Volcanoes

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vocabulary for Volcanoes HM selection 3 Theme 1 Grade 5

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Volcanoes : 

Volcanoes HM 5.1.3 Photos not taken from MS Word are linked to their original source. Click on them for more information.

cindersnouncharred bits of rock, ashes : 

cindersnouncharred bits of rock, ashes coals ashes

craternounbowl-shaped depression : 

craternounbowl-shaped depression

crustnounthe solid outer layer of earth : 

crustnounthe solid outer layer of earth

eruptionnounA volcanic explosion or large flow of lava : 

eruptionnounA volcanic explosion or large flow of lava upsurge explosion outbreak wave

lavanounhot, melted rock that flows from a volcano : 

lavanounhot, melted rock that flows from a volcano

magmanounhot, melted rock underneath the earth’s crust : 

magmanounhot, melted rock underneath the earth’s crust

moltenadjectiveturned into liquid by heat : 

moltenadjectiveturned into liquid by heat melted liquid

summitnoun the top of a mountain : 

summitnoun the top of a mountain peak top pinnacle apex

Norseadjectivehaving to do with ancient Scandinavia : 

Norseadjectivehaving to do with ancient Scandinavia Viking

advanceverbmoving forward : 

advanceverbmoving forward proceed progress

weatheredadjective/verbworn down by weather : 

weatheredadjective/verbworn down by weather worn windswept battered weather-beaten

billowyadjectiverising in a great wave or cloud : 

billowyadjectiverising in a great wave or cloud puffy bulging

compositenouna mixture of substances or parts : 

compositenouna mixture of substances or parts compound combination conglomerate

extinctadjectiveno longer active : 

extinctadjectiveno longer active extinguished dead vanished

collapsedadjective/verbfallen inward, fallen down : 

collapsedadjective/verbfallen inward, fallen down fallen imploded

calderanouncrater at the top of a volcano : 

calderanouncrater at the top of a volcano

belovednoun/adjectivemuch loved : 

belovednoun/adjectivemuch loved sweetheart

brutaladjectiveharsh or cruel : 

brutaladjectiveharsh or cruel cruel evil wicked

claimverbdeclared with force : 

claimverbdeclared with force say declare state

transformverbto change : 

transformverbto change alter convert make over

centurynoun100 years : 

centurynoun100 years

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