Obstetrics and Gynecology specialists

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Obstetrics and gynecology as subject. Organization of obstetric care. The main stages of obstetrics and gynecology development. Role of family doctor in the prevention of perinatal diseases and death.

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Obstetrics and gynecology as subject. Organization of obstetric care. The main stages of obstetrics and gynecology development. Role of family doctor in the prevention of perinatal diseases and death.:

Obstetrics and gynecology as subject. Organization of obstetric care. The main stages of obstetrics and gynecology development. Role of family doctor in the prevention of perinatal diseases and death. Obstetrics and Gynecology specialists Valsa Mathew

Gynecology or gynecology:

2 Gynecology or gynecology is the medical practice dealing with the health of the female reproductive system . Literally, outside medicine, it means "the science of women «Almost all modern gynaecologists are also obstetricians Etymology The word "gynaecology" comes from the Greek ancient Greek gyne, γυνή, modern Greek gynaika, γυναίκα, meaning woman + logia meaning study, so gynaecology literally is the study of women.

Perinatology or Maternal-Fetal Medicine (MFM) :

3 Perinatology or Maternal-Fetal Medicine (MFM) is the branch of obstetrics that focuses on the medical and surgical management of high-risk pregnancies. Obstetricians who practice maternal-fetal medicine are also known as perinatologists. This is a subspecialty to obstetrics and gynecology mainly used for patients with high-risk pregnancies.

Obstetrics and Gynecology:

O bstetrics and G ynecology medical/surgical specialty concerned with the care of women from pregnancy until after delivery and with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the female reproductive tract. The medical care of pregnant women (obstetrics) and of female genital diseases (gynecology) developed along different historical paths.

ORIGINS OF OBSTETRICS:

ORIGINS OF OBSTETRICS Gynecology as a branch of medicine dates back to Greco-Roman civilization, if not earlier. The renewal of interest in diseases of women is shown in the huge encyclopedia of gynecology issued in 1566 by Caspar Wolf of Zürich. The earliest birth attendants were women. In ancient mythology, goddesses (but not gods) were present at deliveries. In “primitive” tribes studied by anthropologists in the last century, the labouring woman would be accompanied by her mother or other female relative.

ORIGINS OF OBSTETRICS:

The contagious nature of puerperal fever had been recognised by Alexander Gordon. Aberdeen experienced an epidemic of puerperal fever from 1789 to 1792, and Gordon published his Treatise on the Epidemic of Puerperal Fever in Aberdeen in 1795. He realised that the disease was transmitted from one case to another by doctors and midwives, and that there was a close relationship between puerperal fever and erysipelas (later found to be caused by the streptococcus). ORIGINS OF OBSTETRICS

What is Safe Motherhood?:

What is Safe Motherhood? The Safe Motherhood Initiative is a worldwide effort that aims to reduce the number of deaths and illnesses associated with pregnancy and childbirth. Ways to achieve safe motherhood include: Skilled attendance at all births Access to quality emergency obstetrical care Access to quality reproductive health care, including family planning and safe post-abortion care

The Regionalized British NHS Model:

8 The Regionalized British NHS Model

The Dispersed U.S. Health Care Model:

9 The Dispersed U.S. Health Care Model Elite Academic Medical Centers providing highly specialized care Majority of hospitals providing secondary and tertiary care Small, generally rural, medical centers lacking specialized care

Comparisons of the models:

10 Comparisons of the models

Primary Care in the Health Care Workforce:

Primary Care in the Health Care Workforce Trends in the United States clearly reveal that the number of residents choosing a primary care specialty is on the decline Compare this to the United Kingdom where 2/3 of physicians work as general practitioners Why is the decline in the Primary Care workforce in the United States so alarming?

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