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1 Published in INDIAN JOURNAL OF ADULT EDUCATION ISSN 0019-5006 October-December 2015 Vol.76 No.4 pp.15-32 ______________________________________________________________________ ‘Cosmicism’ the True Eternal Theism: Realizing the Supreme Cosmic Reality through Basic Cosmic Education for Global Adults M. V. Lakshmi Reddy Global Human Context: Need for Basic Cosmic Education for Adults Many of us are aware that the Earth is very minute particle in the infinite cosmos. This fact might spin a great surprise among most of the global adults. For them many facts about the Earth the Moon the Sun the stars the galaxies and the cosmos as a whole might be quite surprising because of their lack of knowledge and understanding of these basic cosmic objects and related facts. So often they may get easily carried away by myths blind-beliefs and misinformation about these objects. By providing basic cosmic education they can be enabled to appreciate the established facts about these objects including the supreme cosmic reality. In the global human context the existing level of knowledge and understanding of adults about basic cosmic objects and facts can be understood by looking at the following questions with a rider as to what percent of them might be aware of the relevant answers: Is the Earth a huge moving sphere in the space What is the diameter of the Earth across its poles and across its equator What is the distance between the Earth and the Sun Is the Earth rotating around itself and also revolving around the Sun What is the speed of rotation and revolution of the Earth How is the Earth spinning with such speed in space Is Moon rotating on its axis and also revolving around the Earth What is the distance between Moon and the Earth How many other planets are there revolving around the Sun at what distances and with what speed

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2 What is the size of the Sun How big is the solar system Does the Sun also rotate and revolve around some other cosmic object What is meant by lunar month Earth year planet year and cosmic year Is the Sun just like any other star we see in the night sky or is it different Do all stars have planets like Earth revolving around them Is there possibility of life on the exo-planets of other star systems What is a galaxy Do all the stars revolve around the core of their galaxy How many stars might be there in a galaxy To which galaxy does the Sun belong How many galaxies are there in the cosmos Of these how many stars and galaxies can we see at best in the clear night sky What are the units generally used to measure very long distances such as those between the stars and galaxies in space What is the size of the cosmos Is the size of cosmos constant forever What is the supreme cosmic reality These questions might be mind-blowing. Nevertheless the astronomers and the space scientists among others could find answers to these questions -- some answers precisely and some of course approximately. The answers available to the above questions among others form very strong basis for providing basic cosmic education to the global humanity which is crucial for raising their knowledge understanding common consciousness and appreciation of cosmic reality to a higher level. Hence adult educationists need to formulate a ‘broad framework of basic cosmic education for global adults’ that will set the beginning of an irreversible march towards ultimate realization by the humanity of the eternally integrated comprehensive cosmic whole which is termed as ‘cosmicism’ sic. This paper is precisely an attempt towards this end. Cosmicism: What Why and How There exists large number of philosophical ‘isms’ Just to mention a few Idealism Naturalism Materialism Realism Pragmatism Existentialism and so on. These ‘isms’ have set their own concepts the goal of human life and interpreted the ultimate truth in their own way and accordingly identified diverse means and methods

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3 of realizing the same. All the ‘isms’ have their own peculiarities inherent merits and limitations. Nevertheless there is no universal agreement on any one of these ‘isms’ for various reasons. The context and purpose of this paper limits the author from naming all these ‘isms’ or touching upon their aspects. The fact therefore is that all ‘isms’ till date have independently and collectively remained inadequate to firmly objectively and harmoniously guide the humanity towards realization of the supreme cosmic reality. Fortunately the unimaginable pace of advancement in science and technology could help the space scientists physicists astronomers and others to establish some undisputed facts about the eternally integrated basic cosmic objects. The comprehensive articulation about these objects and facts constitutes ‘cosmicism’ sic which the author introduces here. The concept of ‘cosmicism’ thus coined is delineated in reasonable details below. A. Concept of ‘Cosmicism’: The True Eternal Theism ‘Cosmicism’ espouses an orderly articulation of facts about universally established basic cosmic objects. It embraces absolute rationalism and empiricism intrinsically underlying the inseparable hierarchical interlinks between and among these objects finally leading to human realization of the supreme cosmic reality in the integrated comprehensive cosmic whole which is the goal of cosmicism. It begins with the proximate cosmic objects which are visible to the unaided human eye and extends to those in the far cosmos which are invisible and intelligible to humanity only based on objective understanding and perfect reflection about the same. Cosmicism believes that through proper education centering around the basic cosmic objects every human being is capable of understanding reflecting and appreciating the supreme cosmic reality. It thus embodies basic cosmic education aimed at presenting these objects and related facts in lucid and systematically articulated manner to promote highest reflective appreciation among global adults for

