Effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapeutic Program to the Behavioral Domains of Institutionalized Physically Abused Children : Effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapeutic Program to the Behavioral Domains of Institutionalized Physically Abused Children Proponents : Proponents BUSTAMANTE, JEMIMAH S.
CRUZ, MICAELA P.
GUESE, MARIANNE T.
BS PSYCHOLOGY 4Y1-1
S.Y. 2009-2010 INTRODUCTION : INTRODUCTION Parents are said to be inherently loving and nurturing, however, some of them actually deviate from the standard of acceptable behavior- deliberately hurt and even kill their own children. This is supported by a study that presents physical abuse as the second among most frequently confirmed kind of child abuse. Sixty percent of these cases are committed by no less than the children’s own mothers. (Plotnik, 2002)
According to Papalia (2007), physical abuse involves injury directed to other people via violent actions such as punching, beating, kicking, or burning. Children who suffer maltreatment are at risk of going through numerous physical and psychological problems.
Then will the role of an effective intervention strategy comes.
Usually, the children who had been abused by their parents are offered with services which include therapy. There, they receive play or art therapy, and day care in a therapeutic environment. Slide 4: Psychotherapy according to Plotnik (2002), has three fundamental characteristics. These are: verbal interaction between the therapist and the client/s; the development of a supportive relationship in which the client can bring up and discuss traumatic or bothersome experiences that may have led to current problems; and the analysis of the client’s experiences and/or suggested ways for the client to deal with or overcome his or her problems.
Indeed, psychotherapy seems to be more effective however, the availability of these services is at most limited. In a nationally represented survey (Papalia, 2007), almost half of “two to fourteen years old who are reported as maltreated who are investigated by child welfare agencies had clinically significant emotional and behavioral problems, but only one-fourth of those with such problems received mental health care”. Slide 5: The aftermath of this survey is very evident to the institution where which the current researchers chose to conduct this. The lack of intervention strategies, on the basis of the previous research entitled, “The Needs and Behavioral Assessment of Institutionalized Physically Abused Children: A Proposed Psychotherapeutic Program”, prompted the researchers to inquire as to whether the proposed program has an effect to the children who are to be the subjects of this research. Statement of the Problem : Statement of the Problem This research is aimed to the effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavioral
therapeutic program to the behavioral domains of the institutionalized
physically abused children.
Furthermore, it seeks to answer the following questions:
What is the demographic profile of the physically abused children in terms of: 1.1 age; 1.2 gender;
What are the conditions of the institutionalized physically abused children prior to the administration of psychotherapeutic program, in terms of:
2.2 social and
2.3 emotional? Slide 7: 3. What are the conditions of the institutionalized physically abused children after the application of the cognitive-behavioral psychotherapeutic program, which includes:
4. How effective is cognitive-behavioral psychotherapeutic program in terms of:
4.3 emotional; RESEARCH METHODOLOGY : RESEARCH METHODOLOGY RESULTS : RESULTS Slide 20: The table shows an equal distribution of respondents in terms of gender. The number of female respondents in the experimental group is equal to those of male in the same group. The age differs though. The eldest among the experimental group respondents is 14 years old both for male and female and the youngest is 7 years old for female and 9 years old for male Slide 21: The table provides the demographic profile of the respondents in the control group. Compared to the experimental group, the number of male respondents is not equal to the number of female respondents. The male dominates the group, because there is only few in the female who are physically abused. Most of the physically abused are in the male group. Slide 23: Ho: The Cognitive-behavioral therapeutic Program has no significant effects on the behavioral domain of the Institutionalized Physically Abused Children.
Table 3 presents the decision on whether to accept or reject the null hypothesis. This is to establish if both the Control and Experimental Groups started on the same range of functioning. As presented, only the General Mood among all the domains was rejected. This implies that Control and Experimental Group, in this area started from different range of functioning. Slide 25: Interpretations of the average score of the Control and Experimental Group are presented on Table 4. Control Group’s behavioral domains all fall under the Effective Functioning Scale, is indicative of effective psychological, emotional and social performance in general, still there is an area which could be developed for the improvement of the Behavioral Domains. While Experimental Group, on the other hand fall on Enhanced Skill except the Psychological Domain. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS : CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS Conclusions : Conclusions According to the findings of the researchers, the Cognitive-Behavioral Therapeutic Program has its slight significant effect on the majority of the Behavioral Domains of the Experimental Group. The Control Group, on the other hand, achieved a lower score as compared to the pre-test score they took beforehand. The research result imply that the CBT is better as the planned activities of the participating institution. Slide 29: From this, one can infer that the Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapeutic Program is an effective tool in helping Physically Abused Children in coping up with the set-backs of what had occurred to them in the past. Recommendations : Recommendations At the end of the experimental treatment, the researchers suggest the following to variations for future use:
The use of a bigger sample size is recommended to better represent the population of the physically abused children.
The researchers propose a longer timeframe in conducting the said study. This is to have a more comprehensive and in-depth view of the subjects’ response.
Future researcher is also suggested to take in consideration other cases such as the children who have been sexually abused and those who have been neglected by their parents.
The cooperation of other orphanages or institutions could also be sought. This is to provide a point of comparison between institutions in terms of their correspondence.
For the academe, they are encouraged to persuade students to engage themselves in clinically driven researches.
Above all, the researchers strongly recommend the use of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapeutic Program in providing assistance to their physically abused clients.