Australia in WW1 And 2

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Australia In WW1 and WW2:

Australia In WW1 and WW2 By Nicholas Schuler, Austin Wedlock, Raymond Rizk & Gabriel Salonga

Why Australia entered WW1:

Why Australia entered WW1 Australia became involved in World War 1 for three main reasons; Firstly, although they were known a nation of its own, they still held close ties to the ‘ mother country ’ , Britain. Secondly, if Australia became involved, other countries would have a greater respect for the new nation. Thirdly, at the time Andrew Fisher promised that Australia would stand behind their mother country.

Why Australia Entered WW2 :

Why Australia Entered WW2 Australia still had strong ties with Britain, and was thought of as a British Nation. People in Australia were opposed to German expansion, but they were also very closely tied to Britain. When the British Government declared war, Prime Minister Menzies announced that Australia was also at war.

Differences/Similarities:

Differences/Similarities In WW1 and 2, Australia allied Britain in both wars, as many Australians were from a British decent. In WW1, Australia fought in one place, Europe. Although in WW2 Australia fought in 2 separate wars during WW2 consisting with Japan and Europe. In WW2 Australian people were against Germany ’ s Expansion and thus allied Britain to declare war on Germany.

Conscription iN WW1:

Conscription iN WW1 Conscription is a mandatory military service also called National service. When the first war ended and men never came home, everybody was angry for all the lost lives in the apparent “ Great war ” . Rallies and protests were held because of conscriptions and the government ’ s lies. So the government said they wouldn ’ t use conscription unless on home ground.

Conscription in WW2:

Conscription in WW2 In World War 2 the fighting was fought in 3 locations Middle East, Europe, and the Pacific. Which meant conscriptions could only be used in the pacific due to immediate threat to Australia. The Act was changed, the area where conscripts could be sent was extended, though still strictly limited, and it was all done with little opposition in the community.

Differences/Similarities:

Differences/Similarities The main differences in World War 1 and 2, is the amount of people conscripted, where they fought, and the amount of debating at home. During World War 1 they did not conscript but in World War 2, 3000 men were conscripted due to late decision on conscription.

Experience of Soldiers in WW1:

Experience of Soldiers in WW1 Trench warfare during WWI was an absolutely horrific experience for the soldiers. It has been said that, aside from the far off booming of guns, the first thing a soldier who was heading to the trenches would notice was the smell. The trenches themselves offered no comfort most were partially flooded with mud and water which caused trench-foot to countless soldiers who had to wade for days in the frigid water. Food was scarce and hardly appetizing, drinking water often had to be transported in used fuel cans and though they were cleaned thoroughly they still tainted the water's taste.

Experience of Soldiers in WW2:

Experience of Soldiers in WW2 These guys would of been the same as the others in world war 1. The smell of the bodies and other things would have been a bit better than world war 1 but it would of still smelt like crap because of the same things. The navy and naval battles were mostly fought in ships. Most people had the experience of what it was like to live in crap and to smell like crap too. There was also soldiers on foot and trucks and tanks with big guns in the field of battle and also in the trenches. Many people died in the war when they all got home they had memorials for them and laid poppies on some of the graves.

Differences/Similarities:

Differences/Similarities There wasn't that big of a difference in the smell and where they lived. Many different diseases occurred but many were treated because of the advancement in technology. Soldiers tried to fix some of the problems between wars but, it wasn't that big of a difference but at least it did something.

Impact On the homefront – WW1:

Impact On the homefront – WW1 Australia ’ s first reaction when World War One broke out was the encouragement of all major government parties, newspapers and the media since Australia had a very tight bond with Britain. The Australian economy was affected by the war, making many Australian households suffer financial decline. Australia first cut its ties with enemy countries, cancelling all contracts associated with Germany. During the war, the government passed the War Precautions Act, which gave the commonwealth authority to pass any law for the war effort.

Impact On the homefront – WW2:

Impact On the homefront – WW2 Australia was more involved with the war against Japan in World War Two since there was a greater threat that Japan would invade Australia. Unlike World War One, Australia ’ s reactions to the start of World War Two in 1939 were far more organised and better prepared. The Australian Economy in World War two actually benefited from the war.

Differences/Similarities:

Differences/Similarities The Australian government was more organized and moved more slowly during WW2, since they found out that any man could enlist in the army during WW1, which would affect efforts on the home front. There was less rationing in WW1 than in WW2 in Australia and rationed food and clothing. The government in both wars introduced new laws that would help in the war. In WW1, they introduced the War Precautions Act and in WW2 the National Security Act was introduced. The economy in the WW2 benefited from the war since as many products would be purchased as could be produced, unlike WW1.

Women in War - WW1:

Women in War - WW1 Australian women served in the Australian Army as nurses, and as other medical workers. There were also a number of Red Cross volunteers who provided comforts to the troops, and teachers and fund-raisers Seven women received the Military Medal for bravery under fire, and several died of injuries or disease

Women in war - WW2:

Women in war - WW2 There were also many volunteer organisations and a Women ’ s Land Army to support agricultural production. Many women served in the nursing corps of the three Australian services.

Differences/Similarities:

Differences/Similarities The main difference is women took over men only jobs in World War 1 unlike World War 2 In both wars woman did not fight.

3 SOURCES - Two Up Game :

3 SOURCES - Two Up Game The two-up game was a traditional gambling game played by Australians, particularly by Australian troops during the World War. The two up game was significant to Australian troops fighting in the World War since they would play when they had time on their hands The game is about 200 years old and still played today, although it was banned by the Australian government and only legal to be played on Anzac Day, since it was significant to soldiers who fought in the war.

3 Sources - Map of North Belgium and France:

3 Sources - Map of North Belgium and France The map of north Belgium and France was an unofficial document used by Australian soldiers. They would use this map to plan and understand where they were going but did not use it when they went on the battlefield. They also used it to understand and plan where certain roads and trails were. It was reliable since it had the proper locations of each city in Belgium and helped with efforts on the battlefield.

3 Sources - Lead Bullets in Resin:

3 Sources - Lead Bullets in Resin Bullets in the war front were placed into resin to preserve their condition. The bullets were from the battlefield and were used as ammunition for soldiers. Its purpose was to kill enemy soldiers by firing them through rifles. The resin is used as an adhesive and also preserves the bullets in their original condition more than 100 years ago.

We Will Remember Them:

We Will Remember Them Australian graves near the windmill, Pozières, September 1917 December 1918 - Light Horse soldiers after making a capture near Beersheba. Photographs taken by three young Australian soldiers at Gallipoli. Photo: National Archives of Australia Headstone rows of Australian WWII dead at Bomana Commonwealth War Graves Cemetery.

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