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4 their collective realization of such reality. Here ‘adult’ is considered to be a person of any physical age but has enough mental or intellectual ability and maturity to understand reflect upon and appreciate the indisputably established facts about these cosmic objects. Basic cosmic education thus forms the core of ‘Cosmicism’ -- the true supreme and eternal theism. Here the author uses the term ‘cosmicism’ to mean “an objective and perfect appreciation by the global humanity of logically empirically and hierarchically inter-linked cosmic objects with wide-ranging mass size gravity rotation and revolution existing as the integral components of well-integrated comprehensive cosmic whole with supremely mighty cosmic entities eternally interspersed as core components at invisible distances in the farther spaces of the infinite cosmos ”. ‘Objective’ here implies without any subjectivity or bias in their appreciation in favour or against the objects based on their proximity or distance and ‘perfect’ implies recognizing the objects as they existed existing and will be existing in space and time. ‘Cosmicism’ is thus an absolutely objective and perfect appreciation of the depiction of these objects in the eternal cosmos. B. The Goal of Cosmicism and the Path to its Realization One and the only one goal of ‘cosmicism’ is the ultimate realization by the entire global humanity of the supreme cosmic reality eternally integrated in the comprehensive cosmic whole. How to realize such supreme cosmic reality The path to such realization is ‘basic cosmic education for global adults’. It aims at enhancing the entire humanity’s basic level of knowledge awareness understanding common consciousness critical reflection and appreciation about the basic cosmic objects and related facts. Such appreciation must be universal and unified and attainable through purely and precisely object-centric and fact-centric education intrinsically directed towards realizing the supreme cosmic reality.

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5 C. The Core Content of Cosmicism The core content of cosmicism includes only the indisputably established facts about the basic cosmic objects including the inter-relationships existing between and among them. Its frame must provide for such content organized in logical and hierarchical order of integration starting from the most proximate one to those infinitely far and supreme. The content per se must be absolutely objective. The content should be depicted in simple systematic and easily intelligible manner to provide an exalted experience to the global humanity for their realization of the comprehensive cosmic whole. With such perspective the author here presents Cosmicism depicting a broad framework of its core content as basic cosmic education which is given in the form of relevant questions and answers in Table 1. Table-1 Cosmicism: A Broad Framework of Basic Cosmic Education for Global Adults Sl. No. Question Answer Established fact / Estimated or Approximate Answer I About the Earth a Is the Earth a spinning sphere in the space How can we convince everyone about this fact Yes the Earth is a spinning sphere in space. There are two straightforward explanations for this which are indistinguishable from one another. 1  The entire sky along with all the stars in it spins around the Earth within a period of 24 hours. As we observe all the stars appear to change position gradually throughout night and Sun also appears to change his position throughout day.  The entire sky to the best of our observations is stationary but appears to spin because the Earth is rotating beneath sky. b What exactly is the shape of the Earth Earth is not a perfect sphere. It is an oblate spheroid i.e. it is a rotationally symmetric ellipsoid having a polar axis shorter than the diameter of the equatorial circle whose plane bisects it. 2 c What is the diameter of the Earth across the poles and across the equator What is its mass  Polar Diameter: 7901 miles 12715 kilometers. 3  Equatorial Diameter: 7926 miles 12756 kilometers. 3 i.e. equatorial circumference is more than 40000 km.  Average Diameter: 12742 km. 4  Mass: 5972190000000000 billion kg. 5 d Is the Earth rotating on its axis Yes it is rotating on its polar axis. It completes one rotation per day. 1

