COORDINATION: COORDINATION COORDINATION implies an orderly pattern or arrangement of group efforts to ensure unity of actions in the pursuit of common objectives. Coordination is the orderly synchronizing of efforts of the subordinates to provide the proper amount, timing and quality of execution so that their unified efforts lead to the stated objective, namely, the common purpose of the enterprise.
Nature & Features: Nature & Features Not a distinct function but the very essence of management. Basic responsibility of manager. Does not arise spontaneously or by force; has to be through conscious efforts of the management. Unity of action : heart of coordination Continuous process Required in group efforts Common purpose Balancing, timing and integrating are the 3 basic elements to be executed by mgt
PRINCIPLES OF COORDINATION: PRINCIPLES OF COORDINATION
Slide 5: PRINCIPLES OF COORDINATION
TYPES OF COORDINATION: TYPES OF COORDINATION INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL VERTICAL AND HORIZONTAL PROCEDURAL AND SUBSTANTIVE
TECHNIQUES OF COORDINATION:
TECHNIQUES OF COORDINATION Sound planning Simplified organization Effective communication
and supervision Chain of command Liaison departments Voluntary coordination
Coordination & Cooperation: Coordination & Cooperation Basis Co-ordination Co-operation Meaning It is an orderly arrangement of group efforts in pursuit of common goals. It means mutual help willingly. Scope It is broader than co-operation which includes as well because it harmonizes the group efforts. It is termed as a part of co-ordination. Process The function of co-ordination is performed by top management. The functions of co-operation are prepared by persons at any level. Requirements Co-ordination is required by employees and departments at work irrespective of their work. Co-operation is emotional in nature because it depends on the willingness of people working together. Relationship It establishes formal and informal relationships. It establishes informal relationship. Freedom It is planned and entrusted by the central authority & it is essential. It depends upon the sweet will of the individuals and therefore it is not necessary.
Need & Significance of Coordination:
Need & Significance of Coordination Coordination encourages team spirit Coordination gives proper direction Coordination facilitates motivation
Coordination makes optimum utilization of resources Coordination helps to achieve objectives quickly Coordination improves relations in the organization Coordination leads to higher efficiency Coordination improves goodwill of the organization