THE COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES : THE COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES Let’s learn something new! The comparison is used : The comparison is used when we compare two people or things.
The easiest rule is: add the ending –er to one-syllable words and to two syllable words ending in –y, e.g.
Fast – faster
Easy – easier
Big - bigger In sentences: : In sentences: Comparisons involve at least two people or two things. We use than before the second part of the comparison:
Peter is taller than Jim
This car is faster than that one. Long adjectives: : Long adjectives: Put more (adverb of degree) in front of longer words, e.g.
difficult – more difficult
interesting – more interesting
beautiful – more beautiful
Mary is more beautiful than Sally.
This book is more interesting than that one. Superlative : Superlative The superlative of a word is used to compare three or more things/people and to pick out one thing/person as more “X” than all the others.
Everest is the highest mountain in the world.
It is also the most famous mountain in the world. Remember: : Remember: adjectives are compared like this:
big – bigger – the biggest
easy – easier – the easiest
interesting – more interesting – the most interesting
famous – more famous – the most famous Without comparative forms : Without comparative forms Some adjectives do not normally have comparative and superlative forms:
single. Irregularities: : Irregularities: Certain adjectives have separate forms for comparative and superlative, or are in some other way “irregular”:
good – better – the best (the same is used for ‘well’, meaning ‘in good health’)
bad, ill, evil – worse – the worst
many, much – more – the most Different forms : Different forms Some adjectives form their comparative and superlative degrees in two ways:
old – older/elder – the oldest/eldest
far – farther/further – the farthest/furthest
late – later – the latest/last
near – nearer – the nearest/next Note the difference in meaning: : Note the difference in meaning: elder – born first of the two
eldest – born before the other members of the family
farther/further – longer in distance
further – more, extra
latest – newest
last – final
nearest – closest
next – the one after this Don’t forget: : Don’t forget: As…as…
John is as tall as Bob.
Your house is as large as mine.
Not so/as.. as..
This book is not so interesting as that one.
The tree is not as tall as the building over there. In idioms : In idioms As good as gold
As poor as a church mouse
As brave as a lion
As black as coal
As blind as a bat
As pale as a ghost As cool as a cucumber
As fierce as a tiger
As light as a feather
As white as a sheet
As white as snow
As wise as an owl