Colombia

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Colombia Disaster Management:

Colombia Disaster Management Mellisa Poulin

Colombia Disaster Management Overview:

Colombia Disaster Management Overview Geography and Hazards Facts about Colombian disasters History of Disasters Disaster Trends Official Mitigation Structure- Gov’t and NGO Obstacles to Disaster Mitigation Why do these obstacles occur? Economy & Politics Recommendations

Colombia-Country Overview:

Colombia-Country Overview Hazards: droughts, floods, forest fires, landslides, tsunami’s, earthquakes

Facts about Colombian Disasters:

Facts about Colombian Disasters 600 disasters a year 10 th highest economic risk for three or more Hazards 85% of people are in risk areas for two or more hazards Losses for small disasters are 6.7 times g reater than large disasters

Official Disaster Management Structure:

Official Disaster Management Structure

History of Disasters and Current Trends:

History of Disasters and Current Trends Popayan earthquake in 1983 Nevado del Ruiz volcanic eruption of 1985 The average cost per disaster is rising, $31,000 to $136,000 There is an increase in severity and frequency of disasters World class legal framework

Small and Large Disasters- Response:

Small and Large Disasters- Response Government only assists during large disasters Bias towards urban and economic regions Local disasters remain unchanged

Obstacles to Disaster Management:

Obstacles to Disaster Management Implementation Why? Economics -Limited Funds/ fear of Limited funds -Investment at all levels, spending at upper levels Politics - Plans not integrated at different levels -Plans created out of pressure from national government - No intrinsic value or local responsibility Environment -Rapid urbanization -Poor info structure

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