the rights and welfare for the women in India; Tarabai Shinde , the non-Brahmin author of a fiery tract on gender inequality which was largely ignored at the time but has recently become well-known; and Muktabai , a fourteen-year-old pupil in Phule's school, whose essay on the social oppression of the Mang and Mahar castes is also now famous. he started "Shiv Jayanti"(Birth day of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaja)first time in India. He also discovered the " Samadhi " of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaja on Raigad Fort which had disappeared in creepers and climbers. He wrote "Shivajicha powada" an epic poem. CONNECTION WITH WOMEN ACTIVISTS

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Krantisurya Phule has many followers. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar , the first minister of law of Republic India and the architect of Indian Constitution was inspired by his noble work towards humanity. Noted freedom fighter and Gandhi an Leader like Mukundrao Bubal Patel who is Ex. President of Bombay Pradesh Congress Committee was the one who tried to bring the work done by Jyotirao Phule, into a limelight. There are many followers of the work done by him, one among those is Hon. Minister Of Maharashtra Chhagan Bhujbal founder of Mahatma Phule Samata Parishad, an organisation works for social upliftment of dalits and OBCs and Telugu actor Chiranjeevi , who started a political party and stated that he is very much inspired by the work done by Phule especially creating social harmony.M.S.Chandramohan,writer,he is very much inspired by the work done by Phule especially creating social education system. V.G.R Naragoni is a OBC leader in Andhra Pradesh got inspired by Phule and followed him and conduct deep research on Phule movements and wrote several books on Phule like "Bahujana Vudhyama Radha Saradhulu. FOLLOWERS

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He was assisted in his work by his wife, Savitribai Phule , and together they started the second school for girls in India in 1848, for which he was forced to leave his home. He initiated widow-remarriage and started a home for upper caste widows in 1854, as well as a home for new-born infants to prevent female infanticide . Phule tried to eliminate the stigma of social Untouchability surrounding the lower castes by opening his house and the use of his water-well to the members of the lower castes. He formed the Satya Shodhak Samaj (Society of Seekers of Truth) on September 24, 1873, a group whose main aim was to liberate the social Shudra and Untouchables castes from exploitation and oppression. Phule was a member of the Pune municipality from 1876 to 1882. SOCIAL ACTIVISM विद्येविना मती गेली | मतीविना नीति गेली | नीतीविना गती गेली | गतीविना वित्त गेले | वित्ताविना शुद्र खचले | इतके अनर्थ एका अविद्येने केले! (Lack of education leads to lack of wisdom, which leads to lack of morals, which leads to lack of progress, which leads to lack of money, which leads to the oppression of the lower classes. See what state of the society one lack of education can cause!) QUOTES