Effects of Frustration in Personality: Effects of Frustration in Personality munavar AIIM Frustration: Frustration Frustration is an emotional response to circumstances where one is obstructed from arriving at a personal goal. Frustration is an emotion that occurs in situations where a person is blocked from reaching a desired outcome. It is comparable to anger and disappointment. Slide 3: According to N.E. Miller " frustration produces instigation to a number of different types of response, one of which is an instigation to some form of aggression ." Causes: Causes Frustration can be a result of blocking motivated behaviour. Example – an executive who wants a promotion but finds he lacks certain qualifications. Another “cause" to frustration is regressive behavior — becoming childish or reverting to earlier and more primitive ways of coping with the goal barrier. Throwing a temper tantrum, bursting into tears, or sulking , wearing a long face and a worried look are other signs of frustration. Slide 5: The frustration can be seen as the result of two types of goal blockage, i.e. internal and external sources of frustration. Internal sources of frustration usually involve the disappointment that get when we cannot have what we want as a result of personal real or imagined deficiencies such as a lack of confidence or fear of social situations. Another type of internal frustration results when a person has competing goals that interfere with one another. Slide 6: Conflict can also be an internal source of frustration when one has competing goals that interfere with one another. eg . a traffic jam preventing us from reaching an appointment, a college rule prohibiting us from taking a particular course, an amorous neighborhood tom cat interrupting our sleep, or our race restricting professional advancement. Slide 7: External causes that involve conditions outside the person such as physical roadblocks we encounter in life including other people and things that get in the way of our goals ; or conditions linked to the person's actions but not directly such as lack of money, or lack of sexual activity. One of the biggest sources of frustration in today's world is the frustration caused by the perception of wasting time. When we are standing in line at a bank, or in traffic, or on the phone, watching your day go by when you have got so much to do, that's one big frustration. After effects of frustration: After effects of frustration ANGER- is expressed toward the object perceived as the cause of the frustration. Anger can be a healthy response if it motivates us to positive action but all too often the actions we engage in when angry are destructive. GIVING UP- is another form of giving in to frustration. When repeatedly frustrated, people can drop out of school, quit jobs, or move away. Apathy is giving up all of your goals, so you cannot be frustrated by trying to reach them. Slide 9: LOSS OF CONFIDENCE- is a terrible frequent side effect of giving up and not fulfilling your goal. A loss of self-confidence and self-esteem means that If we quit once, then the next time we plan a goal, we may not be able to accurately assess our ability to carry it out and we stop trusting ourselves and our own abilities. This became a self-fulfilling and self-destructive attitude STRESS -is the "wear and tear" our body and mind experiences as we adjust to the frustrations our continually changing environment. Slide 10: DEPRESSION- affect almost every aspect of your life. It affects people of all ages, income, race, and cultures. Depression can affect the way you eat and sleep, the way you feel about yourself, the way one think about things, and the way you interact with others. When we feel depression at various appropriate times in our lives, excess or inappropriate depression cannot be easily dismissed or wished away. OTHER REACTIONS- Abuse of drugs or alcohol is self-destructive and usually futile attempt at dealing with frustration, as are many eating and weight problems and addictive behaviors. Effect of frustration in personality: Effect of frustration in personality Effects of frustration on personality can lead to various problems in our work life such as: Job Dissatisfaction Absentisum Lack of interest Reduced level of performance Ineffiency Lack of Commitment Slide 12: Health Problems –physical as well as mental Fatigue, anxiety, headaches, depression, stomachaches, hypertension, migraines, ulcers, heart attacks, or colitis. Reduced Hard work Job Stress Anxiety Sleeplessness Depression High Blood Pressure Anger Loose of appetite Eight ways to overcome frustration: : Eight ways to overcome frustration : 1. Ask Yourself, “What Is Working in This Situation?” 2. Keep an Accomplishments Log 3. Focus On What You Want to Happen 4. Remove the “Noise” and Simplify 5. Multiple Solutions 6. Take Action 7. Visualize a Positive Outcome to the Situation 8. Stay Positive Conclution: Conclution As we know our life is full of frustrations. From the minor irritations of losing something to the major problem of continued failure towards a desired goal. Since many of the things we truly want require a degree of frustration, being able to manage frustration is required in order to allow us to remain happy and positive even in trying circumstances.