Industrial Hazards

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ASEMINARONINDUSTRIAL SAFETYAND HAZARDS : 

ASEMINARONINDUSTRIAL SAFETYAND HAZARDS PRESENTED BY: MANMOHAN M.PHARM IST YR. PHARMACEUTICS

DEFINITION OF INDUSTRIAL HAZARDS: : 

DEFINITION OF INDUSTRIAL HAZARDS: Hazards is a situation that posses a level of threat to life, health, property or environment. Any real or potential conditions produced by industries that can cause injury or death to personnel or loss of product or property. 2

TYPES OF INDSTRIAL HAZARDS: : 

TYPES OF INDSTRIAL HAZARDS: Fire and Explosion Hazards. Chemical Hazards. Electrical Hazards. Mechanical Hazards. Miscellaneous. 3

FIRE HAZARDS: : 

FIRE HAZARDS: 4

SOURCE OF FIRE HAZARDS: : 

SOURCE OF FIRE HAZARDS: Combustible and flammable liquid. Heat utilizations equipments. Chemical process equipment. Lighting. Oven and furnaces. Dehydrator and dryers. Reactors. Welding and cutting. 5

CAUSES OF FIRE: : 

CAUSES OF FIRE: Improper storage of flammable oils, greases and fluids, combustible wastes etc. Smoking by employees. Poor housekeeping. Defective heating equipment, electrical equipment and wiring. Explosive gas leakage. Ignition of gas vapours or combustible dusts. Inadequate of electric motors. Sparking in electric wires and equipment 6

PROTECTION AND PREVENTION: : 

PROTECTION AND PREVENTION: Following are the safety measures against fire and explosion hazards. Prohibition of smoking in manufacturing area. Not operating electrical switches, when gas is smelled in the area. Safety posters should be put on the notice boards. Ventilation facility. Proper storage of combustible materials and removal of waste materials. 7

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6) Eliminating the ignition sources: Electrical sparks & arcs Flames such as burner flames, matches & cigarette lighters & heaters. Hot surface such as heated wires, rods or fragments. Lasers. 7) Factory building should be made of fire resistant material like steel and ferroconcrete. 8) In order to exit in the emergency suitable exit facility to be provided. 9) Following all safety rules and precautions. 10) Fire alarms and fire extinguishers to be installed. 8

FIRE EXTINGUISHERS: : 

FIRE EXTINGUISHERS: Fire extinguishers work by: Removal of oxygen from the site of fire. Removal of heat by cooling with water or other extinguishing agents. Water based fire extinguishers. (soda - ash extinguisher) Water based foams. ( chemical foams and mechanical foams.) Dry chemicals. (sodium bicarbonate, potassium bicarbonate.) 9

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10

CHEMICAL HAZARDS: : 

CHEMICAL HAZARDS: Toxic Corrosive Irritant Carcinogenic Mutagenic 11

SYMBOLS USED IN CHEMICAL HAZARDS: : 

SYMBOLS USED IN CHEMICAL HAZARDS: 12

EFFECT OF CHEMICALS ON EXPOSURE: : 

EFFECT OF CHEMICALS ON EXPOSURE: Skin burn Ache Anthrax Ulcer in hand, nose etc Cancer Irritation on wind pipe 13

PROTECTION AND PREVENTION: : 

PROTECTION AND PREVENTION: Personal protective cloth. Leak proof connections. Piping and storage tank should be colour code. Flammable & explosive chemicals should keep at proper distance. Pressure regulators and relief valves. All materials should be resistance to chemicals. Warning and Symbols. 14

ELECTRICAL HAZARDS: : 

ELECTRICAL HAZARDS: Contact with power lines. Path to ground missing or discontinuous. Equipment not used in manner prescribed. Improper use of extension and flexible cords. 15

SAFETY MEASURES FOR ELECTRICAL HAZARDS: : 

SAFETY MEASURES FOR ELECTRICAL HAZARDS: Implement a safe electrical work programme. Use protective equipment. Use warning labels. Recheck the equipment everyday. Recheck the lines everyday. Overhead electrical wire should have extra care. Proper training to workers. Wear rubber shoes and gloves. 16

MECHANICAL HAZARDS: : 

MECHANICAL HAZARDS: Insecurely fixed machines. Failure of SOP. Dangerous Parts. Negligence. Improper maintenance of equipment. 17

SAFETY MEASURES FOR MECHANICAL HAZARDS: : 

SAFETY MEASURES FOR MECHANICAL HAZARDS: Machine should be fitted with emergency shut down system. Turn key system for cleaning and for repairing. 18

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Operator must have a safe distance from the machine. Following strictly SOP. Stop and lock button for machines. Periodic check-up to be carried out of all machines. To wear proper dress. Explain Do’s and Dont’s to the new workers. Safety features should be written on the notice boards. 19

Hazards in Lab: : 

Hazards in Lab: FIRE HAZARDS: Safety measures Locating fire extinguishers and other protective gears in lab. Emergency equipment in hand. Safety officer. Alarm. Evacuation and smoke detection system. Emergency exit. 20

CHEMICAL HAZARDS:Safety measures : 

CHEMICAL HAZARDS:Safety measures Use glass ware when necessary Volatile solvent in fume cup board Laminar air flow Dust mask Eg: Hydrogen sulphide : desensitizes the senses. Highly toxic components swept away with carrier gas Hydrogen, propane etc. Follow SOP 21

EQUIPMENTS HAZARDS:Safety measures : 

EQUIPMENTS HAZARDS:Safety measures Vacuum or pressure in lab causes hazards. Instruments should be properly earthed. Check leakage. Pouring from the bottle. SOP Heating Stirring Cooling 22

Risk management: : 

Risk management: Requires a risk management approach -identifying, removing, controlling potential hazards 23

HOW TO DO ? : 

HOW TO DO ? Identification of all hazards. Assessment of hazard risk level. Determination of reasonable methods to eliminate or control risks. training & information. Emergency provision -first aid, protective gear. Identify foreseeable hazards. Follow standard procedures. 24

SAFETY MEASURES: : 

SAFETY MEASURES: Obtain material safety data sheets. Appropriate labels. Avoid prohibited substances. Carcinogen processes. Employee health surveillance and records. 25

REFERENCE: : 

REFERENCE: How to practice GMP by P. P. Sharma. www.openlibrary.org http://www.youthkiawaaz.com/2010/07/industrial-hazards-and-accidents-learning-from-mistakes/ 26