The Protestant Reformation

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The Reformation : 

The Reformation Student V World History Honors Project

What is the Protestant Reformation? : 

What is the Protestant Reformation? Name given to a religious and political development in the early 16th century Created because Roman Catholic doctrine was faulty: teachings and sales of ingulgences, simony, and selling and buying of clerical offices people break away from Catholic Church, form own church groups

Martin Luther : 

Martin Luther He led the reformation, against Catholic teachings Monk and professor at University of Wittenberg from Germany Thought the Roman Catholic Church was corrupt Did not believe having God's grace could be earned by performing good works upset with widespread of selling indulgences, thought people were harming their chances in doing so wrote 95 Thesis

95 Thesis : 

95 Thesis Written by Martin Luther  Used to display unhappiness with the Church's sale of indulgences, giving birth to Protestantism  It promoted reformation  Brought many changes in religion, and way of life  New religions were formed  3 main focus: no more middle men to reach God, there is a direct link  main focus was no longer God but was men, some of which shouldn't have been in the positions they were in  Popes at church were not paying enough attention to those outside who were suffering and poor

King Henry VIII : 

King Henry VIII Famous King of England, reducing the level of taxation that his father had imposed Wanted to divorce his first wife because she could not produce a male heir, but Catholic Church would not allow In his request, Parliament broke away from the Catholic Church of England with the pope in Rome With new powers obtained he could dissolve the monasteries, sell their land, and possessions to wealthy landowners and merchants.  Remarried six times Never recieved a son that could inherit the throne, only a bastard

John Calvin : 

John Calvin Published the Institutes of the Christian Religion, summary of Protestant thought Reputations as one of the new leaders of Protestantism Being close to Luther, also believed in the doctrine of justification by faith alone to expalin how humans achieved salvation Place much emphasis on the all-powerful nature of God calling it the "power, grace, and glory of God" Believed in predestination, which meant that God determined in advance who would be saved and who would be damned

Main Religions: Lutheranism, Calvinism, and Anabaptist : 

Main Religions: Lutheranism, Calvinism, and Anabaptist 3 main religions: Lutheranism, Calvinism, and Anabaptist Lutheranism: Martin Luther developed doctrine Lutheranism 1st Protestant faith Calvinism: belief in predestination gave firm conviction they were doing God’s work on Earth conviction made them determined to spread faith to other people became dynamic and activist faith replaced Lutheranism as most important, dynamic form of Protestantism Anabaptist: believe in adult baptism believes in practices and spirit of early Christianity, all believers to be equal chooses own spiritual leader believe in complete separation of church and state refused to bear arms “Thou shall not kill.” wanted to be persecuted by Protestants and Catholics

Teachers Comments Do Not Erase : 

Teachers Comments Do Not Erase

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