Fire Extinguisher Training

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EXTINGUISHER:

EXTINGUISHER D TRAINING

Objectives:

Objectives Understand the combustion process and different fire classes. Understand fire extinguisher types, operating procedures, capabilities, and limitations. Understand basic firefighting concepts: R.A.C.E. P.A.S.S.

The Combustion Process:

The Combustion Process THE FIRE TETRAHEDRON FUEL TEMPERATURE OXYGEN CHAIN REACTION

Fire Classes:

Fire Classes A Trash Wood Paper C Electrical Equipment B Liquids Grease COMBUSTIBLE METALS D wood cloth paper rubber many plastics gasoline oil grease tar oil-based paint lacquer flammable gases energized electrical equipment magnesium sodium potassium titanium zirconium other flammable metals

Fire Classes (cont.):

Fire Classes (cont.) K Cooking Media Recently recognized by NFPA 10. Fires involving combustible vegetable or animal non-saturated cooking fats in commercial cooking equipment. CLASS K FIRES

Fire Extinguisher Anatomy:

Fire Extinguisher Anatomy DISCHARGE HOSE DISCHARGE NOZZLE DISCHARGE ORIFICE BODY DATA PLATE CARRYING HANDLE PRESSURE GAUGE (not found on CO 2 extinguishers) DISCHARGE LEVER DISCHARGE LOCKING PIN AND SEAL

Fire Extinguisher Ratings:

Fire Extinguisher Ratings NUMERAL FIRE CLASS RANGE DIRECT INDEX OF THE SIZE FIRE THE QUANTITY OF AGENT CAN HANDLE 1-A thru 40-A A Trash Wood Paper INDICATION OF THE SQUARE FOOT AREA OF FLAMMABLE LIQUID THE EXTINGUISHER WILL HANDLE 1-B thru 640-B B Liquids Grease C Electrical Equipment NO NUMERAL IS USED BECAUSE THERE ARE NO DEGREES OF SAFETY WHERE ELECTRICITY IS CONCERNED N/A NOT APPLICABLE BECAUSE OF THE SPECIALIZED NATURE OF THE BURNING MATERIAL N/A D COMBUSTIBLE METALS K Cooking Media 1-A:C:K or 2-A:C:K DIRECT INDEX OF THE SIZE FIRE THE QUANTITY OF AGENT CAN HANDLE

Fire Extinguisher Applications:

Fire Extinguisher Applications FIRE CLASS EFFECTIVE EXTINGUISHER TYPES PRESSURIZED WATER, MULTIPURPOSE DRY CHEMICAL, LARGER SIZE HALON, WET CHEMICAL MULTIPURPOSE DRY CHEMICAL, CARBON DIOXIDE, HALON MULTIPURPOSE DRY CHEMICAL, CARBON DIOXIDE, HALON, WET CHEMICAL COMBUSTIBLE METAL D COMBUSTIBLE METALS B Liquids Grease C Electrical Equipment A Trash Wood Paper K Cooking Media WET CHEMICAL

Fire Extinguisher Types:

Fire Extinguisher Types Class “A” fires only. 2.5 gal. water at 150-175 psi (up to 1 minute discharge time). Has pressure gauge to allow visual capacity check. 30-40 ft. maximum effective range. Can be started and stopped as necessary. Extinguishes by cooling burning material below the ignition point. PRESSURIZED WATER

Fire Extinguisher Types (cont.):

Fire Extinguisher Types (cont.) Class “B” or “C” fires. 2.5-100 lb. of CO 2 gas at 150-200 psi (8-30 seconds discharge time). Has NO pressure gauge--capacity verified by weight. 3-8 ft. maximum effective range. Extinguishes by smothering burning materials. Effectiveness decreases as temperature of burning material increases. CARBON DIOXIDE (CO 2 )

Fire Extinguisher Types (cont.):

Fire Extinguisher Types (cont.) Class “A”, “B”, or “C” fires. 2.5-20 lb. dry chemical (ammonium phosphate) pressurized to 50-200 psi by nitrogen gas (8-25 seconds discharge time). Has pressure gauge to allow visual capacity check. 5-20 ft. maximum effective range. Extinguishes by smothering burning materials. MULTIPURPOSE DRY CHEMICAL

Fire Extinguisher Types (cont.):

Fire Extinguisher Types (cont.) Class “A”, “B”, or “C” fires (smaller sizes ineffective against Class “A”). 9-17 lb. Halon 1211 (pressurized liquid) released as vapor (8-18 seconds discharge time). Has pressure gauge to allow visual capacity check. 9-16 ft. maximum effective range. Works best in confined area--ideal for electronics fire due to lack of residue. Extinguishes by smothering burning materials. Fumes toxic if inhaled. Halon is ozone depleting chemical--production halted in Jan ‘94. HALON

Fire Extinguisher Types (cont.):

Fire Extinguisher Types (cont.) Class “D” combustible metal fires only. 30 lb. pressurized dry powder optimized for specific combustible metal (also available in bulk containers for hand scooping onto fire to extinguish). 6-8 ft. maximum effective range. To activate, must first open nitrogen cylinder on back to pressurize body. Extinguishes by smothering burning materials. COMBUSTIBLE METAL D COMBUSTIBLE METALS

Fire Extinguisher Types (cont.):

Fire Extinguisher Types (cont.) Class “A”, “C”, and “K” fires. 1.5 gal. of stored pressure PRX wet chemical extinguishing agent (40 sec. discharge time) . 10-12 ft. maximum effective range. On Class “K” fires, don’t use until after fixed extinguishing system has activated. Extinguishes by cooling and forming foam blanket to prevent reignition. WET CHEMICAL A Trash Wood Paper A Trash Wood Paper C Electrical Equipment C Electrical Equipment K Cooking Media

Fire Extinguisher Summary:

Fire Extinguisher Summary EXTINGUISHER TYPE WORKS BY EFFECTIVE AGAINST PRESSURIZED WATER CARBON DIOXIDE MULTIPURPOSE DRY CHEMICAL HALON COMBUSTIBLE METAL COOLING SMOTHERING SMOTHERING SMOTHERING SMOTHERING D WET CHEMICAL COOLING/ SMOTHERING

Fire Emergency Response:

Fire Emergency Response R R escue A larm C ontain E xtinguish A C E

Firefighting Decision Criteria:

Firefighting Decision Criteria Know department emergency procedures and evacuation routes. Know locations of extinguishers in your area and how to use them. Always sound the alarm regardless of fire size. Avoid smoky conditions. Ensure area is evacuated. Don’t attempt to fight unless: Alarm is sounded. Fire is small and contained . You have safe egress route (can be reached without exposure to fire). Available extinguishers are rated for size and type of fire. If in doubt, evacuate!

Fighting the Fire:

Fighting the Fire S weep side to side A im low at the base of flames S queeze the handle P ull the pin P A S S

Summary:

Summary Combustion process (Fire Tetrahedron). Class A, B, C, D, K fires. Types of portable fire extinguishers: Operating procedures. Capabilities and limitations. Basic firefighting concepts: R.A.C.E. P.A.S.S.

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