Imperialism

Views:
 
Category: Entertainment
     
 

Presentation Description

No description available.

Comments

Presentation Transcript

A Force in the World Isolationism vs. Imperialism :

A Force in the World Isolationism vs. Imperialism Directions: You have 20 minutes to complete the following. On the world map shade in 5 countries you know the United States has been involved with thorough military aid, economic aid, or war . Be able to identify the country Be able to indicate Military Aid Economic Aid War Complete the survey reflecting your opinion of American involvement in world affairs. Write your own OPINION on the United States involvement in World Affairs. Define Imperialism .

PowerPoint Presentation:

Becoming A World Power (1890 - 1915)

PowerPoint Presentation:

Objectives What factors led to the growth of imperialism around the world? In what ways did the United States begin to expand it’s interests abroad in the late 1800’s? What arguments were made in favor of US expansion in the 1800’s?

PowerPoint Presentation:

IMPERIALISM Under imperialism , stronger nations attempt to create empires by dominating weaker nations. The late 1800s marked the peak of European imperialism , with much of Africa and Asia under foreign domination. A policy of extending your rule over foreign countries A major departure of the US policy of “ isolation ” to involvement in world affairs.

PowerPoint Presentation:

IMPERIALISM Economic The growth of industry increased the need for natural resources. Commerce New markets and expansion of trade into Asia & Latin America. Nationalistic European nations competed for large empires was the result of a rise in nationalism What are the factors involved in a country becoming imperialists? Military Europe had better armies than Africa and Asia, and it needed bases around the world to refuel and supply navy ships. Humanitarian Desire/duty to spread western civilizations to other countries.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Isolationism” (Beginnings) -No entangling alliances w/ nations (GW) “Freedom of the seas” (early 1800s) -Neutral nations free to trade with warring powers (JA/TJ/JMad) “Monroe Doctrine” (1823) -Western hemisphere closed to Euro. colonization (JMon) “Manifest Destiny” (1820s - 1890s) -Our land should reach from “sea to shining sea” “Imperialism” (1898 - ?) -S-A War (McKinley/TR) & beyond U.S. Foreign Policy (Beginnings - 1898)

PowerPoint Presentation:

Why did America join the imperialist club at the end of the 19c?

“New Manifest Destiny”:

“New Manifest Destiny” Industrialization was responsible for a transformation in American foreign policy. Each year after the Civil War, the U.S. played a larger role in world affairs. By 1900, the U.S. had become an imperialistic nation, with colonies scattered over the globe and a prominent voice in international affairs. Americans seemed indifferent to Europe and Africa, but increasingly concerned with Latin America and Asia. America & The World: 1877 - 1900

PowerPoint Presentation:

Trade into Asia & Latin America Keep up with Europe Annex strategic islands in the S. Pacific and Caribbean Sea. Trade center of the world Build a canal International policeman Large naval presence IMPERIALISM The New Manifest Destiny

PowerPoint Presentation:

Closing the American Frontier

PowerPoint Presentation:

Economic/Commerce Interests U. S. Foreign Investments: 1869-1908

PowerPoint Presentation:

American Foreign Trade: 1870-1914 Economic/Commerce Interests

PowerPoint Presentation:

Military/Strategic/nationalist Interests Alfred T. Mahan  The Influence of Sea Power on History: 1660-1783

Cartoon-European grab bag:

Cartoon-European grab bag COLONIAL CLAIMS BY 1900

Cartoon-European grab bag:

Cartoon-European grab bag

Cartoon-European grab bag:

Cartoon-European grab bag European nations colonizing--US needed to do the same or become an insignificant county……

PowerPoint Presentation:

Social Darwinist Thinking The White Man’s Burden The Hierarchy of Race

PowerPoint Presentation:

Source : Josiah Strong, Our Country: Its Possible Future and Its Present Crisis … American Home Missionary Society, 1885…. It seems to me that God, with infinite wisdom and skill, is training the Anglo-Saxon race for an hour sure to come in the world’s future….The unoccupied arable lands of the earth are limited, and will soon be taken. Then will the world enter upon a new stage of its history---- the final competition of races, for which the Angle-Saxon is being schooled…. EXPANSION ARGUMENTS

