STORYBOARD E-PD edit week 9

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Proposal for the Bridgeport Board of Education created by Gini Crisanti Cesar Batalla School :

Proposal for the Bridgeport Board of Education created by Gini Crisanti Cesar Batalla School 1 E-PD

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2 E-Professional development

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From the first advertisement during 1728 in the Boston Gazette for short-hand classes to the radio and TV lessons of 1969 of the Open University, distance education has grown to huge proportions. (wiki.ask.com). The University of London claims to be the first university to offer distance learning degrees , establishing its External Programme in 1858 . (Wikipedia. 2011). In 1996 Jones International University was launched and claims to be the first fully online university accredited by a regional accrediting association in the US. (wiki.ask.com). 7/19/2011 Virginia Crisanti 3 3 HISTORY OF E-COURSES From the first advertisement during 1728 in the Boston Gazette for short-hand classes to the radio and TV lessons of 1969 of the Open University, distance education has grown to huge proportions. (wiki.ask.com). The University of London claims to be the first university to offer distance learning degrees , establishing its External Programme in 1858. (wikipedia . 2011 ).

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Flexibility of Time and Place . Access : e-Learning is available for FREE on the Internet. Convenience : e-Learning can take place anytime and any place there is Internet access . Choice : e-Learning increases professional development opportunities for teachers. Simplicity : visit the Web site to enroll, complete the course, take an assessment, perform the follow-up activities, then incorporate what you learn into the classroom. http :// www2.ed.gov/teachers/how/tools/initiative/e-learning.html 7/19/2011 Virginia Crisanti 4 4 Why E-PD?

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Student/Enrollment Trends The current higher education infrastructure cannot accommodate the growing 7/19/2011 Virginia Crisanti 5 5 What problem or need existed that gave rise to your innovation? INNOVA T ION SUCC E SS EVALU A TION DEVELOP M ENT GRO W TH SOLUTI O N PROG R ESS MAR K ETING

Who were the “lead thinkers” for this innovation?:

Who were the “lead thinkers” for this innovation? 6 In 1996 Jones International University was launched and claims to be the first fully online university accredited by a regional accrediting association in the US. (wiki.ask.com).

E-PD :

E-PD What research organization or people developed a solution to this problem or need? e-Learning for Educators (efe) Project. inTASC@bc.edu .) “The danger exists that Americans may not know enough about science, technology, or mathematics to contribute significantly to, or fully benefit from, the knowledge-based economy that is already taking shape around us” (National Academies, 2007. ( www. P2 1.org) 7/19/2011 Virginia Crisanti 7 7

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8 RESEARCH What were their findings? T his study provides a body of evidence that teachers’ participation in a coordinated series of OPD courses have effects that translate into improvements in targeted student outcomes. What seems to be lacking is a system for helping educators to continually learn about new educational resources and more effectively keep track of and inform each other about the best practices for technology supported learning. Using online communities for professional development at a distance can help reduce isolation in the classroom (Schlager, Fusco & Schank, 2002)

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DEVELOPMENT What problems did your innovation encounter in the development process ? “ It depends on the individual,” she says. “Just like online learning isn’t for all students, it’s not for all teachers either .” (Davis. 2009). CPD activities should: be spread over time be collaborative use active learning be delivered to groups of teachers include periods of practice, coaching, and follow-up promote reflective practice encourage experimentation, and respond to teachers’ needs. [7] [8] [9 ] ^ see: Snow-Renner and Lauer, ‘Professional Development Analysis (synthesis of 54 studies), McREL, 2005 ^ see Garet, Porter, Desmoine, Birman, Kwang, What makes professional development effective? American Education Research Journal 38(4) 915-946. 2001 ^ see General Teaching Council for England ,‘Teachers’ Professional Learning’, London, 2005. 9

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10 DEVELOPMENT Who was the intended audience for your innovation? The National Staff Development Council has provided leadership in the creation and dissemination of standards that provide a framework for guiding planning and providing professional growth. These guidelines reflect the research and identify several key components for effective professional development. Those components include: Organize adults into learning communities whose goals are aligned with those of the school and district. Provide skillful school and district leaders who guide continuous instructional improvement. Use technology as a resource to support adult learning and collaboration. Disaggregated data and monitoring progress helps to sustain continuous improvement. Multiple sources of information and knowledge are needed. Educators should be prepared to apply research to decision making, and to use research-based strategies. http:// www.cehd.umn.edu/EdPA/licensure/leader/2005Fall/CPS.html

