Drama Notes 2016 Freshman with recording

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Shakespeare/Drama Notes for Freshman


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Literary Terms and Literary Analysis/Shakespeare Freshman:

Literary Terms and Literary Analysis/Shakespeare Freshman 2015


Shakespeare No info until 100 years William Shakespeare was born on the 23 of April 1564 in Stratford upon Avon Warwickshire. He apparently died on April 23, 1616. Father – John Wool and leather merchant Mother- Mary


He married Anne Hathaway in 1582 He was 18 she was 26 They had 3 children The oldest child died in childhood


THEATRES First called THE THEATRE- 1576…They were creative!! Shakes helped adapt others plays- freelance --Not permanently connected to one theatre

More Shakes. Bio.:

More Shakes. Bio. Lord Chamberlain’s Men- 1594 Shareholder $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ The King’s Men- 1603 renamed after King James I Built the Globe Theatre- The wooden O in 1598. All theatres prior to this were rectangles


Many people copies Shakes idea He pulled a Bill Gates….bought out The Blackfriars…child actors that were strong competition.

Globe Theatre:

Globe Theatre No scenery Moved rapidly Size of a stadium Only plays during the day No one sat more than 60 ft. away Musician- Sound effects Costumes- rank,profession and affiliation

The Old Globe Theater:

The Old Globe Theater Peter Smith built the 1 st Globe in 1597-1598 from the timbers of the The Theatre. Bankside in Southwark, London In 1613, the Globe caught fire and burnt down. Rebuilt in 1614. In 1642, the Puritans issued an ordinance suppressing all stage plays in theatres. In 1644, the Globe was demolished and all plays banished.

Interesting Info. About the Theater and the Plays:

Interesting Info. About the Theater and the Plays Situated outside the city…to avoid conflict with authorities. People disliked plays: 1.Felt it was morally and politically wrong 2.Fear of the spread of the plague Theatre could hold 3000 people Theatre was taken down over property dispute

Interesting Info. About the Theater and the Plays:

Advertised through playbills Only took place during hours of light and good weather A flag was flown to show that a play was actually going on- to avoid people coming out for no reason Admission = 1 penny(60 cents today) “Pit”- Groundling STOOD during the play…no cover More $$$ could buy you cover- The higher up the more it cost(About 7 bucks today’s money) Interesting Info. About the Theater and the Plays

Interesting Info. About the Theater and the Plays:

Full House- 800 Groundlings/1500 in the gallery No Breaks between scenes- 2 hours on average Tiring House was behind the stage- Like a dressing room Very Lavish Costumes $$$ All male actors…kids played girls No scenery – storms might be on a perfectly sunny day- IMAGINATION WAS KEY Interesting Info. About the Theater and the Plays

Interesting Info. About the Theater and the Plays:

Scene Ending was set by a couplet to make it clear Mostly Blank Verse Interesting Info. About the Theater and the Plays

The Plays:

The Plays Not all published in his lifetime. Plays were not regarded as good lit. Written very quickly He was a bit of a theif Others were theives as well Good Quatros-provided by theatre Bad quatros- stolen- copied by booksellers(shorthand) or bought actor’s copies off of stageworkers


Monologue Exterior monologue : This is where the actor speaks to another person who is not in the performance space or to the audience. Interior monologue : This is where the actor speaks as if to himself or herself. It is introspective and reveals the inner motives to the audience. Aside - An "aside" is a technique used in a dramatic performance whereby the actor will step 'aside' from the action and deliver a soliloquy or an asinine remark to the audience which is assumed to be unheard by the other characters on stage . Soliloquy - Soliloquy is an audible oratory or conversation with oneself.

