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Elephants : 

Elephants The Giants of the Land By: Jocelyn and Cassandra

Why Did We Pick This Animal? : 

Why Did We Pick This Animal? We picked this animal because it is about to be extinct. Elephants are so amazing so we wanted to know as much as we could before they were gone for good.We have always wondered about where they lived and how many types of elephants are there in the world.

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DESCRIPTION They can get up to 11 feet There weight can get up to 7,000 13,200 pounds They are vertebrates and are warm-blooded.

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Adaptations 1. To stay comfortable in the heat, an elephant can flap its ears and create a cooling effect.   2. The elephant's trunk may have over forty thousand individual muscles in it, making it sensitive enough to pick up a single blade of grass, yet strong enough to rip the branches off a tree.   3. Tusks are used to dig for water, salt, and roots; to debark trees, to eat the bark; to dig into trees to get at the pulp inside; and to move trees and branches when clearing a path. In addition, they are used for marking trees to establish territory and occasionally as weapons.

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An elephant's habitat consists of lots of grass. Most elephants live in the grasslands of Africa and in the forests of Asia. They also live in open plains, flooded grasslands and savannahs  filled with acaia trees. General Habitat

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Temperatures Temperatures in savannas vary according to the season. In the dry season temperatures can be either extremely hot or cool. In the wet season temperatures are warm. Elephants can flap their ears to cool off.

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Water Elephants need water to survive. Elephants in Africa normally travel with the group to a water hole, while elephants in Asia are normally provided with water from their owners.  Elephants use their trunk to scoop the water and then they shoot the water into their mouth. Elephants are capable of pulling up to three gallons of water into the trunk

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Plant Life Plant life in the savanna is made low growing grasses with sacttered deciduous trees. Thorny shrubs, Acacias, Eucalyptus and Baobab trees are also found here. Elephants eat a large amount of plants so they are very important to them.

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There are lots of animals in an Elephants habitat. Some are grazers and compete for space and food like the giraffe and zebra. Others are predators like the lion. Animal Life

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Sensory Organs Sight, Smell,Taste,Touch, and Hearing

Sight : 

Sight They have poor eye sight and can only see up to 20 meters.   The eye is small in comparison with the head and there is only a vestigial tear gland.  Elephants do not have a tear duct and  tears simply evaporate or run down the cheek.  Sight improves when in jungle areas or shade.

Smell : 

Smell Since elephants have long noses called trunks they can sniff around corners and see if food is ripe just by touching and smelling it. They have a great sense of smell. Elephants depend on their smell the most. They wave their trunks in the air to get the scent of food or enemies. They can smell things more then a mile away.

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Hearing They have a great sense of hearing.  The range of elephants hearing is much superior than that of human beings.  Elephants communicate by sound over large distances partly through the ground.They communicate in extremely low ranges and sounds can travel many kilometers.

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Taste Elephants love to eat. In fact they spend 20 hours per day snacking and eating. They will eat some 200-300 kg. of jungle plants per day. They are herbavores that use their mouth for grinding and digesting tough plants, bark, etc.

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Touch Elephants love to touch each other.Friends enjoy touching each other using the trunk as an arm.  They also explore friends with their trunk or slide sniff at their mate.  They are an extremely sensitive creature. When they walk on untested ground they use the trunk to feel out the safe route. When they are assured of the ground's firmness they place the front foot forward. The rear foot then goes exactly into the same footprint.

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Food and Life Cycles

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Life Cycle The mother carrys the child for almost two years then gives birth.  If the child is a female it will stay with the mother until the mother dies, if its a male it will leave the herd at age 12. A female will usually be ready to breed around the age of thirteen. Males can mate at age five. They may live seventy years or possibly more. The oldest elephant recorded was 65 years old.

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Food Chain 1. The sun makes the plants grow.   2. The elephants eat the plants.   3. Then lions or poachers eat them.

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Interesting Facts

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Interesting Fact #1 Elephants have greeting ceremonies when a friend that has been away for some time returns to the group.

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Interesting Fact #2 The largest elephant ever recorded was shot in Angola in 1956. This male weighed about 26,000 pounds, with a shoulder height of 14 ft, a yard taller than the average male African elephant.

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Interesting Fact #3 Elephants are a symbol of wisdom in Asian cultures and are famed for their memory and intelligence.

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Interesting Fact #4 There were more elephants in 1974 then there are now. There is about 40,000 elephants left in the wild today.

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Resources http://www.awf.org/content/wildlife/detail/elephant   http://www.indianchild.com/elephants1.htm   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elephant   http://elephant.elehost.com/About_Elephants/Senses/Hearing/hearing.html   http://elephant.elehost.com/About_Elephants/about_elephants.htm   http://www.bishops.k12.nf.ca/wells/biomes/html/savanna.htm http://biology.about.com/od/landbiomes/a/aa041706a.htm http://www.thaifocus.com/elephant/anatomy.htm#Sensory%20Perceptions

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The End The End Bye-bye!!

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