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COMMERCIALIZATION Production 11 Podcasts Webinars Virtual classrooms Screencasting M-learning

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12 - is differentiated -includes teacher collaboration -is job-embedded and is supported by a coach, whether live or virtual -includes learning built into activities teachers and leaders are already doing during the school day -includes the use of technology Professional Learning

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13 COMMERCIALIZATION Manufacturing There are no manufacturing costs for e-learning following development. E-learning is available via the internet both free of charge or for a fee.

The Need:

The Need 14 Professional growth is critical for educators to support 21st century readiness. The Partnership for 21st Century Skills supports professional development initiatives in its 16 leadership states, on the Route 21 Web site and via annual Cyber Summits on 21st Century Readiness for educators . (

E-PD:

E-PD COMMERCIALIZATION Packaging COMMERCIALIZATION Marketing 15

E-PD:

E-PD COMMERCIALIZATION Distribution of e-pd Because traditional face-to-face professional development gathers people in one place at one time, it can’t reach as many educators. (Davis. 2009). As part of its popular Teacher-to-Teacher Initiative, the U.S. Department of Education launched the groundbreaking e-Learning professional development Web site. Teachers receive free training focused on content knowledge and instructional skills. Thirty-two digital workshops are currently available on a wide variety of topics, including elementary-level reading, vocabulary, reading in content areas, algebra, turning data into information, and differentiated instruction. The Department's Web site has a searchable database of over 1,500 free teaching resources and lesson plans. To date, the e-Learning site has logged more than 300,000 visits http://www2.ed.gov/teachers/how/tools/initiative/e-learning.html 16

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17 Ravitz, J. & Hoadley. C. Supporting change and scholarship through review of online resources in professional development settings. Schlager British Journal of Educational Technology March, 2005. M., Fusco, J. & Schank, P. (2002). Evolution of an online education community of practice. In K. Renninger and W. Shumar (Eds.), Building virtual communities: Learning and change in cyberspace. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 129-158. Davis. M.R. (2009) Online professional development weighed as cost-saving tactic. IT Management. Retrieved from Kezar. S. (2011). 21st Century Teaching and Learning Online Best Practices: Professional Development (PD) Support for Individuals, Schools, and Districts - Sylva Kezar, ASCD . Notes from TCEA 2011 Session. Retrieved from O’Dwyer, L.M., Masters, J., Dash, S., De Kramer, R.M., Humez, A., & Russel, M., (2010). e-Learning for Educators Effects of On-Line Professional Development on Teachers and their Students: Executive Summary of Four Randomized Trials. Retrieved from http://www.bc.edu/research/intasc/PDF/EFE_Findings2010_ExecutiveSummary.pdf

Diffusion of E-PD:

Diffusion of E-PD Anticipated Innovators & Early Adoptors Those who need: Flexibility Accessibility Just-in-time learning Self-paced learning Change agent must meet the need of the learner and show them the advantage relative to their need. 18 Persuasive Strategies Convenience of time, location, and selection. Time, handicapped, options. Need based, current, timely. Allows multiple levels: accelerated vs. extra time.

Anticipated laggards:

Anticipated laggards Are those who: Persuasive Strategies Live in the Past Are suspicious of change Are resistant to change Maintain the status quo. Have limited resources/opportunities. Are cautious. Communication strategies that target the laggards. Use internet to reach them. Show positive results and rewards. Motivate slowly and in a safe environment. Offer significant support. 19

Which combination of perceived attributes would be best for helping your innovation meet critical mass in your industry? :

Which combination of perceived attributes would be best for helping your innovation meet critical mass in your industry? PERCEIVED ATTRIBUTE ROLE IN MEETING CRITICAL MASS Compatibility Complexity Observability Relative advantage Trailability Courses must meet the National, State , Districts, and personal needs of educators. The more user-friendly the process is, the faster it will be adopted. Interdistrict promotion. Modeling by Administration and peers is key to adoption. The higher the perceived advantage, the faster the innovation will meet critical mass. Free offers, limited trails and customer support would increase usage. 20

