FAMILY HEALTH

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Mohammed Mubarak.MIst Year Msc NursingGovt.College Of Nursing.Kottayam : 

Mohammed Mubarak.MIst Year Msc NursingGovt.College Of Nursing.Kottayam SEMINAR ON  FAMILY & FAMILY HEALTH CARE

OUTLINE OF TOPIC : 

OUTLINE OF TOPIC Definition Characteristics of family Types of Families Functions of a family Family Genogram Family life cycle Family’s developmental tasks Family health Care Health Functions and tasks of a family Determinants of family health

Origin : 

Origin Word family derived from the Roman word ‘famulus’ denotes the group of servants connected by common descend or marriage.

Definition : 

Definition Family is a group of persons united by the ties of marriage, blood or adoption; consisting of a single household, interacting and intercommunicating with each other in their respective social roles of husband and wife, mother and father, son and daughter, brother and sister creating a common culture.(Buregess & Locke)

Definition : 

Definition Family is a socially recognized unit of people related to each other by kinship marital and legal ties. (Anderson & Parker) Family is a group of two or more person related by blood, marriage or adoption and residing together; all such persons are considered as members of one family. (ABC)

Characteristics of family : 

Characteristics of family Family is formed by the physiological union of man & woman Union established through marriage Family have common habitation to live and rear children Members of family are related by kinship, legal ties and mutual consent. Members have intimate relationship, emotional bond and mutual concern The members have definite roles and tasks to perform Family members share --- Goals, identity, resources, culture.

Types of Families : 

Types of Families Nuclear Family Joint Family Group network Reconstituted families Community family Unmarried couple Unmarried single parent family Unmarried or married homosexuals Commune family

Nuclear Family : 

Nuclear Family Found in all societies Elementary family which give rise to community. Consist of husband, wife and their unmarried children. Authority and decision making power lies with the husband(head of the family) Wife has the role of rearing children.( Changing trend: wife is also having participation in generating family income and decision making) Influence on family matter by relatives is negligible.

Joint Family : 

Joint Family Also called extended family system Husband wife children + uncles aunts cousins and grand children Have representatives of three or four generations

Variations of a joint family : 

Variations of a joint family Married Couple + married children+ unmarried children (Common type) No. of married couples and their children Married couple + unmarried brothers and sisters of couple Married couple + their children(married or unmarried) unmarried brothers and sisters of couple

Variations of a joint family : 

Variations of a joint family

Merits of a joint family : 

Merits of a joint family Economic security and progress Given work and share responsibilities Economical Economic and social security Develop social virtues Help and support in rearing children

Demerits of Joint Family : 

Demerits of Joint Family Dominating orthodox parents Little opportunity for individual Emotional conflicts among members

Group network : 

Group network Unrelated nuclear families with common values (e.g.: religion) share resources

Reconstituted families : 

Reconstituted families Divorced or widowed adults with new spouse, step children

Community family : 

Community family Unrelated married or unmarried couples living together in common household and collectively rearing children

Unmarried couple : 

Unmarried couple Two adults male and female with/without children living together.

Unmarried single parent family : 

Unmarried single parent family Either male or female adult with children

Unmarried or married homosexuals : 

Unmarried or married homosexuals Unmarried or married homosexuals living together in common house hold

Commune family : 

Commune family Several adults married to each other share everything including sex

Functions of a family : 

Functions of a family Procreation and rearing of children Physical care and affection Economic security Socialization Education Division of labor Social care and control

Family Genogram : 

Family Genogram

Family Genogram : 

Family Genogram

Family Genogram : 

Family Genogram

Family life cycle : 

Family life cycle Set of predictable steps or patterns and developmental tasks families experience over time Begins with the marital union of a couple Expands through the birth of their children. Children grow, develop become independent and start their own family The couple gets older and finally the family disintegrates through the death of the couple

Family stage : 

Family stage A time period in the life of a family that has a unique structure. A family cycle composed of different family stages

criteria: : 

criteria: Changes in number of family members Growth & development of children through successive age groups Changes connected with the couple and occupational retirement.

Classification according to criterion I : 

Classification according to criterion I Family formation and establishment Expansion Stability Contraction Couple alone Dissolution/disintegration

Classification according to criterion II : 

Classification according to criterion II Family with infant Family with preschool children Family with school aged child Family with adolescent Family with young adults

Classification according to criterion III : 

Classification according to criterion III Marital union of couple Young family with children Middle aged family without children, till husbands retirement Old age-ageing family –from husband retirement till death of one spouse Dissolution of family through death of both spouses

Typical family life cycle : 

Typical family life cycle Developed by Evelyn Duvall by integrating all the three criteria Married couple stage Child rearing stage Preschool stage School age stage Teen age Stage Launching centre stage Middle aged parent stage Ageing family members’ stage.

Family’s developmental tasks : 

Family’s developmental tasks Married couple stage Child rearing stage Preschool stage School age stage Teen age Stage Launching centre stage Middle aged parent stage Ageing family members’ stage.

FAMILY HEALTH : 

FAMILY HEALTH Definition Art and Science of preventing diseases, prolonging life and promoting health and efficiency of family through organized family efforts for the safe family environment, prevention and control of communicable diseases, reproductive and child health, education of members in personal hygiene, seeking medical and nursing services for early diagnosis and treatment, development of social system and coping abilities to ensure normal development and optimum health status of all family members.

Family health Care : 

Family health Care Definition Art and science of providing comprehensive health care to the family as a whole for the purpose of prevention of diseases, prolonging life, promoting health and efficiency of family through organized family efforts

Health Functions and tasks of a family : 

Health Functions and tasks of a family Maintaining of health supporting physical and psychosocial home environment. Providing adequate resourses for maintenance of personal hygiene. Providing adequate and wholesome food for its members. Making provision for meeting spiritual health needs. Recognizing developmental deviations and health disruptions. Making decisions for seeking health care. Dealing with health crisis and health crisis situations Providing care to sick disabled and dependent members. Providing rehabilitation care. Participating in community health and welfare activities.

Family as a unit of health care : 

Family as a unit of health care Biological unit Social unit Cultural unit Epidemiological unit Social and health care unit

Characteristics of family as a unit of health care : 

Characteristics of family as a unit of health care Family is the product of time and place Family develops its own life cycle Family operates as a group Family accommodates to the needs of individual members Family relates to the community

Stages of family health care : 

Stages of family health care Crawford’s SIX stages of family health care Prevention Diagnosis Treatment Support Recuperation (Restore to good health or strength) Rehabilitation and terminal care

Leaman’s FIVE stages of family health care : 

Leaman’s FIVE stages of family health care Recognition and interpretation Sick seeking stage Medical contact stage Caring stage Rehabilitation stage

Determinants of family health : 

Determinants of family health These are factors which interact with each other and determine the health status of family members Two types Intrinsic factors Extrinsic factors

Intrinsic factors : 

Intrinsic factors These are factors within the family Biological aspects Family environment Life style Resources in the family

Extrinsic factors : 

Extrinsic factors These are factors outside the family Community environment Resources outside the family

Bibliography : 

Bibliography K. K. Gulani, Community Health Nursing Principles & Practices, Page No. 121-141 Judith Ann Allender & Barbara Walton Spradley, Community Health Nursing: Concepts and Practice The Marriage and Family Experience. Strong, B. and De Vault C. 5th ed. West Publishing Company, 1992 Watt, D., and White, J. M. (1999). "A Family Development Perspective." Journal of Comparative Family Studie Hill, R., and Rodgers, R. H. (1964). "The Developmental Approach." In Handbook of Marriage and the Family, ed. H. T. Christensen. Chicago: Rand McNally.