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6 e Is the Earth also revolving around the Sun Yes the Earth is revolving around the Sun in an orbit which is elliptical or slightly oval-shaped. 6 f What is the speed and direction of rotation and revolution of the Earth  Rotation speed: 1670 kilometers/hour 1037 miles/hr. 7  Revolution speed: 108000 km/hr. 8  Direction of rotation and revolution: Eastward i.e. counter-clock wise. 8 g What time does the Earth take to make one revolution around the Sun  The Earth completes one orbit every 365.242199 mean solar days i.e. one year travelling about 946700000 km in each orbit. 9 II About the Moon the Earth’s Satellite a What is the shape of Moon Moon is slightly similar to the shape of typical bird egg that is larger on one end than on the other. 10 b What is the size and mass of Moon How far is the Moon from the Earth  Average Diameter: 3475 km. 11 i.e. its circumference is about 10910 km.  Mass: 73476730924573500 million kg. 11 i.e.1 Earth 81 Moons.  Average Distance of Moon from Earth: 384400 km. 11 c Does the Moon also rotate on its axis Does it revolve around the Earth  Moon’s rotation exactly matches its orbit around the Earth which is why it looks like it never rotates. 12  Moon rotates about its axis in almost the same time it takes to orbit the Earth. This results in it nearly keeping the same face turned towards the Earth. 13 d What time does Moon take for its rotation and revolution How much distance it travels in its revolution around the Earth  To complete one rotation on its axis Moon takes approximately 27 days. 14  Moon revolves or orbits round the Earth once every 27.322 days. 15  In each orbit Moon travels about 2424240 km. 15 e What is the speed of Moon’s rotation and revolution  Rotation speed: About 400 km/hr. 11 13 and 14  Revolution speed: About 3700 km/hr or 2300 mi/hr. 15 III About the Sun the Solar System a What is the size of the Sun How big is it in comparison with the Earth  Suns Diameter: About 864938 miles or 1391980 km. i.e. about 109 times that of the Earth. 16  Volume: 1299400 times bigger than that of Earth. 16 b What is the distance between the Earth and the Sun What is this distance called  Farthest distance Aphelion: About 94.5 million miles 152 million km. 17  Closest approach Perihelion: About 91 million miles 146 million km. 17  Average distance: 92955807 miles / 149597870 km i.e. approximately 93 million miles or 150 million km. It is called 1 AU Astronomical Unit. 17 c What is a solar star system A solar star system refers to a star and all the objects that travel in their orbits around it. Our solar system consists of the Sun the planets and their natural satellites dwarf planets asteroids and comets. 18 d What is the mass of the Sun and its proportion in comparison with the entire mass of the solar system Mass of Sun: 1989100000000000000000 billion kg i.e. equal to 333060 Earths. This mass of Sun constitutes 99.86 of the total mass of our Solar System. i.e. the mass of all planets their satellites asteroids comets etc together constitute just 0.14 of the mass of solar system. 19

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7 e What is the Sun made of What is its temperature  About three quarters of Sun’s mass is hydrogen and the rest is mostly helium. 19  Its surface temperature: 5500 °C. 19 f How many planets are there revolving around the Sun and what are their sizes Sun’s planets and their sizes include the following: 20  Mercury diameter 4880 km  Venus diameter 12104 km  Earth diameter 12756 km  Mars diameter 6794 km  Jupiter diameter 24000 km  Saturn diameter 120000 km  Uranus diameter 52400 km  Neptune diameter 48000 km.  The dwarf planets are: Pluto Ceres and Eris. g Do all other planets also rotate on their axes as well as revolve in their orbits around the Sun At what distances do these planets revolve in their orbits around the Sun Yes other planets also rotate on their axes and revolve around the Sun. 21 The average distances of planets from the Sun in AUs 1 AU 150000000 km are as follows 21 :  Mercury 0.387 AU  Venus 0.722 AU  Earth 1 AU  Mars 1.52 AU  Jupiter 5.20 AU  Saturn 9.58 AU  Uranus 19.2 AU  Neptune 30.1 AU  Pluto 39.5 AU h What time does each of these planets take to make one revolution in their respective orbits around the Sun One revolution time of each of the planets of the Sun is as follows: 22  Mercury 88 days  Venus 224.7 days  Earth 365.24 days  Mars 687 days  Jupiter 4332 days  Saturn 10760 days  Uranus 30700 days  Neptune 60200 days  Pluto 90600 days i What is the cause of Earth’s and other planets’ revolution around the Sun Will their speed of rotation ever slow down increase or remain constant forever  Revolution of the Earth and other planets is due to the combined effect of gravitational pull of the Earth plus other planets and the centripetal force of the Sun operating on its planets. 23  Planets keep rotating because of conservation of angular momentum which always remains constant when it is not influenced by any external force or twist. 23  The planets will spin on their axes forever unless they are hit by some other huge body or influenced by any external force. As the planets are spinning in the vacuum slowing down of the rate of their spin is negligible. 24 j Is the Sun like any other star we see in the sky Does the Sun also rotate and revolve Around which body does the Sun revolve  Yes the Sun is just the star nearest to us. The Sun also rotates and revolves. The Sun revolves around the centre of its galaxy called Milky Way galaxy. 18

