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See all Premium member Presentation Transcript PRODUCTION PLANNING & CONTROL: PRODUCTION PLANNING & CONTROL PRESENTED BY: NAITIK THAKKAR ( M.PHARM, DEPARTMENT OF PHARMACEUTICS) DHARMAJ DEGREE PHARMACY COLLEGE GUIDED BY: HARESH MULANI SIR ASSISTANT PROFESSOR DHARMAJ DEGREE PHARMACY COLLEGEPRODUCTION: PRODUCTION PRODUCTION is nothing but the Process or Procedure of converting a set of inputs like … Men Capital Information Energy Finished products (outputs) into 2 Dharmaj Degree Pharmacy College.Slide 3: Dharmaj Degree Pharmacy College. 3 PRODUCTION PLANNINGSlide 4: Dharmaj Degree Pharmacy College. 4 PRODUCTION PLANNING PRODUCTION PLANNING It is a production process of looking ahead , anticipating possible difficulties and deciding in advance as how to produce the products.Slide 5: Dharmaj Degree Pharmacy College. 5 AIM Production planning mainly aims to produce…. right product -> in right quantity -> of right quality -> in right time -> and by the best and least costly method.Slide 6: Dharmaj Degree Pharmacy College. 6 STEPS OF PRODUCTION PLANNINGSlide 7: Dharmaj Degree Pharmacy College. 7 1. ROUTING It is a process of deciding the Sequence of operations (or ROUTE ) to be performed during the production process. It determines.., What ??? When ??? How ???Slide 8: Dharmaj Degree Pharmacy College. 8 PROCEDURE OF ROUTING Conduct an analysis of the product to determine Part/Components/Sub-assemblies required ., Determine the quality & type of material. Determining the manufacturing operations & their sequence . Determine the Lot size to be produced. Determination of scrap and rejections at each stage of production. Estimate Total cost of production.Slide 9: Dharmaj Degree Pharmacy College. 9 2. SCHEDULING Is planning the Total time necessary to perform entire series of operations in a particular sequence . It is mainly concerned with element of time & priorities of a job. Establishment of timetable at which to begin and complete operation. OBJECTIVE : Items are delivered on due date. The production cost is minimum. M.impSlide 10: Dharmaj Degree Pharmacy College. 10 TYPES OF SCHEDULING OPERATIONAL MASTER OPERATIONAL SCHEDULING Determines the total time to do a work (Operation) with a given machine or process, details of types of materials, and labour etc. 2. MASTER SCHEDULING It is a list showing how many of each item to make in each period of time in future. The nature of master schedule depends on whether the manufacture is to order to stock.Slide 11: Dharmaj Degree Pharmacy College. 11 TOOLS OF SCHEDULING GANTT CHARTS Network analysis/ technique (CPM & PERT) WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE MOTION STUDY (METHOD STUDY) TIME STUDY (WORK MEASUREMENT) JUST IN TIME (JIT)Slide 12: Dharmaj Degree Pharmacy College. 12 GANTT CHARTS A Gantt chart is a Horizontal Bar Chart developed as a Production Planning tool in 1917 by Henry L.Gantt , an American engineer and Scientist. Represents graphically on a Time scale that when a certain operation would be performed. It is also useful in recording the progress of the schedule. ADVANTAGES Simple to understand. Easy to change. DISADVANTAGES Do not show the interdependencies of the activities.Slide 13: Dharmaj Degree Pharmacy College. 13 Nov’10 Dec’10 1 st Dec For example, Figure shows.. Work is already completed as say on 1 st Dec’2010 . On that day…Job # P06 is complete , jobs # P07 and # P 10 are partially over ., and Job # P08 has not yet started as its starting date is around 11th December’2010 .Slide 14: Dharmaj Degree Pharmacy College. 14 PERT / CPM PERT helps in analyzing the individual jobs or events and arranging them in logical network . These individual jobs or events are given time estimates for their execution and thus it controls the completion. It is more of an Event-oriented technique rather than start- and completion-oriented , and is used more in R&D-type projects where time , rather than cost, is the major factor . PERT : Programme Evaluation Review Technique CPM : Critical Path MethodSlide 15: Dharmaj Degree Pharmacy College. 15 PERT network chart for a Seven-month project with five milestones (10 through 50) and six activities (A through F). Event Activity Time consuming effort to perform a work Point in the time where one or more activities start and /or finishSlide 16: Identify the specific activities Determine the proper sequence of the activities Construct a network chart Estimate the time required for each activity Determine the critical path (longest path) Update the PERT chart as the project progresses. Dharmaj Degree Pharmacy College. 16 STEPS IN THE PERT MAIN ADVANTAGE Deficiency of GANNT technique can be eliminated by showing the interdependence of various activities.Slide 17: Dharmaj Degree Pharmacy College. 17 WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE A Complex project is made manageable by First Breaking it down into individual components & than Focusing on it, known as the Work breakdown structure (WBS).Slide 18: Dharmaj Degree Pharmacy College. 18 MOTION STUDY Analyzes each operation very closely in order To eliminate Unnecessary Operations and to approach the quickest and earliest methods. PROCEDURE : Break up the operation Question details ; Purpose? Place? Sequence? Person? Develop new and better method Installing & Maintaining new methodSlide 19: Dharmaj Degree Pharmacy College. 