PowerPoint Presentation:

EXPANSION ARGUMENTS Source: Josiah Strong, Our Country : Its Possible Future and Its Present Crisis … American Home Missionary Society, 1885…. Then this race of unequalled energy, with all the majesty of numbers and the might of wealth behind it----the representative, let us hope, of the largest liberty the purest Christianity, the highest civilization…will spread itself over the earth…. If I read not amiss, this powerful race will move down

PowerPoint Presentation:

Source : Josiah Strong, Our Country : Its Possible Future and Its Present Crisis … American Home Missionary Society, 1885…. upon Mexico, down Central and South America, out upon the islands of the sea, over upon Africa and beyond. And can any one doubt that the result of this competition of races will be the “survival of the fittest”? EXPANSION ARGUMENTS

PowerPoint Presentation:

Religious/Missionary Interests American Missionaries in China, 1905

Origins of American Imperialism Internationally:

Origins of American Imperialism Internationally World Trade -Industrialization led to demand for markets and raw materials Capital Investment in Foreign Markets -Industrialization increased amt. of American capital European Example -Europe carving up the world, U.S. should join the competition

Origins of American Imperialism Domestically:

Origins of American Imperialism Domestically Closing of the Frontier -1890 closing bred expansionistic ideas Imperialistic Propaganda -Numerous writers urged overseas expansion (Strong, Mahan) Missionary Pressure -”White-Man’s Burden”; Christianize/Modernize Naval Pressure -Arguably 3rd in the world in the early 1900s

PowerPoint Presentation:

New global consciousness was shown by willingness to enter into: 1) Collective Treaties 1865 - 1900: 15 international treaties signed (cables, weights & measures, patents, etc.) 2) International Agreements Red Cross Convention (1864): Establish International Red Cross (Clara Barton) 3) Geneva Convention (1906) - treatment of sick, wounded, dead, and POWs in war Growth of Internationalism Ahhhh!?

PowerPoint Presentation:

OLD Promoted primarily by agricultural interests Goal was acquisition of: New territories, new lands for settlement and farming Expansion in North America Often influenced by sectional concerns Racial issues often discouraged expansion (fear of racial mixing) NEW Promoted primarily by industrial interests Goal was acquisition of: Raw materials, markets for surplus goods, access to coaling stations and bases for navy & merchant ships Expansion outside North America Often influenced by patriotic & nationalistic concerns Racial issues often encouraged expansion (“White Man’s Burden”) "Manifest Destiny" (Old v. New)

PowerPoint Presentation:

Imperialists Theodore Roosevelt William Mckinley William Randolph Hearst Joseph Pulitzer Anti-Imperialist League Mark Twain Andrew Carnegie Susan B. Anthony FOR EXPANSION Keep up with European nations Desire for prestige Theory of racial superiority Provide market for surplus goods and investments AGAINST EXPANSION America’s vastness provided enough of an outlet for the country’s energies America should not rule over other peoples EXPANSION ARGUMENTS

Imperialism: Good or Evil? Results of New Manifest Destiny:

Imperialism: Good or Evil? Results of New Manifest Destiny Creation of the Anti-Imperialist League (1898) -Supporters in NE -Wm. James (philosopher), Twain, Gompers, Carnegie -Violated “consent of the governed” in D.O.I. -Campaigned against Treaty of Paris (lost) & Philippines annexation Results of Imperialism : Armed forces overhauled Myth of isolationism shattered Democratic principle threatened American nationalism intensified Confirmed America’s New-World supremacy

Island Possessions:

Island Possessions

PowerPoint Presentation:

Promoting Economic growth Protecting American Security Preserving American Spirit Identify the Arguments for U.S. Expansion. Do any or all of these arguments apply to modern issues? Explain

PowerPoint Presentation:

American Interests Abroad

PowerPoint Presentation:

Spanish American War Cuba

PowerPoint Presentation:

The Spanish-American War Spanish brutality towards Cubans The Butcher- --Valeriano Weyler Yellow Press/Journalism----Sensational Spanish Ambassador de Lôme insulted President McKinley. The USS Maine exploded, and the American public blamed Spain. Congress recognized Cuban independence and authorized force against Spain. Teller Amendment : US was fighting this war to help Cuba gains its independence and would not seek any land gains from Cuba. War is declared April 17, 1898 Steps that led to War

PowerPoint Presentation:

Spain controlled Cuba since 1500’s. Cuban people were fighting a revolution against Spanish brutality Cubans wanted their independence from Spain 90 miles from U.S. Protect our trade

PowerPoint Presentation:

Valeriano Weyler’s “Reconcentration” Policy

PowerPoint Presentation:

De Lôme Letter Dupuy de Lôme, Spanish Ambassador to the U.S. Criticized President McKinley as weak and a bidder for the admiration of the crowd, besides being a would-be politician who tries to leave a door open behind himself while keeping on good terms with the jingoes of his party.

PowerPoint Presentation:

YELLOW JOURNALISM Joseph Pulit William Randolph Hearst Both imperialists and wanted war with Spain. Their “Yellow Press” propaganda led Americans to support war with Spain.

PowerPoint Presentation:

yellow journalism YELLOW JOURNALISM How long are the Spaniards to drench Cuba with the blood and tears of her people? How long is the peasantry of Spain to be drafted away to Cuba to die miserably in a hopeless war, that Spanish nobles and Spanish officers may get medals and honors? How long shall old Cuban men and women and children be murdered by the score, the innocent victims of Spanish rage against the patriot armies they cannot conquer? How long shall the sound of rifles in Castle Morro at sunrise proclaim that bound and helpless prisoners of war have been murdered in cold blood?

PowerPoint Presentation:

yellow journalism YELLOW JOURNALISM How long shall Cuban women be the victims of Spanish outrages and lie sobbing and bruised in loathsome prisons? How long shall women passengers on vessels flying the American flag be unlawfully seized, stripped and searched by brutal, jeering Spanish officers, in violation of the laws of nations and of the honor of the U.S.? How long shall American citizens, arbitrarily arrested while on peaceful and legitimate errands, be immured in foul Spanish prisons without trial? How long shall the U.S. sit idle and indifferent within sound and hearing or rapine and murder? HOW LONG?

USS Maine:

USS Maine American citizens threatened by revolution in Cuba. Pres. McKinley sent USS Maine to rescue US citizens.

USS Maine:

USS Maine USS MAINE

PowerPoint Presentation:

Remember the Maine and to Hell with Spain! Funeral for Maine victims in Havana

PowerPoint Presentation:

YELLOW JOURNALISM USS Maine---260 US sailors killed Spain accused of blowing up the Maine….. Polarized Americans to support the war against Spain. Hearst was heard to say, “Supply me with pictures and I’ll give you a war”.

PowerPoint Presentation:

YELLOW JOURNALISM

PowerPoint Presentation:

The Spanish-American War (1898): “That Splendid Little War” How prepared was the US for war?

PowerPoint Presentation:

The Spanish-American War May 1, 1898 : The United States launched a surprise attack in Manila Bay and destroyed Spain’s entire Pacific fleet in seven hours. July 1 : Roosevelt led the Rough Riders up San Juan Hill. July 3 : The United States Navy sank the remaining Spanish ships . “A Splendid Little War”

PowerPoint Presentation:

Dewey Captures Manila!

SP War in Caribbean:

SP War in Caribbean

PowerPoint Presentation:

Theodore Roosevelt Assistant Secretary of the Navy in the McKinley administration. Imperialist and American nationalist. Criticized President McKinley as having the backbone of a chocolate éclair! Resigns his position to fight in Cuba.

PowerPoint Presentation:

The “Rough Riders”

PowerPoint Presentation:

ROOSEVELT'S ROUGH RIDERS Captured San Juan Hill which led to the end of the war once Santiago was surrendered by the Spanish. Became a hero of the Spanish American War.

Rough Riders:

Rough Riders

PowerPoint Presentation:

The Treaty of Paris: 1898 Cuba was freed from Spanish rule. Spain gave up Puerto Rico and the island of Guam. The U. S. paid Spain $20 mil. for the Philippines. The U. S. becomes an imperial power!