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8 k Do all the planets rotate and revolve in the same direction Is the direction of the Sun’s revolution same as that of its planets  Most of the planets rotate and revolve in the eastward anti-clock wise direction. However Venus Uranus and Pluto rotate in the opposite direction. 25  The direction of revolution of Sun is same as its planets. 23 l Whether the plane of rotation and revolution of the Sun and all its planets the same All the planets except Pluto orbit the Sun in essentially the same plane. The ecliptic plane then contains most of the objects which are orbiting the Sun. 26 m Where is our Sun solar system located in the space Our solar system is located in a galaxy called Milky Way. 27 IV Important Units of Distance in Space and of time A Units of Distance in Space a What is an Astronomical Unit AU AU is the average distance between the Sun and the Earth. It is 92955807 miles or 149597870 km i.e. About 93 million miles or 150 million km. 17 b What is the speed of light in space or vacuum Speed of light is 186282 miles per second or 299792 kilometers per second. 28 i.e. approximately 300000 km/sec. c What is a light year How big is it compared to AU How is it useful  Light Year: It is the distance that light can travel in one Earth year at the velocity of about 300000 kilometers per second. One light- year is equal to 9500000000000 kilometers i.e. 9.5 trillion km. 29  A light-year is about 63333 times longer than an AU. d What is a parsec How big is it compared to a light year Although the light year is a commonly used unit astronomers prefer a still bigger unit called the parsec pc. A parsec is equal to 3.26 light years. We often put a prefix in front of it -- like kiloparsecs kpc equal to 1000 parsecs or Megaparsecs Mpc equal to a million parsecs. 30 B Units of Time in Space e What is a lunar month A lunar month is the amount of time Moon takes to pass through all its phases -- new moon half moon full moon and then return back to its original position i.e. no-moon phase which is a point in its orbit where the Sun is in the same position from our point of view. It takes 29 days 12 hours 44 minutes and 3 seconds for the Moon to complete one lunar month. 31 f What is Earth year A Earth year is the time the Earth takes to make one orbit around the Sun. It is 365.24 days. 32 g What is a planetary year A planetary year is the length of time it takes any particular planet to revolve around the Sun. The planets revolve around the Sun in different amounts of time so a "year" on each planet is different See answer against question at Sl. No. III h above for different planet years. Thus farther a planet is from the Sun the longer its year. 33 h What is a cosmic year Cosmic year: Time one journey of our solar system around the center of the Milky Way galaxy takes is sometimes called a cosmic year. It’s approximately 225-250 million years. 34 V Stars and the Galaxies a What is a galaxy in the space A galaxy is a gravitationally bound system consisting of stars stellar remnants an interstellar medium of gas and dust nebulae and dark matter. 35 b How many stars are there in Milky Way galaxy Stars in MW galaxy: More than 200 billion stars. 36

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9 c Which is the star nearest to the Sun What is the distance between the Sun and this nearest star Proxima Centauri is the star nearest to the Sun. It is at 4 light-years i.e. about 38 trillion km away from the Earth. 37 d Which is the largest known star How bright is it How far is it from the Earth VY Canis Majoris is the largest known star at 5000 light-years away from the Earth. It is about 1800-2100 times the radius of the Sun 500000 times brighter than our Sun about 30 times more massive than our Sun. 38 and 39 e Which is the brightest known star How far is it from the Earth Eta Carinae is the brightest known star. Its size is about 800 times that of our Sun mass about 100 times that of our Sun and about 4000000 times brighter than our Sun. Note: Though it is much smaller than VY Canis Majoris yet it is 8 times brighter than VY Canis Majoris. 39 f How big is Milky Way galaxy What is the mass of Milky Way galaxy What is the distance of the Sun from the centre of Milky Way galaxy  Maximum size of MW galaxy: About 120000 light years across 39 or more than 30 kpc. 30  The mass of MW galaxy is equivalent to the mass of 1.9 trillion Suns 36 or 8kpc. 30  Sun’s distance from the MW galaxy’s centre is about 28000 light- years. 40 g How many solar systems have been discovered from Milky Way galaxy More than 500 solar systems have been discovered so far and new ones are being discovered every year. 36 h Whether every star has planets revolving around it How may planets are there in Milky Way galaxy  Yes nearly every star hosts at least one alien planet orbiting it. 41  There are about two-to-three trillion planets in MW galaxy alone. 42 i Is there life on the planets of every star system About 20 of the stars i.e. every fifth star harbor a planet between one and two times the size of the Earth in the habitable zone. 43 So far 10 of the known exo-planets are most likely to host alien life. 44 Note: What those worlds are like is not known. 41 j What is the average speed at which the Sun is revolving around MW galaxy’s centre and how long does it take to complete one round  Sun is revolving around centre of MW galaxy at an average velocity of 828000 km/hr i.e. 230 km/sec. 40  Sun takes about 230 million years to complete a round in its orbit around the Milky Way galaxy’s centre. 40 k Whether all the stars also revolve around the centre of their respective galaxy What is the shape of a galaxy  Yes all the stars also revolve around the centre of their respective galaxy. 44  The shape of a galaxy is like 2D plane spiral like. All galaxies are spiral like in their shape. 45 l Can we see Milky Way galaxy every night with our unaided naked eye How does it look like  Most of the stars we see as little twinkling dots in the night sky are part of the Milky Way galaxy. 46  Milky Way looks like a giant swath of milky haze in the clear night sky. 27 m Which is the next big galaxy nearest to our Milky Way galaxy How far is it from Milky Way galaxy Can we see it also  The Andromeda Galaxy also a spiral galaxy is the one nearest to MW galaxy. It is at 21 quintillion km away i.e. 21000000000000000000 km. 47  It’s the most distant galaxy we can see with our unaided eye. 48

