Cold War in Asia

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Slide 1:

The Cold War In Asia

Slide 2:

While the Cold War in Europe was developing massive changes rocked the Far East Across Asia, British, French and Dutch colonies began demanding their freedom and communist revolutions were taking place

Slide 3:

The Division Of Korea At the end of WWII Korea was divided along the 38 th parallel. The north became communist and the south a pro-western democracy. Both governments wanted to reunify Korea on their own terms.

Slide 4:

In 1947 Britain granted freedom to India and Pakistan Mohandus K. Gandhi

Slide 5:

In 1949 the Dutch gave up control of Indonesia

Slide 6:

In the 1930s China began to fight a communist revolution Mao Tse-tung Chiang Kai-Shek

Slide 7:

By 1937, Mao had 900,000 or more followers and Chiang was struggling to resist Mao Tse-tung Chiang Kai-Shek

Slide 8:

Truman sent George Marshall to convince the two men to share control of China Why don’t you guys just play nice… Never! Stupid America…

Slide 9:

So Truman sent $3 Billion in aid to Chiang in 1945 Thanks buddy! You betcha!

Slide 10:

Still, by 1950 China had “fallen” to communism. The American public freaked out because they saw the world’s largest nation (500 million people) go red and containment fail

Slide 11:

Remember…Korea was divided after WWII Communist Democracy

Slide 12:

75,000 N. Korean troops invaded behind Soviet tanks in a complete surprise attack

Slide 13:

3) North Korea invades South Korea 75,000 North Korean troops came across the 38th parallel behind Soviet tanks. Surprise attack.

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Of course, this caused conflict with the U.S. because of its policy of: Containment

Slide 15:

Now what should I do?

Slide 16:

Truman decided he had to fight back On June 27 th Truman ordered air and naval forces to Korea with out Congressional approval Congress schmongress

Slide 17:

The U.N. security council immediately approved financial and military support for South Korea The Soviet delegate was not present to vote because he had walked out of the meeting prior to the invasion in protest of the U.N.’s refusal to seat a representative from Mao’s China

Slide 18:

4) The Responses To fight back: threat to containment. Didn’t get Congressional approval. Sent air & naval forces. Walked out to protest the councils unwillingness to seat a rep. from China. Condemn: send $ and troops

Slide 19:

The North Korean troops advanced quickly through the Summer of 1950

Slide 20:

By September of 1950 American and South Korean (U.N.) troops were cornered in Pusan

Slide 21:

5) The Fighting – Summer 1950 North Korean troops moved southward very quickly and cornered U.N. forces at Pusan

Slide 22:

In September of 1950 MacArthur launched a naval invasion at Inchon and with 18,000 troops took Seoul and drove North Korean forces back across the 38 th parallel

Slide 23:

Yeehaa!

Slide 24:

Hey Harry?

Slide 25:

Yep?

Slide 26:

How about I just free the rest of Korea?

Slide 27:

Okay by me!

Slide 28:

Rock on!

Slide 29:

By November Truman had pushed the North Korean forces to the Chinese border

Slide 30:

6) The Inchon Attack General Douglas MacArthur Used navy to attack behind North Korean lines. 18,000 marines and tanks, freed Seoul. Pushed the North Koreans back across the 38th Parallel into N. Korean territory and eventually to China.

Slide 31:

Hey Dougy… Don’t bring this war onto Chinese soil…

Slide 32:

You can’t tell me what to do!

Slide 33:

It’s my country you big jerk!

Slide 34:

Meh…

Slide 35:

MacArthur stubbornly bombed bridges across the Yalu River connecting China and North Korea

Slide 36:

Weren’t you listening?

Slide 37:

Thousands of Chinese troops swarmed across the Yalu River and drove the U.N. forces back to the 38 th parallel

Slide 38:

Fighting continued through the winter but the war ground to a bloody stalemate

Slide 39:

7) Conflict With China MacArthur crossed into China to fight, Mao warned him not to. Chinese troops crossed into North Korea to fight, attacked UN troops. Drove UN forces back across 38th Parallel. Stalemate.

Slide 40:

Hey Harry… can I just invade China?

Slide 41:

Or…how about I just nuke these jerks?

Slide 42:

What are you…an idiot?

Slide 43:

I say if you are going to fight you might as well go all out!

Slide 44:

I’m trying to prevent WWIII…not start it!

Slide 45:

Hey Doug…You’re fired!

Slide 46:

The public was outraged

Slide 47:

They loved the war hero MacArthur

Slide 48:

And did not understand why he was not allowed to wipe out communism in Asia

Slide 49:

8) MacArthur vs Truman 1) Truman wanted peace; MacArthur wanted to invade China, use nukes Mac. criticized Truman’s “limited war”-confined war, no nuclear weapons. 2) Truman fired MacArthur, outraged public. Mac. war hero: let him get rid of Communism in Asia

Slide 50:

By July of 1951 both sides were tired of fighting...

Slide 51:

By July of 1951 both sides were tired of fighting...

Slide 52:

U.N. negotiators and North Korean representatives got together to begin peace talks

Slide 53:

Negotiations would last for two years, during which time WWII hero Dwight D. Eisenhower would become president

Slide 54:

9) Peace Negotiations 1) U.N. representatives and North Koreans 2) Over two years; war ended under President Eisenhower

Slide 55:

10) End of the War 1) Korea still divided at 38 th parallel. Convinced US that military build-up was needed, defense spending increased, strong army, new weapons, stockpile of nuclear weapons, undeclared war, increased Pres. Powers 2) Tell me what you think…

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