OKC Branch NAACP Hisorical Journey

Category: Education

Presentation Description

This presentation was shown during the 98th Annual Oklahoma City Branch NAACP Freedom Fund Banquet on October 22, 2011 at the Jim Thorpe Sports Musuem.


Presentation Transcript

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People 102 Years Strong and Affirming America’s Promise! :

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People 102 Years Strong and Affirming America’s Promise! Oklahoma City Branch NAACP Presents: A Historical Journey 98 th Annual Freedom Fund Banquet ~ October 22, 2011

Oklahoma City Branch NAACP Garland Pruitt, President:

Oklahoma City Branch NAACP Garland Pruitt, President The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) reached Oklahoma in 1913 when Black leaders founded a local branch in Oklahoma City. Oklahoma City's first Jim Crow ordinances were adopted in 1916 and covered residences, churches, schools, theaters, dance halls and assembly halls. Oklahoma City civil rights marches in 1959 and 1960 and the Civil Rights Act of 1964 led to the demise of Jim Crow and segregation. Today, the Oklahoma City Branch NAACP is committed to continuing the mission of ensuring the political, educational, social, and economic equality of rights of all persons and to eliminate racial hatred and racial discrimination. The Journey…

Bass Reeves:

Bass Reeves Bass Reeves was born into slavery in 1838. He was instrumental in creating stability in Indian Territory as a Deputy United States Marshal. He was one of the first African American Deputy Marshals west of the Mississippi.

Inman Page:

Inman Page Inman Page was president of Langston University for 17 years, as well as the supervising principal of segregated Black schools. During his tenure at Frederick Douglass High School in Oklahoma City, Mr. Page taught future author Ralph Ellison.

Bill Pickett:

Bill Pickett Bill Pickett is best know for inventing steer wrestling or “bulldogging.” His unique approach was to overpower a steer by biting its lip! Mr. Pickett traveled many places with the Wild West show, and appeared in early films. In 1971, Mr. Pickett was the first African American inducted into the Rodeo Hall of Fame.

All Black Towns:

All Black Towns From 1865 to the 1920s, settlements in Oklahoma included over 50 All-Black Towns. These towns were founded mostly by the former slaves of the Five Civilized Tribes, or Freedmen. Groups of African Americans joined together to create successful communities where they could live without the threat of racism.

Deep Deuce:

Deep Deuce Once known as "Deep Second," the Deep Deuce area of Oklahoma City is small, but carries tremendous historical significance as a metro center for jazz music and African-American culture and commerce. Back in the day, the Deep Deuce commercial district flourished in part due to the community’s drive to succeed and support each other, and because of segregationist laws at the time which prohibited African American’s from crossing into certain areas of the city.

Deep Deuce:

Deep Deuce In the 1940's, Deep Deuce was one of the largest African-American neighborhoods in Oklahoma City and home to legendary jazz musicians such as Charlie Christian and Jimmy Rushing. Ralph Waldo Ellison, born in Oklahoma City in 1914, wrote of the Deep Deuce in his book Trading Twelves . Charlie Christian studied under respected teacher Zelia Breaux and eventually began playing in Oklahoma City’s “Deep Deuce.” Charlie Christian was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1990. His influence is still celebrated with Oklahoma City’s annual Charlie Christian Jazz Festival.

George M. Pullman:

George M. Pullman George M. Pullman built special railroad cars where passengers could eat and sleep comfortably as they traveled across the country. He offered jobs to former slaves, especially those who had worked inside their owner’s homes. The work of a porter was difficult, but it was one of the best jobs that an African American man could get in the late 1800’s and on through the 1950’s.

Roscoe Dunjee:

Roscoe Dunjee Roscoe Dunjee founded the Black Dispatch newspaper in 1915. The Black Dispatch became one of the most successful African American newspapers in the United States. Roscoe Dunjee was a member of the NAACP's National Board of Directors and served for sixteen years as the President of the NAACP Oklahoma State Conference. In 1932 the Guthrie, Tulsa, Chickasha, Muskogee, and Oklahoma City branches met and formed the nation's first State Conference of NAACP Branches.