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10 n How many stars and galaxies are there in the universe or the cosmos The best estimates suggest that there are at least 70 billion trillion 70 sextillion or 7x10 22 stars of various sizes and brightness in the cosmos which probably contains more than 100 billion galaxies. 49 and 50 o What is the size of a smallest star and that of a largest star in the universe The smallest mass possible for a star is about 8 that of the Sun otherwise nuclear reactions do not take place. Very large stars called Super Giants have diameters up to 1000 times that of the Sun and luminosities often 1000000 times greater than the Sun. 51 p How many galaxies and stars can we see at best in the night with our naked eye  When observing the sky with naked eye we might see 9 galaxies including MW galaxy and about 13 nebulae i.e. illuminated interstellar gas and dust. 52  On a clear moonless dark night with our unaided eye we can see at best about 2000 stars at a time. 46 q What is the shape of the universe or cosmos How are the galaxies arranged in the cosmos  The shape of universe or cosmos is like a sphere but the galaxies are not arranged on the surface of this sphere. 53  The galaxies in the cosmos appear as an intricately connected web of clusters and nodes on long strings or lines. 54 r Why can’t we see the whole universe or cosmos Does the Universe have an edge beyond which there is nothing  We can see only as far as nature allows us to see. The galaxies extend much further in every direction than we can see. From Earth we can observe at best about 10 billion light-years or 6 billion trillion miles only while the universe is much bigger. 53  There is no evidence that the universe has an edge. The universe has been evolving and expanding with time. The light from most of the galaxies at very far distances has not yet reached the Earth and hence we cannot see them all. 53 s Is the size of cosmos constant What is the size or diameter of the cosmos Scientists found that the cosmos or the universe is ever expanding and hence they could not put a number on it. As on date the estimated diameter of the ‘observable’ cosmic sphere is around 92 billion light-years. 55 VI Dark Matter Objects -- Black Holes Supermassive Monster and Colossal a Does a star have lifespan or lifecycle What happens to a star at the end of its lifecycle or lifespan  The mass of a star defines its lifespan. The least massive stars will live the longest while the most massive stars will use their fuel up in a few million years and end in a spectacular supernova explosion. 56  A star has lifecycle with different stages which are evolutionary in nature. In the end stage each massive star becomes a Black Hole BH. 51 b What are Black Holes in space  Black Holes are believed to form from massive stars as remnants at the end of their lifetimes. The gravitational pull in a BH is so great that nothing can escape from it not even light. BHs distort the space around them as they can suck neighbouring matter into them including stars. Hence the density of matter in a black hole cannot be measured. 57 c What is a Supermassive Black Hole A Supermassive Black Hole SBH has a mass equivalent to 17 billion Suns. 58 d What is a quasar What is a Monster Black Hole MBH How many SBHs are there in a galaxy and where are they located  A quasar is the bright galactic core powered by a huge black hole called a Monster Black Hole. 59  There are two SBHs one on either side of MBH in the core of each galaxy. 60  Each of these two SBHs receives bright beam of light from a mysteriously far away galaxy on one side and from the other side it is finishing up its merger into the MBH in the core of a galaxy toward which it is facing moving on its other side. 60

