Comparison of adjectives

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THE COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES : 

THE COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES Let’s learn something new!

The comparison is used : 

The comparison is used when we compare two people or things. The easiest rule is: add the ending –er to one-syllable words and to two syllable words ending in –y, e.g. Fast – faster Easy – easier Big - bigger

In sentences: : 

In sentences: Comparisons involve at least two people or two things. We use than before the second part of the comparison: Peter is taller than Jim This car is faster than that one.

Long adjectives: : 

Long adjectives: Put more (adverb of degree) in front of longer words, e.g. difficult – more difficult interesting – more interesting beautiful – more beautiful In sentences: Mary is more beautiful than Sally. This book is more interesting than that one.

Superlative : 

Superlative The superlative of a word is used to compare three or more things/people and to pick out one thing/person as more “X” than all the others. Everest is the highest mountain in the world. It is also the most famous mountain in the world.

Remember: : 

Remember: adjectives are compared like this: big – bigger – the biggest easy – easier – the easiest interesting – more interesting – the most interesting famous – more famous – the most famous

Without comparative forms : 

Without comparative forms Some adjectives do not normally have comparative and superlative forms: absent, equal, left, opposite, right, single.

Irregularities: : 

Irregularities: Certain adjectives have separate forms for comparative and superlative, or are in some other way “irregular”: good – better – the best (the same is used for ‘well’, meaning ‘in good health’) bad, ill, evil – worse – the worst many, much – more – the most

Different forms : 

Different forms Some adjectives form their comparative and superlative degrees in two ways: old – older/elder – the oldest/eldest far – farther/further – the farthest/furthest late – later – the latest/last near – nearer – the nearest/next

Note the difference in meaning: : 

Note the difference in meaning: elder – born first of the two eldest – born before the other members of the family farther/further – longer in distance further – more, extra latest – newest last – final nearest – closest next – the one after this

Don’t forget: : 

Don’t forget: As…as… John is as tall as Bob. Your house is as large as mine. Not so/as.. as.. This book is not so interesting as that one. The tree is not as tall as the building over there.

In idioms : 

In idioms As good as gold As poor as a church mouse As brave as a lion As black as coal As blind as a bat As pale as a ghost As cool as a cucumber As fierce as a tiger As light as a feather As white as a sheet As white as snow As wise as an owl

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