Andrew “Rube” Foster:

Andrew “Rube” Foster The first successful organized Negro League was established on February 13, 1920, at a YMCA in Kansas City, Missouri. Andrew "Rube" Foster was the driving force behind the organization of this league and served as its president. As a result of his leadership role in the early years of the leagues, Foster is known as "the father of black baseball." This first league was known as the Negro National League with member teams in the South and Midwest. The National Negro League operated successfully until 1931.

Andrew “Rube” Foster:

Andrew “Rube” Foster Oscar Charleston, leads his league in doubles, triples and home runs, batting .434 for the year.

Ralph Ellison:

Ralph Ellison Ralph Ellison was an African American writer and teacher whose novel, “Invisible Man” was a major success. Mr. Ellison used racial issues to express universal dilemmas of identity and self-discovery. Talented in many fields, Mr.Ellison was also an accomplished jazz trumpeter and a free-lance photographer. He attended the Frederick Douglass School in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.

Opaline Wadkins:

Opaline Wadkins Opaline Wadkins came to Oklahoma in 1938 and worked for the Department of Public Health. She organized the first school in Oklahoma to train African American nurses . In the 1950s, she worked to desegregate OU's College of Nursing. Ms. Wadkins established Langston's School of Nursing in the 1970’s and is a member of the Oklahoma Women's Hall of Fame.

James Stewart:

James Stewart James Stewart was a pioneer in the Oklahoma City Civil Rights Movement. In 1942, he was elected Vice President of the Oklahoma City Branch NAACP and soon became President. Mr. Stewart was also a member of the NAACP’s National Board of Directors. As a result of Mr. Stewart’s efforts, job opportunities became a reality for African Americans in Oklahoma City. He was instrumental in fighting segregation and securing civil liberties for African Americans.

Ada L. Sipuel Fisher:

Ada L. Sipuel Fisher In 1946, Ada Lois Sipuel Fisher was denied admission to the College of Law at the University of Oklahoma because Oklahoma law stated that African American students and white students must be taught separately. With the support of the NAACP and legal representation from Thurgood Marshall and Amos T. Hall, the case of Sipuel v. Board of Regents set the precedent for other African Americans seeking equal opportunities for education.


Injustice Segregation and racial discrimination have long histories in Oklahoma. From the beginning of their movement into the Sooner State, African Americans were subject to the racism of the times. Over the years, whites used the state courts as well as economic pressure and violence to preserve Oklahoma's Jim Crow system. Between 1907 and 1930 lynchings by white terrorist mobs took the lives of dozens of blacks. The murder sites included Henryetta, Okemah, Purcell, Chickasha, Eufaula, Oklahoma City, and other places around the Sooner State.



Tulsa Riots of 1921:

Tulsa Riots of 1921 The Tulsa Riots began on May, 31,1921 after an African American man named Dick Rowland stepped into an elevator in the Drexel Building operated by a woman named Sarah Page. A scream was heard and Rowland got nervous and ran out. Rowland was accused of a sexual attack against Page. One version of the incident holds that Rowland stepped on Page's foot. When Rowland reached out to keep her from falling, she screamed. The next day, Rowland was arrested and held in the courthouse lockup. Headlines in the local newspapers inflamed public opinion and there was talk in the white community of lynch justice. The black community, equally incensed, prepared to defend him.

Tulsa Riots:

Tulsa Riots It took the better part of the next ten years to recover from the physical destruction and to rebuild and repatriate the residents to their homes. However, this event is barely mentioned in history books and is particularly absent from Oklahoma history books. The documents gleaned from an initial inquiry held shortly after the riots, mysteriously disappeared .

