Power Sector Analysis Of Indian Economy 1
Introduction : Introduced in the 1880s
Basic human need
Produced by vertically integrated utilities
Economic Growth 2 Introduction Growth of Indian Power Sector : Fifth largest electricity generation capacity in the world & world's third largest transmission and distribution network
Measured in terms of GDP
Installed Capacity of Power Plants increased from 1713 MW to 147965 MW
Per capita consumption increase from 15 KWh to 704 KWh 3 Growth of Indian Power Sector Slide 4:
India's total installed capacity as on Oct 31, 2010 is 1,67,278.36mega watt (MW)
Thermal power plants
account for 1,08,602.98 MW.
Hydro power plants with a capacity of 37,328.40 MW.
sources provide 1,67878 MW
Remaining 4,560 MW comes from nuclear energy
Evolution Of The Indian Sector And Reforms : 5 Evolution Of The Indian Sector And Reforms Slide 6: 6 Organisational Structure : 7 Organisational Structure Functions of Regulatory Authority : CEA Central Electricity Authority
Formulation of the National Electricity Plan in accordance with the National Electricity Policy;
Main technical advisor of the government and regulatory commission; and
Specifics the technical standards and safety requirements for construction, operation and maintenance of electrical standards and electrical lines.
CERC Central Electricity Regulatory Commission
Regulates tariff of generating companies owned or controlled by the central government;
To regulate the inter-state transmission of energy including tariff of the central utilities;
To grant licences for the inter-state transmission and trading; and
To advise the Central government in formulation of National Electricity Policy and Tariff policy. 8 Functions of Regulatory Authority Slide 9: SERC State Electricity Regulatory Commission
Determine tariffs for generation, supply, transmission and wheeling of electricity, wholesale, bulk or retail sale within the state; and
To issue licences for intra-state transmission, distribution and trading; to promote co-generation and generation of electricity from renewal sources of energy etc.
CTU Central Transmission Utility
Undertakes the transmission of energy through inter-state transmission system; and
Planning and coordination of inter-state transmission systems.
Undertakes transmission of energy through intra-state transmission system; and
Planning and coordination of intra-state transmission systems. 9 Slide 10: National Load Despatch Centre (NLDC)
NLDC has been set up as an apex body to ensure integrated power system in each region;
It is responsible for the despatch of electricity within the regions, monitoring grid operations etc;
Regional Load Despatch Centre (RLDC)
RLDC has been set up to ensure integrated power system in each region;
It s responsible for the despatch of electricity within the regions, monitoring grid operations etc; and
It provides directions for ensuring grid stability.
State Load Despatch Centre (SLDC)
SLDC have been formed to ensure integrated power system in inter-state; and
It has the responsibility for the despatch of electricity within the state, monitoring intra-grid operations etc. 10 DEMAND : 11 DEMAND Supply : 12 Supply Transmission : It is process for the proper and efficient transfer of power from generating stations to load centers
It plays a key role in transmitting power to various distribution entities across the country.
It comprises of transmission lines, substations, switching stations, transformers & distribution lines
Total length of transmission lines in the country has increased from 2.50 million circuit km (ckm) in 1980-81 to 7.28 million ckm in 2007-08. 13 Transmission Distribution : It is a last and critical leg in the supply of electricity.
Components such as pricing to various customers , cross subsidization etc
It is lucrative business, it has been held by the respective state entities, with private participation being marginal (only 5-7 per cent of the total)
At the end of 2008-09, a total of 488,926 villages were electrified 14 Distribution SWOT analysis of Power Sector : Strengths and Opportunities of Power Sector
Well established and vast transmission and distribution network.
Highly qualified engineering and technical personnel.
Emergence of strong and globally comparable central utilities (NTPC, POWERGRID)
India has substantial non-conventional energy resource base and technologies to meet growing power requirements by tapping this energy 15 SWOT analysis of Power Sector Weakness & Threats to Power Sector : Poor infrastructure
Lack of proper metering and theft has led to large scale losses
Moreover, Government provides power to agricultural sector at subsidized rates and also free of cost in some states. All these factors have resulted in financial disorder of the State Electricity Boards
Poor return to utilities, which affect their profitability and capacity to make further investments
Non-availability of quality coal may hamper thermal plants’ efficiency in power Generation 16 Weakness & Threats to Power Sector Major Players in Power Sector : NTPC
Tata Power Co Ltd
Reliance Power Ltd 17 Major Players in Power Sector NTPC : Incorporated in year 1975 as thermal power generating company.
Objective of planning and promoting the integrated development of power generation in the country.
Installed capacity of 31,704 MW major of coal based & minor of gas based (20%) of country’s overall generating capacity.
Also engaged in the engineering, construction and operation of power generating plants, and provides consultancy to power utilities in India and abroad 18 NTPC Future plans of NTPC : Playing a significant role in the government’s capacity addition programme for the Eleventh Plan (2007-2012).
Original plan envisaged a total capacity addition of around 78,577 MW, out of which, NTPC planned to add 22,430 MW. It plans to become a 75,000 MW company by the end of Twelfth Plan (2017).
Recently signed a fuel-supply agreement (FSA) for 20 years with Coal India. 19 Future plans of NTPC NTPC Projects Under Construction : 20 NTPC Projects Under Construction TATA POWER CO LTD : Total generation capacity of about 3,000 MW
It holds a license in Mumbai to supply power to bulk consumers & some residential pockets.
It has a JV with the state government of Delhi for the distribution of power
Current installed capacity to 2975 MW.
It is setting up a 2,400 MW mega power project in Shahpur, coastal Maharashtra based on imported coal to meet the long term power requirements of Mumbai City, Maharashtra and neighbouring states 21 TATA POWER CO LTD Future Plans : Seven major projects under implementation aggregating to 5,421 MW of generation capacities.
Planning to buy a fleet of ships to transport coal from the coal mines in Indonesia, in which it has 30 per cent equity stake.
Won the bid for the ultra mega power project at Mundra
Set up two power plants in Bangladesh - a 480 MW gas-based plant for meeting the power requirements of the steel plant and a 250–300 MW coal-based plant to supply power to the Bangladesh Power Development Board. 22 Future Plans ADANI POWER : Adani Power together with its subsidiaries currently has eight power projects in various stages of execution with a combined installed capacity of 13,200 MW, out of which 660 MW has been commissioned, 9900 MW is under implementation and 2640 MW is at the planning stage. 23 ADANI POWER Future Plans of Adani power : Received the approval from the GoI to act as a co-developer for the Special Economic Zone (SEZ) at Mundra with Mundra Port & Special Economic Zone (MPSEZ).
Adani Shipping, a wholly-owned subsidiary, entered into a contract for the purchase of two newly-built capsize vessels for transportation of coal. 24 Future Plans of Adani power Reliance Power Ltd : Associate company of Reliance Infra.
Setting up 13 power generation projects.
Engaged in the development & construction of power generation projects with a combined planned capacity of about 35,000 MW, which is the largest portfolio of private power generation assets under development in India.
Planning to set up a 4,000 MW power plant at Shahapur, Maharashtra. However, the project has been stalled due to land acquisition issues. 25 Reliance Power Ltd RPL - Projects under construction : Note
This list is indicative and not exhaustive.
Source: Company reports, CRISIL Research 26 RPL - Projects under construction Financial Evaluation : 27 Financial Evaluation Conclusion : 28 Conclusion References and Bibliography : CRISIL Research Report November 2010
www.moneycontrol.com 29 References and Bibliography