PowerPoint Presentation:

The Spanish-American War Puerto Rico and Cuba Puerto Rico strategic post in Caribbean, for protection of future canal 1900, Foraker Act sets up civil government - president appoints governor, upper house 1917, Puerto Ricans made U.S. citizens; elect both houses President McKinley installed a military government to protect American business interests. Cuba drafted a constitution in 1900 that did not allow for U.S. involvement. The U.S. government only agreed to remove its troops if Cuba included the Platt Amendment. The Platt Amendment remained in place until 1934. It allowed for U.S. naval bases on the island and intervention whenever necessary.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Cuban Independence? Senator Orville Platt Platt Amendment (1903) 1. Cuba was not to enter into any agreements with foreign powers that would endanger its independence. 2. The U.S. could intervene in Cuban affairs if necessary to maintain an efficient, independent govt. 3. Cuba must lease Guantanamo Bay to the U.S. for naval and coaling station. 4. Cuba must not build up an excessive public debt.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Puerto Rico

PowerPoint Presentation:

Puerto Rico: 1898 1900 - Foraker Act . 1901-1903  the Insular Cases . 1917 – Jones Act .

Cartoon-US Expansion1:

Cartoon-US Expansion1 EXPANSION ARGUMENTS US goal was always expansion

PowerPoint Presentation:

The Philippines

PowerPoint Presentation:

The Spanish-American War (1898): “That Splendid Little War”

PowerPoint Presentation:

Dewey Captures Manila!

SP War in Pacific:

SP War in Pacific

PowerPoint Presentation:

Is He To Be a Despot?

PowerPoint Presentation:

PHILIPPINE REVOLUTION Emilio Agunialdo Filipino Revolutionists

PowerPoint Presentation:

Filipino Revolution led by Emilio Aguinaldo. Erupted between the nationalists and U.S.troops stationed on the islands. Filipinos adopted guerilla tactics. U.S. army responded by rounding peasants into " reconcentration camps "

PowerPoint Presentation:

U.S. troops declared entire areas battle zones No distinctions were made between combatants and civilians. 4,200 American and 16,000 Filipino soldiers are thought to have been killed in the fighting. US captured Aguinaldo in March 1901 and he pledged allegiance to the United States.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Emilio Aguinaldo L eader of the Filipino Uprising. July 4, 1946: Philippine independence

PowerPoint Presentation:

William H. Taft, 1st Gov.-General of the Philippines Great administrator.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Our “Sphere of Influence”

PowerPoint Presentation:

The American Anti-Imperialist League Founded in 1899. Mark Twain, Andrew Carnegie, William James, and William Jennings Bryan among the leaders. Campaigned against the annexation of the Philippines and other acts of imperialism.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Hawaii: "Crossroads of the Pacific"

PowerPoint Presentation:

U. S. Missionaries in Hawaii Imiola Church – first built in the late 1820s

PowerPoint Presentation:

U. S. View of Hawaiians Hawaii becomes a U. S. Protectorate in 1849 by virtue of economic treaties.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Hawaiian Queen Liliuokalani Hawaii for the Hawaiians!

PowerPoint Presentation:

U. S. Business Interests In Hawaii 1875 – Reciprocity Treaty 1890 – McKinley Tariff 1893 – American businessmen backed an uprising against Queen Liliuokalani. Sanford Ballard Dole proclaims the Republic of Hawaii in 1894.

PowerPoint Presentation:

To The Victor Belongs the Spoils Hawaiian Annexation Ceremony, 1898

PowerPoint Presentation:

China

PowerPoint Presentation:

Stereotypes of the Chinese Immigrant Oriental [Chinese] Exclusion Act, 1887

PowerPoint Presentation:

Uncle Sam to the European powers….”Gentlemen, you may cut up the map as much as like; but remember that I’m here to stay and you can’t divide me up into spheres of influence”.

PowerPoint Presentation:

OPEN DOOR POLICY Secretary of State John Hay, proposed the Open Door Notes to the European powers to respect the territorial integrity of China and for trade rights.