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People:

A group of Whites shocked by the Springfield, IL riot of 1908 merge with W.E.B. Du Bois' Niagara Movement, forming the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Holding a poster against racial bias in Mississippi are four of the most active leaders in the NAACP movement in 1909. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People:

In 1910, William Edward Burghardt Du Bois founded The Crisis magazine as the premier crusading voice for civil rights. W.E.B. Du Bois edits the magazine for its first 24 years. The magazine was and still remains the official publication of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and is the NAACP's articulate partner in the struggle for human rights for people of color. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People

Civil Rights Movement:

Singer Marian Anderson performs at the Lincoln Memorial before an audience of 75,000 after the Daughters of the American Revolution refused to allow her to sing at Constitution Hall. Civil Rights Movement

Civil Rights Movement:

Civil Rights Movement Rosa Parks, Secretary of the Montgomery, Alabama Branch NAACP, refuses to surrender her seat when ordered to do so by a local bus driver, leading to the Montgomery bus boycott of 1955-56.

Civil Rights Movement:

Civil Rights Movement The Southern Christian Leadership Conference is established. Rev. Martin Luther King Jr., and others coordinate and assist local organizations working for the full equality of African Americans.

Civil Rights Movement:

Civil Rights Movement President Eisenhower signed into law a stronger, more protective Civil Rights Act dealing with the disenfranchisement of Blacks seeking to register and vote.

Civil Rights Movement:

Civil Rights Movement The civil-rights movement has a massive march on Washington D.C. and more than 200,000 hear Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. deliver his famous “I Have a Dream” speech. The Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr., writes “ Letters from a Birmingham Jail ” to eight clergymen who attacked his role in Birmingham.

Civil Rights Movement:

Civil Rights Movement The Voting Rights Act is passed in 1965 following the Selma to Montgomery March.

Clara Luper:

Clara Luper In August 1958, Clara Luper and the NAACP Youth Council, walked into Oklahoma City's Katz Drugstore and sat down at the lunch counter. They were refused service because they were African American and were ordered to leave. Mrs. Luper and her group refused to leave until they were served. They did not move, despite being spit on, cursed at, taunted, and having food and drinks thrown at them. The police were kept on hand in case of any disorder, but the group left quietly at closing. They returned the next day, and after two days of their non-violent sit-in, the youth were served their drinks.

Clara Luper:

Clara Luper The sit-ins began in August of 1958 and continued - without stopping - until June of 1961. Mrs. Luper was arrested 26 times for her involvement in the civil rights movement. She took part in the 1963 March on Washington and was injured by a police officer in the 1965 march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama.

Clara Luper:

Clara Luper

Barbara Posey:

Barbara Posey Barbara Posey was inspired by Clara Luper and participated in the NAACP Youth Council sit-ins at lunch counters in Oklahoma City. She also participated with other students in a play written by Mrs. Luper that the Youth Council performed in New York City at an NAACP freedom rally.


Katrina Hurricane Katrina of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season was the costliest hurricane, as well as one of the five deadliest, in the history of the United States. The most severe loss of life and property damage occurred in New Orleans, Louisiana, which flooded as the levee system catastrophically failed.

Affirming America’s Promise:

Affirming America’s Promise NAACP Chairman Julian Bond and Vice Chairman Roslyn Brock Bury the “N” word at the 2007 NAACP Annual Convention in Detroit, Michigan.

Affirming America’s Promise:

Affirming America’s Promise Barack Obama is elected President of the United States in 2008, becoming the first African American to win that position.

Affirming America’s Promise:

President elect Barack Obama taking the oath of office. Affirming America’s Promise

Affirming America’s Promise:

Affirming America’s Promise President Barack Obama delivers his inaugural speech.

