Cold War in Asia

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Slide 1:

The Cold War In Asia

Slide 2:

While the Cold War in Europe was developing massive changes rocked the Far East Across Asia, British, French and Dutch colonies began demanding their freedom and communist revolutions were taking place

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The Division Of Korea At the end of WWII Korea was divided along the 38 th parallel. The north became communist and the south a pro-western democracy. Both governments wanted to reunify Korea on their own terms.

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In 1947 Britain granted freedom to India and Pakistan Mohandus K. Gandhi

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In 1949 the Dutch gave up control of Indonesia

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In the 1930s China began to fight a communist revolution Mao Tse-tung Chiang Kai-Shek

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By 1937, Mao had 900,000 or more followers and Chiang was struggling to resist Mao Tse-tung Chiang Kai-Shek

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Truman sent George Marshall to convince the two men to share control of China Why don’t you guys just play nice… Never! Stupid America…

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So Truman sent $3 Billion in aid to Chiang in 1945 Thanks buddy! You betcha!

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Still, by 1950 China had “fallen” to communism. The American public freaked out because they saw the world’s largest nation (500 million people) go red and containment fail

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Remember…Korea was divided after WWII Communist Democracy

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75,000 N. Korean troops invaded behind Soviet tanks in a complete surprise attack

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3) North Korea invades South Korea 75,000 North Korean troops came across the 38th parallel behind Soviet tanks. Surprise attack.

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Of course, this caused conflict with the U.S. because of its policy of: Containment

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Now what should I do?

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Truman decided he had to fight back On June 27 th Truman ordered air and naval forces to Korea with out Congressional approval Congress schmongress

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The U.N. security council immediately approved financial and military support for South Korea The Soviet delegate was not present to vote because he had walked out of the meeting prior to the invasion in protest of the U.N.’s refusal to seat a representative from Mao’s China

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4) The Responses To fight back: threat to containment. Didn’t get Congressional approval. Sent air & naval forces. Walked out to protest the councils unwillingness to seat a rep. from China. Condemn: send $ and troops

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The North Korean troops advanced quickly through the Summer of 1950

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By September of 1950 American and South Korean (U.N.) troops were cornered in Pusan

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5) The Fighting – Summer 1950 North Korean troops moved southward very quickly and cornered U.N. forces at Pusan

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In September of 1950 MacArthur launched a naval invasion at Inchon and with 18,000 troops took Seoul and drove North Korean forces back across the 38 th parallel

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Slide 24:

Hey Harry?

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How about I just free the rest of Korea?

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Okay by me!

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Rock on!

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By November Truman had pushed the North Korean forces to the Chinese border

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6) The Inchon Attack General Douglas MacArthur Used navy to attack behind North Korean lines. 18,000 marines and tanks, freed Seoul. Pushed the North Koreans back across the 38th Parallel into N. Korean territory and eventually to China.

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Hey Dougy… Don’t bring this war onto Chinese soil…

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You can’t tell me what to do!

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It’s my country you big jerk!

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MacArthur stubbornly bombed bridges across the Yalu River connecting China and North Korea

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Weren’t you listening?

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Thousands of Chinese troops swarmed across the Yalu River and drove the U.N. forces back to the 38 th parallel

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Fighting continued through the winter but the war ground to a bloody stalemate

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7) Conflict With China MacArthur crossed into China to fight, Mao warned him not to. Chinese troops crossed into North Korea to fight, attacked UN troops. Drove UN forces back across 38th Parallel. Stalemate.

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Hey Harry… can I just invade China?

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Or…how about I just nuke these jerks?

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What are you…an idiot?

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I say if you are going to fight you might as well go all out!

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I’m trying to prevent WWIII…not start it!

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Hey Doug…You’re fired!

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The public was outraged

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They loved the war hero MacArthur

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And did not understand why he was not allowed to wipe out communism in Asia

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8) MacArthur vs Truman 1) Truman wanted peace; MacArthur wanted to invade China, use nukes Mac. criticized Truman’s “limited war”-confined war, no nuclear weapons. 2) Truman fired MacArthur, outraged public. Mac. war hero: let him get rid of Communism in Asia

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By July of 1951 both sides were tired of fighting...

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By July of 1951 both sides were tired of fighting...

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U.N. negotiators and North Korean representatives got together to begin peace talks

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Negotiations would last for two years, during which time WWII hero Dwight D. Eisenhower would become president

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9) Peace Negotiations 1) U.N. representatives and North Koreans 2) Over two years; war ended under President Eisenhower

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10) End of the War 1) Korea still divided at 38 th parallel. Convinced US that military build-up was needed, defense spending increased, strong army, new weapons, stockpile of nuclear weapons, undeclared war, increased Pres. Powers 2) Tell me what you think…

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