Govt. assists:

Govt. assists Open Door Policy 1900, U.S. Policy, US negotiated with European nations to having free and equal trade rights in China Philippine Rebellion US war with the Philippines from 1899 to 1902 to keep the Philippines as a US Territory Boxer Rebellion Chinese nationalists fight to remove foreigners, 1899-1900…. US troops were sent to put this down along with European troops CHINESE TRADE

PowerPoint Presentation:

CHINESE TRADE Open Door Policy: 1899-1900, U.S. Policy all nations have equal trade in China Spheres of influence : areas in a country where a foreign nation claims sole rights to trade and invest. Boxer Rebellion : Chinese nationalist fight to remove foreigners, 1899-1900

PowerPoint Presentation:

Spheres of influence Areas in a country where a foreign nation claims sole rights to trade and invest.

PowerPoint Presentation:

A secret society, known as the Fists of Righteous Harmony , attracted thousands of followers. Foreigners called members of this society "Boxers" because they practiced martial arts. The Boxers also believed that they had a magical power, and that foreign bullets could not harm them. Millions of "spirit soldiers," they said, would soon rise from the dead and join their cause. BOXER REBELLION Boxer’s practiced martial arts

Boxer1:

Boxer1 Their cause was to expel all "foreign devils from China . The Boxer’s new slogan -- "Support China, kill the foreigner!” US and European nations sent troops to put down rebellion. It was successfully put down by the multi-national force . Chinese govt. ordered to pay $333 million to European nations for damages and expand their trade. BOXER REBELLION

PowerPoint Presentation:

The Open Door Policy

PowerPoint Presentation:

America as a Pacific Power

Island Possessions:

Island Possessions

PowerPoint Presentation:

Japan

PowerPoint Presentation:

Commodore Matthew Perry Opens Up Japan: 1853 The Japanese View of Commodore Perry

PowerPoint Presentation:

Treaty of Kanagawa: 1854

PowerPoint Presentation:

Roosevelt-Russo-Jap War PORTSMOUTH TREATY Japan controls some of the territorial gains from the war. Russia and Japan would split the Sakhalin Island Japanese agreement to stop fighting and expanding Secret agreement between Roosevelt and Japan over Korea and free trade. Japan rivals the US for dominance in the South Pacific. US relations between Russia and Japanese decrease.

Roosevelt Corollary:

Roosevelt Corollary FOREIGN POLICY WITH JAPAN Keep good relations with Japan and prevent war. Countries feared Japan because they were the power in the Pacific along with the US. TR entered into two diplomatic agreements with Japan to prevent the possibility of war. Gentlemen’s Agreement: 1907 Japanese children were discriminated against and segregated in San Francisco elementary schools. TR negotiated with Japanese that discrimination and segregation would stop and in return, Japan agreed to stop the flow of Japanese immigrants to the US. Root-Takahira Agreement : 1908 Both governments agreed to maintain the status quo in the Pacific, defend the Open Door policy and the integrity and independence of China. They resolved to develop their commerce in East Asia and to respect each other's territorial possessions there.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Gentleman’s Agreement: 1908 A Japanese note agreeing to deny passports to laborers entering the U.S. Japan recognized the U.S. right to exclude Japanese immigrants holding passports issued by other countries. The U.S. government got the school board of San Francisco to rescind their order to segregate Asians in separate schools. 1908  Root-Takahira Agreement .

PowerPoint Presentation:

Lodge Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine: 1912 Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, Sr. Non-European powers, like Japan, would be excluded from owning territory in the Western Hemisphere.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Latin America

PowerPoint Presentation:

U. S. Global Investments & Investments in Latin America, 1914

PowerPoint Presentation:

U. S. Interventions in Latin America: 1898-1920s

PowerPoint Presentation:

Panama

PowerPoint Presentation:

A New Foreign Policy Why did the US want to build a canal? What were the goals of Big Stick Diplomacy? How did Taft and Wilson’s policies differ from Roosevelt’s?

