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Islam * Compatible with Judeo-Christian monotheism * Acknowledges revealed books * Old Testament * New Testament * Last Testament * Reveres prophets and messengers throughout time

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Divinely revealed faiths Kindness M odesty C ompassion H onesty G enerosity J ustice

Major Acts of Worship in Islam _________________________________________________________________________________________ :

Major Acts of Worship in Islam _________________________________________________________________________________________ Declaration of Faith Five Daily Prayers Alms Tax on Savings Fasting in Ramadan Pilgrimage to Mecca

Declaration of Faith:

Declaration of Faith “ I bear witness that there is no god but Allah (The One True God) and Mohammed is His messenger .” The Muslim’s pledge to submit to Allah and follow His guidance ...

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Five Daily Prayers

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Five Daily Prayers Before sunrise At noon Afternoon After sunset After dark “…and establish prayer for My Remembrance (20:14), and to “seek help in patience and prayer.” (2:153) The prayer promotes self-discipline and trains us to make a connection with God and keep it strong.

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Giving Zakat

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Alms Tax on Savings 2.5% On savings that have accumulated for one year To be distributed to the poor It provides social security for the disadvantaged and weak, and promotes good will and brotherhood. It is an act of gratitude for our wealth and an act of worship ...

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Fasting Ramadan

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Fasting Ramadan The ninth lunar month Commemorates the revelation of the Quran “Fasting has been prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you so that you may learn God consciousness .. ” (Quran 2:183) Fasting promotes self-control, patience and compassion for the poor ….

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Hajj : Pilgrimage to Mecca

Hajj : Pilgrimage to Mecca:

Hajj : Pilgrimage to Mecca Required once in a lifetime Financial and physical ability To answer God’s call to the first house of worship on earth (3:96-97) ... Remembering the reason for our existence, which is to answer God’s call with worship. Pilgrimage also reminds us of our brotherhood and equality before God, and resembles standing before Him on Judgment Day ...

Hajj : An annual event:

The Islamic calendar is based on the lunar cycle ... Hajj falls in the last month of the year ... Hajj : An annual event 12 Dhu Al-Hijjah Days of Hajj

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_________________________________________________________________________________________ The Kaaba The central gathering place

The Kaaba : The central gathering place:

The Kaaba : The central gathering place Roughly cubical (15m) * It is not a temple, church, or shrine, but the physical axis of the Muslim world, a focal point said to be the first building ever consecrated to the worship of God, toward which Muslims pray. The worship of God is the Muslim’s central focus.

The Kaaba historically:

“ Remember We made the House a place of assembly for men and a place of safety; and take ye the place of Abraham as a place of prayer…” (2:25) It has been rebuilt several times in the same place and shape since Abraham’s time ... The Kaaba historically

Abraham – The Founding Father of Hajj:

Abraham – The Founding Father of Hajj Monotheist : “As for me, I have set myself, firmly and truly, towards Him Who created the heavens and the earth, and never shall I give partners to the [one true] God.” (6:97) Muslim : When his Lord said to him, “Submit!” he promptly responded, “I have submitted to the Lord of the Universe.” (2:131)

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Abraham – The Founding Father of Hajj “ And remember when Abraham and Ishmael raised the foundations of the house…” (2:127) [God ordered] “And proclaim the pilgrimage among men: they will come to you on foot and mounted on every kind of camel, lean on account of journey through deep and distant mountain highways.” (22:27)

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Muhammad restores the Hajj “ ... Abraham prayed, ‘Our Lord! Raise up in their midst a messenger from among them who shall recite to them your revelations… you are All Powerful and All Wise.’” (2:129) Centuries later, Muhammad was born from the descendants of Abraham and proclaimed Islam, or submission to God, the same religion that Abraham preached. With Allah’s command, Muhammad revived the hajj by restoring its pure foundations and eliminating the pagan idols and customs that gradually defiled it ...

