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KENDRIYA VIDYALAYA NO.2, ISHAPORE Name- Ausmita Biswas Class- IX Section- B Roll no- 43 Presented by Ausmita Biswas


ABOUT BOXING Boxing, also called P ugilism , is a combat sport in which two people fight each other using their fists. Boxing is supervised by a referee over a series of between one to three minute intervals called rounds. The boxers are generally of similar weight. Amateur boxing is both an Olympic and Commonwealth sport and is a common fixture in most international games—it also has its own World Championships. The birth hour of boxing as a sport may be its acceptance by the ancient Greeks as an Olympic game as early as 688 BC. Modern boxing evolved in Europe, particularly Great Britain.


ABOUT BOXING There are four ways to win; If the opponent is knocked out and unable to get up before the referee counts to ten seconds (a knockout, or KO), If the opponent is deemed unable to continue (a Technical Knockout, or TKO), I f an opponent is disqualified for breaking a rule, or a winner is determined either by the referee's decision or by judges' scorecards at the end of the bout .


EARLY BOXING Early history Fist fighting depicted in Sumerian relief carvings from the 3rd millennium BC, while an ancient Egyptian relief from the 2nd millennium BC depicts both fist-fighters and spectators . Both depictions show bare-fisted contests . Other depictions can be seen in Assyrian, Babylonian and Hittite art. In 1927 Dr. E. A. Speiser, an archaeologist, discovered a Mesopotamian stone tablet in Baghdad, Iraq depicting two men getting ready for a prize fight. The tablet is believed to be 7,000 years old.[2] The earliest evidence for fist fighting with any kind of gloves can be found on Minoan Crete (c. 1500–900 BC), and on Sardinia, if we consider the boxing statues of Prama mountains (c. 2000–1000 BC ).


MODERN BOXING Broughton's rules (1743) A straight right demonstrated in Edmund Price's The Science of Self Defense: A Treatise on Sparring and Wrestling , 1867 Records of Classical boxing activity disappeared after the fall of the Western Roman Empire when the wearing of weapons became common once again and interest in fighting with the fists waned. However, there are detailed records of various fist-fighting sports that were maintained in different cities and provinces of Italy between the 12th and 17th centuries. There was also a sport in ancient Rus called Fistfight . As the wearing of swords became less common, there was renewed interest in fencing with the fists. The sport would later resurface in England during the early 16th century in the form of bare-knuckle boxing sometimes referred to as prizefighting .


MODERN BOXING Broughton's rules (1743 ) The first documented account of a bare-knuckle fight in England appeared in 1681 in the London Protestant Mercury , and the first English bare-knuckle champion was James Figg in 1719 . This is also the time when the word "boxing" first came to be used. It should be noted, that this earliest form of modern boxing was very different. Contests in Mr. Figg's time, in addition to fistfighting, also contained fencing and cudgeling. On 6 January 1681, the first recorded boxing match took place in Britain when Christopher Monck, 2nd Duke of Albemarle (and later Lieutenant Governor of Jamaica) engineered a bout between his butler and his butcher with the latter winning the prize.


MODERN BOXING London Prize Ring rules (1838 ) In 1838, the London Prize Ring rules were codified. Later revised in 1853, they stipulated the following : Fights occurred in a 24 feet (7.3 m)-square ring surrounded by ropes. If a fighter were knocked down, he had to rise within 30 seconds under his own power to be allowed to continue. Biting , headbutting and hitting below the belt were declared illegal.


BOXING STYLES Swarmer/in-fighter Brawler/slugger Boxer-puncher Pure Boxer / Counterpuncher


BOXING TECHNIQUES Stance There are two stances which a fighter can adopt. The common Orthodox stance which your left foot is your lead or the Southpaw stance which is the opposite, where your right foot is in front. Southpaws are usually left handed although this isn’t always true, it just depends on what stance the fighter feels natural with. How a fighter decides to stand or keep their hands depends heavily on their style. Pure boxers/counterpunchers sometimes would keep their hands low to lure their opponents to throw a punch and miss, then they would quickly strike the opening. Brawlers tend to keep their hands up to cover their face because they usually don’t have the reflexes to avoid punches with their feet or body movement.


BOXING TECHNIQUES Attacking There are five main punches: 1) Jab 2) Cross 3) Hook 4) Uppercut 5) Overhand


BOXING TECHNIQUES Defending Footwork Slipping Bobbing and Weaving Blocking and Parrying Clinching / Holding


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