Lesson 08 - Cuban Missile Crisis

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Cuban Missile Crisis:

Cuban Missile Crisis Oct. 15-28 1962

Slide 2:

A Quick Review

Slide 3:

April 1961 – Bay of Pigs 1500 CIA trained Cuban exiles land in Cuba to start a revolution Easily defeated by the Cuban army: no US troop or air support Huge embarrassment for the Kennedy Administration

Slide 4:

November 1961 – Operation Mongoose Plan by CIA to rid Cuba of Communist Government - Interrupt Cuban trade - Raids by Cuban exiles - Attempt to assassinate Castro

Slide 5:

Since we are buddies…do you think maybe you could help us out?

Slide 6:

Definitely

Slide 7:

How about we build some missile sites?

Slide 8:

Sounds good to me!

Slide 9:

Build nuclear missile sites in Cuba (90 miles from Florida)

Slide 10:

The Cuban Missile Crisis Begins

Slide 11:

American U-2 Spy Plane

Slide 12:

American U-2 Spy Plane - Built as a response to the CIA’s need to spy on the U.S.S.R. - Flies at 90,000ft, well out of range of anti-aircraft fire and other aircraft of the time - Flies at 510mph, 200mph faster than other aircraft of the 50s - Kodak developed special cameras to allow the U-2 to take accurate aerial photos

Slide 13:

American U-2 Spy Plane The U.S.S.R. and American public learned about the U-2 in 1960 during the so called “U-2 Crisis” Francis Gary Powers, a U-2 pilot was shot down over the U.S.S.R. The U.S.A. claimed the plane was used for routine weather research…but when Khrushchev was able to produce not only the wreckage of the U-2, but developed spy photos and the pilot, Eisenhower admitted the true purpose of the U-2.

Slide 14:

American U-2 Spy Plane Powers was convicted of espionage and sentenced to 3 years in prison and an additional 7 years of hard labor. After 1.5 years in prison he was traded for a Soviet spy and returned to work as a test pilot for Lockheed.

Slide 15:

American U-2 Spy Plane Some Americans were angry that Powers did not activate the self destruct feature on his aircraft (which allowed the Soviets to access the photos). People were also upset that he failed to use a CIA issued suicide pin. The senate, after an investigation, decided he acted with distinction in a bad situation.

Slide 16:

American U-2 Spy Plane U-2s were being used to spy on all communist nations around the world, not just the U.S.S.R. That meant Cuba!

Slide 17:

American U-2 Spy Plane On October 15, 1962 a U-2 photographed Soviet missile sites in Cuba.

Slide 18:

U-2 Photos

Slide 19:

U-2 Photos

Slide 20:

U-2 Photos

Slide 21:

October 15 th , 1962: U-2 spy plane takes pictures of missile sites being built in Cuba

Slide 22:

October 16th - 21st I really need to figure out what to do about these missiles…

Slide 23:

October 16th - 21st I shall call in my most trusted advisors…

Slide 24:

Analysis

Slide 25:

Analysis

Slide 26:

Analysis

Slide 27:

Appeal to the U.N. Air strikes to destroy launch sites Military invasion Nuclear attack Naval blockade

Slide 28:

October 16th - 21st Asking the U.N. to condemn the U.S.S.R. and Cuba might work…

Slide 29:

October 16th - 21st We are usually really, really, slow…

Slide 30:

October 16th - 21st Darn!

Slide 31:

October 16th - 21st Well, air strikes or an invasion might work…

Slide 32:

October 16th - 21st Of course, then we are invading Cuba

Slide 33:

October 16th - 21st And remember, there is nothing illegal about these missiles…you just don’t like them!

Slide 34:

October 16th - 21st Besides, it isn’t like you don’t have nuclear missiles all over Western Europe!

Slide 35:

October 16th - 21st We just want to have them there as a deterrent, we aren’t planning a first strike…

Slide 36:

October 16th - 21st Darn!

Slide 37:

October 16th - 21st I guess we can’t invade then…

Slide 38:

October 16th - 21st Maybe nukes…

Slide 39:

October 16th - 21st Of course… we have that whole mutually assured destruction thing…

Slide 40:

October 16th - 21st Nuke Cuba and die!

Slide 41:

October 16th - 21st Darn!

Slide 42:

October 22nd As a result of the Soviet missiles on Cuba the U.S. is enacting a naval blockade…

Slide 43:

October 22nd The blockade will be at a radius of 500 nautical miles (that is a really long way)

Slide 44:

October 22nd If any ship should violate the blockade it will be fired on and sunk…

Slide 45:

JFK announces the U.S. will use a naval blockade

Slide 46:

October 22nd We have dispatched 180 ships to stop the arrival of more nuclear weapons

Slide 47:

October 22nd 200,000 troops have assembled in South Florida should we need to invade Cuba…

Slide 48:

October 22nd And we have launched B-52 bombers with nuclear bombs… just in case

Slide 49:

October 23rd But there is nothing illegal about these missiles…you just don’t like them!

