oriental region

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PRESENTATION OF ORIENTAL REGION :

PRESENTATION OF ORIENTAL REGION By: Naqoosh Zahra

ORIENTAL REGION:

ORIENTAL REGION

ORIENTAL REGION:

ORIENTAL REGION This region includes Indian sub-continent Ceylon Burma Philippines. Formosa and Scathe China, form the North of this region Himalayas are present. On the West of it Arabian sea is present. In the South east corner physical boundary is absent. This region includes 4 sub regions. This region shows tropical and temperate zones. In the North East Asia rain forest is present towards the west desert is present. The remaining part shows plains and rivers hence this region show different types of conditions. Hence more vegetation is present and more fauna is seen.

Geographical Ranges:

Geographical Ranges Over 170 species of antlions (in 42+ genera) live in the Oriental Region, which includes Pakistan, India, Southeast Asia (Afghanistan, Nepal, Burma, Thailand, Vietnam, Taiwan, Malaysia) the Philippines, and western Indonesia(Sumatra, Java, Borneo).

Physical Features:

Physical Features It is separated from palaeartic by Himalayas in north and bounded by Indian ocean and Pacific ocean. There is no physical boundary in southeast corner. Northern Indian is chiefly composed of grassy plains with scattered trees & bushes. The northwest is occupied by deserts, while southern portion is more rich in vegetation & forest. Srilanka, Malaysia, Indonesia & Indochinese regions are almost entirely covered with thick tropical forests.

Four Sub Region Of Oriental:

Four Sub Region Of Oriental Indian sub-region Ceylon sub-region Indo-China sub-region Indo-Malayan sub-region

Indian Sub-Region:

Indian Sub-Region It includes North India and Central part. It starts from the root of Himalaya and extend up to Malabar Coast. This region shows plains and deserts. It shows temperate and tropical conditions. In this region Antelopes, Peacock, Indian Bison, Black Elephant, Equus and some important snakes are present.

Ceylonian Sub-Region:

Ceylonian Sub-Region It includes Ceylon, Small Indian Peninsula. It shows Loris, Elephants, Equas, Rat, Bandicoots and Snakes. Loris Equus Bandicoots

Indo-China SubRegion:

Indo-China SubRegion It includes China south of Palaearctic region. It includes Gibbons, Lemurs, Rhinoceros, Salamanders, Disc tongued frogs are present. Gibbons Rhinoceros

Indo-Malayan Sub Region:

Indo-Malayan Sub Region It includes Malayan peninsula and surrounding Islands. This region supports 132 families of fauna Gibbon, Rhinoceros, Badger, Broad bills etc. are very common in this region. Badger Broad bills

Climates of oriental region:

Climates of oriental region The temperature is mainly tropical, in summer the temperature is up to 30C in most areas while in autumn and spring it is from 10- 20 C. In the eastern part of the region, from the Northeastern corner of India, Burma, Indo-China etc, there is much rain forest. High mountains with rich plant cover from Burma to China and Eastern Himalayas.

Fauna of oriental region:

Fauna of oriental region The fauna of Oriental region shows resemblances that of Ethiopian region. Hence some Zoogeagraphicts have attempted to place Ethiopian and Oriental regions in PalaeoTropical region.

Fishes in oriental region:

Fishes in oriental region Fish fauna of Oriental region will resemble that of Ethiopian region. Oriental fish fauna is dominated by Carps and Cat fishes. 1. Notopteridae 2. Anabantids 3. Syngnathus 4. Cypsilurus etc

PowerPoint Presentation:

Notopteridae Syngnathus Anabantids Cypsilurus

Amphibians in oriental region:

Amphibians in oriental region Tailed Amphibians are very rare, only one genusis represented Tylptotriton verrucosus. Anura and Apoda Amphibians are more. 1.Rana species 2. Hyla 3. Rhacophorus 4. Buffonids 5. Discoglossids members 6. lcthyophis 7. Uraeotyphlus 8. Gegenophis etc

PowerPoint Presentation:

Tylptotriton verrucosus Hyla Discoglossids Uraeotyphlus

Reptiles in oriental region:

Reptiles in oriental region Many reptiles are seen in this region. This fauna Is dominated by lizards, snakes, turtles and Crocodiles. 1. Gavialis 2. Gecko (Flying Lizard) 3. Chameleon 4. Varanus (Indian Monitor Lizard) 5. Python 6. Typhlops 8. Testudo 9. Cobra etc In this region Xenopeltidae, Uropeltidae forms are exclusive.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Gavailis Typhlops Xenopeltidae Uropeltidae

Birds in oriental region:

Birds in oriental region In this region 66 families of Birds are included. 1. Honey Guides 2. Wood Pecker 3. Horn bill 4. Pea- cock etc

PowerPoint Presentation:

Honey guides Woodpecker Horn bills Peacock

Mammals in oriental regions:

Mammals in oriental regions This region includes 30 mammalian families. 1. Shrews 2. Rabbit 3. Canis 4. Cat 5. Aye-aye (Hyaena) 6. Bears 7. Equus 8. Rhinoceros 9. Great apes like Orangutan, Gibbon Gorilla, Chimpanzee Alirus (Himalayan Pander) 10. Camel In this region tree Shrews, flying lemurs, Indian Bisons are exclusive.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Shrew Canis Hyaena Indian Bisons

Affinities with Ethiopian region:

Affinities with Ethiopian region The fresh water fishes of oriental region are of rich and dominant assemblage. Oriental amphibians and reptiles are partly like and unlike the Ethiopian ones. The noteabale differences are that Oriental region lacks Pipids, Pelomedusids, leptotyphlopids etc. And has very few Chameleons, Gerrhosaurids, Amphisbaenids and Cordylid lizards.

PowerPoint Presentation:

While it has Pelobatid frogs, Emydine turtles, Gavials, Uropeltids, Ilysiids, Colubrids and Pit vipers. Oriental birds are strongly Ethiopian in their main relationship. Oriental mammals are rather strongly Ethiopian in general.

PowerPoint Presentation:

THE END

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