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Major Rites of Hajj & their Origin

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commemorates the way Abraham and Ishmael carried out the God’s order to do so as a token of their gratitude that they were asked to construct such a significant and sacred house of worship. Circumambulation of the Kaaba

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Jogging between the hills of As- Safaa and Al- Marwa commemorates Hagar’s desperate search for water for her thirsty child as she courageously accepted God’s command that she and her son settle alone in the barren valley of Bacca ...

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which was first provided for Hagar and her son, in recognition of God’s generous blessing ... Drinking from the well of Zamzam

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A day of prayer on the plain of Arafah is the most significant rite of Hajj, as Prophet Muhammad said. It is said to be the place of Abraham’s intended sacrifice. Prophet Muhammad gave his last sermon from this location, which was attended by almost 100,000 Muslims. He reconfirmed the importance of equality, justice, tolerance and peace with all mankind, and confirmed the sanctity of honor, property and life.

Praying on Mount Arafat:

Praying on Mount Arafat

Sacrificial animal - the feast of Eid :

Sacrificial animal - the feast of Eid * An animal is slaughtered by each pilgrim to commemorate Abraham's willingness to sacrifice his only son. The meat is distributed to the poor ..

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[Abraham] said, “O my son! I have seen in a dream that I must sacrifice you. So what do you think?” He [Ishmael] said, “O my father, do that which you are commanded. If God so wills, you shall find me of the patient.” So when they had both submitted their wills [to God], and he laid him prostrate on his forehead [for sacrifice], We called out to him, “O Abraham! You have indeed fulfilled your vision!” Thus do we reward the righteous.” And we ransomed him with a momentous sacrifice. And We left [this reminder] for him among generations in later times. (37:102-107)

Rejecting Evil:

Rejecting Evil

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“… Satan is to man an avowed enemy! ” (12:5) “…I will lie in wait for them on Your Straight Path. Then I will assault them from before them and behind them, from their right and their left…” (7:17) Stoning the devil is a symbolic act of rejecting, fighting and disabling evil forces that undermine faith. It commemorates Abraham’s resistance of Satan’s attempts at 3 different places to dissuade him from carrying out God’s command; Abraham pelted Satan with stones to ward off temptation ...

Hajj at a glimpse:

Tomorrow Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday Hajj at a glimpse

Effects of Hajj : Refocus :

Effects of Hajj : Refocus Enables one to put worldly interests aside – work, family, friends, entertainment – for a spiritual retreat ... Provides a chance to refocus on the higher purpose of life: devotion to God in all things ...

Effects of Hajj : Unity:

Effects of Hajj : Unity A Muslim connects with other Muslims in the current Muslim “ U mmah .” It is the largest annual international peace conference, with representatives from every country of the world . A physical www A Muslim connects through time with Abraham, Hagar, Ishmael, whose acts are the bases for the pilgrimage rites, and with Muhammad, who restored pure monotheistic worship in Mecca ...

Effects of Hajj : Brotherhood:

Effects of Hajj : Brotherhood More than 2 million people of all races, classes and nations gather together in the valley of Mecca, where distinctions among people vanish, giving one a sense of equality with all others ... Patience, tolerance and brotherhood develop as each pilgrim experiences the exertion and sentiments of the other.

Effects of Hajj : Gratitude:

Effects of Hajj : Gratitude Temporary loss of residence, everyday comforts, familiar company and personal items make one grateful for these provisions in daily life. Having the opportunity to participate in the pilgrimage makes one feel complete in his duty to God, since the Quran says, “Due to God from the people is pilgrimage to the House” (3:96-97).

Effects of Hajj : A Reminder :

Effects of Hajj : A Reminder The great gathering, the dress of white shrouds, and the masses’ pleas for forgiveness draws one’s attention to his own death, resurrection and standing before God on Judgment Day. Some people’s perception of life is forever changed after the hajj ...

Hajj Summary:

A visit to the first house of worship on earth; a duty to God ... Replicates the acts of Abraham and his family, who were pure monotheists ... Reference is to the hajj of Muhammad, who restored the correct practices ... Stress on repentance, worshipping God, resisting evil, and brotherhood. Re-establishes God as the focus of life ... Hajj Summary

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