19 TIME STUDY ‘The Art of observing and recording the TIME required to do each detailed element of an industrial operation.’ Standard time : It is the time, which is taken by normal worker for a specific task. Rating Factor : Percentage of the efficiency of representative operator. Allowances : a. Interference : worker attending more than 1 machine. b. Process : no work, power failure, faulty materials. c. Special : start up, cleaning, shut down. Standard time = Average time Rating Factor / other allowancesSlide 20: Dharmaj Degree Pharmacy College. 20 JUST IN TIME System in which Materials are purchased & Units are produced , only when customer demand is there. Main Advt .. Funds that were tied up in inventories can be used elsewhere. Some suggest it as " Just on Time " since it explains that production should create items that arrive when needed and Neither earlier Nor later .Slide 21: Dharmaj Degree Pharmacy College. 21 Study of the relationship between .., LOAD and CAPACITY OBJECTIVE : It is used to ensure Efficient utilization of plant and labour Setting reliable delivery promises 3. LOADING Assignment of work to be done in due date Ability to perform workSlide 22: PRODUCTION CONTROL 22 Dharmaj Degree Pharmacy College.PRODUCTION CONTROL: PRODUCTION CONTROL It is a Scientific process of making sure that production is constantly maintained to produce the product of given specification. Made effective by Setting standards Measuring the job performing Getting the feedback of results Taking corrective action. 23 Dharmaj Degree Pharmacy College.TECHNIQUES OF PRODUCTION CONTROL: TECHNIQUES OF PRODUCTION CONTROL PROGRAMMING ORDERING DISPATCHING FOLLOW-UP INVENTORY CONTROL 24 Dharmaj Degree Pharmacy College.PROGRAMMING: PROGRAMMING It regulates the supply of the finished product in desired amount at due date & in accordance with the production plan . In production programming three decisions are taken i.e . Nature of the product to be manufactured. The total quantities to be produced When to produce The main objectives of programming are Reliable delivery to the customers Efficient use of capital Even loading of plant Even loading of labor in total man hours per week 25 Dharmaj Degree Pharmacy College.ORDERING: It breaks down the Requirements for products to be completed at specific times into Orders for materials and processed parts and attempts to do so in such a way that they are available when needed . The information such as requirement, quantity and order quantity is required for each other. ORDERING 26 Dharmaj Degree Pharmacy College.DISPATCHING: It is routine of setting production activities in motion through the Release of the order and Instruction in accordance with the previously planned times and sequences. The decision of assigning various jobs to different machines is known as DISPATCHING. The functions of dispatching are To check the immediate availability of materials. To ensure that all production and inspection aids are available for use To obtain th e appropriate material list. DISPATCHING 27 Dharmaj Degree Pharmacy College.FOLLOW UP: Progressing or Follow up is the function by which one can give an early warning when Actual production deviates from Planned production and thus makes it possible to take corrective action. It is the measurement of :- Output against plan Analysis of performance for shortfalls It can be done at three stages, For materials, Work in progress and Stage during assembly and execution. FOLLOW UP 28 Dharmaj Degree Pharmacy College.INVENTORY CONTROL : INVENTORY CONTROL It ensures Protection against fluctuations in demand, Better use of men, machines and materials and Protection against fluctuation in output. The Main aim of inventory control is… To observe the stock investments and to ensure that it lies within the limits which the organization can afford . 29 Dharmaj Degree Pharmacy College.Slide 30: Dharmaj Degree Pharmacy College. 30 RISK… Production Planning And Control Can Be Linked To A Driver , Who Is Blind folded, Driving A Car Only By The Instructions Received From His Companion Sitting On The Front Seat Who Can See Only Through The Rear Window. This Illustrates The Risk Likely To Be Encountered in Carrying Out This Function. Often There Is Not A Clear View And One Has To Work By The Past Experience.Slide 31: Industries have a challenge to manufacture products at an economical prices and least time. They need to use Production planning & management process which helps in accomplishing this objective. Planning & Control of critical factors of manufacturing process will help in selecting the most optimum process. It eventually helps in reducing wastage & increase.. Production Productivity & Profit CONCLUSION 31 Dharmaj Degree Pharmacy College.Slide 32: Dharmaj Degree Pharmacy College. 32 REFERENCE WEBSITES www.transtutor.com http://www.businessdictionary.com www.NetMBA.com www.wikipedia.com BOOKS Pharmaceutical industrial management by R.M.Mehta Pharmaceutical Production and Management by C.V.SUBRAHMANYAMSlide 33: THANK YOU You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.