logging in or signing up behavior modification munavar87 Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Let's Connect Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Dynamic Copy Does not support media & animations Automatically changes to Flash or non-Flash embed WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 1622 Category: Education License: All Rights Reserved Like it (0) Dislike it (0) Added: November 09, 2011 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 0 Presentation Description No description available. Comments Posting comment... Premium member Presentation Transcript Behavior Modification: Behavior Modification Munavar AIIMDefinition: Behavior modification is a treatment approach, based on the principles of operant conditioning, that replaces undesirable behaviors with more desirable ones through positive or negative reinforcement . It is the any process derived from learning theory where the goal is to change a person's behavior or the way he or she interacts with the world. DefinitionTwo main concepts: it is based on: Classical and Operant Conditioning . Classical conditioning refers to the pairing of naturally occurring stimulus-response chains with other stimuli in order to produce a similar response. Operant conditioning started as an experiment in learning and developed into the Law of Effect and our knowledge of reinforcement, punishment, and extinction Two main conceptsShaping : Shaping refers to the reinforcement of behaviors that approximate or come close to the desired new behavior. The procedure for producing new behavior is called shaping. Shapingmethods: 4 ways in which to shape behavior Positive reinforcement Negative reinforcement Punishment Extinction. methodsPositive reinforcement: If a behavior meets with favorable consequences, it is strengthened and is likely to be repeated. Positive reinforcement results from the application of a positive consequence following a desirable behavior. The operation of presenting a positive reinforcer contingent upon a response is called positive reinforcement Positive reinforcementNegative reinforcement: A behavior responsible for the removal of something undesirable is repeated when that desirable state is encountered again. Negative reinforcement results from withholding a threatened negative consequence when a desirable behavior occur. The operation of removing an aversive stimulus contingent upon a response is called negative reinforcement Negative reinforcementpunishment: Used to decrease the undesired behavior. Punishment is causing an unpleasant condition in an attempt to eliminate an undesirable behavior. It may be used in 2 ways: 1) Punish a person is through the application of a negative consequences. 2) punish a person is through the withholding or withdrawal of a positive consequence punishmentextinction: Extinction is eliminating any reinforcement that maintaining a behavior. When behavior is not reinforced, it tends to be gradually extinguished . extinctioncharacteristics to behavior modification: There is a strong emphasis on defining problems in terms of behavior that can be measured in some way. The treatment techniques are ways of altering an individual's current environment to help that individual function more fully. The methods and rationales can be described precisely. The techniques are often applied in everyday life. characteristics to behavior modificationContd…: The techniques are based largely on principles of learning - specifically operant conditioning and respondent conditioning There is a strong emphasis on scientific demonstration that a particular technique was responsible for a particular behavior change. There is a strong emphasis on accountability for everyone involved in a behavior modification program. Contd …Ob mod: It represents the application of reinforcement concepts to individuals in the work setting. It is used to improve employee productivity and also to reduce errors, absenteeism, accident rates and to improve friendliness toward customers. Ob mod5 steps of problem solving model: Identifying critical behavior Developing baseline data Identifying behavioral consequences Developing and implementing an intervention strategy Evaluating performance improvement 5 steps of problem solving modelConclusion: Behavior modification has great potential to be used for the good of society and may even be used to eliminate the oppression of some humans by others that has characterized all societies from the drawn of recorded history to the present. Conclusion You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.