Drama Terms:

Drama Terms Act- a subdivision of a play Scene- further subdivision of a play Comedy- a play that ends happily Dialogue-conversation between the characters in the play Tragedy- a play that ends unhappily Melodrama – a play designed to arouse intense emotion by exaggeration and fast moving action

Drama Terms:

Drama Terms Protagonist Antagonist Properties- all of the stage furnishings Pantomime- actions without words or props Atmosphere- mood or feeling Theme- important central idea presented by the play

Drama Terms:

Drama Terms Plot- the chain of events that make up the play Farce- highly exaggerated humorous play or skit Motivation- reasons for characters actions or beliefs Stage Left- left of the stage from the actor’s point of view Stage Right- right of the stage from the actor’s point of view


Upstage Upstage- area of the stage away from the actor’s point of view Downstage- area of the stage away from the footlights Actor-person whose function it is to communicate words and emotions to an audience Audience- those who view the play and should be responsive to the action and the feeling or mood portrayed as the actors lead them into the play

Blank Verse:

Blank Verse Iambic pentameter 10 syllables Unrhymed Every second syllable stressed Shakespeare varied from the pattern a little

Why did Shakespeare vary from the pattern?:

Why did Shakespeare vary from the pattern? To avoid monotony To make it sound like real speech To vary the “music” of the verse


Imagery Creates mood Reveals character Suggests ideas Affects your response to literature EX.In Act I the impression the audience forms of Caesar comes mainly from the way others describe him, often with imagery rather than direct words.

Example of Imagery:

Example of Imagery Act I scene I Flavius compares Caesar to a menacing bird of prey circling above the Romans to keep them in their place. This image portrays Caesar as a tyrant and a threat to Roman liberty

Understanding Dramatic Speeches:

Understanding Dramatic Speeches Monologue-a lengthy, uninterrupted speech addressed to other characters Soliloquy-alone on stage- lengthy -thoughts&feelings Aside-brief remark to the audience


Tone In a speech it is the feelings and emotions that accompany the words Attend-the voice of the speaker Read-infer the tone

How Do I Infer Tone?:

How Do I Infer Tone? Analyze the language and sentence structure Ex.Antony’s Soliloquy over Caesar’s death is that of sincere grief and rage You must analyze the language to get this

Dramatic Irony:

Dramatic Irony The audiences understanding of a character’s words or actions is different from the character’s We see the real character-superior understanding

Verbal Irony:

Verbal Irony When one character intentionally says something with a meaning that another character is not aware of EX. When Trebonius speaks ironically in Act II scene ii(124)Caesar is unaware of the meaning , but the audience and Trebonius are aware Caesar says, “be near me” and Trebonius says, oh I’ll be near you alright

Metaphorical Language:

Metaphorical Language The comparison of two unlike things It deepens the meaning and expresses feelings and emotions in a a way that ordinary language cannot Ex.”The shadows of the birds was a canopy”


Tragedy A drama in which the central character suffers disaster or great misfortune. The downfall results from fate or a serious character flaw

Tragic Character:

Tragic Character Noble Character Flaw Pity Stops Character Development Tragic Incident Caesar or Brutus?

Plot Structure of a Tragedy:

Plot Structure of a Tragedy Exposition Climax Catastrophe MOFS Exciting Incident Rising Action

Plot Structure of a Drama:

Plot Structure of a Drama Exposition-Time, place, main characters, opening conditions of the play Exciting force- Something happens to start the actions moving Rising action- the hero of the play is making things work out as he or she intended

Plot Structure:

Plot Structure Climax or Turning Point- The protagonist reaches the peak of their power and a distinct change occurs in him as well as the direction of the action. Things begin to go against the protagonist.

Falling Action:

Falling Action Shows all the ways the events are going against the protagonist The antagonist rises in power Conflict between ant&pro in the center of the play

Moment of Final Suspense:

Moment of Final Suspense Usually found in the fifth act of the play Things appear as if the are going the protagonists way again(Brutus?) He/she momentarily believes that the tragedy will be averted


Catastrophe The complete downfall of the protagonist Death or devastating circumstance If the protagonist is a villain the audience will see this as a good thing

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