Oklahoma City Branch NAACP:

Oklahoma City Branch NAACP Formed in 1909, by a multiracial group of progressive thinkers, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is a non-profit organization established with the objective of insuring the political, educational, social and economic equality of minority groups. From corporate partnerships to tireless volunteer labor, the NAACP has evolved to meet the challenges of the day, while remaining true to its original mission. With renewed commitment, the new NAACP is poised to meet the challenges of the 21st century. New Millennium

Oklahoma City Branch NAACP:

Oklahoma City Branch NAACP As the Sooner State entered the new millennium, the NAACP maintains a strong presence in the state, and will continue to take firm positions on matters affecting the African American community. In the future, the NAACP's Oklahoma members will continue to be guardians and advocates of the rights of the state's African American community. New Millennium

Oklahoma City Branch NAACP:

Oklahoma City Branch NAACP The NAACP, the nation's oldest and largest civil rights organization convened in Los Angeles, CA July 23 – 28, 2011 for the 102 nd NAACP Annual Convention. The NAACP has stood at the forefront of progress, crossing the longest bridges and overcoming the highest hurdles in the pursuit of social justice and the end of discrimination. Oklahoma delegates were in attendance. NAACP members are dedicated to the fight for social justice and include members of the entertainment industry, civil rights leaders, and faith-based leaders. The annual conference, which has previously been attended by President Barack Obama, helps advance policies through Congress and the Senate that are intended to further the civil rights agenda. 2011 National Convention Los Angeles, CA N

Oklahoma City Branch NAACP:

Oklahoma City Branch NAACP Hundreds of delegates who attended the NAACP's 102 nd Annual Convention marched July 27, 2011 through the streets of downtown Los Angels, CA in support of the United Food and Commercial Workers union. Delegates from Oklahoma marched and rallied in support of the cause. Organizations in attendance in addition to the UFCW and the NAACP included, SEIU, the American Federation of Teachers, clergy members, elected representatives and the Progressive Jewish Alliance, which included children and adults. The NAACP has put a special focus on building relations with the labor movement. At the end of the rally, several demonstrators and UFCW and NAACP members danced as organizers aptly played "Respect" by Aretha Franklin. 2011 National Convention Los Angeles, CA N

NAACP History Timeline:

NAACP History Timeline Visit the NAACP website that is devoted to black history. The educational and interactive site, www.naacphistory.org, chronicles the civil rights movement and the history of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. The interactive timeline starts with the founding of the organization in 1909.

National Leadership:

National Leadership Ben Jealous is the President, CEO and the official spokesperson for the NAACP. The Chairman of the Board is Roslyn M. Brock.

Oklahoma City Branch NAACP:

Oklahoma City Branch NAACP The fight for freedom is not free! Membership in the NAACP is your opportunity to give back to the organization that has done more to change this country for the betterment of people of color, women, and the disenfranchised than any other in the nation's history. Your membership in the NAACP makes you a part of a force of 300,000 people who stand for the freedoms guaranteed in our nation's constitution. The NAACP is STILL Relevant! Membership Appeal

Oklahoma City Branch NAACP:

Oklahoma City Branch NAACP Branch Leadership Garland Pruitt, President Joyce Thurman, 1st Vice President Rev. Anthony Walker, 2nd Vice President Nadine Craig, Secretary Enetrice Smiley, Treasurer

The Future:

The Future The NAACP believes strongly that future leaders must be developed today, and such development is ongoing in the Youth & College Division, created in 1936. Today there are more than 30,000 young people representing 600 Youth Councils, High School Chapters and College Chapters actively involved in the fight for civil rights. The NAACP has one of the largest organized groups of young people of any secular organization in the country.

Oklahoma City Branch NAACP Garland Pruitt, President:

Oklahoma City Branch NAACP Garland Pruitt, President Contact Us 1500 NE 4th Street Oklahoma City, OK 73117 Phone: 405-236-2227 Fax: 405-769-4844 Email: naacpokc.coxinet.net Website: okcnaacp.org Office Hours: 11am - 2pm Mon. - Wed. - Fri.

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