medicinal plant

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ENGLISH PROJECT WORK :

ENGLISH PROJECT WORK Made By– Saurabh Jain Class– X - A Roll Number - 47

MEDICINAL PLANT- PEPPERMINT:

MEDICINAL PLANT- PEPPERMINT

A Peppermint Sapling:

A Peppermint Sapling

PEPPERMINT:

PEPPERMINT Peppermint ( Mentha × piperita , also known as M. balsamea Willd .) is a hybrid mint, a cross between watermint and  spearmint. The plant, indigenous to Europe, is now widespread in cultivation throughout all regions of the world. It is found wild occasionally with its parent species.

SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION:

SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION Kingdom: Plantae Angiosperms Eudicots : Asterids Order: Lamiales Family: Lamiaceae Genus: Mentha Binomial name- Mentha × piperita L .

CULTIVATION:

CULTIVATION Peppermint generally grows best in moist, shaded locations, and expands by underground stolons. Young shoots are taken from old stocks and dibbled into the ground about 1.5 feet apart. They grow quickly and cover the ground with runners if it is permanently moist. For the home gardener, it is often grown in containers to restrict rapid spreading. It grows best with a good supply of water, without being water-logged, and planted in areas with part-sun to shade.

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The leaves and flowering tops are used; they are collected as soon as the flowers begin to open and can be dried.  The wild form of the plant is less suitable for this purpose, with cultivated plants having been selected for more and better oil content. They may be allowed to lie and wilt a little before distillation, or they may be taken directly to the still.

USES :

USES Peppermint has a long tradition of medicinal use, with archaeological evidence placing its use at least as far back as ten thousand years ago. Peppermint has a high menthol content, and is often used as tea and for flavouring ice cream, confectionery, chewing gum, and toothpaste. The oil also contains menthone and menthyl esters, particularly menthyl acetate.

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Peppermint oil also contains small amounts of many additional compounds including limonene, pulegone , caryophyllene and pinene . It is the oldest and most popular flavour of mint-flavoured confectionery. Peppermint can also be found in some shampoos, soaps and skin care products. Menthol activates cold-sensitive receptors in the skin and is the primary source of the cooling sensation that follows the topical application of peppermint oil.

DO YOU KNOW?:

DO YOU KNOW? One animal study has suggested that Peppermint may have radioprotective effects in patients undergoing cancer treatment. The aroma of peppermint has been found to enhance memory. As such, it can be administered by instructors to their students before examinations, to aid recall. Peppermint flowers are large nectar producers and honey bees as well as other nectar harvesting organisms forage them heavily. A mild, pleasant varietal honey can be produced if there is a sufficient area of plants.

THAT’S ALL FOR THIS TIME THANK YOU:

THAT’S ALL FOR THIS TIME THANK YOU

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