TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS

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TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS Ninia M. Patacsil

The Growth of Technical and Vocational Schools : 

The Growth of Technical and Vocational Schools

Number of Technical-Vocational Institutions Offering Post-Secondary Non-Degree Courses Including Enrolment and Graduates, SY 1988-1989 : 

Number of Technical-Vocational Institutions Offering Post-Secondary Non-Degree Courses Including Enrolment and Graduates, SY 1988-1989

Non –Chartered Public Vocational Schools : 

Non –Chartered Public Vocational Schools This type of government-owned technical and vocational education institutions offer the secondary vocational option curriculum; post-secondary vocational courses(6 mos-3 years) or 4 yr degree programs in agriculture; trade or fishery education or a combination of two or more of these programs.

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Agriculture Schools These are technical and vocational schools mainly offering agriculture and agricultural home-making courses.

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Types of Agriculture Schools Rural High Schools or Rural Schools Agricultural High Schools Post Secondary Agricultural Schools College of Agriculture Agro-Industrial Schools

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School Requirements Not be less than 50 hectares plus 4 hectares- main campus for secondary agricultural schools; 100 hectares plus 4 hectares for the main campus for secondary agricultural schools. 200 hectares plus 4 hectares for the main school campus for tertiary schools offering degree programs close to an adequate source of water

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Cont. Must be located some distance from town in order to provide adequate accommodation for outlying student farms and settlements Must be at reasonable distance from army installation, cockpits, cabarets, cemetery and prisons Must be close in either highway o feeder road and be accessible to the greatest number of population

Trade Schools is a general term for technical or vocational schools which are mainly offering trade and industrial courses at the secondary, post – secondary and/or tertiary levels of education.

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CLASSIFICATIONS OF TRADE SCHOOLS Post Secondary Trade Schools (School of Arts and Trades) College of Arts and Trades Secondary Trade Schools (Trade School) Technical Education Institutes (TEIs)

Home Industries Schools these institutions are authorized to offer the secondary education curriculum with specialization in specific areas of home industry.

School Requirements : 

School Requirements Trade and Industrial Schools Large community within the service area 4 hectares Accessible to highways or feeder roads and must be close to a good source of water supply It should not be located near recreational places

Fishery Schools are specialized technical and vocational education courses.

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CLASSIFICATIONS OF FISHERY SCHOOLS Post Secondary Fishery Schools Colleges of Fishery Secondary Fishery Schools Regional Institutes of Fishery Technology (RIFT)

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School Requirements Must be less than 4 hectares of fairly fertile well-drained land with a reservation of 4 ha of swapland close to the main site for fishpond purposes. Close to a good source of water supply for domestic use Must be accessible to the greatest number of outlying population within the service area in order to insure steady supply of students. At least be some distance from the town in order to be free from noise, odor and dust. Must be at reasonable distance from army installation, cockpits, cabarets, cemetery and prisons

Other Vocational and Technical Schools : 

Other Vocational and Technical Schools it offers a combination of two or more areas of technology at the secondary, post-secondary, or college level or all levels, depending on their resources, manpower needs in the area, and authority granted by DECS.

State Universities and Colleges(SUC) : 

State Universities and Colleges(SUC) Chartered state universities and colleges(SUCs) are autonomous educational institutions operating under a self governing board.

State Universities : 

State Universities offers various academic disciplines including technology education in agriculture, industry, fishery or business or business at the post-secondary, baccalaureate and graduate levels.

Specialized technical Colleges : 

Specialized technical Colleges offer only a major cluster or major area of technology such as agriculture, trade or fishery. In addition to any of these major areas of technology, a state college may also offer engineering such as agricultural engineering in an agricultural college.

Polytechnic Colleges : 

Polytechnic Colleges These are colleges offering two or more areas or clusters of technologies such as agriculture, trades, business and others. They usually offer technology courses which are relevant to manpower needs of their respective service areas and where they have the capability to do so.

Private Schools, Colleges and Universities : 

Private Schools, Colleges and Universities A greater bulk of the enrolment in technology education, particularly in technical and vocational education, is handled by private educational institutions.

Classification of Private Educational Institutions : 

Classification of Private Educational Institutions Special Vocational Schools Post-Secondary Technical Schools or Institutes University with Technology Program

Special Vocational Schools : 

Special Vocational Schools These schools offer short term courses; ranging from three months to one year, in one or more technical and vocational areas usually belonging to the same cluster area or field of technology. These special schools include driving, secretarial, fashion, computer, industrial or mechanical schools.

Post Secondary Technical Schools or Institutes : 

Post Secondary Technical Schools or Institutes These are private technical schools offering technology courses ranging from 6 month vocational courses to three-year technical courses leading to a Diploma or Certificates of Proficiency in a particular field of technology.

Technical Colleges or Institutes : 

Technical Colleges or Institutes These are two types of this category: Those colleges authorized to offer only technical and vocational courses at the post-secondary and baccalaureate levels Those colleges which are authorized to offer other collegiate courses in addition to technology education programs.

University with Technology Program : 

University with Technology Program Practically all private universities have a college or departmental unit providing instruction in one or more areas of technology. Most universities offer short-term courses; but some offer technician and baccalaureate courses in agricultural, industrial and other technologies.

Conversion of Public Secondary and Post-Secondary Schools into Other Types of School : 

Conversion of Public Secondary and Post-Secondary Schools into Other Types of School Conversion of existing barangay, municipal, provincial, or national high school into a technical/vocational school; Conversion of technical or vocational school into a chartered technical college, institute, or polytechnic; and Upgrading of existing vocational high schools into post secondary technical schools, colleges, or institutes; Conversion of a chartered state college into a university either singly or in combination with existing technical and vocational schools in the area

Conversion of a Public General High School to a Secondary Vocational School : 

Conversion of a Public General High School to a Secondary Vocational School . Conversion of Secondary Vocational school into a Post-Secondary Vocational Technical School to Offer Non-Degree Earning Course. Conversion of a Post-Secondary Vocational Technical School into Tertiary School to Offer Degree Programs

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