Systems Theory-Part 4-Systems Principles-Reflections

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Systems Approaches:

Systems Approaches Part 4: Systems Principles

II. Systems Theory:

II. Systems Theory E. Systems Principles Unintended Consequences Due to complexity of systems, they often result in outcomes that are unpredictable and unintended

II. Systems Theory:

II. Systems Theory E. Systems Principles 2. Cause-Effect Relationships in Systems Are Complex Managers Tighten Up Subordinates Work Slower Subordinates Resent Pressure Fear of Negative Evaluation Pressure to Produce on Managers Pressure From Top Management Problems at Home

II. Systems Theory:

II. Systems Theory E. Systems Principles 3. To Understand a System Don’t Focus Only on the System Itself Look to environment

II. Systems Theory:

II. Systems Theory E. Systems Principles 4. Today’s Problems Come from Yesterday’s Solutions Set up congressional relations department to lobby Congress and influence legislation relevant to organization Result: Lose the ability to innovate and compete Difficult to respond to new competitors

II. Systems Theory:

II. Systems Theory E. Systems Principles 5. Systems Must Adapt Effectively Or They Will Perish Evolution to fit environment

III. Reflections on Systems Theory:

III. Reflections on Systems Theory Advantages It offers a general model of organizations It acknowledges and helps us understand the complexity of organizations It focuses on adaptation—there is no one best way to organize

III. Reflections on Systems Theory:

III. Reflections on Systems Theory B. Challenges Sometimes Too Complex—Not Parsimonious Sometimes Overly Conservative

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