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11 e What is a Colossal Black Hole A Colossal Black Hole CBH exists chowing down on gas from a distant collision between two doomed disk-like spiral galaxies. 61 VII Age of the Universe the Sun the Earth and the Humans and their Relative Sizes a How old is the cosmos or the universe Cosmos is about 13.8 billion years old. 37 b How old is the Milky Way galaxy Age of the Milky Way is about 13.6 billion years. 62 c How old is the Sun Will it remain the same forever Sun is about 4.6 billion years old. i.e. 4600000000 years. In about another 5 billion years it will change into its next stage Red Giant of its lifecycle. 63 d How old is the Earth Will the life continue on the Earth forever  Earth is about 4.54 billion years old. i.e. 4540000000 years. 64  Life on Earth will cease to exist after about next 3.5 billion years. 64 e How old are homo sapiens or the human beings Human beings are about 200000 years old. 65 f How small is the Sun in comparison with its MW galaxy and with the cosmos  Sun is just one of about 200 billion stars of MW galaxy. 36  Sun’s size in comparison with that of cosmos is like a small twinkling particle of negligible mass in comparison with that of the cosmos. g What is the size of the Earth in the solar system and in the Universe or cosmos  Earth is like very minute particle in the solar system.  In comparison with the cosmos the Earth is like a minutest invisible particle with its size and mass of almost no significance at all. The core content in Table-1 may be suitably elaborated by any adult who understands and appreciates it to other adults with any appropriate additional content and illustrations as may be required for their better appreciation of cosmicism. D. Realization of the Goal of Cosmicism: The Supreme Cosmic Reality Eternally Integrated in the Comprehensive Cosmic Whole From Table 1 it is clear that the Earth the Moon the Sun and Milky Way galaxy as a whole are in continuous motion – rotation and revolution. In terms of the increasing order of their size mass and gravitational force these basic cosmic objects form broad groups: the satellites the planets the star systems the solar systems and the galaxies. Similarly the black matter objects in terms of their increasing mass and gravity include: the Black Holes BHs two Supermassive Black Holes SBHs and a Monster Black Hole MBH falling within each galaxy and a Colossal Black Hole CBH falling between the two doomed galaxies. All these black holes have inestimably supreme density and gravity that nothing can escape from their gravitational sphere including the

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12 light. Thus all these dark matter objects which are in billions and falling within and between galaxies together constitute a vast map of the supreme cosmic reality spread across the cosmic sphere of about 92 billion light years of diameter today. Realization of such eternal supreme cosmic reality by the global humanity through basic cosmic education is the ultimate goal of cosmicism. Also they need to realize that while the cosmos is about 13.8 billion years old our galaxy is of 13.6 billion years old our Sun is about 4.6 billion years old our Earth is about 4.54 billion years old we the human beings homo sapiens are about 200000 years old only. There will be no life at all on the Earth after about 3.5 billion years more while there may be life in other star systems within Milky Way galaxy and also among other galaxies in the eternal cosmos. E. Scope and Significance of ‘Cosmicism’ Cosmicsim should not be confused with cosmology which is more research- oriented. Cosmology is the scientific study of the origin properties evolution and ultimate fate of the entire Universe. This is the job of cosmologists physicists astronomers etc who keep on exploring the cosmos to discover the truth about cosmic objects. As against this ‘cosmicism’ promotes an absolutely objective and perfect appreciation among the entire global humanity about the basic cosmic objects through comprehensive exposition of the indisputably established content having its basis in cosmological findings. It emboldens them to distinguish reality from what is unreal about these objects and ultimately unifies them into a non-religious objective true eternal theism – the Cosmicism. F. Means and Methods of Realizing the Goal of Cosmicism The sole merit of the path to realization of the goal of Cosmicism lies in its absolute objectivity acceptability practicability and universality. Basic cosmic education is the effective means or the only path to realize the goal of cosmicism. It is possible only through simultaneous learning of truth and unlearning of untruth about the basic cosmic objects.

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13 Simultaneous Learning of Truth about Cosmic Objects and Unlearning of Untruth or Myths about them: Basic cosmic education provides a basis for simultaneous process of learning of truth about the cosmic objects and unlearning of myths or untruth about them. Such a process of learning and unlearning instills only the truth in human mind by dispelling untruth about the cosmic reality. It ensures steady progress of human mind towards the goal of cosmicism. For transaction of its content it does not require any artificial structures and informal and non-formal discussions are enough in this regard. Assessment and evaluation of cosmic learning is inherently integrated in the learning process itself i.e. without perfectly appreciating the answer to the first question in Table-1 the human mind cannot appreciate the rest that follow therein. Therefore all the means and methods of cosmicism must: be inherently valid and universally reliable be ubiquitous natural and freely and equally available for the entire global humanity at all times from any and every part of the globe be amenable for use either in rudimentary natural settings or in sophisticated set-ups and enable the mankind to understand the eternal motion of cosmic objects in their hierarchical order. To be precise the day and night sky serves as the most objective eternal cosmic education lab of all times for all kinds of observations research and cosmic educational discourses. It suits everyone from every part of the globe. Sophisticated settings such as the planetariums and access to equipments such as telescopes among others can always provide the enriched environment for observation and explanation of some special phenomena such as lunar and solar eclipses etc. Further the web references given at the end of this article also form vital sources for visual graphic electronic and animated tools and techniques among others. To put cosmicism in practical experiential and observable perspective we the humanity on Earth are inseparable part of the cosmos or the sky we see every day and night. Every fraction of second we by being on Earth are all in continuous motion in the space i.e. rotating at 1670 km/hr revolving with it around the Sun at 108000 km/hr and further revolving being part of solar system along with Sun around our galaxy

