Ancient Rome P1: Daily Life

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Presentation Transcript

Ancient Rome : 

Ancient Rome Part 1: Daily Life

Introduction : 

Introduction Rome is in Italy  Around 500 B.C. Latins (Romans of Latium) were small part of Italy but had defeated Greeks and then last Etruscan Kings to unify Italy This began the Roman Republic (people vote for govt) which is beginning of this Classical Civilization

The Roman Forum : 

The Roman Forum Rome’s main marketplace Sold food, weapons, toys, everything! Markets held every eight days Also a place for politics, business, news, gossip

The Roman Aqueducts : 

The Roman Aqueducts Cement-lined pipes to carry water from hills into cities Water gathered in cisterns, went to public fountains, baths, toilets, and homes of the rich Advanced system but didn’t help much with rubbish and wastes

Roman Baths : 

Roman Baths Everyone could go Tepidarium: warm hall Frigidarium: cold hall with a swimming pool Caldarium: hot room with saunas and Turkish baths Exercise areas, shopping, libraries, gardens, museums, restaurants Baths of Diocletian 32 acres Held over 3,000 people

Circus Maximus : 

Circus Maximus Entertainment Held 250,000 people Hippodrome: a racecourse for chariot races 4 Teams: White, Green, Blue, and Red Betting was common Fast! Crashes! Trampling!

Colosseum : 

Colosseum Amphitheatre: round open-air stadium Largest one Held 50,000 people

Gladiators : 

Gladiators Often prisoners of war or criminals Some were professionally trained in schools Fought one another or wild animals Often ending in death Crowd could give thumbs up or down to spare the loser

Rich People : 

Rich People Wore tunics made of wool or linen short sleeves went to the knee Men wore a toga Women wore a stola Rich = power and luxury

Lives of the Rich : 

Lives of the Rich Nice Houses Atrium: room where rain collected in an ornamental pond Peristyle: garden courtyard Running water Central heat Murals and mosaics Basic furnishings

Eating and Drinking : 

Eating and Drinking Very important Rich had lavish dinner parties and banquets Slaves served guests and washed their feet Lots and lots of Wine

Eating and Drinking : 

Eating and Drinking Vomitorium: slaves put a feather down guests’ throats to induce vomiting easing indigestion Allowed guests to return and eat more Poor rarely had meat and lived mostly on grain Slaves were often better fed

Poor People : 

Poor People Wore a single short garment in winter and summer Most people were poor Those who did not earn a living got free grain from the government called “the dole”

Lives of the Poor : 

Lives of the Poor Families lived in a single room of multistory flats Very tall Eventually limited to six stories Got in by ladder Fire spread easily Poor heating and insulation Very dirty! Hard to get water into the upper floors

Slaves : 

Slaves Mostly prisoners of war Like property Could be bought and sold Most rich people had 1 or 2 The Emporer had over 20,000

Slaves : 

Slaves Some were treated well Had important jobs Teaching Managing farms Given money Could eventually buy freedom

Slaves : 

Slaves Some were treated badly Slaves working in mines were treated worst Were crucified or branded if they tried to run away

Roman Children : 

Roman Children Raised strictly Could be sold or killed Sons stayed with fathers Girls learned spinning, weaving, and painting elementary school from ages 7-11 Called “ludus”: meaning play

Roman Children : 

Roman Children Boys went to grammar school from ages 12-16 Learned Greek, Latin, great works, and oratory: how to make speeches Strict discipline Flogging

Roman Children : 

Roman Children Boys wore a toga with a purple stripe At age 16 they got a plain white toga to signify entering adulthood

Conclusion : 

Conclusion Concludes Daily Life of Romans Answer questions in quiz Move onto Ancient Rome Part 2

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