PowerPoint Presentation:

quick access to Atlantic & Pacific military protection of territories trade & economic value would increase

PowerPoint Presentation:

A concession is a grant for a piece of land in exchange for a promise to use the land for a specific purpose. Defeated by yellow fever and mismanagement, the company abandoned the project and offered its remaining rights to the United States for $100 million. Americans needed a shorter route between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. A French company had bought a 25-year concession from Colombia to build a canal across Panama. PANAMA CANAL

PowerPoint Presentation:

Negotiations with Columbia failed. President Roosevelt helped instigate the Panamanian Revolution to overthrow the Colombian government. The revolution is successful and the US recognizes Panama as an independent nation. US negotiated Hay-Bunau- Varilla Treaty which gave us the land for the canal. We paid Panama $10 million for the strip of land to build the canal and a $250,000.00 yearly rental fee. PANAMA CANAL

PowerPoint Presentation:

Panama: The King’s Crown 1850  Clayton-Bulwer Treaty . 1901  Hay-Paunceforte Treaty . Allowed U.S. to build Dr. Walter Reed - Yellow Fever Colonel W. Goethals - Army Engineer 1903  Hay-Bunau- Varilla Treaty . Expand canal zone

PowerPoint Presentation:

Panama Canal TR in Panama (Construction begins in 1904)

PowerPoint Presentation:

“Speak softly and carry a big stick and you will go far.” Roosevelt used this old African proverb to guide his foreign policy. The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine — The United States will act as “an international police power” in the Western Hemisphere and intervene to prevent intervention by other powers. Roosevelt in Latin America — Under Roosevelt, the United States often intervened in Latin America. Roosevelt in Asia — Roosevelt wanted to preserve an Open Door policy to trade with China. He won a Nobel peace prize for negotiating a peace settlement between Russia and Japan.

Roosevelt Corollary:

Roosevelt Corollary Big Stick Policy : “Speak softly and carry a big stick ”. Also referred to as “Roosevelt’s Corollary”

PowerPoint Presentation:

Speak Softly, But Carry a Big Stick!

PowerPoint Presentation:

The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine: 1905 Chronic wrongdoing… may in America, as elsewhere, ultimately require intervention by some civilized nation, and in the Western Hemisphere the adherence of the United States to the Monroe Doctrine may force the United States, however reluctantly, in flagrant cases of such wrongdoing or impotence, to the exercise of an international police power .

PowerPoint Presentation:

Mexico

PowerPoint Presentation:

The Mexican Revolution: 1910s Victoriano Huerta seizes control of Mexico and puts Madero in prison where he was murdered. Venustiano Carranza, Pancho Villa, Emiliano Zapata, and Alvaro Obregon fought against Huerta. The U.S. also got involved by occupying Veracruz and Huerta fled the country. Eventually Carranza would gain power in Mexico.

PowerPoint Presentation:

The Mexican Revolution: 1910s Emiliano Zapata Francisco I Madero Venustiano Carranza Porfirio Diaz Pancho Villa

PowerPoint Presentation:

Wilson’s “Moral Diplomacy” The U. S. should be the conscience of the world. Spread democracy. Promote peace. Condemn colonialism.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Searching for Banditos General John J. Pershing with Pancho Villa in 1914.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Alaska

PowerPoint Presentation:

“Seward’s Folly”: 1867 $7.2 million

PowerPoint Presentation:

“Seward’s Icebox”: 1867

PowerPoint Presentation:

Debating Americ's New Role Main Arguments of Anti-Imperialists Why did imperialism appeal to many Americans? How was imperialism viewed from abroad?

PowerPoint Presentation:

America's New Role

PowerPoint Presentation:

The Cares of a Growing Family

PowerPoint Presentation:

Constable of the World

PowerPoint Presentation:

RUSSO JAPANESE WAR Roosevelt acted as the mediator between the two warring nations Concerned about US self interest: Japanese expansion Open Door Policy Philippines Wins the Nobel Peace Prize in 1906.

PowerPoint Presentation:

The Great White Fleet: 1907

PowerPoint Presentation:

Taft’s “Dollar Diplomacy” Improve financial opportunities for American businesses. Use private capital to further U. S. interests overseas. Therefore, the U.S. should create stability and order abroad that would best promote America’s commercial interests.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Uncle Sam: One of the “Boys?”

PowerPoint Presentation:

What the U. S. Has Fought For

authorStream Live Help