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14 Milky Way galaxy at 828000 km/hr i.e. at 230 km/sec. We also see Moon which is at 384400 km distance from us and moving at a speed of 3700 km/hr. It means we all are continuously rotating and revolving or endlessly journeying at enormous speeds in the cosmos seeing the infinite sky only to the extent our vision allows. What a fantastic realization of the cosmic fact or reality Once the entire humanity realizes this fact that is the day for declaration of attainment of the goal of ‘cosmicism’ all over the globe. Conclusion Every human being who appreciates ‘cosmicism’ can with full confidence hope for such a day when the entire globe will be eternally filled with unified cosmicist humanity. With whatever the pace the ‘cosmicism’ may start as ‘basic cosmic education for global adults’ it will become the inevitable and surest means to realize the goal of cosmicism. If just one complete generation of human world becomes the ‘cosmicists’ then it will have its eternal cascading effect on all its successive generations easily sustaining the eternality of cosmicism on the globe. To conclude if the communication between ‘this world’ global village and ‘other worlds’ i.e. exo-global villages existing within the Milky Way galaxy ever becomes possible in the farthest future be it after a few million years then the ‘Cosmicism’ will gradually extend to the ‘intra-galactic interstellar worlds’ and later to ‘inter-galactic stellar worlds’. This is possible only with merger of interstellar cosmic-communication technologies with cosmically communicable languages that might emerge over billions of years through eternal inventions and discoveries and their channelization across the ‘intra-galactic global villages’ and later across ‘inter-galactic stellar worlds’ in the cosmos. Then that will be the day of beginning of eternal march for convergence of all ‘intra-galactic global villages’ into ‘a galactic village’ and final convergence of all ‘galactic villages’ shrinking them into the ‘cosmic village’ -- the ultimate collective attainment of ‘cosmic life’ as a whole.

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15 References 1. http://scienceblogs.com/startswithabang/2012/09/18/how-the-earth-moves-and-how -do-we-know/ -- Retrieved on January 28 2015. 2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oblate_spheroid -- Retrieved on December 25 2014. 3. http://geography.about.com/library/faq/blqzdiameter.htm -- Retrieved on December 25 2014. 4. http://www.universetoday.com/15055/diameter-of-earth/ -- Retrieved on December 24 2014. 5. http://space-facts.com/earth/ -- Retrieved on January 8 2015. 6. http://www.space.com/3304-earth-closest-sun-dead-winter.html -- Retrieved on January 8 2015. 7. http://image.gsfc.nasa.gov/poetry/ask/a10840.html -- Retrieved on January 7 2015. 8. http://www.universetoday.com/60655/earth-revolution/ -- Retrieved on January 8 2015. 9. http://www.universetoday.com/61202/earths-orbit-around-the-sun/ -- Retrieved on January 8 2015. 10. http://earthsky.org/space/five-myths-about-the-moon -- Retrieved on January 9 2015. 11. http://space-facts.com/the-moon/ -- Retrieved on January 9 2015. 12. http://www.universetoday.com/19699/does-the-moon-rotate/ -- Retrieved on February 3 2015. 13. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moon -- Retrieved on December 25 2014. 14. http://www.space.com/24871-does-the-moon-rotate.html -- Retrieved on February 2 2015. 15. http://www.universetoday.com/103206/what-is-the-distance-to-the-moon/ -- Retrieved on January 8 2015. 16. http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/astronomy/sun/sunsize.shtml -- Retrieved on January 7 2015.

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16 17. http://www.space.com/17081-how-far-is-earth-from-the-sun.html -- Retrieved on January 8 2015. 18. https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/ -- Retrieved on January 9 2015. 19. http://space-facts.com/the-sun/ -- Retrieved on January 8 2015. 20. http://www.rmg.co.uk/explore/astronomy-and-time/astronomy-facts/faqs/how- many planets-are-there-which-way-do-they-rotate/orbit -- Retrieved on January 8 2015. 21. http://www.universetoday.com/15462/how-far-are-the-planets-from-the-sun/ -- Retrieved on December 24 2014. 22. http://www.telescope.org/nuffield/pas/solar/solar7.html -- Retrieved on January 8 2015. 23. http://spaceplace.nasa.gov/review/dr-marc-solar-system/planet-orbits.html -- Retrieved on December 25 2014. 24. http://www.astro-interest.com/2014/10/why-do-planets-spin.html -- Retrieved on January 8 2015. 25. http://cseligman.com/text/sky/rotationvsday.htm -- Retrieved on January 24 2015. 26. http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/eclip.html -- Retrieved on March 14 2015. 27. http://www.space.com/14724-milkyway-galaxy-shape.html -- Retrieved on January 28 2015. 28. http://www.space.com/15830-light-speed.html -- Retrieved on January 24 2015. 29. http://starchild.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/StarChild/questions/question19.html -- Retrieved on January 27 2015. 30. https://heasarc.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/cosmic/milkyway_info.html -- Retrieved on January 8 2015. 31. http://www.universetoday.com/20053/lunar-month/ -- Retrieved on February 3 2015. 32. http://www.universetoday.com/15054/how-long-is-a-year-on-earth/ -- Retrieved on December 25 2014.

