stock exchange

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introduction, history, object, role, funtion

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By: AngelBroking (108 month(s) ago)

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The Role and Function of a Stock Exchange : 

The Role and Function of a Stock Exchange By Enid E Bissember GASCI

Outline : 

Outline Overview of financial markets Institutional infrastructure Role and functions of stock exchange

Overview of Financial Markets : 

Overview of Financial Markets Two types of financial markets Money markets Capital markets Primary market Secondary market

Slide 5: 

The Hierarchy of Markets Money market Government bond market Corporate bonds & equities Asset backed securities & derivatives Gov’t T Bills

Slide 6: 

Financial Market Money market Capital market Primary market Secondary market Commercial banks Firms raise capital Investors trade securities issued in primary market debt equity Public Private placement Short term instruments Primary Mkt Inst Stock exchange Credit unions Insurance cos NIS Supporting agents

Market infrastructure : 

Market infrastructure Stock exchange Clearing and settlement Education and training Investors’ protection Rating agency

Instruments : 

Instruments Equities Bonds Most popular investing instruments Stocks and shares Bonus issues Rights issues Corporate Government

Intermediaries : 

Intermediaries Brokerage houses Stock brokers Advisors Hand in Hand Beharry stockbrokers Trust company GuyAmerica

Regulation & Supervision : 

Regulation & Supervision A few questions Ever wondered how the capital markets work Who sets the rules What does the stock exchange do What is the role of the stock broker How to become a registered broker

The Regulator : 

The Regulator Foremost authority presiding over the capital markets With mission to promote and maintain Fair, efficient , secure and transparent market and to facilitate the orderly development of the stock exchange

Role and Functions of a stock exchange : 

Role and Functions of a stock exchange Established for the purpose of assisting, regulating and controlling business of buying, selling and dealing in securities

Role and Functions of a stock exchange cont’d : 

Role and Functions of a stock exchange cont’d Provides a market for the trading of securities to individuals and organizations seeking to invest their saving or excess funds through the purchase of securities

Role and Functions of a stock exchange cont’d : 

Role and Functions of a stock exchange cont’d Provides a physical location for buying and selling securities that have been listed for trading on that exchange

Role and Functions of a stock exchange cont’d : 

Role and Functions of a stock exchange cont’d Establishes rules for fair trading practices and regulates the trading activities of its members according to those rules

Role and Functions of a stock exchange cont’d : 

Role and Functions of a stock exchange cont’d The exchange itself does not buy or sell the securities, nor does it set prices for them

Fair : 

Fair The exchange assures that no investor will have an undue advantage over other market participants

Efficient market : 

Efficient market This means that orders are executed and transactions are settled in the fastest possible way

Transparency : 

Transparency Investor make informed and intelligent decision about the particular stock based on information

Transparency cont’d : 

Transparency cont’d Listed companies must disclose information in timely, complete and accurate manner to the Exchange and the public on a regular basis

Transparency cont’d : 

Transparency cont’d Required information include stock price, corporate conditions and developments dividend, mergers and joint ventures, and management changes etc

Doing business : 

Doing business People who buy or sell stock on an exchange do so through a broker

Doing business cont’d : 

Doing business cont’d The broker takes your order to the floor of the exchange looks for a broker representing someone wanting to buy/sell If a mutually agreeable price is found the trade is made

Some type of orders : 

Some type of orders Limit order Market order Day order Open All or none Any part Good through

Price : 

Price At any point in time, the price of previously issued stock is determined by the ebb and flow of supply and demand

Listing requirements : 

Listing requirements There are specific requirements for allowing a public company to list its securities on the Stock Exchange these are set out in the legislation

Benefits of listing : 

Benefits of listing Visibility Market support Investors confidence Increased demand for products and services Overall increase in profitability

Once traded : 

Once traded Aura of reliability Accuracy in reporting financial data Reputation Strength

Delisting : 

Delisting Stock exchange can delist companies for a number of reasons including :- Merger with another company Solvency problems Name change company asked to be removed Failure to comply with exchange rules

Desirable Characteristics of a stock market : 

Desirable Characteristics of a stock market Liquidity Ability to sell an asset quickly at a fairly known price Low transactions costs

Desirable Characteristics of a stock market cont’d : 

Desirable Characteristics of a stock market cont’d Availability of information Market efficiency Prices react quickly to new information Small price fluctuations Narrow price spread

Financing the exchange : 

Financing the exchange Transaction fees paid by members for each order executed Fees paid by firms when their securities are originally listed Annual fees by firms Entrance fees from new members sale of historic trading and market information

Major challenges for the Exchanges : 

Major challenges for the Exchanges Cross border trading Issuers and investors are expanding their horizons beyond their home markets Investors becoming much more demanding

Regulatory improvementTransparency and Corporate Governance : 

Regulatory improvementTransparency and Corporate Governance Corporate Governance Protection to minority Shareholders Disclosure Enhance market confidence Strong industry regulator

Slide 35: 

Owners Board of Directors Managers Ownership of the company is by the public in the form of shares one share, one vote Board is elected by shareholders to represent the best interests of the owners Board hires and fires the management of the company

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