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E-PD :

E-PD How did they convince a manufacturer to produce it? 22

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WIN WIN:

WIN WIN Professional development is not just another dimension of the nation's educational program. It is the lynch pin. This week, you studied the specific variables that make organizational adoption different from individual adoption. Consider how each of these variables might affect your organization’s decision to adopt your innovation as you continue to develop the multimedia presentation. This is the last week you will be adding new information to your presentation. Reflect on what you discovered about the role of the champion in order to set the agenda for your organization by: Defining the need for your innovation, and Matching your innovation to that need. Remember, you are the expert on this innovation. While you are gathering your final thoughts and ideas for your presentation, make sure to include any additional information that is pertinent to persuading the Board of Directors to adopt your innovation. Consider your audience and the adopter categories to which they might belong. Use this knowledge to help you construct a concise, detailed, persuasive argument that would best fit those in your field of work. As you create your final slide, make sure it is designed to leave a lasting impact on the Board of Directors. Be a champion by convincing them that your organization cannot accomplish its goals without using this innovation. Use this opportunity to drive your point home. 24

Variables of Diffusion :

Variables of Diffusion Variables Bridgeport BOE Individual characteristics of leader Internal characteristics of organizational structure Centralization Complexity Formalization Interconnectedness External characteristics of the organization Superintendent High expectations Good communicator/listener Compassionate/Empathetic Open to suggestion/change Tech savvy Centralization District/IT Complexity Departmentalized Dept. Heads Formalization Medium Interconnectedness Principals Individual Building Staff External Parents BOE 25

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Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, Volume VI, NumberIII, Fall2003 State University of West Georgia, Distance Education Center. Retrieved from http://www.westga.edu/~ distance/ojdla/fall63/howell63.html Up to the Challenge The Role of Career and Technical Education and 21st Century Skills in College and Career Readiness. ( 2010). Association for Career and Technical Education, National Association of State Directors of Career Technical Education Consortium and Partnership for 21st Century Skills Up. Retrieved from: www.p21.org. 26

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Computers & Education Volume 51, Issue 2 , September 2008, Pages 955-967 http://www.newman.ac.uk/Students_Websites/~ m.m.friel/index.htm E-learning: emerging uses, empirical results and future directions Elizabeth T. Welsh, Connie R. Wanberg, Kenneth G. Brown, Marcia J. Simmering Article first published online: 14 NOV 2003 DOI: 10.1046/j.1360-3736.2003.00184.x Title: E-learning markets and providers: some issues and prospects Author(s): Kate Fry , (Kate Fry is Senior Lecturer in Communication at the University of Technology, Sydney, Australia.) Citation: Kate Fry, (2001) "E-learning markets and providers: some issues and prospects", Education + Training, Vol. 43 Iss: 4/5, pp.233 - 239 Keywords: Knowledge management , Learning organizations , Organizational development , Workplace learning Article type: Research paper DOI: 10.1108/EUM0000000005484 27

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"We want to provide teachers with strategies that are proven to work. And teachers want to hear from other teachers who are getting real results in the classroom. That's why professional development through e-Learning is such an important part of the No Child Left Behind Act." — U.S. Secretary of Education Margaret Spellings Do you believe a centralized or decentralized approach would work best for the adoption of the innovation you are proposing to the Board of Directors? Who will you recommend as key change agents in your organization, and how can the seven roles of a change agent be used in your organization to effect positive social change? Has the innovation you are proposing to the Board already met critical mass in society? If it has not met critical mass, which of the four strategies for achieving critical mass do you recommend to the Board for your innovation? http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=yOpH1aOuopcC&oi=fnd&pg=PR6&dq=research+and+development+about+E-learning+technology&ots=jvB2_Zj_Ln&sig=8tkx5RymbTYOzrODAkn_qlDRSUs#v=onepage&q=research%20and%20development%20about%20E-learning%20technology&f=false 28

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