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17 33. http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/astronomy/age.shtml -- Retrieved on January 7 2015. 34. http://earthsky.org/space/milky-way-rotation -- Retrieved on January 26 2015. 35. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galaxy -- Retrieved on December 25 2014. 36. http://spaceplace.nasa.gov/review/dr-marc-space/solar-systems-in-galaxy.html -- Retrieved on January 9 2015. 37. http://www.space.com/23475-proxima-centauri-hubble-telescope-photo.html -- Retrieved on January 26 2015. 38. http://space.about.com/od/stars/tp/The-Top-10-Largest-Stars.htm -- Retrieved on December 25 2014. 39. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2759537/The-Milky-Way-s-219- MILLION-stars-mapped-Scientists-spend-10-years-creating-world-s-detailed-chart- galaxy.html -- Retrieved on January 27 2015. 40. http://www.universetoday.com/23870/the-milky-ways-rotation/ -- Retrieved on February 6 2015. 41. http://www.space.com/24894-exoplanets-habitable-zone-red-dwarfs.html -- Retrieved on January 28 2015. 42. http://scienceblogs.com/startswithabang/2013/01/05/how-many-planets-are-in-the- universe/ -- Retrieved on January 28 2015. 43. http://www.keckobservatory.org/recent/entry/one_in_five_stars_has_earth_sized_pl net_in_habitable_zone -- Retrieved on January 24 2015. 44. http://www.space.com/18790-habitable-exoplanets-catalog-photos.html -- Retrieved on January 28 2015. 45. http://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/93830/why-the-galaxies-forms-2d plane-or spiral-like-instead-of-3d-ball-or-spherica -- Retrieved on March 14 2015. 46. http://greeksky.gr/nightskyphotography/night-sky-photography-how-to-photograph the-milky-way/ -- Retrieved on January 28 2015. 47. http://space-facts.com/andromeda/ -- Retrieved on January 28 2015. 48. http://earthsky.org/clusters-nebulae-galaxies/andromeda-galaxy-closest-spiral-to- milky-way -- Retrieved on January 28 2015.

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18 49. http://www.skyandtelescope.com/astronomy-resources/how-many-stars-are-there/ -- Retrieved on January 8 2015. 50. http://www.universetoday.com/102630/how-many-stars-are-there-in-the-universe/ and http://www.rmg.co.uk/explore/astronomy-and-time/astronomy-facts/faqs/what-is- a-galaxy-how-many-stars-in-a-galaxy-how-many-stars/galaxies-in-the-universe -- Retrieved on January 9 2015. 51. http://www.telescope.org/pparc/res8.html and http://stardate.org/astro-guide/ novae-and-supernovae -- Retrieved on February 2 2015. 52. https://www.google.co.in/searchqnebulaeoqnebulaeaqschrome..69i57 sourceidchromees_sm93ieUTF-8 -- Retrieved on January 28 2015. 53. https://www.cfa.harvard.edu/seuforum/faq.htms2 -- Retrieved on March 15 2015. 54. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2578394/The-galaxies-arranged LINES Intricate-strings-stars-regions-universe.html -- Retrieved on March 15 2015. 55. http://www.space.com/24073-how-big-is-the-universe.html -- Retrieved on February 2 2015. 56. http://www.universetoday.com/25160/how-long-do-stars-last/ -- Retrieved on January 9 2015. 57. http://www.space.com/topics/black-holes-news/ -- Retrieved on January 28 2015. 58. http://www.space.com/18668-biggest-black-hole-discovery.html -- Retrieved on January 9 2015. 59. http://www.space.com/28311-monster-black-hole-merger-signal.html -- Retrieved on January 28 2015. 60. earthsky.org/space/what-is-a-black-hole -- Retrieved on January 27 2015. 61. http://www.space.com/28254-monster-black-hole-nasa-nustar-image.html -- Retrieved on January 26 2015. 62. http://www.universetoday.com/21822/age-of-the-milky-way/ -- Retrieved on January 28 2015. 63. http://www.universetoday.com/18847/life-of-the-sun/ -- Retrieved on January 9 2015.

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19 64. http://www.universetoday.com/75805/how-old-is-the-earth/ -- Retrieved on February 2 2015. 65. http://www.universetoday.com/38125/how-long-have-humans-been-on-earth/ -- Retrieved on February 2 2015.

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