If Conditionals. final

Views:
 
Category: Education
     
 

Presentation Description

No description available.

Comments

By: husdubow1 (104 month(s) ago)

great

By: bogbogbog (105 month(s) ago)

COOL

By: nture (108 month(s) ago)

thsnks so much nture

By: n0d_dy (106 month(s) ago)

u r wc... n thanxs for commenting...

 

Presentation Transcript

Slide 1: 

By: Noddy

Conditionals : 

Conditionals The conditionals are used to talk about possible or imaginary situations. A "Condition" is a "situation or circumstance". For example: If a certain condition is true, then a particular result happens. Conditionals are divided into four main types: Zero conditional First conditional Second conditional Third conditional

Zero Conditional: certainty : 

Zero Conditional: certainty The zero conditional is used to: State general truths State scientific facts E.g.: Wood doesn't burn if there is no air. The zero conditional consists of two parts: The “main clause” Subject + simple present form of the verb The “if clause” If + subject + simple present form of the verb

Slide 4: 

You can construct a sentence by either putting the “if clause” first and the “main clause” second, or you can reverse them E.g if you exert enough pressure on a piece of wood, it breaks. A piece of wood breaks if you exert enough pressure on it.

Zero conditional examples: : 

Zero conditional examples: If I miss the 7 o’clock bus, I am late for Office. If I am late for class, my miss gets angry. If you cool water to 0C, it freezes. Unless you need more space, a small car is big enough for one person.

ExerciseComplete the sentence… : 

ExerciseComplete the sentence… If you ……., pick me up on the way. If you ……… all your works, go home early. When I ………….. on the phone, please don’t make so much noise. If it ………… take a taxi.

ExerciseComplete the sentence… : 

ExerciseComplete the sentence… If you are going, pick me up on the way. If you have finished all your works, go home early. When I am speaking on the phone, please don’t make so much noise. If it is raining take a taxi.

First Conditional: real possibility : 

First Conditional: real possibility Talks about the future. There is a real possibility that this condition will happen. Have two clause or phrase If clause: gives the condition and has a verb in simple present tense. Main clause: gives the result and has the verb in future. The two ways to make the future are: Will Be going to

If it rains I will stay at home. : 

If it rains I will stay at home. In this type of sentences…. Put the verb in present tense after IF Put the other word in Future tense Which clauses give the condition? If it rains Which condition gives the result of the condition? I will stay at home.

First conditional examples: : 

First conditional examples: If you study hard, you will pass the test. You will pass the test if you study hard. Mariyam will be sad if Fira leaves. If it stops raining, we'll go to the park. If my mom doesn't come to visit me this term, I’ll be very sad.

Exercisecomplete the sentence………. : 

Exercisecomplete the sentence………. If you………...to the supermarket, will you get some milk, please? If Inax………… a cigarette, he’ll be standing outside. I’ll do it again if you ........ happy with it. If she ………….rude, I won’t invite her to the party.

Exercisecomplete the sentence………. : 

Exercisecomplete the sentence………. If you go to the supermarket, will you get some milk, please? If Inax is having a cigarette, he’ll be standing outside. I’ll do it again if you aren’t happy with it. If she is going to be rude, I won’t invite her to the party.

Second Conditional: unreal possibility or dream : 

Second Conditional: unreal possibility or dream Second Conditional is used to talk about 'impossible' or unreal possibility. E.g. If there were no hungry people in this world, it would be a much better place. the form 'If I were you' which is often used to give advice. the 'If clause' can contain the past simple or the past continuous. After the IF, use simple past tense. In other clause, use would + the verb. E.g. Speaking in English would be easier if you practiced more frequently.

Slide 14: 

When you imagine a future happening like this, you use a past tense form after IF; If I got million dollar, I would buy a new house. The meaning here is NOT past tense . . . I didn’t got million dollar and I didn’t buy a new house. I’m imagining a future possibility.

Second conditional examples: : 

Second conditional examples: The World would be (be) a better place if everyone helped (help) others. Mariyam would do (do) better in exam if she worked (work) hard. I would be (be) happy if I married (marry) Mary.

Exercise… : 

Exercise… What would you do if it …… next July? If I……… his number, I would give him a call. If there ……. less cars on the road, there would be less pollution. If I ….. more spare time, I would join the football team. If we ….. enough money, we would travel more often.

Exercise… : 

Exercise… What would you do if it rained next July? If I knew his number, I would give him a call. If there were less cars on the road, there would be less pollution. If I had more spare time, I would join the football team. If we had enough money, we would travel more often.

Third Conditional: no possibility : 

Third Conditional: no possibility Third conditional talks about the past. We talk about a condition in the past that did not happen. The third conditional is also like a dream, but with no possibility of the dream coming true. I probably would have passed the exam if I had studied harder.

Use…. : 

Use…. We use WOULD HAVE + past participial The important thing about the third conditional is that both the condition and result are impossible now. Sometimes, we use should have, could have, might have instead of would have, for example: If you had bought a lottery ticket, you might have won.

Third Conditional examples: : 

Third Conditional examples: If I had won the lottery I would have bought a car. If I had seen Hathu, I would have told her. If they had not passed the exam, their class teacher would have been sad. I would have bought a car, if I had won the lottery. I would have told her, if I had seen her.

Exercise : 

Exercise Use Would have or had If he …… asked me, I ……….... done it. Naash …………. come if it …... been Thursday but it’s on Wednesday. If I ….. seen him in the office, I ……….. told him to call you. He ………. said yes, if you ….. asked him.

Exercise : 

Exercise Use Would have or had If he had asked me, I would have done it. Naash would have come if it had been Thursday but it’s on Wednesday. If I had seen him in the office, I would have told him to call you. He would have said yes, if you had asked him.

Conditionals summary : 

Conditionals summary

THANK YOU…… : 

THANK YOU……

authorStream Live Help