SMART GRID AND INTEGRATION OF RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES: SMART GRID AND INTEGRATION OF RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES PRESENT BY M VIVEK RESEARCH SCHOLAR PMU What is Smart Grid ?: The Smart Grid is a combination of hardware, management and reporting software, built atop an intelligent communications infrastructure. In the world of the Smart Grid, consumers and utility companies alike have tools to manage, monitor and respond to energy issues . The flow of electricity from utility to consumer becomes a two-way conversation , saving consumers money , energy , delivering more transparency in terms of end-user use, and reducing carbon emissions. What is Smart Grid ? What is Smart Grid ?: Modernization of the electricity delivery system so that it monitors, protects and automatically optimizes the operation of its interconnected elements – from the central and distributed generator through the high-voltage network and distribution system, to industrial users and building automation systems, to energy storage installations and to end-use consumers and their thermostats, electric vehicles, appliances and other household devices . The Smart Grid in large, sits at the intersection of Energy, IT and Telecommunication Technologies . 3 What is Smart Grid ? Steps involved in Smart Grid: Steps involved in Smart Grid Transmission Optimization Demand Side Management Distribution Optimization Asset Optimization SMART GRID IN TRANMISSION : SMART GRID IN TRANMISSION 5 PowerPoint Presentation: Need for development in feature Phasor Measurement Technique Wide Area Measurement (WAM) Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS) Adoptive Islanding Self healing Grids Probabilistic and Dynamic Stability Assessment Distributed and autonomous Control 6 Technology Integration & Grid Management PowerPoint Presentation: Time synchronized sub-second data Dynamic behavior observing Directly provides the phase angles (State Estimation to State Measurement ) Improve post disturbance assessment High data rates and low latency due to computation 7 Benefits of PMU PowerPoint Presentation: 8 Overview of Smart Grid PowerPoint Presentation: Transmission Distribution System Operations Advance Metering Infrastructures Asset Management etc. Asset Management HVDC and UHVAC etc. Self Healing Grids WAMS Adaptive Islanding etc. 9 Smart Grid in Power Sector PowerPoint Presentation: Smart Grid in Distribution Smart Grid in Distribution: Smart Grid in Distribution Distribution Automization Demand Optimaization - Selective Load Control Operation –Islanding of Micro-grids Distribution Automization/Optimization: Distribution Automization/Optimization Managing Distribution Network Model Outage management and AMI Integration DMS & Advanced Switching Applications Integrated Voltage / VAR Control Demand Optimization: Demand Optimization Demand Response – Utility Demand Response – Consumer Demand Response Management System In Home Technology enabling Demand Optimization: Demand Optimization Smart Metering – Automatic, Time of Use, Consumer Communication & Load Control Communications : Automated Metering Infrastructure (AMI) – LAN, WAN, HAN DRMS (Demand Response Management) In Home enabling technology Demand in three category: Immediate, Deferrable, Storable Customer aggregation & De-aggregation required for Peak shifting Demand Optimization: Demand Optimization Energy Usage Information Utility Communication Consumer Enrollment in DR programs In Home Technology- Availability & Purchase , Device Provisioning Control Center with Service Oriented Architecture (BUS): Control Center with Service Oriented Architecture (BUS) Having GIS (geo-spatial Information Systems), AMI, SAP (ERP), OMS (Outage management System), DMS (Distribution Management System), EMS (Energy Management System), DRMS (Demand Response management System). Model manager synchronizes GIS data with OMS, DMS & EMS. Why Smart Grid? : Why Smart Grid? Proactive management of electrical network during emergency situations. Better demand supply / demand response management. Better power quality Reduce carbon emissions. Increasing demand for energy : requires more complex and critical solution with better energy management Drivers of Smart Grid: Drivers of Smart Grid Increasing demand: High Aggregate Technical & Non Technical, Losses:18%-62% Ageing assets…transformers, feeders etc., Grid to carry more power: Need for, Reliability and greater Security Billing and collections: Profitability of distribution companies Energy mix: Need for Renewable to reduce carbon footprint Implementation leads to …..: Implementation leads to ….. Deliver sustainable energy Increased efficiency Empower consumers Improve reliability Smart Grid Wind Generation Potential in INDIA : Wind Generation Potential in INDIA PowerPoint Presentation: Wind Speed: 6.0 m/s Wind Speed: 6.4 m/s Wind Speed: 7.0 m/s Wind Speed: 7.5 m/s Wind Speed: 8.0m/s The wind power potential on a national level, base data collected from 10 states considering only 1% of land availability, is around 46,092 MW. Wind Power Potential Estimated Wind Power Potential India: Estimated Wind Power Potential India State Gross Potential (MW) Andhra Pradesh 9063 Gujrat 7362 Karnatka 7161 Kerala 1026 Madhya Pradesh 4978 Maharashtra 4519 Orissa 1520 Rajasthan 6672 Tamil nadu 4159 West Bengal 32 Total 46092 Map showing the solar radiation across India : Map showing the solar radiation across India Solar Power Potential : Solar Power Potential If tropical India were to convert just 1% of the 5,000 trillion kilowatt-hour of solar radiation (or, simply, sunlight) it receives a year into energy, the country will have enough to meet its energy needs. In most parts of India, clear sunny weather is experienced 250 to 300 days a year. The annual global radiation varies from 1600 to 2200 kWh/sq.m. The equivalent energy potential is about 6,000 million GWh of energy per year. The highest annual global radiation is received in Rajasthan and northern Gujarat. Challenges in Smart Grid: Challenges in Smart Grid Present Infrastructure is inadequate and requires augmentation to support the growth of Smart Grids. Most renewable resources are intermittent and can not be relied on (in its present form) for secure energy supply Regulatory Policies to deal with consequences of Smart Grid; like off peak, peak tariffs and other related matters. Grid Operation : Monitoring & control PowerPoint Presentation: Thank You!