Slide 50:

October 23rd SCREW YOU U.S.A

Slide 51:

October 23rd And screw your silly blockade!

Slide 52:

We are going to build the missile sites anyway! October 23rd

Slide 53:

Take that, suckahs! October 23rd

Slide 54:

Soviet Premier Khrushchev tells JFK that the USSR will not observe the blockade

Slide 55:

October 24th

Slide 56:

October 24th Gee…I really hope those Soviet ships stop…

Slide 57:

October 23rd My ships are approaching the blockade… I wonder if Kennedy is serious…

Slide 58:

October 24th Shall we proceed to Cuba?

Slide 59:

October 23rd No…I suppose you should stop…

Slide 60:

October 23rd Maybe we can work something out

Slide 61:

October 22nd

Slide 62:

Moscow radios the ships to hold their position

Slide 63:

October 25th Well, at least that crazy Khrushchev held his ships

Slide 64:

October 25th Still, this could really get bad if we aren’t careful…

Slide 65:

October 25th I should probably raise the military to DEFCON 2

Slide 66:

October 25th DEFCON 1 : Maximum force readiness. DEFCON 2 : Increased force readiness. DEFCON 3 : Increased force readiness. DEFCON 4 : Peacetime; Increased intelligence; Strengthened security measures. DEFCON 5 : Peacetime.

Slide 67:

October 25th A Handy Analogy The terror alert system

Slide 68:

U.S. forces move to DEFCON 2…the highest level it has ever been

Slide 69:

October 26th Let’s meet today’s contestants… first, we have John Fitzgerald Kennedy, president of the United States!

Slide 70:

October 26th Can I get a “woot woot”?

Slide 71:

October 26th Our next contestant is Soviet Chairman Nikiiiiiiiita Khrushchev!

Slide 72:

October 26th All the ladies in the house say “heeeeey”

Slide 73:

October 26th Alrighty then…what can I do to get you guys to have peace… TODAY!

Slide 74:

October 26th I will pull my missiles out of Cuba if you promise not to invade…

Slide 75:

October 26th Hmm… that sounds like it might work for us

Slide 76:

Khrushchev announces he will remove missiles if U.S. agrees to not attack Cuba

Slide 77:

October 27th Zoom

Slide 78:

October 27th BOOM!

Slide 79:

October 27th

Slide 80:

October 23rd What the HE double hockey sticks?

Slide 81:

October 23rd We just shot down a U-2 over Cuba!

Slide 82:

October 23rd And…we shot at another over the U.S.S.R.!

Slide 83:

October 23rd You have brought us to the brink of war…

Slide 84:

October 26th Errr….

Slide 85:

October 25th Crap…I told them to stop flights…what is LeMay doing?

Slide 86:

October 26th Ooops?

Slide 87:

October 23rd Now we demand you pull your missiles out of Turkey!

Slide 88:

October 26th I think we can arrange to remove those missiles

Slide 89:

Khrushchev demands nuclear missiles be removed from Turkey

Slide 90:

October 28th Good…then we will send our ships back to the Soviet Union…

Slide 91:

October 28th And we will dismantle the missiles in Cuba…

Slide 92:

In the words of Secretary of State Dean Rusk: "We were eyeball to eyeball, and the other fellow just blinked"

Slide 93:

Lasting Effects Wow, that really made us look bad…

Slide 94:

Lasting Effects I wonder how I can restore my nations prestige…

Slide 95:

Lasting Effects I guess I should build a bunch more missiles…

Slide 96:

Lasting Effects

Slide 97:

Lasting Effects Yep…that should do it

Slide 98:

Lasting Effects This worked out pretty well…

Slide 99:

Lasting Effects But damn it was scary!

Slide 100:

Lasting Effects Oh well…its been a month…we can lift the embargo

Slide 101:

Lasting Effects We did manage to contain the Soviets!

Slide 102:

Lasting Effects But…we better build up a bunch of new nukes just in case

Slide 103:

Lasting Effects

Slide 104:

Lasting Effects August 1963: "The Hotline" A direct line between the White House and the Kremlin

Slide 105:

Lasting Effects Because this is bad:

Slide 106:

The 13 days we just studied pushed brinkmanship and the patience of two nations to the limit. If you want to see a movie about it check out "Thirteen Days" be warned though, it is full of lies

Slide 107:

Aug. 1963 – “Hotline” set up because the U.S.S.R. and the U.S.A. recognized the importance of negotiations to avert “mistaken” nuclear launch

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